3 ‘Modern’ Inventions That Existed Millions of Years Ago: Nuclear Reactor, Telescope, Clothes


In Beyond Science, Epoch Times explores research and accounts related to phenomena and theories that challenge our current knowledge. We delve into ideas that stimulate the imagination and open up new possibilities. Share your thoughts with us on these sometimes controversial topics in the comments section below.

Evidence exists pointing to prehistoric civilizations as advanced as our modern civilization—or perhaps more advanced.

Such evidence could turn our scientific certainties upside down. It wouldn’t be the first time—the history of science proves, after all, that science has been grossly wrong on countless occasions.

Paradigm shifts are ushered in amid abundant controversy. The following discoveries have been contested, but some scientists have maintained that they constitute indisputable evidence that tens of thousands, or even many millions of years ago, humans walked the earth with as much knowledge and culture as today’s people.

1. A Nuclear Reactor 1.8 Billion Years Old

In 1972, a French factory imported uranium ore from Oklo, in Africa’s Gabon Republic. To its surprise, it found the uranium had already been extracted.

They found the site of origin to be a large-scale highly advanced nuclear reactor that came into being 1.8 billion years ago and was in operation for some 500,000 years.

Scientists gathered to investigate, with many explaining it away as a wondrous, yet natural, phenomenon.

Dr. Glenn T. Seaborg, former head of the United States Atomic Energy Commission and Nobel Prize winner for his work in the synthesis of heavy elements, explained why he believes it wasn’t a natural phenomenon, and thus must be a man-made nuclear reactor.

For uranium to “burn” in a reaction, very precise conditions are needed.

The water must be extremely pure, for one. Much purer than exists naturally anywhere in the world.

The material U-235 is necessary for nuclear fission to occur. It is one of the isotopes found naturally in uranium.

Several specialists in reactor engineering have said they believe the uranium in Oklo could not have been rich enough in U-235 for a reaction to take place naturally.

Furthermore, it seems the reactor was more advanced than anything we could build today. It was several miles in length and the thermal impact to its environment was limited to 40 meters (about 131 feet) on all sides. The radioactive waste is still contained by surrounding geological elements and has not migrated beyond the mine site.


The Oklo, Gabon Republic, nuclear reactor site.

2. Peruvian Stone Showing an Ancient Telescope, Modern-Style Clothing

It is thought that Galileo Galilei invented the telescope in 1609. A stone believed to have been engraved as long as 65 million years ago, however, shows a human figure holding a telescope and observing the stars.

About 10,000 stones housed in the Cabrera Museum in Ica, Peru, show prehistoric humans wearing headdresses, clothes, and shoes. The stones depict scenes similar to organ transplants, cesarean sections, and blood transfusions—and some show encounters with dinosaurs.

While some say the stones are fake, Dr. Dennis Swift, who studied archaeology at the University of New Mexico, documented in his book “Secrets of the Ica Stones and Nazca Lines” evidence that the stones date back to Pre-Columbian times.

Swift says one of the reasons the stones were considered fake in the 1960s is that, at the time, it was believed dinosaurs walked dragging their tails, but the stones depict dinosaurs with their tails up, and thus were thought to be inaccurate.

Later studies showed, however, that dinosaurs likely walked with their tails up, as depicted on the stones.

3. Advanced Culture in Cave Paintings

The La Marche caves in west-central France contain depictions over 14,000 years old of people with short hair, groomed beards, tailored clothing, riding horseback and suited in modern style—a far cry from the animal-skin loin cloths we usually imagine.

These paintings were confirmed as genuine in 2002. Investigators, such as Michael Rappenglueck of the University of Munich, insist that these important artifacts are simply ignored by modern science.

Rappenglueck has studied the advanced astronomical knowledge of Palaeolithic people. He writes: “For some years it has been left to broader media coverage (in the form of printed matter, audio-visual material, electronic media and planetarium programs) to raise awareness of proto-astronomy (as well as proto-mathematics and other proto-sciences) during Palaeolithic times.”

Some of the stones from La Marche cave are on display at Paris’s Museum of Man, but the ones that clearly portray prehistoric people with advanced culture and thought are not to be seen.


Cave painting from the cave of Altamira in the Anthropos Pavilion of The Moravian Museum in the Czech Republic. 

When paintings from more than 30,000 years ago were first discovered in the caves of Europe in the 19th century, they challenged the commonly accepted understanding of prehistory. One of the greatest critics of the discovery, Emile Cartailhac, came around decades later and became a leading force in proving the paintings are genuine and raising awareness of their importance.

He is now considered a founding father of cave art studies.

The first paintings were discovered by Don Marcelino Sanz de Sautuola, a Spanish nobleman, and his daughter, Maria, in 1879 in the Altamira cave. They showed an unexpected sophistication.

The discovery was dismissed, until the early 20th century when Cartailhac published a study of the paintings.

Fluoride used in U.S. water supplies is contaminated with lead, uranium and other heavy metals


Image: Fluoride used in U.S. water supplies is contaminated with lead, uranium and other heavy metals

A recent investigation conducted by the Natural News Forensic Food Lab has revealed that the fluoride used in water supplies across the United States is contaminated with an array of toxic heavy metals.

Lead, tungsten and aluminum are just a few of the unsavory elements discovered in sodium fluoride samples. Some of the samples even contained strontium and uranium. The presence of these toxic elements in what were supposed to be “pure” samples of sodium fluoride leads to even more questions about what it is we are really consuming if and when we drink tap water.

The results of the analysis were obtained with the very same ICP-MS laboratory instrumentation that is used by the FDA and even some universities. The analysis was conducted by none other than Mike Adams , director of the lab, and leading researcher in the field of heavy metal food contamination.

The research began by procuring samples of “pure” sodium fluoride from six Chinese manufacturers who export the product for use in municipal water supplies. After preparing each sample for analysis and following strict quality control procedures to ensure accuracy, Adams  was able to run each product through the ICP-MS to be analyzed.

Here are the results from the analysis, as reported by  Natural News :

MAX aluminum: 283,218 ppb
MAX arsenic: 137 ppb
MAX strontium: 9417 ppb
MAX lead: 988 ppb
MAX uranium: 1415 ppb
MAX tungsten: presence confirmed in 2 of 6 samples but quantitative analysis not conducted on tungsten

AVG aluminum: 69364 ppb
AVG arsenic: 70 ppb
AVG strontium: 1751 ppb
AVG lead: 299 ppb
AVG uranium: 239 ppb

The presence of these toxins simply cannot be refuted. Fluoride itself is dangerous enough, without the addition of heavy metals and potentially radioactive isotopes like strontium and uranium. One of the best things you can do for yourself is to start filtering your own water. 

WATCH: Uranium emits radiation inside a cloud chamber


Ever wondered what radiation looks like? If you have, I bet you didn’t think it would look as cool as this. This is a small piece of uranium mineral sitting in a cloud chamber, which means you can see the process of decay and radiation emission.

So, what’s a cloud chamber? It’s a sealed glass container cooled to -40°C, topped with a layer of liquid alcohol. According to Cloudylabs on YouTube, who made the video above, vapour emitted from the alcohol fills the container below, and most of it condenses on the glass surface, but some of it will remain as a vapour above the cold condenser.

“This creates a layer of unstable sursaturated vapour which can condense at any moment,” says Cloudylabs. “When a charged particle crosses this vapour, it can knock electrons off the molecules forming ions. It causes the unstable alcohol vapour to condense around ions left behind by the travelling ionising particle. The path of the particle in the matter is then revealed by a track composed of thousands droplets of alcohol.”

Using this equipment, you can visualise any charged particle, including alphas, electrons, positrons, protons, nuclear charged fragments, and muons, and their tracks will look different, depending on how fast they travel, how much mass they have, and their charge.

Cloudylabs explains what you can see in the video.URL:https://youtu.be/ZiscokCGOhs

“This video shows the Cloudylabs’s cloud chamber running for approx. 50 min with an Uranium mineral. After 40 min, there is not enough alcohol to make newer trails. With time, the alcohol [will] condense on the mineral. The small thickness of liquid alcohol on the mineral is enough to absorb a part of the energy of the alpha particles (their ranges in air for 5 MeV is 3-4 cm, but in water, it’s 15 micrometres), so with time, the trails are shorter than in [the] beginning. It’s preferable to make such experience during 10 minutes to have longer alpha track.”

Esther Inglis-Arkell over at io9 has a really great rundown of how you can actually do something similar to this yourself using nothing by party supplies. And nope, no uranium required.

Fission Power: The Pros, the Cons, and the Math.


The process of nuclear fission was first discovered in 1938; however, it wasn’t fully explained until a year later. Today – less than 100 years after its initial discovery – it is the poster child of the ‘green energy’ movement (and not in a good way) that is sweeping across the globe.  Most of what we hear about the pitfalls of using fission technology are sensationalist, but there is no doubt that this process has led to nuclear disasters. Recently, reports have stated that the radioactivity level spiked to a level 6,500 times higher than the legal limit at Fukushima, and issues continue to presist in that area. This process has also been linked to  non-localized devastation. During Chernobyl, the Soviet government evacuated about 115,000 people from the most heavily contaminated areas in 1986; however, another 220,000 people had to be evacuated from surrounding areas in subsequent years.

Credit: U.S. NRC

Now, there is a huge debate amongst people as to whether governments world-wide should pursue the continuation of developing safer nuclear power plants, or if it should be scrapped  all together in place of something that is perceived as “safer.” Given the overall importance of the debate to the environment and to our exponentially growing energy needs, everyone should have a proper understanding of the topic; however, for the most part – very few people have more than a very basic understanding of the science and mathematics behind the process. In this article, I want to attempt a more thorough explanation than you may have read before.

Atomic Fission:

Nuclear Fission (Source)

As most of you will hopefully be aware of, nuclear fission is a chain reaction involving large, unstable nuclei. This chain reaction ignites when a neutron collides with another neutron, resulting in it becoming even more unstable – before one nucleus  divides into two ‘daughter’ nuclei and (on average) 3 more neutrons. After which, the additional neutrons go on to initiate another fission reaction with those they come in contact with. Those neutrons then incite a reaction between other neutrons and so on and so forth (like the domino effect). The most common fuel used for fission is Uranium -235 (that’s 92 protons and 143 neutrons), and the 2 products (plus neutrons) of this reaction could be a range of sized nuclei.

As with any reaction/equation, when broken up, the final number must still sum to what you started with, and this is also true of fission reactions. Ultimately, the total number of nucleons (protons and neutrons) after fission, in whichever new combinations, must still add up to the original number.

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So what good is fission to us? Well it produces energy of course! But where does this energy actually come from? I mentioned that the number of protons and neutrons remains the same, and that they are just rearranged into more stable combinations; this is true. However, when adding up the total masses before and after, you will find that the mass will DECREASE. Said decrease in mass is the answer to our question, as the lost mass is converted into pure energy.

With a little prior knowledge (and a very familiar equation), we can calculate the amount of energy produced. An example goes as follows… (warning, complicated math is contained below)

Let us take this reaction:

1 neutron + Uranium-235 à Strontium – 98 + Xenon – 136 + 3 neutrons (Rounded values in relative atomic mass)
  • Mass before = 236.053u
  • Mass after = 235.840u
  • Mass change = 0.213u

To convert this result into kilograms, we multiply the number by 1.661×10^-27 (the mass in kilograms of a nucleon). So:

0.213 x (1.661×10^-27) = 3.538×10^-26kg

Next, using E=MC^2 we can convert this mass into energy (using the rounded value for C)

(3.538×10^-26) x (3×10^8)^2 = 3.18×10^-11J

This isn’t a very large amount of energy – but remember that this is just for a single atom of Uranium! So suppose we could persuade it to fission completely, how much energy would be produced for one gram of Uranium? Since we know how much energy is produced by one atom of uranium, to find the energy produced by one gram, all we need to do is know how many atoms are in a gram. To figure this out, we use Avogadro’s constant, which is equal to the number of atoms of any element in one mole of that element. That number is 6.022×10^23, and we use it in the following equation (probably more familiar to chemists than physicists)

Number of atoms = (mass x Avogadro’s no.) /molar mass Therefore the number of atoms in a gram of Uranium can be calculated as:

(0.001kg x 6.022×10^23)/0.236053 = 2.55×10^21

Now we can multiply this number by the amount of energy produced by a single fission reaction and we get:

(2.55×10^21)x(3.18×10^-11) = 8.11×10^10J

This is a HUGE amount of energy for just a single gram of fuel. Especially when compared to the amount of energy generated by coal or oil, and remains the reason why Uranium is so widely used (despite the potential dangers). Ultimately, The amount of free energy contained in nuclear fuel is millions of times the amount of free energy contained in a similar mass of chemical fuel, such as gasoline. Moreover, the process of decomposition produces a huge amount of heat, a large volume of heavy element atoms, and a lot of neutrons. In addition to these products, the nuclear fission also produces a big volume of radioactive waste. Obviously, this waste needs to be disposed of, as it could cause serious destruction to the environment, should it leak. Proper storage is extravagantly expensive.

But of course, there are a number of advantages to this kind of power. Getting rid of our dependence on fossil fuels is probably the biggest advantage of nuclear power. Power plants that burn coal are highly destructive to the environment (whereas nuclear fission is really only destructive if there is a leak or meltdown). Moreover, the mining process destroys vast swatches of Earth, including a number of diverse habitats. There is also the issue of oil spills (we all probably remember the infamous BP contamination of the Gulf). More importantly, the nuclear fuel used is much more efficient and found in abundance. Large reserves of uranium are spread in many parts of the world. Scientific estimates suggest that the rate at which the fossil fuel are being used today, their reserves are bound to become empty by the end of this century. Yet, the byproducts of the fission process remain radioactive for thousands of years and can cause serious harm to living beings. Although the chances are rare, a nuclear power disaster can decimate a habitat/ecosystem (depending on the size and nature of the disaster).

In the end, it is each individual’s responsibility to acquire the knowledge necessary to make decisions and be informed. Hopefully, this post helped you start (or continue) this journey of discovery.