Scientists Find Fluoride Causes Hypothyroidism Leading To Depression, Weight Gain, and Worse


The tables are finally starting to turn in regard to the perception that the world has of water fluoridation following the release of at least two reputable studies over the past three years documenting the adverse health effects caused by the chemical.

Researchers from the University of Kent, a public research university based in the United Kingdom, conducted the latest and considerably groundbreaking study on the health effects potentially caused by adding fluoride to the public’s water.

After studying data obtained from nearly every medical practice in England, scientists found that fluoride may be increasing the risk for hypothyroidism, or an underactive thyroid, a condition in which the thyroid gland fails to produce enough hormones, resulting in symptoms such as fatigue, obesity and depression.

Published in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, the study included the largest population ever analyzed in relation to the adverse health effects caused by water fluoridation.

Recent UK study includes the “largest population ever studied in regard to adverse effects of elevated fluoride exposure”

After collecting data from 99 percent of England’s 8,020 general medical practices, researchers found that the locations with fluoridated water were 30 percent more likely to have high levels of hypothyroidism, compared to areas with low, natural levels of the chemical in the water.

This means that up to 15,000 people could be suffering from depression, weight gain, fatigue and aching muscles, all of which could theoretically be prevented if fluoride were removed from the water, according to The Telegraph.

“Overall, there were 9 percent more cases of underactive thyroid in fluoridated places,” reports Newsweek, which also notes that 10 percent of England’s water is fluoridated compared with nearly 70 percent of America’s.

The science paper also compared the fluoridated city of Birmingham with the city of Manchester, which refrains from fluoridating, and found that doctor’s offices in Birmingham were nearly twice as likely to report high levels of hypothyroidism.

The new report has some experts questioning their stance on water fluoridation.

“The study is an important one because it is large enough to detect differences of potential significance to the health of the population,” said Trevor Sheldon, a medical researcher and dean of the Hill York Medical School who has published numerous studies in this field.

Sheldon, who in the past supported fluoride, admits that the “case for general water fluoridation” is no longer clear.

New fluoride study contradicts last year’s report by Public Health England that states fluoride is “safe and effective” for improving dental health

Released in March of last year, Public Health England’s report states that “there is no evidence of harm to health in fluoridated areas,” and no differences were found between fluoridated and non-fluoridated areas in regard to rates of hip fractures, osteosarcoma (a form of bone cancer), cancers overall, Down’s syndrome births and all other recorded causes of death.

New research, however, suggests that the spike in the number of cases of hypothyroidism in areas such as the West Midlands and the North East of England is “concerning for people living in those areas.”

“The difference between the West Midlands, which fluoridates, and Manchester, which doesn’t was particularly striking. There were nearly double the number of cases in Manchester,” said the study’s lead author Stephen Peckham.

Women 15 times more likely to develop underactive thyroid

“Underactive thyroid is a particularly nasty thing to have and it can lead to other long term health problems. I do think councils need to think again about putting fluoride in the water. There are far safer ways to improve dental health.”

Hypothyroidism is particularly a cause for concern for women, as they’re 15 times more likely than men to develop the condition. Previous studies suggest that fluoride inhibits the thyroid’s ability to use iodine, which is an essential mineral for a healthy thyroid, the master gland in the human body.

 

Sources:
http://www.newsweek.com
http://jech.bmj.com
http://www.telegraph.co.uk
https://www.gov.uk

Why Thyroid Health Is Completely Dependent on Selenium


The thyroid is essential to some of the body’s most critical processes, including the development of the nervous and skeletal systems.[1] For the thyroid to function normally, it must receive the right nutrition, and that means getting enough selenium. Selenium is an essential mineral[2] and being deficient can lead to serious health problems such as Keshan disease[3], myxoedematous cretinism[4], Graves’ disease[5], and even thyroid destruction.[6]

Why Thyroid Health Is Completely Dependent on Selenium

Although the body requires selenium, it does not produce selenium and you must get it through your diet. For most people, this isn’t a problem since many common foods are a good source of selenium. Additionally, selenium is available as a nutritional supplement.

Regardless of the source, selenium is a critical nutrient for the body and nowhere is this more evident than the thyroid. In fact, the thyroid has more selenium content per gram than any other organ. It’s also home to certain proteins called selenoproteins[7] which contain selenium-based amino acids.

Before I discuss why this is so important to thyroid health, let’s first understand exactly what the thyroid does.

The 5 Most Common Thyroid Disorders and What You Need To Know

What Is a Thyroid?

Your thyroid is part of your endocrine system and one of the most crucial glands in your body. Located at the base of your throat, the thyroid produces the hormones that play a major role in your body’s growth, maturation, and metabolic processes.[8, 9, 10]

The thyroid hormones produced by the thyroid are triiodothyronine (T3)[11],tetraiodothyronine (T4)[12], and calcitonin.[13]T3 and T4 are critical for a normal metabolism.[14] T4 also supports normal brain function[15], while calcitonin promotes normal bone growth.[16]

How to Support Thyroid Health

There are a few simple steps you can take to support your thyroid. It is imperative that you minimize your stress levels. Stress is actually a hormone response that may negatively impact thyroid function.[17] Exercise is a natural and extremely effective way to combat stress.[18] Exercise can also help stimulate the secretion of thyroid hormones.[19]

Getting enough sleep also helps support a healthy thyroid.[20] Thyroid hormones can directly impact sleep quality.[21]Avoiding toxins like BPA, fluoride, and pesticides is also a smart strategy as they can have a detrimental effect on the thyroid.[22, 23, 24]

Following a balanced diet is one of the easiest ways to support your thyroid. Eat selenium-rich foods, as well as iodine-rich foods, as both are necessary for the synthesis of thyroid hormones.[25] While you’re at it, don’t forget about vitamin A, which also helps support normal thyroid health.[26] When considering your diet, incorporate gluten-free grains since gluten has been associated with autoimmune thyroid diseases.[27]

What Selenium Does for the Thyroid

The importance of selenium for your thyroid cannot be overstated. Most people know that iodine is critical to thyroid health. Selenium is less famous but equally important. Along with iodine and vitamin A, selenium helps remove thyroid-harming substances and supports normal thyroid structure.[7]

Thyroid hormone metabolism is impaired without selenium because iodine-based enzymes, called iodothyronine deiodinases, cannot be synthesized.[28] Iodothyronine deiodinases exist in several forms and are not yet fully understood, but do seem to play a role in preventing hypothyroidism.[29] These enzymes are essential for the activation of thyroid hormones. So, while iodine tends to get most of the credit for thyroid health, it cannot actually carry out its function without help from selenium.

Your body does not produce its own selenium. All selenium must be obtained through food or supplements. Once ingested, the element is broken down into enzymes called selenoproteins.[30] These enzymes exist in many forms, but two of the best understood are glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and thioredoxin reductase (TRx). The GPx and TRxenzymes promote antioxidant abilities on a cellular level.[31] TRx also aids in cell growth and helps process dehydroascorbic acid into vitamin C.[32] None of these vital enzymes could exist without selenium.

Selenium has also been shown to combat several thyroid-debilitating conditions.

The 5 Most Common Thyroid Disorders and What You Need To Know
Also see: The 5 Most Common Thyroid Disorders and What You Need To Know

How the Thyroid Relies on Selenium to Ward Off Disease

Common thyroid maladies can be caused by low selenium intake, including Hashimoto’s thyroiditis.[33] With this condition, the thyroid first becomes inflamed and secretes excessive amounts of hormones. Then, over time, it starts producing far less than it needs.

Conditions like thyroiditis can lead to an imbalance of hormones and that can be the start of major disruptions in the body’s normal processes. Hypothyroidism, which is one such potential consequence, is a condition in which the thyroid fails to provide a sufficient level of thyroid hormones.[34] The outcome can be serious and include abnormal heartbeat[35], low body temperature[36], and nervous system disorders.[37] It can even disrupt the body’s ability to metabolize proteins, carbohydrates, and fats.[38] What can contribute to hypothyroidism? You guessed it, selenium deficiency

Role of Selenium in Nutrition

If thyroid health is important to you, you cannot overlook the importance of selenium. The body is made up of many parts that work together. Each part must be fueled with essential nutrients like selenium. In addition to supporting thyroid health, selenium also plays a role in combating free radicals. To learn more about how selenium supports your body, check out how selenium plays a role in human nutrition.

How Your Couch Hurts Your Thyroid


Many couches in U.S. homes contain foam cushions that are comfortable to sit on but are hiding a dirty, dangerous secret. They’re loaded with toxic flame-retardant chemicals. Such chemicals were added largely as the result of California Technical Bulletin 117 (TB117), which was passed in 1975.

Couch Chemicals

Story at-a-glance

  • Women with the highest concentrations of flame retardants known as PBDEs in their blood had an increased risk of thyroid disease compared to those with lower concentrations
  • Post-menopausal women may be particularly vulnerable to PBDE-induced thyroid effects because of low estrogen reserves
  • Eighty-five percent of couch foam samples tested contained toxic chemical flame retardants

It required furniture sold in California to withstand a 12-second exposure to a small flame without igniting — a requirement manufacturers met by dousing furniture in flame retardants.

We’re not talking about a quick dusting of the chemicals, either. Flame retardants may make up 11 percent of the foam’s weight, and many couches contain 1 pound or more.1 The chemicals do not stay safely “sealed” inside the foam.

Rather, they can easily migrate from the cushions into your home’s air and settle in household dust. The chemicals may be inhaled or transferred into your mouth via dust (the latter of which is especially common among infants and children).

Researchers at the University of California, Berkeley revealed that both in utero and childhood exposures to flame-retardant chemicals known as polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) were associated with neurodevelopmental delays, including decreased attention, fine motor coordination, and cognition in school-age children.2

However, even adults are at risk. New research suggests PBDEs may be damaging to thyroid health, particularly for post-menopausal women.

Flame Retardants Linked to Thyroid Disease in Women

Estrogen levels regulate thyroid hormones, and PBDEs are known to disrupt estrogenic activity as well as thyroid levels. Past research has suggested, for instance, that PBDEs can lead to decreases in TSH (thyroid-stimulating hormone).3

In the new study, researchers found women with the highest concentrations of PBDEs in their blood had an increased risk of thyroid disease compared to those with lower concentrations.4 The link was particularly strong among post-menopausal women.

The researchers theorized post-menopausal women may be particularly vulnerable to PBDE-induced thyroid effects because of low estrogen reserves. The researchers concluded:5

Exposure to … [PBDEs] 47, 99, and 100 is associated with thyroid disease in a national sample of U.S. women, with greater effects observed post-menopause, suggesting that the disruption of thyroid signaling by PBDEs may be enhanced by the altered estrogen levels during menopause.”

Your couch may indeed, be particularly problematic for your thyroid based on these results. Research published in Environmental Science & Technology revealed that 85 percent of couch foam samples tested contained chemical flame retardants.6

PBDEs’ Toxic Legacy

PBDEs have been banned in the U.S. since 2004 (and in the state of California since 2003) due to health concerns. However, the chemicals are very slow to break down in the environment and accumulate in your body, leaving a toxic legacy behind.

Further, many products that contain PBDEs are still being used in U.S. homes. Polyurethane foam products manufactured prior to 2005, such as upholstered furniture, mattresses and pillows, are likely to contain PBDEs.

If you have any of these in your home, inspect them carefully and replace ripped covers and/or any foam that appears to be breaking down. Also avoid reupholstering furniture by yourself as the reupholstering process increases your risk of exposure.

Older carpet padding is another major source of PBDEs, so take precautions when removing old carpet. You’ll want to isolate your work area from the rest of your house to avoid spreading it around, and use a HEPA-filter vacuum to clean up.

You probably also have older sources of the PBDEs known as Deca in your home as well, and these are so toxic they are banned in several states. Deca PBDEs can be found in electronics like TVs, cell phones, kitchen appliances, fans, toner cartridges and more.

Flame Retardants Make Fires Deadlier for Firefighters

The International Association of Firefighters (IAFF) states that about 60 percent of firefighters die due to cancer. Research also shows that about 20 percent of firefighters develop cancer compared to a rate of about 8 percent for the general population.7

Firefighters are exposed to a number of cancer-causing toxins while on the job, flame retardants included. The chemicals have actually made fires even more dangerous than they were prior to their use.

An object treated with flame-retardant chemicals can still catch fire, and when it does, it will give off higher levels of toxic carbon monoxide, soot and smoke than an untreated object.

California female firefighters aged 40 to 50 are six times more likely to develop breast cancer than the national average, in part because of the high levels of dioxins and furans they’re exposed to when flame-retardant chemicals burn.

Former veteran firefighter Eugene Hull of Columbus, Georgia told WTVM, “The fires of today are different than they were 30 years ago … it burns a lot hotter, a lot quicker and it gives off a lot more toxic smoke.”8 Both Hull and his late brother, also a firefighter, developed cancer.

The cancer-firefighting link is so strong that 34 U.S. states have laws that make firefighters eligible for workers compensation if they develop cancer. Multiple firefighters groups are also backing bills that would ban flame-retardant chemicals in various states.

Clothing Chemicals Are Also a Concern

Chemicals are all around us, not only in your couch cushions but also in your clothing. There are more than 8,000 chemicals in the textile industry and no regulations about what types of chemicals may be added to clothing, including clothing for children.

Your skin can easily absorb chemicals it comes into contact with, so those on your clothes deserve careful consideration. Depending on what country your new clothes were manufactured in, they may contain multiple chemicals of concern.

Among them are azo-aniline dyes, which may cause skin reactions ranging from mild to severe.

If you’re sensitive, such dyes may leave your skin red, itchy and dry, especially where the fabric rubs on your skin, such as at your waist, neck, armpits and thighs. The irritants can be mostly washed out, but it might take multiple washings to do so.

Formaldehyde resins are also used in clothing to cut down on wrinkling and mildew. Not only is formaldehyde a known carcinogen, but the resins have been linked to eczema and may cause your skin to become flaky or erupt in a rash.9

A report released by Greenpeace also found chemicals including PFCs, phthalates, cadmium and nonylphenol ethoxylate (NPE) — a toxic endocrine-disrupting surfactant — in children’s clothing.10 None of the chemicals are listed on labels.

Are Flame Retardants Lurking in Your Couch?

Duke University scientists will test a sample of your polyurethane foam, which is commonly used in upholstered furniture, padded chairs, car seats and more. All you need to remove is a sample the size of a marble, and it will be tested for the presence of seven common flame retardants.

If you’re not sure whether your couch contains these chemicals, this is a simple way to find out. Here’s how it works:

1.Complete an electronic sample request to generate your Sample ID Number

2.Prepare your sample

  • Cut a piece of foam, 1 cubic centimeter in size (a little bigger than the size of a marble).
  • Wrap the foam in aluminum foil.
  • Place each foam sample in its own re-sealable sandwich bag; be sure to completely seal the bag.
  • Attach or write the Sample ID Number on the re-sealable sandwich bag.

3.Enclose the following in a box or envelope:

  • Foam sample with Sample ID Number written on bag (Step 2)
  • Copy of confirmation email (Step 1)

Mail to:

Gretchen Kroeger
Box 90328 – LSRC
Duke University
Durham, NC 27708

The research lab only has the capacity to analyze 50 samples per month, and they close submissions once the quota is reached. Before sending in your sample, check with the Duke University Superfund Research Center’s Submit a Sample website to see if they’re still accepting submissions (for best results, check in on the first of the month).

How to Reduce Your Exposure to Flame Retardants

Flame retardants are so widely used that it’s difficult to avoid them completely. However, there are steps you can take to reduce your exposure, including these tips from the Green Science Policy Institute:

Avoid upholstered furniture with the TB117 label. If the label states, “This article meets the flammability requirements of California Bureau of Home Furnishings and Thermal Insulation Technical Bulletin 117 … ” it most likely contains flame retardants. However, even upholstered furniture that’s unlabeled may contain flame retardants.

Furniture products filled with cotton, wool or polyester tend to be safer than chemical-treated foam; some products also state that they are “flame-retardant free.” Organic wool (100 percent) is naturally flame-resistant.

Avoid baby products with foam. Nursing pillows, highchairs, strollers and other products containing polyurethane foam most likely contain flame retardants.

Avoid foam carpet padding. If possible, minimize the use of foam carpet padding, which often contains flame retardants. If removing carpeting, take precautions to avoid exposures.

PBDEs are often found in household dust, so clean up with a HEPA-filter vacuum and/or a wet mop often. Duke researchers uncovered that children who wash their hands at least five times a day have 30  to 50 percent lower levels of flame retardants on their hands than children who wash their hands less frequently,11 adding credence to the theory that household dust (which then coats your hands) may be a primary route of exposure to these (and other) toxic chemicals.

How to Reset Your Thyroid to Burn Fat and Activate Your Metabolism


Erika Schwartz, MD, was consulted for a medical advice by an elderly man with serious health issues. Namely, she examined the medications and treatments he was subjected to, and decided to consult his cardiologist whether he would agree to completely change his therapy.

Namely, the man suffered from excess weight, low testosterone and thyroid levels, sleeping disorders due to an advanced stage of eczema which caused unbearable itching.

She has been trying to reach his cardiologist for three weeks, and eventually, she succeeded. However, after suggesting the elimination of the medications which contributed to the eczema of the patient, she states:

“The guy said to me, ‘I can’t talk to you. You don’t know science.” After stating that they have the same medical degree, she adds “he hung up on me!”

Therefore, after this discussion, she explained all she had to her patient and he decided to change his cardiologist and try the plan she suggested. The treatments she had in mind consisted of boosting the level of the thyroid hormones and eliminating the medication for his cholesterol.

At the beginning, the patient believed that this treatment would lead to a heart attack, but Dr. Schwartz explained that the correction of the hormones naturally maintained the cholesterol low.

Thyroid hormones are a result of the function of the thyroid gland—which is an endocrine gland in the form of a butterfly found in the lower front of the neck.

The two thyroid hormones—triiodothyronine and thyroxine—are also known as T3 and T4. T4 is turned into the active T3 in cells, and it reaches the body organs through the bloodstream.

Its main function is to regulate metabolism and provide energy, but it also has a significant influence on the entire body, as it helps the organs to function optimally.

The most common issue linked to the thyroid is hypothyroidism—which is the state of underactive thyroid, that is the gland does not produce sufficient hormones to regulate the necessary body functions.

It can be a result of numerous internal and external factors, such as Hashimoto’s disease, which is an autoimmune condition in which the thyroid is attacked by the immune system itself.

Hypothyroidism can be manifested by numerous different symptoms, including dry skin, brittle nails, fatigue, hair loss, weight gain, body temperature irregularities, feeling cold, poor reflexes, depression, brain fog, mood swings etc.

However, as these symptoms can also indicate other diseases or ailments as well, doctors mat often prescribe some medications that are not adequate, and do not even consider the thyroid imbalance as a potential cause.

Mary Shomon, a thyroid expert and author of numerous books on the theme, states: “People are going in with high cholesterol or depression and are getting handed cholesterol meds and antidepressants. And no one’s ever checking to see if the thyroid is at the root of the problem.”

She moreover says that there is a critical flaw in the conventional test to diagnose hypothyroidism. This test, known as the thyroid stimulating hormone test or TSH test, actually measures the level of a pituitary hormone, TS, in the blood.

However, this test does not show the amount of T3 or T4 in the blood, as the pituitary hormone directs the thyroid gland to produce and release thyroid hormones.

Hence, this is a flaw as numerous patients experience the symptoms listed above but still have a normal TSH result, so they consequently are prescribed to take medications that do not treat their root problem and even suffer from their side- effects.

Dr. Schwartz claims “At the end of the day, we suffer because we’re treating individual symptoms, and we don’t look at the body—at the person—as a whole.[The TSH test] is actually doing a disservice to anybody who wants to take care of themselves, or someone who actually wants to take care of the patient.”

For better results, the levels of T3 and T4 should be individually examined. Moreover, it is of vital importance to be sure that T4 is being turned into active T3 and that the T3 enters cells in order to regulate the function of the body organs.

The holistic treatment of Dr. Schwartz includes alteration of everything, including the diet, hormones, exercise and supplements. Her approach regards the body as a whole and does not examine just the symptoms, and consequently, it has given great results.

She says: “What I also found out was that giving those people thyroid to begin with—giving them T3, let’s say, to begin with, which is the active thyroid hormone—was actually the quickest way to get people to feel better. And once they felt better, then you could tweak their diet, exercise, lifestyle.”

The belief that the way thyroid hormones influence the entire body is a vital part of the successful  treatment is also shared by Shomon:

“Our metabolism relies, in large part, on our thyroid’s ability to function properly. If we’re not getting enough oxygen or energy to the cells for digestion, for pancreatic function, for brain function, for all of the other hormone production processes and the glands that are producing those, then everything is going to be slowing down and not working properly,” she explains. “It’s the gas pedal, essentially, for everything.”

Hence, both internal and external factors lead to thyroid disorders, as they may result from a combination of certain aspects like immunity, diet, hormones, the environment, immunity, and the like.

“We’re living in such a toxic world—and our lifestyles have changed so much.And that’s a critical thing for us to realize when we look at our diets and we look at our daily habits. We have to put in place some strategies to compensate for the fact that we’ve moved so far from our natural evolutionary ancestral history.”- says Greg Emerson, MD, founder of the Emerson Health & Wellness Center in Queensland, Australia.

The leading ones on his list of toxins are mold and mycotoxins, which are a result of some fungi types.

“There’s a huge amount of scientific evidence that the poisons that the mold produce are terrible for the thyroid gland. And the other problem is that we’re consuming foods which are also high in mycotoxins.

Or we’re consuming foods that are high in sugar, which makes the mold grow in the body. And we’re also not consuming foods which are protective against those mycotoxins. I don’t think I’ve seen a patient with Graves’ disease—which is an overactive thyroid—who has not had a problem with mold, and then mycotoxins.”

The opposite case is hyperthyroidism, or overactive thyroid, which is the state of excess production of thyroid hormones. This state leads to sudden weight loss due to a revved up metabolism, as well as a rapid or irregular heartbeat.

However, the imbalance of the hormones can be restored to normal by making some important changes in the lifestyle. Initially, eat a diet high in raw foods, regularly exercise, foster healthy relationships; and try to reduce stress.

Dr. Emerson suggests that you ask the following questions to yourself: “Am I eating the right food? Am I drinking the right water? Am I getting enough sun? Am I getting enough sleep? Am I getting enough exercise? Am I getting medicines in my food?”

Dr. Schwartz adds: “Listen to what your body’s saying. If you can’t sleep at night, why don’t you sleep at night? Did you drink too much and it woke you up in the middle of the night? Are you eating too late? Are you eating the wrong foods? Are you exercising too late? Do you have all this electronic equipment sitting right next to you? Do you sleep with the TV on?”

Therefore, of you properly take care of the things explained above, you will easily specify the root of your health issue, and thus, find the proper natural treatment.

Dr. Schwartz comments “There are a million reasons why you may not be sleeping at night. And you need to look at them and take responsibility for improving.”

One of the best and most popular American alternative medicine doctors, Joseph Mercola, DO, also agrees with the basic logic of Dr. Schwartz, since he also believes that in order to maintain good health, you need to work on many aspects.

Yet, he believes that the major control of the health is done by research and finding quality resources, as well as consulting experienced individuals, doctors and experts. He also believes that “It’s probably the mindset that you are responsible for your health.”

By restarting your thyroid with the proper nutrients, not only can you keep weight off, but you can also help slow down the aging process, boost your energy, and improve your overall health.

So here are few very important tips for how to restart your thyroid:

To restart your thyroid you should combine iodized salt and selenium rich foods such as:

  • Brazil nuts
  • Sunflower seeds
  • Fish (wild salmon, halibut, sardines, flounder)
  • Shellfish (oysters, mussels, shrimp, clams, scallops)
  • Meat (Beef, liver, lamb, pork)
  • Poultry (chicken, turkey)
  • Eggs (up to 3 per day)
  • Mushrooms (button, crimini, shiitake)
  • Whole grains (wheat germ, barley, brown rice, oats)
  • Veggies (Artichokes, Arugula, Asparagus, Avocado, Bean Sprouts, Beet Greens, Broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, Cabbage, Cauliflower, Celery, Chives, Collard Greens, Cucumber)
  • Fruits (all types of berries and lemons)

Make sure DO NOT EAT these foods:

  • Dairy (avoid dairy for at least 20 days)
  • Avoid Sugar and Sweeteners
  • Avoid all Grains
  • Avoid Beans and Legumes
  • Avoid Beer

Also make sure to avoid:

  • calorie restricted diets
  • low fat diets
  • very low carbohydrate diets (or at least be very cautious with these types of diets)
  • avoid eating more than 6-8 servings of Goitrogenic foods per week and these foods should be steamed instead of eaten raw.

And for the end you must start doing low intensity exercise for at least 1 hour per day like:

  • Walking
  • Hiking
  • Biking
  • Swimming

And after a month start doing high intensity exercise from 1 to 3 times per week, like:

  • Body Weight Exercises
  • Weight Lifting Exercises

The Connection Between Your Thyroid and Chronic Pain That Doctors Miss Every Time.


Is your intuition telling you that your hypothyroidism or Hashimoto’s is causing your chronic pain?

Your intuition may be right.

Let me show you how hypothyroidism causes chronic pain… but most importantly, let me help you learn how to fix it!

To understand how this works you really need to understand the concept of Tissue Level Hypothyroidism…

Chronic pain in the setting of untreated Hypothyroidism or Hashimoto’s disease usually points to tissue level hypothyroidism.

Tissue level hypothyroidism refers ​to the idea that you can have adequate levels of thyroid hormone floating around in your blood stream, but because of inflammation or other causes it isn’t able to get into the cells to turn on your genes.

This is also known as Thyroid Resistance. And it is probably one of the most commonly missed thyroid conditions.

Standard laboratory tests can only measure what is happening in the blood stream.

But…

We don’t care what’s happening in the blood stream because thyroid hormone has to get into cells to do its job!

If you have adequate thyroid hormone floating around in the blood, but none of it can get into your cells, then you have what’s known as tissue level hypothyroidism.

The Link Between Fibromyalgia, Chronic Pain and Hypothyroidism​

This is especially true if you’ve been diagnosed with Fibromyalgia.

You see…

Chronic pain and Fibromyalgia accompany each other, however no one has been able make the connection as to how or why.

But, if you look at the symptoms of Fibromyalgia and Hypothyroidism side by side you begin to see something amazing:

Fibromyalgia and Hypothyroidism present in almost the exact same way…​

Fortunately, there was a researcher named Dr. Lowe who put this all together for us. ​

He linked tissue level hypothyroidism as one of the main causes of Fibromyalgia. And he did this through a concept known as ‘deductively formulated theory‘.

This method of problem solving takes all of the competing theories that cause a disease and by the use of mathematical analysis pumps out the hypothesis that is most likely to be correct. ​(This is the same logic that Albert Einstein used to come up with his hypotheses – like thetheory of relativity).

He also showed that the majority of patients who fell into this category really needed some form of T3 therapy to have resolution of their symptoms.

His data showed that approximately 2/3 of his patients improved on Natural Dessicated Thyroid Hormone (Medication like Armour thyroid, Westhroid and Naturethroid) and another 1/3 required higher doses of T3 only therapy(Liothyronine or sustained release T3).

T3 induced recovery from fibromyalgia

(Up to 1/3 of patients with Fibromyalgia failed to improve on NDT and required T3 therapy!)

He found that the pain of fibromyalgia could only be reversed if patients were on a high enough dose of thyroid hormone (exact dosing is highly variable andindividualized). ​

How do you know if you have Tissue level Hypothyroidism?

​Unfortunately testing blood levels of thyroid hormone are not 100% accurate. As a result it’s best to use a combination of serum markers as well as Physical exam findings and subjective symptoms to diagnose tissue level hypothyroidism.

The most commonly reported symptoms include:

1. ​Fatigue

Thyroid hormone is involved in the production of Dopamine. If you have low levels of thyroid hormone you will have low levels of Dopamine which will result in the symptom of Chronic Fatigue.

Tyrosine is a precursor to thyroid hormone and dopamineThyroid hormone helps your body convert Tyrosine to ​Dopamine, Norepinephrine and Epinephrine. You may know some of these hormones as “adrenaline” which helps to set the metabolism of your body and is required for the “fight or flight” response.

What you Need to Know about Diagnosing and NATURALLY Treating Thyroid Conditions


Increasing toxicity in our environment due to pollution in our food, air and water has lead to a dramatic increase in thyroid conditions. There are many natural treatment options available to us besides just traditional medication and surgery.

Are you one of the 20 million+ Americans suffering from a thyroid condition? Did you know that over 60% of people who have thyroid condition remain unaware of them? Or that women are five to eight times morelikely than men to develop thyroid problems? According to the American Thyroid Association, more than 12 percent of the U.S. population will develop a thyroid condition at some point in their lives.

Energy-Recharge-Thyroid-Health1-225x300

This week on Lucid Planet Radio with Dr. Kelly, I was fortunate to interview functional medicine doctor and world renowned thyroid expert Dr. Gil Kajiki about the secrets to natural thyroid health, and how the thyroid might be affecting your weight gain. As someone who was diagnosed with hypothyroid in 2014, this topic is incredibly important to me! You can listen to the entire interview on our Soundcloud archive, and learn more about Dr. Kajiki’s story and practice on his website for the Valley Thyroid Institute.

What is the Thyroid?

Your thyroid (THY-roid) is a small gland found at the base of your neck, just below your Adam’s apple. The thyroid produces two main hormones called T3 and T4. These hormones travel in your blood to all parts of your body and control the rate of many activities in your body, including how fast you burn calories and how fast your heart beats. All of these activities together are known as your body’s metabolism. A thyroid that is working right will produce the right amounts of hormones needed to keep your body’s metabolism working at a rate that is not too fast or too slow. This is why thyroid problems are often a hidden component in the ability for many people to lose weight: When the thyroid is malfunctioning, the weight will stay on due to slow metabolic processing.

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What Do Thyroid Conditions Look Like?

Thyroid problems are often un-diagnosed because their symptoms overlap with so many other issues in the body. According to Dr. Kajiki the three most common thyroid problems are: Hypo (or, low) thyroid, hyper (or, high) thyroid, and Hashimoto’s, which is an autoimmune disease (where the body’s cells attack the thyroid). Do you think you might have a thyroid problem? Here are some symptoms to look for:

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Hypothyroid: Weight gain, fatigue, dry skin, hair loss, depression, constipation, sensitivity to cold, muscle aches, puffy face, memory loss, and high TSH test.

Hyperthyroid: Racing heart, rapid pulse, weight loss, hair loss, fatigue, anxiety, Low TSH test, irritability, hand tremors, muscle weakness, heat sensitivity, and insomnia.

Hashimoto’s: Racing heart, night sweats, depression, anxiety, throat swelling, weight gain, hair loss, muscle aches, alternating constipation and frequent IBS, memory loss. Hashimoto’s is an auto-immune condition, meaning that the immune system attacks the thyroid resulting in a combination of hypo- and hyper-thyroid symptoms.

What are the 9 Most Common Thyroid Triggers?

I learned during our interview that one of the most challenging problems with diagnosing Thyroid disorders is that they can look like so many other disorders, or “triggers” as Dr. Kajiki calls them. Triggers are body dysfunctions that can mimic a thyroid problem, but are not a thyroid problem. The trouble is, triggers are also body dysfunctions that can agitate the immune system causing the immune system to launch an attach on the thyroid gland, resulting in Hashimoto’s. The nine most common triggers are:

  1. Anemia
  2. Blood Sugar Instability
  3. Hormone imbalance
  4. Adrenal Gland Dysfunction
  5. Inflammation (Systemic and local)
  6. Gastro-intestinal problems
  7. Food Sensitivities
  8. Stealth Infections
  9. Chemical Sensitivities

In order to properly diagnose a thyroid problem or Hashimoto’s, it is very important to conduct tests to see how these triggers are impacting the body. As Dr. Kajiki learned when diagnosing and treating his wife’s Hashimoto’s, traditional medicine often does not conduct the right types of tests to diagnose thyroid problems, and does not interpret them correctly. He spent years researching to uncover the source of his wife’s illness (Hashimoto’s) and dedicated his practice to treating thyroid patients around the world. Because thyroid problems can be so tricky to diagnose, it is imperative to run a series of tests to ascertain which of the triggers are present before the thyroid can be treated. Dr. Kajiki offers this diagram of the different types of tests, which he uses to analyze the thyroid functioning of his patients around the world.

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Why are Thyroid Problems So Prevalent?  

On the show, I asked to Dr. Kajiki why Thyroid problems appear to be on the rise. He explained that this is most likely due to the increasing levels of toxicity in our environment, including our air pollution, radiation spilling from Fukushima, toxicity in our water and the prevalence antibiotics and hormones in our food. In addition, many of us have poor diets and consume way too many processed “food-like products” rather than actual natural foods. We drink too much caffeine, we skip meals, and we eat far too much sugar. We also live in a society that seemingly breeds stress, with many of us cramped up in cubicles or with our eyes glued to screens all day long, not getting enough fresh air, sunlight or exercise. It certainly appears that the environment and lifestyle of the 21st century is not particularly conducive to thyroid health.

Can Thyroid Conditions Be Treated Naturally?

For many mainstream medical professionals, the only way to treat thyroid problems is through medication and surgery. The problem, as Dr. Kajiki points out in the show, is that for 70-90% of thyroid patients, medication alone is NOT enough to solve the problem. Sometimes it can mask the symptoms, but the thyroid is never truly healed.

Dr. Kajiki’s thyroid treatment protocol is all about fusing medication (if/when necessary) with major diet and lifestyle changes. As with all functional medicine approaches, the patient must be actively involved in the treatment in order for it to be successful. In other words, if you just want to sit back and take a pill, without changing anything in your life, then a natural approach to any body disorder is probably not the way to go.

Eating Habits and a Healthy Gut

A natural thyroid protocol would be tailored to each individual’s needs based upon how the nine common triggers are affecting their body. Integral to any plan would be a process to clean the digestive system by eliminating any food or chemical sensitivities the individual my have. Since 70% of our immune system is located in our gut, when our gut becomes agitated through toxicities or food sensitivities, our immune system becomes agitated! And when our immune system is agitated this can exacerbate auto-immune disorders. This is why it is imperative to cultivate the microbiome in your gut by eating fermented foods and/or consuming probiotic supplements.

For example, one of the biggest changes that I have made since being diagnosed with a thyroid condition 2014 is completely eliminating gluten from my diet. Gluten can be a major instigator of thyroid auto-immune problems due to a process called ‘molecular mimicry’ where the body perceives gluten to be thyroid tissue (because their molecular composition is so similar) and begins to attack the thyroid. Many patients also benefit from being mindful of their consumption of goitrogens, a type of food that can interfere with thyroid function, which include broccoli, brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, kale, kohlrabi, rutabaga, turnips, millet, spinach, strawberries, peaches, watercress, peanuts, radishes, and soybeans.

Dr. Kajiki also says it is incredibly important to each a protein rich breakfast within 1- 1.5 hours of waking up and have a protein rich snack every 2-3 hours to avoid blood sugar spikes. He says that the insulin spikes from eating a diet high in carbs, sugar and caffeine can lead to massive cortisol surges that can throw off the body’s hormonal balance, including thyroid functioning.

Lifestyle, Nutrition and Supplements

There are many other lifestyle changes that are important in a natural approach to thyroid health, including herbal and nutritional supplements, which according to Dr. Kajiki can vary according to the individual patient. So be sure to talk to your health provider or schedule a free consultation with Dr. Kajiki before you begin. Some recommendations may include:

  • Increase your consumption of herbs and healthy fats (like flax, hemp, coconut oil, avocado, olive oil, nut butters, yogurt and more) which can be important for regulating hormonal pathways.
  • Get your daily Omega-3s (whether from fish oils, flax, hemp, nuts or grassfed animal products), which are critical to thyroid function and improve the body’s ability to respond to the thyroid hormones.
  • Reduce Inflammation by avoiding foods you might be sensitive to, as well as limiting your intake of alcohol, refined sugar and processed foods. Also make sure to check for toxins in your environment that may be contributing to inflammation, such as mold or any hidden allergens.
  • Boost your antioxidants, like glutathione. While I sometimes have glutathione administered intravenously from my functional medicine doctor, you can also eat certain foods that help the body produce more if it, like peaches, avocado, spinach, squash, garlic, grapefruit, and raw eggs.
  • Make the time to RELAX and de-stress! The thyroid is incredibly sensitive to stress, so make a habit of engaging in practices to bring you into a Zen, chill space. These can include biofeedback, meditation, yoga, breath work, martial arts as well as exercise (which is great for your hormones too!). Even a warm bath at the end of the night or a nice lymphatic massage can help!

To find out more about the secrets to natural thyroid health, listen to the full podcast, and if you are seeking medical help or looking for treatment from a thyroid specialist, consider a free 15-minute consultation with Dr. Kajiki to see if his program is right for you.

Nonenhanced neck CT may detect diffuse thyroid disease


Nonenhanced CT images are effective for differentiating diffuse thyroid disease from normal thyroid, according to recent findings published in the International Journal of Endocrinology.

Myung Ho Rho, MD, of the Inje University College of Medicine in Korea, andDong Wook Kim, MD, of the Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine in Korea, evaluated 209 patients (170 women; aged 22-75 years) who received preoperative neck CT and subsequent thyroid surgery to determine the diagnostic accuracy of individual CT features, as well as cutoff criteria for detecting diffuse thyroid disease (DTD).

Papillary thyroid carcinoma was the most common histopathology of the main surgical thyroid lesion (n=186), followed by nodular hyperplasia (n=14), follicular adenoma (n=7) and follicular thyroid carcinoma (n=2). Thyroidectomy was the most common thyroid surgery (n=106), followed by hemithyroidectomy (n=87) and subtotal thyroidectomy (n=16). Normal thyroid was the most common histopathologic diagnosis (n=157), followed by non-Hashimoto’s lymphocytic thyroiditis (n=34), Hashimoto’s thyroiditis (n=17) and diffuse hyperplasia (n=1).

A significant difference between normal thyroid and DTD was found between the degree and pattern of parenchymal attenuation, glandular margin and pattern of parenchymal enhancement with frequencies of individual CT features. However, there was no difference found for glandular size.

Compared with other conditions, nonenhanced CT was most effective in diagnosing DTD using a cutoff value of <100 Hounsfield units in the thyroid parenchyma. However, no significant difference in cutoff value was found for the degree of parenchymal enhancement between normal thyroid and DTD.

Low attenuation, inhomogeneous attenuation, increased glandular size, lobulated margin and inhomogeneous enhancement were CT features suggestive of DTD. Isoattenuation, homogenous attenuation, anteroposterior diameter of 1 cm to 2 cm, smooth margin and homogenous enhancement were CT features that suggested normal thyroid.

Number of abnormal CT features were categorized as one or more (n=98), two or more (n=50), three or more (n=31), four or more (n=15) and five (n=5). DTD diagnosis accuracy was highest when the three or more classification was used.

“In conclusion, the study results showed that CT features suggestive of DTD included low attenuation, inhomogeneous attenuation, increased glandular size, lobulated margin and inhomogeneous enhancement and that CT diagnosis of DTD using the ‘3 or more’ CT classification was superior,” the researchers wrote. “In addition, most of [the] useful CT features for differentiating DTD from normal thyroid were detected in nonenhanced CT images.”

TSH suppression after thyroidectomy increases osteoporosis risk in women.


 Suppressing thyroid-stimulating hormone after thyroid cancer resection increases the risk for osteoporosis without decreasing recurrence, according to data presented at the American Thyroid Association meeting.

 “TSH suppression up to 0.4 mU/L increases the risk of osteoporosis without changing recurrence in thyroid cancer patients at low and intermediate risk of recurrence,” said Laura Y. Wang, MD, of the department of surgery at Memorial Sloan-Kettering. “Thus, future therapeutic efforts should focus on avoiding harm in indolent disease.”

Wang presented a retrospective study looking at patients who had a total thyroidectomy at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center from 2000 to 2006 with a median follow-up of 6.5 years. The study criteria excluded patients with primary hyperparathyroidism, fewer than three postoperative TSH lab results, preoperative atrial fibrillation, preoperative osteoporosis, and considered high risk by the ATA; they also excluded men from the osteoporosis analysis. After these exclusions, the study looked at 771 total patients and 537 patients in the osteoporosis analysis.

Patients with median TSH ≤0.4 mU/L were considered TSH suppressed. TSH labs were analyzed up to original recurrence or last follow-up.

“TSH suppression was the most powerful independent predictor of osteoporosis, conferring a nearly fourfold risk of development of postoperative osteoporosis,” Wang said. “The impact on TSH on osteoporosis risk was even higher on univariate analysis, increasing the HR from almost 3.5 to 4.3. This suggests that there is possibly a synergistic effect between older age and TSH suppression.”

The disease-free survival analysis showed that 43 of 771 (5.6%) patients recurred (HR=1.02; 95% CI, 0.54-1.91). After multivariate adjustment for age, gender, ATA risk of recurrence and administration of radioactive iodine, TSH suppression did not prevent recurrence (HR=0.88; 95% CI, 0.46-1.66).

The survival estimate for osteoporosis in this group showed 29 of the 537 (5.4%) developed postoperative osteoporosis (HR=3.5, 95% CI, 1.2-10.2). After multivariate analysis, the HR increased to 4.32 (95% CI, 1.45-12.85).

“It appears that at a TSH level of around 0.9-1 [mU/L], the risk of osteoporosis disappears but the risk of tumor recurrence remains unchanged,” Wang said.

Soure: Endocrine Today

Levothyroxine could suppress TSH in subclinical thyroid disease.


The common practice of prescribing levothyroxine sodium to improve thyroid function among patients with subclinical thyroid disease may increase the potential for overtreatment, according to data in a United Kingdom-based retrospective cohort study.

Peter N. Taylor, MSc, MRCP, of the Cardiff University School of Medicine, and colleagues used data from the United Kingdom Clinical Practice Research Datalink to assess the trends in thyroid-stimulating hormone levels at the beginning of levothyroxine therapy and the risk for developing TSH suppression after treatment. The dataset included more than 52,000 patients who were given a prescription for the drug between January 2001 and October 2009, according to data.

“Overall, 30% of people were treated for levels of thyroid hormone deficiency potentially below those recommended in national guidelines, equivalent to 190,000 people in the UK. In addition, when thyroid blood levels were rechecked after 5 years on treatment, more than 1 in 10 people on levothyroxine were being overtreated,” Taylor told Endocrine Today.

Median TSH levels at the beginning of levothyroxine treatment decreased from 8.7 mIU/L to 7.9 mIU/L from 2001 to 2009, according to data. Five years after levothyroxine was initiated, 5.8% of patients displayed a TSH level of <0.1 mIU/L.

In 2009, patients with TSH levels of ≤10 mIU/L were prescribed levothyroxine more frequently compared with those treated in 2001 (OR=1.30; 95% CI, 1.19-1.42), according to data.

Between 2001 and 2006, there was a 1.81-fold increase in the rate of index levothyroxine prescriptions, researchers wrote. After adjustments for age, data revealed that there was still a 1.79-fold increase in the rate of index levothyroxine prescriptions.

Furthermore, older patients and those with cardiovascular disease risk were more likely to undergo levothyroxine treatment with TSH levels ≤10 mIU/L, according to researchers.

Moreover, patients with depression or tiredness at baseline showed an increased likelihood for developing TSH-suppression, unlike patients with CVD risk factors (ie, atrial fibrillation, diabetes, hypertension and raised lipids), researchers wrote.

The American Thyroid Association guidelines currently recommend levothyroxine therapy at TSH levels ≤10 mIU/L, when there are clear symptoms of hypothyroidism, positive thyroid autoantibodies, or signs of atherosclerotic CVD or heart failure.

“Taken together, this indicates that not only has the number of people being tested and treated for low thyroid hormone levels increased, but the majority of people nowadays are starting thyroid hormone for minor levels of underactivity for which we have no clear evidence of benefit,” Taylor said. “Studies are urgently required to clarify the risk vs. the benefits of exposing such a large number of these people to long-term thyroid hormone therapy.” – by Samantha Costa

Soure: Endocrine Today

Maternal, congenital hypothyroidism affects brain development and cognitive ability.


Maternal hypothyroidism and congenital hypothyroidism affected the development of the child’s corpus callosum, resulting in different changes to the size and shape of regions such as the genu and affecting cognitive ability, a presenter said here.

 “The size of specific corpus callosum regions was associated with performance in different cognitive abilities,” said Joanne F. Rovet, MD,of the Hospital for Sick Children and the University of Toronto. “We observed in congenital hypothyroidism, a flat corpus callosum, a smaller and narrower genu and a normal splenium that was unaffected. In the maternal hypothyroidism group, instead, we found a normal shape corpus callosum, a smaller and wider genu and a larger, longer, skinnier splenium.”

In both studies, Rovet and colleagues instituted a quantitative and a qualitative approach, looking at the size and shape of the genu and splenium.

In the maternal hypothyroidism study, Rovet and colleagues looked at 20 children, aged 9 to 12 years (mean age, 10.3 years), born between 1996 and 2001 to women with hypothyroidism. They were age-matched to 22 controls. The researchers conducted a 4-hour neuropsychology exam and performed an MRI on each child.

Children born to mothers who had hypothyroidism during pregnancy showed smaller genus (P=.06) and larger splenium (P=.045) in both an area comparison and proportion comparison. Groups did not differ in overall corpus callosum shape, but they did differ in shape of genu and splenium.

Researchers also found that the children’s corpus callosum size and shape did not correlate with any specific trimester of maternal hypothyroidism, but their size of anterior and posterior segments correlated with duration of hypothyroidism in pregnancy. Anterior segments were smaller for children born to women with two (P=.01) or three (P=.017) trimesters of hypothyroidism vs. the controls. Posterior segments were larger for children born to women with two (P=.032) and three (P=.016) trimesters of hypothyroidism vs. controls. 

Rovet showed that larger anterior corpus callosum was associated with better reading ability, and larger genus was associated with better cognitive flexibility. Smaller isthmus correlated with better nonverbal memory while smaller splenium correlated with better verbal ability, Rovet said.

“Inadequately treated hypothyroidism in pregnancy disturbs corpus callosum development by disrupting the patterning of axonal growth and pruning,” she said.

In the congenital hypothyroidism study, researchers looked at 41 children aged 9 to 16 years (mean age, 12.4 years) whose median onset of congenital hypothyroidism was 13 days, median thyroid-stimulating hormone at diagnosis was 31.1 mU/L and mean thyroxine at diagnosis was 53.9 ± 36.2 nmol/L. They were matched with 42 controls for age (mean age, 12 years), sex and socioeconomic status. They underwent the same testing as in the maternal hypothyroidism group.

Children with congenital hypothyroidism had smaller (P<.01) and narrower (P<.05) genus with an abnormal shape to their overall corpus callosum due to their angle of curvature (P<.001) and less droop of the splenium (P=.017) as well as more “more bulbous” genus than controls.

Researchers found an association of the genu size with matrix reasoning (P=.009), abstract visual memory (P=.005) and visual reasoning (P=.017).

“Youth with [congenital hypothyroidism] show reduced size and width of corpus callosum genu, less curvature, abnormal orientation of splenium and more bulbous genus,” Rovet said. “More severe [congenital hypothyroidism] at diagnosis was associated with reduced size of genu.” – by Katrina Altersitz

 

 

PERSPECTIVE

 

 

R. Michael Tuttle

·         These findings further verify the critical importance of having normal thyroid functions in the mother and the fetus during pregnancy.  Rather than simply relying on cognitive function testing to prove an effect of hypothyroidism on the fetal brain, the finding of structural differences in specific regions of the corpus callosum clearly document the impact of hypothyroidism on the developing brain.

o    R. Michael Tuttle, MD

o    Professor of medicine 
Attending physician 
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Center

·          

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