Dagga Flower – “Wild Cannabis” of the East


People from all walks of life are beginning to exponentially awaken to the Big Pharma conspiracy — and it is certainly no theory. Through the systematic corporate take-over of institutional medicine by families like the Rockefellers (among others), our doorstep has been darkened by the scourge of allopathic medicine, as opposed to holistic, shamanic medicines that have thousands of years of human history.

Many substances that Big Pharma would rather you never hear of due to their natural ability to heal, often times more effectively than their pharmaceutical counterparts, are now leading a resurgence of holistic medicine. A rising number of people are becoming aware of the therapeutic potentials of psilocybin mushroomscannabis, DMT, and iboga, and more low-key and legal medicinal plants, like Valerian root, St. John’s wort, mugwort, kratom, and many more still that have even larger spectrum of therapeutic potential without the addition of getting “high” to any degree.

However, the Dagga flower is something that embodies both of these types of holistic medicines, without being some sort of intense psycho-metaphysical sojourn on an Amazonian plant, et cetera. Known by many today as the “wild cannabis” or “cannabis substitute,” dagga’s traditional name is “Lion’s Tale,” and the scientific classification is Leonotis leonurus

The plant is said to grow from two to five meters, have a mild fragrance, and an enchantingly pleasant flower bloom, both in appearance and usage. While it is native to southern Africa, dagga also has a long shamanic history with the indigenous people of China and Vietnam. Today, dagga has been naturalized in a variety of other places, such as California, Australia, Mexico, and the Caribbean. Currently, dagga is globally legal and can be ordered through a variety of different website outlets. 

When smoked, dagga is said to have a euphoric, calming, uplifting highness. This is said to also provide a sense of mental clarity and warmth of visual perception. Much akin to cannabis, because of a similar delivery of alkaloids also found in cannabis, it has been a favorite recreational and shamanic medicinal plant since people have known of it. In some indigenous languages, cannabis and dagga have the same general name. 

Also like cannabis, the flowers of dagga are picked for their psychoactive use, and the leaves can be used for this purpose as well, in larger doses than the flower. The flowers are dried for smoke (often to be mixed with other herbs in a blend); can be used as a tea, which has a much deeper sedative quality than the smoke, and a larger medicinal spectrum. And, sharing another commonality with cannabis, dagga can be made into resin oils, tinctures, and is incredibly useful for topical skin ailments, from minor irritation to chronic conditions like eczema. 

In today’s western society of scientific discovery, dagga has hardly been given any credit, but it has kept a steady horticulture for itself through herbalists, hippies, holistic doctors, and recreational growers, and it doesn’t seem to be going anywhere anytime soon..

If a local smoke-shop or herbal storefront does not carry dagga, it is widely available online, and recommended by humans throughout the centuries! Down with the disastrous and toxic results of Big Pharma’s allopathy; it’s time to dive back to the roots of holistic medicines, and this means not just settling on the popular varieties like the commonly accredited psychedelics. Plants such as dagga, blue lotus, valerian, kratom, kava, desmodium, and so many others are still little known in today’s western societies, yet their uses are as versatile as any of the more well-known varieties. Those who consider themselves part of the holistic medicines’ resurgence have a responsibility to not only propagate these plants, but to spread the word about their wonderful uses and remedies, so that the people who can medically benefit from them are not deprived of their relief. 

For those interested in trying Wild Dagga Flower for themselves, it can be found on Amazon HERE.

Sources:

Compounds in herbal supplement kratom are opioids, FDA says


On Tuesday, USDA Commissioner Scott Gottlieb warned the public about the dangers of the herbal supplement kratom saying “There is no evidence to indicate that kratom is safe or effective for any medical use.”1
The leaves of the kratom plant, which is native to Malaysia, are traditionally crushed and then made into a tea to treat pain or heroin/morphine dependence (by reducing withdrawal cravings). And according to its 3 to 5 million U.S. users, it’s a game changer and a life saver.

PUBLIC COMMENTS AND SCIENTIFIC REVIEW

However, the DEA and FDA aren’t so sure. Thankfully, since requesting public comment about Kratom and calling for a scientific review by the FDA, the agency hasn’t taken any further steps to make its use illegal. But the plant is still listed as a “drug of concern”. (You’ve got to wonder if they are doing that because it hurts their bottom line.)

“To better understand the plant, the FDA conducted computer modeling that predicted that many of the chemical compounds found in kratom bind to the same receptors as narcotic drugs such as oxycodone and hydrocodone.

But researchers who study the plant, including Scott Hemby, say the agency is making too broad of a statement. Hemby chairs the Department of Basic Pharmaceutical Sciences at High Point University in North Carolina and has been researching the abuse liability or ‘addictiveness’ of kratom.”2

While the model indicates that kratom compounds might affect the body just like opioids, which Hemby has seen in his research, he says that they do not bind to opioid receptors the same way the chemicals in heroin or oxycodone do, “Just because it binds, it doesn’t mean it has the same efficacy.”3 Instead, the compounds in kratom “sit on different parts of the receptor and fit differently than the chemicals in heroin and oxycodone.”4 And that means kratom use doesn’t lead to overdose fatalities the way opioids do. (But you know Scott Gottlieb, science is hard.)

IS IT REALLY THAT DANGEROUS?

In 2010 the CDC reported just 26 calls to poison control centers about kratom, it 2015 that number had gone up to 263. But the FDA is now blaming the plant for 44 deaths, another issue Hemby takes with the agency- because there was no proof from toxicology or autopsy reports. And he’s not alone, Christopher McCurdy, a medicinal chemist at the University of Florida, has analyzed samples of kratom from emergency room patients and found that very often they aren’t even what they claim to be.5
If the FDA continues to paint with such a broad brush, it could potentially put serious regulations on kratom’s study and use and that could be devastating to many people.
We’ve been watching this story since 2016 and will continue to do so. If the FDA really just wants to protect people they need to make the drug available for proper “intact animal models and humans”6 rather than simply write it off.

Kratom, Once a Hopeful Alternative to Opioids, Declared an Opioid by FDA


The herbal drug kratom (Mitragyna speciosa) has become something of a household name in the United States over the past decade, lining the shelves of convenience stores and smoke shops and arriving in mailboxes in inconspicuous packages from online retailers. Kratom, which has natural pain-killing qualities when smoked or ingested, offers reasonably affordable benefits for people who live with chronic pain or physical opioid dependencies, but federal drug regulators have serious concerns about its safety.

 Kratom Pills

In a statement released Tuesday, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration outlined its case for categorizing kratom as an opioid, which could bring it closer to the same legal status as prescription opioid drugs like hydrocodone, oxycodone, fentanyl, and morphine. The FDA’s argument rests on several pieces of evidence, one of the most significant of which is a somewhat damning computer analysis of the chemicals contained in kratom.

Kratom leafes
Kratom is an evergreen shrub, a member of the coffee family, whose leaves can be made into a tea, ground up and encapsulated as pills, or reduced into a potent extract.

Using computer models that created 3-D images of the active compounds in the drug, FDA scientists were able to compare their structures to known opioid compounds to predict how the chemicals in question will affect the human body.

“The model predicted that 22 (including mitragynine) of the 25 compounds in kratom bind to mu-opioid receptors,” reads the statement. This means that, if the computer model is correct, many of the chemicals in the leaves of kratom will fit into the same molecules in a person’s brain as opioid drug molecules fit into.

The announcement continues: “This model, together with previously available experimental data, confirmed that two of the top five most prevalent compounds (including mitragynine) are known to activate opioid receptors (‘opioid agonists’).” An opioid agonist is the scientific name for chemicals that we typically call opioid drugs.

Just because a molecule binds to a particular receptor, though, doesn’t necessarily mean that it causes the same effects as every other molecule that binds to that receptor. The strength with which molecules bind to receptors, known as “binding affinity,” determines how strong an opioid’s effects are. Fentanyl, for instance, has a very strong binding affinity, which accounts for the extremely low dose required for toxicity. In the analysis that the FDA’s argument rests on, the estimates of kratom’s binding affinity to the receptors that usually bind opioids are considered signficant.

“We found that kratom has a strong bind to mu-opioid receptors, comparable to scheduled opioid drugs,” the report reads. This strengthens the FDA’s case significantly, since it provides evidence that kratom is similar to prescription opioids on a molecular level.

CBP Cincinnati Seizes 71 Shipments of Kratom Powder (19696023004)
Customs and Border Protection has made a habit of confiscating kratom imports.

The FDA also cited the number of deaths related to kratom: 44 so far. This is just as important as the chemical analysis because it demonstrates that this botanical product is not totally safe. The agency released analyses of 36 deaths that it cited in its November 2017 kratom announcement. Notably, many of these kratom-associated deaths also include other drugs that intensify the sedative effects of kratom. But these case studies will surely strengthen the FDA’s case

Proponents of kratom have argued that, since kratom’s safety profile is so much better than more conventional opioids, it’s still a good alternative for people who are trying to kick an opioid habit or deal with chronic pain. After all, elevating kratom to the same legal status as other opioids would make it inaccessible to people seeking a safer, cheaper alternative. And despite the fact that there are significant safety concerns associated with it, the 44 deaths attributed to kratom pale in comparison to the tens of thousands of people each year who die from other opioids.

It’s hard to say whether this latest finding will seal the deal for the FDA, which has been trying to change kratom’s legal status since at least 2016. But it’s definitely a major step toward including kratom in the Controlled Substance Act, and this time the FDA has science to back it up.

DEA Drops Ban on Herbal Supplement Kratom.


The agency faced a fierce backlash from users who call the plant a safer alternative to opioid painkillers.

The Drug Enforcement Administration has reversed a plan to temporarily ban a plant that some users suggest could be an alternative to powerful and addictive opioid painkillers.

In a notice set to be published Thursday in the Federal Register, the agency said it was withdrawing its plan to add two psychoactive components of the plant, known as kratom, to the list of the most dangerous drugs.

Advocates urging the DEA to leave kratom off its list of controlled substance have argued that it can be used as a nonaddictive painkiller or can help wean people off other, addictive pain medications. Some lawmakers also complained that the DEA wasn’t being transparent in its effort to ban the plant.

Adding kratom to the DEA’s list of schedule 1 drugs would define the plant as a drug with no currently accepted medical use and a high potential for abuse.

In a letter to the DEA last month, the American Kratom Association said the agency was being overly aggressive in categorizing kratom with other dangerous and highly addictive drugs, including a variety of synthetic drug compounds including synthetic marijuana and “bath salts.”

The association and the Botanical Education Alliance applauded the DEA’s reversal.

“Kratom is not an opiate. It is not addictive,” the groups said. “There is simply no basis whatsoever for the DEA to criminalize or regulate the responsible use by consumers of this product at a time when every federal effort targeting drugs should be focused on the ongoing scourge human of opioid addiction and death.”

Including kratom on the list of drugs that includes marijuana, heroin, and LSD would ban not only its use but likely strictly limit scientific studies for a possible medical use. Such a move would ban the plant for at least two years.

The drug agency said it will now wait for a recommendation from the Food and Drug Administration and take more comments from the public before deciding on kratom’s fate. The public has until Dec. 1 to comment.

For now that means that kratom, a little-known plant native to Southeast Asia, remains legal under federal law. Six states, however, have opted to ban kratom or its components.

CDC Issues Warning on New Opioid Substitute


Reports of exposure to a plant-based drug with opioid-like effects, kratom (Mitragyna speciosa), could lead to dangerous outcomes, and have been on the rise for the past few years, according to a CDC analysis of poison center calls.

In 2015 the number of calls that poison centers received regarding exposures to kratom was 10 times higher than in 2o1o (26 in 2010; 263 in 2015). In total from January 2010 until December 2015, 660 calls were recorded.

Royal Law, PhD, and colleagues at the CDC described the possible side effects and symptoms associated with kratom Thursday in Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

Psychosis, seizures, and deaths have previously been associated with the drug, the team noted. “The reported medical outcomes and health effects suggest an emerging public health threat.”

Kratom is desired by drug users for both its stimulant and opioid-like effects, the researchers explained. It is on the Drug Enforcement Administration’s Drugs of Concern List, but remains unregulated at the federal level. Additionally, the National Institute on Drug Abuse has classified kratom as “an emerging drug of abuse.”

Among the calls to poison centers regarding kratom exposure, 24.5% were considered minor cases of exposure, 41.7% moderate, and 7.4% major. A minor case of exposure meant that symptoms were minimal and there were no lasting effects; moderate meant that symptoms were not life threatening or lasting, but some form of treatment was necessary; and major meant that symptoms were life threatening and had lasting effects.

The researchers reported that the drug was often taken in combination with other drugs, including ethanol, botanicals, benzodiazepines, narcotics, and acetaminophen.

 One out of every four individuals who called to report kratom exposure reportedly experienced tachycardia (n=165, 25.0%). Other signs and symptoms reported included agitation/irritability (n=157, 23.8%); drowsiness (n=128, 19.4%); nausea (n=97, 14.5%); and hypertension (n=77, 11.7%).

Some jurisdictions have made kratom use a felony. But regardless of its legal status, “members of the public and health care providers should be aware that the use of kratom can lead to severe adverse effects, especially when consumed in combination with alcohol or other drugs,” the researchers concluded.

Kratom can reduce opiate addiction, get you high, and is legal in the US.


Mitragyna speciosa leaves by Uomo vitruviano via Wikimedia Commons.

Have you tried Kratom?

 

Why are people across the U.S. chewing on the small, glossy leaves of the Southeast Asian Kratom tree? It’s an ancient plant medicine related to coffee, and it produces a high that’s both euphoric and legal. Kratom (Mitragyna speciosa) has long been used in Thailand and Malaysia to relieve pain, settle the stomach and reduce opiate dependence. Now it’s taking off in the West.

According to SageWisdom.org, Kratom leaves can be chewed fresh or dry, powdered, or brewed into a tea. It is not usually smoked, because the “amount of leaf that constitutes a typical dose is too much to be smoked easily.” It’s most commonly sold in powder form in packets, both online and in kava bars—alcohol-free bars where people can consume tea made from the legal, Polynesian kava root— and head shops. An ounce costs between $20 and $30, which is enough Kratom for one very strong dose, or several more mild doses.

The fact that Kratom can mitigate the painful effects of opiate withdrawl is significant, given that heroin use has reached staggering  rates in the U.S. A report by the U.S.  Office of National Drug Control Policy estimated a1.5 million chronic heroin users in the US, which doesn’t account for users that use heroin less than 4 days per month.

While it is regularly used to curb opiate addiction by reducing the withdrawal symptoms, Kratom itself can be addictive. One mother in South Florida told the local CBS news the story of her 17-year-old son’s spiral into Kratom addiction after he tried plant at a kava bar with friends. She blames the addiction for her son’s eventual suicide, saying that he was “not the same person,” after trying Kratom.

While it remains popular in underground circles, Kratom has been illegal in Thailand since 1943 (it’s also banned in Malaysia, Burma and Australia). However, as Fox News reported, “Thai officials are considering reversing the 70 year old ban on kratom, due to the plant’s value in weaning addicts off of opiates.”

– See more at: http://disinfo.com/2014/10/kratom-can-reduce-opiate-addiction-get-high-legal-us/#sthash.AtP7WpHL.dpuf