Clean your Body’s Drains: How to Detoxify your Lymphatic System


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Detoxification is the body’s natural, ongoing process of eliminating harmful toxins from the body so that it can function at its best. Toxins are man-made chemicals found in the air, water, food, household cleaners and cosmetic products as well as waste products produced by normal cellular activity.

When toxins enter the body through the skin, nasal passage or mouth, the body prevents “pollution” by surrounding the toxins with fat and water and stores them in different areas of the body.  This can put a strain on our body’s own detox system (the liver, intestines, kidneys, lungs, skin, blood and lymphatic systems). These systems can become burdened as they try to safely excrete toxins.

Our bodies were not meant to work this hard to maintain optimal functioning.  By adding a  detox program to your wellness regimen, you can help pull these toxins, along with the excess fat and water, out of the body and improve your health quickly.

The Lymphatic System: Forgotten Hero

The lymphatic system is the most forgotten and least understood system in the body. It is critical to the detoxification process. The lymph travels parallel with the blood system and is responsible for the removal of wastes from every cell in the body, in addition to regulating the immune system. The lymph is thus a very important system to support optimal health.

Keep Your Body’s Drains Clean

The lymphatic system is like the garbage system of the body. Proper functioning of the lymphatic system is essential in order to properly eliminate wastes. Our lymphatic system can become and remain congested and stagnant for many years. Thus, we often live in an environment of toxins that weakens our immunity. Proper lymph drainage will eliminate these toxins and assist the body to function optimally.

Digestion: Where It All Begins

The body’s ability to detox starts in digestive system, in the villae of the small intestine.  The “lacteals” in the villae are part of the lymphatic system and they pull nutrients and fat-soluble toxins off the intestinal wall. If the gut is constipated or there is excessive reactive mucus bogging down the villi, the lymph and its white blood cells may not provide immunity or detoxification.

The highest concentration of lymph is found lining the outside of the gut wall and is called the Gut Associated Lymphoid Tissue (GALT). The skin of the intestinal tract is constantly being exposed to toxins and undesirable microbes that could present a problem. So, the body has an immunity army waiting in the GALT just across the wall of the gut.

Dr. Vodder’s Manual Lymph Drainage (MLD)

Lymph vessels are also found under our skin throughout the body. These vessels support circulation, drainage of waste and immunity. When the lymph flow slows, the skin will appear dull and toxins will build up.

Since the lymph moves against gravity, it is common for the lymph and veins to congest, yielding an unsightly appearance in the feet, legs, thighs, hips, belly and arms.

Dr Vodder’s Manual Lymph Drainage (MLD) is a gentle rhythmical technique that gently works on the lymphatic vessels to enhance the flow of lymph throughout the body’s tissues.

MLD also helps to support the healthy function of the immune system and the autonomic nervous system, thereby reducing stress. The therapy cleanses the connective tissue of wastes, thus decongesting and reducing edema, pain and swelling.

Benefits of Manual Lymph Drainage Therapy

• Faster recovery and less scarring from surgery and other types of trauma by making lymph flow faster and stimulating the formation of new connections between lymph vessels

• Clears congestive conditions such as chronic sinusitis, bronchitis, acne, and headaches

• Strengthens the immune system

• Relieves heaviness tightness and swelling in those suffering from lymphedema.

• Increases overall relaxation by decreasing stress

• Relieves retention of fluids during pregnancy and menstrual cycle

• Decreases local edemas and hematomas from orthopedic surgery, cosmetic surgery scars, and burn scars; leading to a decreased in healing time and increase in client mobility

• People who suffer from insomnia, stress, fibromyalgia, and autoimmune diseases such as multiple sclerosis, lupus, and rheumatism benefit greatly from MLD

Russian Doctor Claims Your Immune System Can Recover in Only 15 Seconds! Here’s How


The popular Moscow professor Sergei Bubnovskiym, reveals his innovative method to boost the immune system.

He maintains that soaking the legs in an ice-cold bath for 10-15 seconds as soon as you return home after work can strengthen the immune system and help it combat common colds and flu!

Another English study showed that the daily showers with cold water increase the numbers of disease-fighting white blood cells.

Namely, the team of researchers at the Britain’s Thrombosis Research Institute found that as the body attempts to warm itself during and after the showering with cold water, the metabolic rate is accelerated and the immune system is activated, and thus causes the increased number of white blood cells.

Another German study showed that the occasional winter swim in cold water leads to oxidative stress. Yet, if this becomes a regular routine, it causes an adaptive antioxidant response and the body is able to fight oxidative stress even better as soon as it gets used to cold-water swims.

This is what to do to boost your immune system:

You should pour some cold water in a basin or in the bathtub. Then, add as much ice cubes as you can, and soak the feet in it for 10-15 seconds.

You should repeat this technique every night at bedtime, and you will strengthen the immune system fast. It is extremely useful in the case of weak immunity, and those people should soak their feet in the icy water on every 4 hours.

Iron nanoparticles have been shown to kickstart the immune system to destroy tumours


Turning our body against cancer.

Scientists have developed a new way of treating cancer with iron nanoparticles, which were able to kickstart the immune system into attacking tumours in groups of mice.

In the study, macrophages (white blood cells) fought back against spreading tumours after a dose of iron nanoparticles, stopping the cancer from taking hold.

In addition to shrinking existing tumours in mice, the treatment stopped cancer tumours from spreading through the body, according to researchers from Stanford University and Oregon Health & Science University.

“It was really surprising to us that the nanoparticles activated macrophages so that they started to attack cancer cells in mice,” said researcher Heike Daldrup-Link from Stanford. “We think this concept should hold in human patients, too.”

The researchers used ferumoxytol for their tests, an iron supplement already available commercially for the treatment of anaemia, where the body doesn’t have enough iron naturally.

Originally the idea was to use the iron nanoparticles as a kind of Trojan horse, sneaking chemotherapy into tumours. As it turned out, though, the control group of mice – which were given iron without chemo drugs – showed the best results in terms of tumour suppression.

Follow-up tests conducted in cells in a dish determined that it was the macrophages that were battling the cancer after receiving the iron – ordinarily, these macrophages stop attacking tumours and start helping their growth, once the tumours reach a certain size.

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The researchers think the iron and macrophages were able to somehow restart cell apoptosis (natural programmed cell death) inside tumours. While the treatment isn’t strong enough to remove cancer on its own, it could be if used in combination with existing drugs.

The dose of ferumoxytol used in the tests was similar to a safe dose given in the treatment of anaemia, with the anti-cancer effect from each dose seeming to last for around three weeks.

In subsequent tests, the team noticed iron nanoparticles having a suppressive effect on cancer metastasis – where tumours spread to nearby tissues and organs – and found the treatment reduced tumour size when given before the cancers were introduced.

Now the researchers want to work out ways in which this could benefit humans as a complement to existing chemotherapy.

While the results have only been seen so far in mice, the team hopes the iron nanoparticles might be able help while patients recover between doses of chemo – or perhaps clean up remaining tumour cells after surgery.

“In many studies, researchers just consider nanoparticles as drug vehicles,” added Daldrup-Link. “But they may have hidden intrinsic effects that we won’t appreciate unless we look at the nanoparticles themselves.”

 

Deleting genes could boost lifespan by 60 per cent, say scientists


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Switching off parts of the genetic code could help people live longer, scientists believe

The secret of extending life by decades may lie in switching off certain genes, scientists believe, after showing that small genetic tweaks can make organisms live 60 per cent longer.

Ten years of research by the Buck Institute for Research on Ageing and the University of Washington has identified 238 genes that, when silenced, increase the lifespan of yeast cells.

Many of the genes are present in mammals, including humans, suggesting that switching them off could dramatically increase lifespan.

“This study looks at aging in the context of the whole genome and gives us a more complete picture of what aging is,” said lead author Dr Brian Kennedy.

“Almost half of the genes we found that affect aging are conserved in mammals.

“In theory, any of these factors could be therapeutic targets to extend healthspan. What we have to do now is figure out which ones are amenable to targeting.”

To determine which genes were responsible for ageing, researchers examined 4,698 strains of yeast, each with a single gene deletion and then monitored how long cells lived for before they stopped dividing.

They found that deleting a gene called LOS1 produced particularly impressive results, extending life by 60 per cent. LOS1 is linked to a genetic master switch which has long been associated with calorie restriction through fasting and increased lifespan.

“Calorie restriction has been known to extend lifespan for a long time,” added Dr. Kennedy.

Co-author Dr Mark McCormick, of the Buck Institute said: “Our best results were single gene deletions that increased lifespan by around 60 per cent compared to normal yeast.”

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Switching off the gene LOS1 appears to mimic fasting 

Earlier this year academics from the University of Southern California found that a five day diet which mimics fasting can slow down ageing, add years to life, boost the immune system and cut the risk of heart disease and cancer.

The plan restricts calories to between one third and a half of normal intake.

Last year the same team discovered that fasting can regenerate the entire immune system, bringing a host of long-term health benefits.

When humans tested out the regimen, within three months they had reduced biomarkers linked to ageing, diabetes, cancer and heart disease as well as cutting overall body fat.

The researchers think it works by slashing a hormone which encourages growth, and has been linked to cancer susceptibility. Essentially it tricks the body into ageing more slowly.

Missing link found between brain, immune system — with major disease implications


Maps of the lymphatic system: old (left) and updated to reflect UVA’s discovery.

Implications profound for neurological diseases from autism to Alzheimer’s to multiple sclerosis

In a stunning discovery that overturns decades of textbook teaching, researchers at the University of Virginia (UVA) School of Medicine have determined that the brain is directly connected to the immune system by vessels previously thought not to exist. That such vessels could have escaped detection when the lymphatic system has been so thoroughly mapped throughout the body is surprising on its own, but the true significance of the discovery lies in the effects it could have on the study and treatment of neurological diseases ranging from autism to Alzheimer’s disease to multiple sclerosis.

“Instead of asking, ‘How do we study the immune response of the brain?’ ‘Why do multiple sclerosis patients have the immune attacks?’ now we can approach this mechanistically. Because the brain is like every other tissue connected to the peripheral immune system through meningeal lymphatic vessels,” said Jonathan Kipnis, PhD, professor in the UVA Department of Neuroscience and director of UVA’s Center for Brain Immunology and Glia (BIG). “It changes entirely the way we perceive the neuro-immune interaction. We always perceived it before as something esoteric that can’t be studied. But now we can ask mechanistic questions.”

“We believe that for every neurological disease that has an immune component to it, these vessels may play a major role,” Kipnis said. “Hard to imagine that these vessels would not be involved in a [neurological] disease with an immune component.”

New Discovery in Human Body

Kevin Lee, PhD, chairman of the UVA Department of Neuroscience, described his reaction to the discovery by Kipnis’ lab: “The first time these guys showed me the basic result, I just said one sentence: ‘They’ll have to change the textbooks.’ There has never been a lymphatic system for the central nervous system, and it was very clear from that first singular observation – and they’ve done many studies since then to bolster the finding – that it will fundamentally change the way people look at the central nervous system’s relationship with the immune system.”

Even Kipnis was skeptical initially. “I really did not believe there are structures in the body that we are not aware of. I thought the body was mapped,” he said. “I thought that these discoveries ended somewhere around the middle of the last century. But apparently they have not.”

‘Very Well Hidden’

The discovery was made possible by the work of Antoine Louveau, PhD, a postdoctoral fellow in Kipnis’ lab. The vessels were detected after Louveau developed a method to mount a mouse’s meninges – the membranes covering the brain – on a single slide so that they could be examined as a whole. “It was fairly easy, actually,” he said. “There was one trick: We fixed the meninges within the skullcap, so that the tissue is secured in its physiological condition, and then we dissected it. If we had done it the other way around, it wouldn’t have worked.”

After noticing vessel-like patterns in the distribution of immune cells on his slides, he tested for lymphatic vessels and there they were. The impossible existed. The soft-spoken Louveau recalled the moment: “I called Jony [Kipnis] to the microscope and I said, ‘I think we have something.'”

As to how the brain’s lymphatic vessels managed to escape notice all this time, Kipnis described them as “very well hidden” and noted that they follow a major blood vessel down into the sinuses, an area difficult to image. “It’s so close to the blood vessel, you just miss it,” he said. “If you don’t know what you’re after, you just miss it.”

“Live imaging of these vessels was crucial to demonstrate their function, and it would not be possible without collaboration with Tajie Harris,” Kipnis noted. Harris, a PhD, is an assistant professor of neuroscience and a member of the BIG center. Kipnis also saluted the “phenomenal” surgical skills of Igor Smirnov, a research associate in the Kipnis lab whose work was critical to the imaging success of the study.

Alzheimer’s, Autism, MS and Beyond

The unexpected presence of the lymphatic vessels raises a tremendous number of questions that now need answers, both about the workings of the brain and the diseases that plague it. For example, take Alzheimer’s disease. “In Alzheimer’s, there are accumulations of big protein chunks in the brain,” Kipnis said. “We think they may be accumulating in the brain because they’re not being efficiently removed by these vessels.” He noted that the vessels look different with age, so the role they play in aging is another avenue to explore. And there’s an enormous array of other neurological diseases, from autism to multiple sclerosis, that must be reconsidered in light of the presence of something science insisted did not exist.

New Chemo-free treatment uses body’s own immune system to attack cancer cells


Image: New Chemo-free treatment uses body’s own immune system to attack cancer cells

With any kind of luck, chemotherapy’s days as one of the leading cancer treatments will be over soon. A new, revolutionary therapy is on the horizon. Researchers have announced that this breakthrough treatment would utilize the body’s own immune system to attack cancer cells — a huge improvement over toxic chemo.

Natural News  reports that scientists from the Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, located in New York, claim to have successfully experimented with the new treatment. Sixteen people with advanced leukemia that had run out of alternatives volunteered to be part of their experiment and underwent what the researchers have dubbed “targeted T cell therapy.” Miraculously, the therapy actually eliminated cancerous cells in most of the patients.

Dr. David Agus, a CBS News expert contributor who leads the Westside Cancer Center at the University of Southern California has called the team’s work “remarkable.”

The study’s senior author, Dr. Renier Brentjens, an oncologist at Memorial Sloan Kettering, is very confident about their findings and hopeful for the future. Dr. Brentjens told  HealthDay News, “ First and foremost, we’ve shown that this isn’t a fluke. This is a reliable result.” Though he notes that the research is budding, he believes that it is quite a promising beginning.

Of the 16 patients who participated in the study, 14 were able to reach total remission. Aggressive leukemia is known for coming back if patients do not undergo a bone marrow transplant. Unfortunately, patients cannot undergo the transplant until the cancer cells have been eliminated from their bloodstream.

However, the new targeted T cell therapy yielded amazing results and most of the patients saw their blood become cancer-free, allowing them to finally undergo bone marrow transplants. After receiving a transplant, patients can actually be cured of the disease.

It just goes to show that you don’t need poison to cure an illness. And in fact, it’s probably much better if you don’t even attempt such a method. Prevention is still one of the best cancer treatments, of course, and keeping to a healthy die t and lifestyle is the best way you can fight cancer before it starts.

Are Boogers Good For Your Immune System? Researchers Think It Can Treat Staph Infections


You may really be digging for gold when you’re picking your nose, according to a new study published inNature. The study found that a bacterium originating in mucus can be used to develop an antibiotic against Staph infections. Known as Saphylococcus lugdunensis, the antibiotic-producing bacterium may help researchers develop medicines for Toxic Shock Syndrome, skin infections, and food poisoning.

Your nose is known to be the body’s first line of defense against bacterial infection, as nose hairs and mucus act as traps and filters for air pollutants and microbes. But the new study’s finding is quite remarkable: This is the first time scientists have discovered a bacterium naturally-occurring in the human body that possesses antibiotic features. Most antibiotics today are made from bacteria or fungi found in soil.

“This is of great importance as, to date, no bacteria from the human body has been able to produce such compounds,” said Bernhard Krismer, a lead author of the study, in a press release. The antibiotic developed is referred to as Lugdunin, and so far it has proven to be capable of destroying even antibiotic-resistant strains of Staphylococcus aureus, the bacteria behind Staph infections.

Staph infectionsYour boogers may be protecting you from bacterial infections, a new study concludes.

In the study, the researchers took and analyzed nasal swabs from 187 hospitalized patients. They found that 30 percent of the patients carried S. aureus, and about 9 percent carried S. lugdunensis, the antibiotic bacterium. Patients who carried the antibiotic bacterium were far less likely to have Staph bacteria in their noses; only about 5.9 percent of them had Staph, compared to 34.7 of patients who did not have the antibiotic bacterium.

In a second experiment, the researchers isolated the antibiotic bacterium and tested it on mice who had Staph skin infections. The majority of Staph cases were cleared after Lugdunin was administered. In future studies, the researchers hope to experiment with humans to see if results are similar.

Amid the rise of antibiotic-resistant “superbugs,” scientists are scrambling to develop new drugs that can suppress infections and battle quickly mutating bacteria. The researchers of the latest study hope that Lugdunin may work in the future as a new treatment against antibiotic-resistant strains of Staph. But first, Krismer said that “it is very important to reduce the amount of prescribed antibiotics, to sparingly use last resort antibiotics, and to dramatically reduce the amount of antibiotics in animal breeding.” And for the time being, rest assured that your nose is looking out for you; your boogers may be gross, but they’re there for a reason.

Freaky new evidence suggests your immune system could be controlling your behaviour


“Part of our personality may actually be dictated by the immune system.”

We all like to think of ourselves as totally unique, independent individuals, in charge of our own destinies. But new research has found evidence that our behaviour, and maybe even our personalities, could be influenced by something totally unexpected – our immune systems.

Researchers have shown that by switching off just one immune molecule in mice, they can change the way the animals behave and interact with each other – which suggests the immune system may play a role in conditions such as autism-spectrum disorder or schizophrenia.

Before we get too carried away, this is early research that’s only been conducted in rodents for now. But the researchers from the University of Virginia School of Medicine were able to clearly show that by simply changing the way the immune system responds to pathogens, they could trigger antisocial behaviour in mice.

Restoring the molecule returned the mouse personalities to normal.

“It’s crazy, but maybe we are just multicellular battlefields for two ancient forces: pathogens and the immune system,” said lead researcher, Jonathan Kipnis. “Part of our personality may actually be dictated by the immune system.”

The molecule in question is called interferon gamma, and it’s usually released by the immune system when it comes into contact with a pathogen, such as a virus or bacteria.

This type of immune response is part of the adaptive immune system, which learns to keep an eye out for nasty germs – and up until last year it was thought to be isolated from the brain as a result of the blood-brain barrier.

But that all changed in 2015, when Kipnis and his team discovered for the first time that meningeal vessels directly link the brain to the lymphatic system, which means that the brain and the immune system can directly interact, something that was previously thought to be impossible.

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“The brain and the adaptive immune system were thought to be isolated from each other, and any immune activity in the brain was perceived as sign of a pathology,” explained Kipnis. “And now, not only are we showing that they are closely interacting, but some of our behaviour traits might have evolved because of our immune response to pathogens.”

This link between the immune response and the brain could explain a lot – for years, scientists had suspected that conditions such as depression, autism, and schizophrenia might somehow be triggered by the immune system, and the research offered a possible explanation for how that could be happening.

But Kipnis and his team took things one step further, and hypothesised that if the pathogens and the immune system could be linked to certain social conditions, then it could also be influencing our broader social interactions and personality.

As the University of Virginia explains:

“The relationship between people and pathogens, the researchers suggest, could have directly affected the development of our social behaviour, allowing us to engage in the social interactions necessary for the survival of the species while developing ways for our immune systems to protect us from the diseases that accompany those interactions.”

From an evolutionary point of view, this makes sense, because social behaviour would be in the interest of pathogens to help allow them to spread. And for us, the social behaviour leads to reproduction and the propagation of the species, so it’s a win/win.

To investigate whether this could be the case, in the latest study, the researchers switched off the immune molecule interferon gamma in mice, flies, zebrafish, and rats. Because this molecule runs and tells the rest of the immune system when germs are about, they were testing what would happen when that interaction was shut down.

In all species, they showed that interferon gamma was essential to normal social interaction.

They found that blocking the molecule in mice caused the animals’ brains to become overly connected, making the mice less willing to interact with others.

You can see a gif representing the extra connections forming in the mice’s brains below (the normal brain has similar connections, but fewer of them):

Reinstating the molecule restored their brains to normal, and saw them resume social activities, showing a clear link between the immune system and behaviour – in mice, at least.

The team has published their research in Nature, and concludes that the immune molecule plays a “profound role in maintaining proper social function”.

What this means for humans remains to be seen, and more research is now needed to investigate whether interferon gamma plays the same role in people’s social behaviour.

It’s still very early days, but having some insight into how germs and the immune system could control our behaviour opens up a lot of potential to further understand why we act the way we do, and why things occasionally go wrong. It could even lead to new treatments for people with social disorders one day.

“Immune molecules are actually defining how the brain is functioning. So, what is the overall impact of the immune system on our brain development and function?” said Kipnis. “I think the philosophical aspects of this work are very interesting, but it also has potentially very important clinical implications.”

8 Amazing Health Benefits Of Drinking Raw Tomato Juice


Tomatoes are considered both fruits and vegetables and form an integral part of cuisines all across the globe, especially in the Mediterranean region. It has great amount of vitamins A, C, and K, as well as significant amounts of vitamin B6, folate, and thiamin. Tomatoes are also a good source of potassium, manganese, magnesium, phosphorous, and copper. The most nutritious form of a tomato is tomato juice. Tomato juice is loaded with many health benefits.

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8 Amazing Health Benefits Of Drinking Raw Tomato Juice

Cancer Prevention
Lycopene and other carotenoids in tomato juice have been found to lower the risk of a range of different cancers, including lung cancer, breast cancer and prostate cancer. Studies have shown that men consuming high amounts of lycopene have a 30% reduction in their risk of pancreatic cancer.

Reduce Risk Of Heart Disease
Tomatoes also help prevent and manage heart disease because of their niacin, potassium, folate, and vitamin B6 content. Tomatoes improve homocysteine levels, a chemical in the body that directly damages heart health. Lycopene might also improve cardiovascular health. Studies have shown that diets containing tomatoes can reduce cardiovascular risk by nearly 30%.

Reduces Breast Cancer Risk
Bosom growth can likewise be diminished with tomatoes. Energizing research in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute demonstrates that higher measures of carotenoids including alpha-carotene, beta-carotene, lutein, zeaxanthin, lycopene, and aggregate carotenoids may have a decreased danger of bosom growth.

Strong Bones
Most people associate milk and other dairy foods with bone health, but tomatoes also promote good bone health. Tomatoes contain vitamin K, one of the most important vitamins associated with bone health. Vitamin K activates osteocalcin, which is responsible for anchoring calcium inside of bones.

Detox Liver & Kidney
Tomato juice is a powerful detoxifier. It enhances the presence of sulfur and chlorine in the kidneys and liver. The kidney and liver are charged with blood purification. Keeping these organs healthy can ensure their functioning in tip top shape. Tomato juice has natural chlorine that enhances the functioning of the kidney and liver. It also has sulfur that puts up a defense against fungal, bacterial as well as viral infections.

Improves Vision
Vitamin A, present in tomatoes, aids in improving vision, as well as in preventing night-blindness and macular degeneration. Vitamin A is a powerful antioxidant that can be formed from an excess of beta-carotene in the body. A lot of vision problems occur due to the negative effects of free radicals, and vitamin A is a powerful antioxidant.

Prevent Blood Clotting
The rich supply of phytonutrients found in tomatoes have been shown to aid in the prevention of abnormal platelet cell clumping, beneficial for those with, or at risk of, heart conditions.

Prevents Lung Diseases
Tomato juice is known to protect against emphysema, which is caused by inhaling second-hand cigarette smoke. Researchers found that lab rats that were exposed to second-hand cigarette smoke and consumed tomato juice did not develop emphysema.

Getting multiple tattoos can strengthen your immune system.


Looking for a solid reason to finally get that Schrodinger’s cat tattoo you’ve always wanted? Well, science has got you covered, because new research has found that getting multiple tattoos could boost your immunological response, which makes you better able to fight off infections. The catch? You need more than one tattoo to see any improvement.

According to researchers from the University of Alabama, getting a bunch of tattoos is a lot like working out. When you first start, your body is weakened by the new stress. At the gym, this means sore muscles. For tattooing, the process often leaves you feeling generally exhausted because your body is wondering why you injected a foreign contaminant deep into your skin.

But after a few days in the gym, your muscles start to strengthen and you no longer feel like death. Noticing how this works for muscles, the team wondered if the same could be said about tattooing. Could getting multiple pieces tattooed act as an immunological exercise routine?

As it turns out, yes. The researchers were able to verify this by heading out to a local tattoo shop and recruiting volunteers for a study that examined how many tattoos a person had and how long each tattooing session was. With this data, they then analysed blood samples to gauge the participants’ levels of immunoglobulin A, which is an antibody, and cortisol, a stress hormone.

The team found that people who were getting their very first tattoo had a large drop in immunoglobulin A thanks to rising cortisol levels. As for those who had been tattooed many times before, immunoglobulin A levels decreased only a tiny bit, which, according to the team, suggests that the body is strengthening its immunological response.

“After the stress response, your body returns to an equilibrium,” said Christopher Lynn, one of the study’s authors. “However, if you continue to stress your body over and over again, instead of returning to the same set point, it adjusts its internal set points and moves higher.”

Though the team’s findings make logical sense, it’s important to point out that the study was only conducted with 24 women and 5 men, a sample size that’s large enough to suggest that something is going on here, but small enough to warrant further study to confirm that.

What we’re saying is if you want to boost your immune system, getting multiple tattoos is probably not the best way of going about that, but if you need a reason to get one more, you can add this study to the list.