A Breakthrough for the Medical World Comes in the Form of a Tiny Robot.

Robots are everywhere now, and the medical world is no different. There may not be complete robotic surgeons just yet, but various automated technology is making its way slowly into the operating room. A breakthrough for the medical world has come this month in the form of a tiny robot that is a world’s first. This marvelous device that replaces the need for a doctor entirely to perform certain segments of a larger surgical procedure.

Stefan Weber is a professor at the University of Bern, Switzerland’s ARTORG Center for Biomedical Engineering Research and lead author of the study, and he said, “We were on this project for more than eight years. And in contrast to a lot of research, we really stuck to one application for the entire time.”  Weber and his team designed and created a robot that was able to drill a very thin tunnel into a human skull during a cochlear implant surgery.  But, in theory there’s no reason why this device can’t be used on other types off surgeries too.

During a cochlear implant procedure, surgeons have to drill a 2.5 millimeter wide tunnel through a section of skull that’s surrounded by taste and facial nerves.  Because of the intricacy of this procedure, between 30 and 55 percent of patients actually lose some hearing during the process of getting the implant. Weber says, “Humans are operating at the limits of their skill-sets, haptically ad visually. But if it’s designed right, a robotic system can operate at any resolution – whether it’s a millimeter you need or a tenth of a millimeter.”

So after years of research and work building the robot, it looks like it’s finally paid off. The robot was first successfully used on a 51 year old patient last year and since then three more successes have followed.  Moving forward, Weber and team and now working on using a robot in a different step of the implant procedure – threading an electrode into the inner ear.


The Answer to Nuclear Waste Storage and Transportation Could Be Metal Foam


Researchers from North Carolina State University discovered that composite metal foams (CMFs) are significantly more effective at insulating against high heat than the conventional metals and alloys such as steel.


Humans have a long history of working with metals, from the first metalworkers who made steel to the scientists who make higher-quality metal alloys and play with metal-based structures. Now, thanks to a new innovation from North Carolina University, we can add metal foams to this ever-growing list.

Researchers discovered that composite metal foams (CMFs) are significantly more effective at insulating against high heat than the conventional metals and alloys, such as steel. CMF consists of metallic hollow spheres—made of materials such as carbon steel, stainless steel, or titanium—embedded in a metallic matrix made of steel, aluminum, or metallic alloys.

There are two ways to make these babies. One is by casting a low melting point material, such as aluminum, around hollow spheres made of a material with a higher melting point, such as steel.
The other method is to bake the matrix powder around prefabricated hollow spheres. This creates CMFs such as steel hollow spheres in a steel matrix.

In the tests conducted during the research, the scientists exposed samples of steel-steel CMF to a fire for 30 minutes on one side, and checked to see how long it would take for the heat to reach the opposite side. It took eight minutes for the CMF to reach 800°C, while steel of the same thickness took only four. The researchers also checked the rate of expansion of the CMF when exposed to fire, which was 80 percent less than bulk steel.


CMF has also proven that it is not just a better heat insulator, but a better overall material. These results showed CMF is especially promising for use in storing and transporting nuclear material, hazardous materials, explosives, and other heat-sensitive materials, as well as for space exploration. CMF also shows promise in BioMed, proving to be a lightweight alternative to rigid implants such as titanium.

“We already knew the CMFs are light-weight materials with outstanding high-velocity impact resistance, and effective radiation shielding, now we know that it can withstand high heat,” saysAfsaneh Rabiei, a corresponding author of a paper on the work.


This 3D Printing Pen Can “Draw” Human Cartilage Directly Into Patients


A team of Australian surgeons and researchers have developed a 3D printing pen that allows surgeons to draw and sculpt customized cartilage implants made from actual human stem cells during live surgery.


Arthritis is an extremely common condition that affects over 350 million people worldwide. It causes joint cartilage to break down, which can produce an unbearable amount of pain. Because cartilage has no blood supply or nerves, it can’t regrow on its own. Sometimes, the only curable option for someone to take is invasive surgery that involves bone drilling or implanting pre-made implants into the affected area.

But now, a team of Australian surgeons and researchers from the ARC Center of Excellence for Electromaterials Science (ACES) and St. Vincent’s Hospital, Melbourne have invented a new method of treating arthritis, and it addresses the issue of cartilage having no blood supply or nerves.

Their findings were published in the journal Biofabrication.


The team created a mobile 3D printing pen, dubbed the ‘BioPen,’ which is a revolutionary device that allows users to 3D print cartilage directly into the patient’s body. The BioPen works similarly to a 3Doodler, instead using a mixture of the patient’s own stem cells and a protective hydrogel bioink.

When the stem cells are ‘printed’ into the affected area, the hydrogel bioink acts to protect them while they regrow. It hardens into a 3D scaffold, later dissolving back into the body after time. Lab tests conducted revealed that more than 97% of stem cells were still alive and thriving after just one week.


With the BioPen, we would be able to print on-the-spot rather than estimate the dimensions of the pre-made implant. We would also see a decrease in the hundreds of thousands of arthritis-induced knee and hip replacement surgeries every year.

This example, of scientists and clinicians working together, demonstrates an extremely innovative outcome. “The BioPen project highlight both the challenges and exciting opportunities in multidisciplinary research. When we get it right, we can make extraordinary progress at a rapid rate,” noted Professor Gordon Wallace, ACES Director.

Since the BioPen encourages the body to mend itself, we could see some advancements in various 3D Bioprinting procedures in the near future. It could even be modified to print a range of substances such as tissue, including skin and muscle tissue.

With the ability to 3D Bioprint this extensively, how far can we go with medicine?


New Processor Chips Promise Faster Neural Network Learning


Scientists are proposing resistive processing units (RPUs) to speed up learning times drastically and cut horsepower requirements. These RPUs are theoretical chips that combine CPU and non-volatile memory.


Deep neural networks (DNN), like Google’s DeepMind or the IBM Watson, are amazing machines. They can be taught to do many mental tasks like a human, and they represent our best shot to actual artificial intelligence.

The challenge has always been training and teaching these machines. For most of the tasks they have to do, the machines tie up big-ticket supercomputers or data centers for days at a time. But scientists from IBM’s T.J. Watson Research Center are poised to change all that.

They have proposed the use of resistive processing units (RPUs) to speed up learning times drastically and cut horsepower requirements. RPUs are theoretical chips that combine CPU and non-volatile memory. The RPUs make use of an existing new technology: resistive RAM. RPUs are slated to put large amounts of resistive RAM directly onto a CPU. In theory, these chips could fetch data as fast as it is being processed, thus speeding up learning times.

According to the paper documenting the study, “problems that currently require days of training on a datacenter-size cluster with thousands of machines can be addressed within hours on a single RPU accelerator.

“For large DNNs with about 1 billion weights this massively parallel RPU architecture can
achieve acceleration factors of 30,000 compared to state-of-the-art microprocessors while providing power efficiency.”


Current DNNs will need this upgrade, as modern neural networks must perform billions of tasks simultaneously. That requires numerous CPU memory calls, which quickly adds up over billions of cycles. This gets more pronounced as harder tasks, such as natural voice recognition and true AI, are put on the table.

Currently, the chips are still undergoing research, but scientists believe they can be produced using regular CMOS technology. Once developed, they will be able to tackle Big Data problems such as natural speech recognition and translation between all world languages; real-time analytics on large streams of business and scientific data; and integration and analysis of multimodal sensory data flows from a massive number of IoT (Internet of Things) sensors.


Scientists Hack a Human Cell and Reprogram It Like a Computer.


Cutting-edge theatre: world’s first virtual reality operation goes live.

Medical experts hope surgery live-streamed in VR will make healthcare fairer and boost training

 Dr Shafi Ahmed performs the operation which could be watched online by the public.
Dr Shafi Ahmed performs the operation which could be watched online by the public. 

Stretched out on a table in a large, bright operating theatre at the Royal London hospital, a patient is awaiting Shafi Ahmed’s first incision in a procedure that will remove cancerous tissue from his bowel. Around the table a team dressed in blue scrubs and face masks are gathered, exchanging the odd word, while cumbersome machines bearing bundles of wires hum gently in the background. Everyone is focused on the task in hand, getting ready to play their part. Except me.

Scrubless and without so much as a scalpel to pass to the surgeon, I am a mere spectator to this intricate event, a bystander gazing around the room in fascination while others labour at a life-changing task.

Not that the surgeons are bothered. Because although I feel like I am standing at the edge of the operating table, in reality I am sitting in my office chair.

On Thursday afternoon I witnessed the world’s first operation to be streamed live in 360-degree video, allowing medical students, trainee surgeons and curious members of the public like me to immerse themselves in the procedure in real time via the Medical Realities website. A one-minute delay was incorporated into the broadcast in case of any complications in the surgery.

A cancer surgeon at Barts Health NHS Trust, Ahmed said before the operation that he believed the approach could make healthcare more equitable, improving the training of surgeons worldwide. With internet connections becoming better, smartphones getting cheaper and only a pair of lenses and some cardboard needed to make a virtual reality headset, the costs, he said, paled in comparison to the expense of students travelling abroad to train. “It is actually quite cost-effective.”

Shot using two 360-degree cameras and a number of lenses arranged around the theatre, the operation could be viewed through the “VR in OR” app, using a virtual reality headset that can be paired with a smartphone. Those who did not have a headset could watch the feed live online.

It takes a while to get the app up and running so while I wait for the VR experience to start I watch the procedure begin via the website.

The lights are dimmed and, wielding an intimidating device, Ahmed begins to remove a hernia. “This is called a harmonic scalpel,” he says as he gets to work.

A hush descends, punctured only by beeping. Peering down I spot some odd-looking scissors I hope no one will ever use on me. Two large screens on either side of the table show views from the camera inside the patient – a device that resembles an enormous knitting needle. The team prepares to tackle the cancer. “OK let’s have a look, here we go,” says Ahmed.

Fortunately the app boots up. And I am in the room too. “There is a tumour just here,” says Ahmed. “This is what cancer looks like in reality.”

While videos showcasing surgical procedures have been around for years, Ahmed believes the new approach is more than a mere gimmick. The technology, he has argued, brings a valuable new feature to education, allowing viewers to focus not just on what the surgeon is doing, but also on what other members of the team are up to: “There will be noise, there will be the immersive factor – so that will add different layers of educational value.”

George Hanna, professor of surgical sciences at Imperial College, London was cautiously optimistic about the benefits of the approach. “If this technology allows the transfer of knowledge and skills [over] a wider range and in an easier way that would be very beneficial,” he said.

But he was quick to add that, compared with existing approaches for sharing scenes from the operating theatre, the new technology offered more of an upgrade than a revolution. “It is a good video and wide broadcast with interactive [opportunities],” he said, stressing that the operation itself was real rather than virtual.

The procedure continues. Despite my loathing of all medical TV dramas, I am hooked. Suddenly the entire theatre goes dark, except for a spotlight. Someone is making an incision. They pull out a pink, fleshy mass. “Scissors,” says someone. A bundle that I assume is the tumour is removed and dropped into a bowl. The operation has been a success.

It was not the first time Ahmed had led the way in embracing modern technology in healthcare. He co-founded the healthcare company Medical Realities, which streamed the operation in partnership with Barts Health and 360-degree video experts Mativision.

Ahmed said he believes virtual reality, augmented reality and games could all play a role in training medical students. Two years ago he streamed a live operation using the “augmented reality” system, Google Glass, allowing viewers to see the procedure from a surgeon’s point of view.

But the new 360-degree video, Ahmed said, offered a new approach, allowing users to see beyond what the surgeon was looking at. Among future developments he has envisaged, Ahmed said he was keen to add graphics to the raw footage to provide additional information during the operation, as well as taking questions from those viewing the procedure.

“[During an operation] I am teaching people, talking to them, there is communication going on – so it’ll be just an extension of that,” he said. In three to five years, haptic devices – which work off physical contact between the user and computer – could boost the experience further: “Companies are really working on various gloves or bodysuits and devices so that it can replicate touch and feel.”

Such technologies, said Ahmed, could be a boon to healthcare. But, he added, the role of patients in agreeing to take part should not be forgotten. “Ultimately, it is about the operation, about [the patient], about his cancer care and that has to be the priority for everybody.

“The fact that patients have agreed to do this before – with the Google Glass – and again, it is quite reassuring and quite humbling.”


A Phone That Charges in Seconds? UCF Scientists Bring it Closer to Reality

A Phone That Charges in Seconds? UCF Scientists Bring it Closer to Reality

A team of UCF scientists has developed a new process for creating flexible supercapacitors that can store more energy and be recharged more than 30,000 times without degrading.

The novel method from the University of Central Florida’s NanoScience Technology Center could eventually revolutionize technology as varied as mobile phones and electric vehicles.

“If they were to replace the batteries with these supercapacitors, you could charge your mobile phone in a few seconds and you wouldn’t need to charge it again for over a week,” said Nitin Choudhary, a postdoctoral associate who conducted much of the research published recently in the academic journalACS Nano.

Anyone with a smartphone knows the problem: After 18 months or so, it holds a charge for less and less time as the battery begins to degrade.

Scientists have been studying the use of nanomaterials to improve supercapacitors that could enhance or even replace batteries in electronic devices. It’s a stubborn problem, because a supercapacitor that held as much energy as a lithium-ion battery would have to be much, much larger.

The team at UCF has experimented with applying newly discovered two-dimensional materials only a few atoms thick to supercapacitors. Other researchers have also tried formulations with graphene and other two-dimensional materials, but with limited success.

“There have been problems in the way people incorporate these two-dimensional materials into the existing systems – that’s been a bottleneck in the field. We developed a simple chemical synthesis approach so we can very nicely integrate the existing materials with the two-dimensional materials,” said principal investigator Yeonwoong “Eric” Jung, an assistant professor with joint appointments to the NanoScience Technology Center and the Materials Science & Engineering Department.

Jung’s team has developed supercapacitors composed of millions of nanometer-thick wires coated with shells of two-dimensional materials. A highly conductive core facilitates fast electron transfer for fast charging and discharging. And uniformly coated shells of two-dimensional materials yield high energy and power densities.

Scientists already knew two-dimensional materials held great promise for energy storage applications. But until the UCF-developed process for integrating those materials, there was no way to realize that potential, Jung said.

“For small electronic devices, our materials are surpassing the conventional ones worldwide in terms of energy density, power density and cyclic stability,” Choudhary said.

Cyclic stability defines how many times it can be charged, drained and recharged before beginning to degrade. For example, a lithium-ion battery can be recharged fewer than 1,500 times without significant failure. Recent formulations of supercapacitors with two-dimensional materials can be recharged a few thousand times.

By comparison, the new process created at UCF yields a supercapacitor that doesn’t degrade even after it’s been recharged 30,000 times.

Jung is working with UCF’s Office of Technology Transfer to patent the new process.

Supercapacitors that use the new materials could be used in phones and other electronic gadgets, and electric vehicles that could benefit from sudden bursts of power and speed. And because they’re flexible, it could mean a significant advancement in wearable tech, as well.

“It’s not ready for commercialization,” Jung said. “But this is a proof-of-concept demonstration, and our studies show there are very high impacts for many technologies.”

In addition to Choudhary and Jung, the research team included Chao Li, Julian Moore and Associate Professor Jayan Thomas, all of the UCF NanoScience Technology Center; and Hee-Suk Chung of Korea Basic Science Institute in Jeonju, South Korea.

Source: ucf.edu


New Concept in Batteries Gets You Supercharged.

We’ve all been there: you’re late getting out the door to a meeting and your battery is on the brink of shutting your phone down. Oh, and where is that charging cord?!

According to an article on the UCF (University of Central Florida) College and Campus News website, scientists at the school may have developed the perfect solution with their new battery concept. The research is still in the early stages, but findings so far look promising. This new energy source would feature:

  • Supercapacitors – get a full charge in just seconds rather than minutes, saving much stress and frustration over being shut down.
  • Battery Life – weeks long for mobile devices (vs. hours/days with current batteries).
  • Non-degradable – still works as new for over 30,000 charges. Compare that to lithium-ion batteries that typically can only withstand about 1,500 charges/18 months before compromising functionality of devices.
  • Thin, flexible material – this would be very significant for new wearable technology being developed.
  • Sudden bursts of power and speed – particularly useful for electric cars, the supercapacitors could provide more power and speed when needed in certain driving conditions.

“If they were to replace the batteries with these supercapacitors, you could charge your mobile phone in a few seconds and you wouldn’t need to charge it again for over a week,” said Nitin Choudhary, a postdoctoral researcher at UCF.

These new batteries may be small, but they definitely pack a punch. Although it’s not quite ready for the commercial market, the developers are currently working with UCF to patent this new concept. Studies already show that this new battery concept will have a significant impact on many technologies.techrevolution


Scientists turn spinach leaf into working heart tissue

Worcester Polytechnic Institute Grows Heart Tissue on Spinach Leaves
Spinach is good for your heart 

Researchers have managed to turn a spinach leaf into working heart tissue and are on the way to solving the problem of recreating the tiny, branching networks of blood vessels in human tissue.

Until now, scientists have unsuccessfully tried to use 3D printing to recreate these intricate networks.

Now, with this breakthrough, it seems turning plants with their delicate veins into human tissue could be the key to delivering blood via a vascular system into the new tissue.

 Scientists have managed in the past to create small-scale artificial samples of human tissue, but they have struggled to create it on a large scale, which is what would be needed to treat injury.

Researchers have suggested that eventually this technique could be used to grow layers of healthy heart muscle to treat patients who have suffered a heart attack.

Watch the video. URL:

Plants and animals of course have very different ways of transporting chemicals around the body.

However, the networks by which they do so are quite similar.

The authors of the study are publishing their findings in research journal Biomaterials in May

The scientists, from the Worcester Polytechnic Institute wrote: “The development of decellularized plants for scaffolding opens up the potential for a new branch of science that investigates the mimicry between plant and animal.”

In order to create the artificial heart, the scientists stripped the plant cells from the spinach leaves, sending fluids and microbeads similar to human blood cells through the spinach vessels and then “seeded” the human cells which are used to line blood vessels into it.

 Glenn Gaudette, professor of biomedical engineering at Worcester Polytechnic Institute, said:  “We have a lot more work to do, but so far this is very promising.

“Adapting abundant plants that farmers have been cultivating for thousands of years for use in tissue engineering could solve a host of problems limiting the field.”


Dr. Paul LaViolette — Will a Superwave Arrive in in 2017?

An earlier posting (http://etheric.com/the-date-revealed-at-garabandal-for-the-coming-world-miracle/), discussed the revelation of Garabandal and attempted to infer the date of the miracle that the four young girls were told would affect the whole earth.  I had narrowed the possibilities down to two years: 2017 and 2020.  Based on hints left by one of the surviving girls, I had inferred that the “miracle” is to occur between April 8th through the 16th, hence during easter holy week.  Of the two years, I had chosen 2020 as a more likely possibility, based on the recurring miracle at St. Nicholas Russian Orthodox church in Milano.

A number of people who have responded to the posting, however, believe that the true date will instead be in 2017.  One person has suggested it will occur in May of 2017.  The 2017 date coincides with the prediction of Jake Simpson, a black project whistleblower who claims that a wave of energy will impact the solar system in that year causing a major global catastrophe.  In our Project Camelot interview, Kerry Cassidy suggested to me that the event Simpson was referring to might be a galactic superwave, whose arrival I had long been saying is much overdue.  See interview excerpt here:

Dr. Paul LaVioletter — The Galactic Superwave Will Hit by 2017

For the entire interview click here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oURVtGKW420 

Also Bob Dean another black project whistleblower who was interviewed by Project Camelot  also points to 2017 as a significant date, although he speaks of Earth encountering a planet (e.g., Planet X).

So, it is up to you to decide how much faith to place in these various predictions.  But it may be a good idea for one to be prepared in 2017, just in case.  If a superwave were to strike this coming year, the Starburst Foundation will go into high gear to help out in any way possible to inform people about the situation.  But since there could be an internet outage associated with this, it could be difficult to get the word out.  At this point I can offer the following advice.  The first indication of the super wave’s arrival would be the impact of a gravity wave which would affect the whole planet, triggering earthquakes.  Immediately afterward the high energy cosmic rays would begin arriving and a bluish white star will begin to appear in the sky at the location of the Galactic center.  One should not delay to seek shelter at once in a cave or underground tunnel to escape the radiation hazard.  It would help to be prepared with a bag full of clothes and supplies that you could grab on a moment’s notice. Remember to meditate or pray and to stay calm as there could be unusual psychological effects associated with the passage of the superwave.  The solar system will be bathed in negatively charged particles which will produce a negative mass gravitational potential (gravity potential hill), whereas normally we have been used to being surrounded by a positive mass gravity potential  (gravity potential well) produced by the Galactic core and Sun.  This G potential flip could produce noticeable psychological/mental effects.

The first three days will be the worst since the barrage will be most intense during that period.  After that one might venture outside if the radiation intensity is sufficiently low.  A geiger counter would come in very handy.  Hopefully by that time there will be people around who will have some information on the degree of the radiation hazard.  It would also help if you have access to a solar powered home that is off the grid.  Be aware that the Sun could become aggravated during the event and could produce excessive flares which could have more lethal effects than the superwave.

For more about superwaves read the postings on the sidebar of this webpage or read books available here such as Earth Under Fire  or  Galactic Superwaves.

About Dr. Paul LaViolette

Paul A. LaViolette, PH.D, is author of Secrets of Antigravity PropulsionSubquantum Kinetics, Earth Under Fire,Genesis of the Cosmos, Decoding the Message of the PulsarsGalactic Superwaves and their Impact on the Earth, and is editor of A Systems View of Man. He has also published many original papers in physics, astronomy, climatology, systems theory, and psychology.

He received his BA in physics from Johns Hopkins, his MBA from the University of Chicago, and PhD from Portland State University. He is currently president and director of the Starburst Foundation.

He has served as a solar energy consultant for the Greek government and also has consulted a Fortune 500 company on ways of stimulating innovation. Research he conducted at Harvard School of Public Health led him to invent an improved pulsation dampener for air sampling pumps. Related work led him to develop an improved life-support rebreather apparatus for protection against hazardous environments and for which he received two patents.

Dr. LaViolette is the first to predict that high intensity volleys of cosmic ray particles travel directly to our planet from distant sources in our Galaxy, a phenomenon now confirmed by scientific data. He is also the first to discover high concentrations of cosmic dust in Ice Age polar ice, indicating the occurrence of a global cosmic catastrophe in ancient times.  Based on this work, he made predictions about the entry of interstellar dust into the solar system ten years before its confirmation in 1993 by data from the Ulysses spacecraft and by radar observations from New Zealand.

He also originated the glacier wave flood theory that not only provides a reasonable scientific explanation for widespread continental floods, but also presents a credible explanation for the sudden freezing of the arctic mammoths and demise of the Pleistocene mammals. Also he developed a novel theory that links geomagnetic flips to the past occurrence of immense solar flare storm outbursts.

He is the developer of subquantum kinetics, a novel approach to microphysics that not only accounts for electric, magnetic, gravitational, and nuclear forces in a unified manner, but also resolves many long-standing problems in physics such as the field singularity problem, the wave-particle dualism, and the field source problem, to mention a few.

Moreover based on the predictions of this theory, he developed an alternative cosmology that effectively replaces the big bang theory. In fact, in 1986, he was the first to cast doubt on the big bang theory by showing that it makes a far poorer fit to existing astronomical data when compared to this new non-expanding universe cosmology.

The subquantum kinetics cosmology also led him to make successful predictions about galaxy evolution that were later verified with the Hubble Space Telescope.

Dr. LaViolette is credited with the discovery of the planetary-stellar mass-luminosity relation which demonstrates that the Sun, planets, stars, and supernova explosions are powered by spontaneous energy creation through photon blueshifting. With this relation, he successfully predicted the mass-luminosity ratio of the first brown dwarf to be discovered.  More recently, his maser signal blueshifting prediction has found confirmation following publication of the discovery of a blueshift in the Pioneer 10 spacecraft tracking data.

In addition, Paul LaViolette has developed a new theory of gravity that replaces the deeply flawed theory of general relativity.  Predicted from subquantum kinetics, it accounts for the electrogravitic coupling phenomenon discovered by Townsend Brown and may explain the advanced aerospace propulsion technology utilized in the B-2 bomber.

He is the first to discover that certain ancient creation myths and esoteric lores metaphorically encode an advanced science of cosmogenesis.  His contributions to the field of Egyptology and mythology may be compared to the breaking of the Rosetta Stone hieroglyphic code.   For a partial listing of these discoveries click here:  Mythology Insights.

He is also the co-developer of the Gray-LaViolette feeling tone theory which explains how the brain/mind forms creative thoughts.  This has led to a new understanding of how the brain functions and to a novel approach in education.

Paul LaViolette also briefly worked as a patent examiner in the U. S. Patent Office.  The Patent Office Society “Unofficial Gazette” ran an article about his being newly hired.  During this period he was responsible for expanding civil rights law to cover cases where an employer has terminated an employee on the basis of his scientific beliefs.

Source: The Sphinx Stargate