Study Shows Females Who Smoke Marijuana Have Higher IQ’s Than Those Who Don’t.

A study conducted by ScienceDaily proves what Rastas have know for years, and that is; Marijuana is the weed of wisdom.

ScienceDaily reports that researchers followed about 8,000 women from ages 5 to 30.

They tested their IQ twice during childhood — and at 16 and 30, they asked them if they’d used marijuana in the last year. Women who had high IQs at 5 were 50% more likely than other women to use marijuana at 30.

The study authors weren’t sure why women with high IQs were more likely to get high. They cited earlier research showing that smart people are “open to experiences and keen on novelty and stimulation.”

They also noted that kids with high IQs might be more likely to be bored or bullied at school, “either of which could conceivably increase vulnerability to using drugs as an avoidant coping strategy.”

We should note that IQ is controversial as a measure of intelligence, as is the idea that you can even measure intelligence at all.

Still, there seems to be something about doing well on an IQ test that makes you more likely to toke up later in life.

That kid in the back of the class would probably claim it’s because smart people recognize the misery inherent in human life and are forced to do something to escape it. His happier friend in the Phish t-shirt might say they just want to expand their minds, dude.

But you’d have to ask the chick with the purple hair and the Sharpied fingernails who sometimes smokes with them behind the band room why high-IQ girls seem especially prone to marijuana use.

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How Long Does Weed Stay In Your System?

Irecently opened a Snapchat from my best friend informing me that she had been fired from her job because she failed a drug test.

Jasmine does not do drugs — her idea of a wild night includes catching up on “Jane the Virgin” while sipping Moscato. I started to panic, thinking, “My best friend has totally gone off the deep end.” Some form of telepathy must have kicked in, because seconds later, I received a text assuring me everything was okay.

The job loss wasn’t a tragedy: Jasmine was already planning to submit her two weeks notice. We spent the next few minutes laughing about how dumb it was that she lost her job because of a poppy seed (during the harvesting process, poppy seeds absorb opium extract, which can cause your pee to test positive for morphine). After we hung up, I started to wonder: How long does it take before a drug is out of your system?

According to the US Anti-Doping Agency, it can take up to 48 hours for drugs like morphine and codeine to pass through your system. But what about marijuana? It seems like all the cool kids are doobie-ing it up these days.

Green Rush Daily explains that the most common way for an employer to track your marijuana usage is through a urine test. These tests don’t detect THC (the ingredient in weed that makes makes you feel high). Instead, urine tests look for THC-COOH, a derivative chemical your body produces after smoking or ingesting weed. THC-COOH stays in your system longer than THC, which explains why you might fail a drug test, even weeks after a smoke session.

The more you smoke, the longer it takes for marijuana to completely exit your body. Here’s a quick breakdown:

  • First time smokers usually test positive for marijuana for five to eight days after using.
  • If you smoke two to four times in a week, THC-COOH will remain in your urine for approximately 11–18 days.
  • Smokers that get high five to six times a week will test positive for over a month after smoking.
  • If you smoke weed every day, THC-COOH can remain in your urine for up to 77 days.

Some weed enthusiasts claim that drinking water and cranberry juice can help you pass a drug test. Unfortunately, consuming too many fluids can dilute your urine, which may compromise your test results.

Sorry, marijuana lovers; it’s hard to outsmart science. Even the best employees can be brought down by a poorly timed drug test. When it comes to your weed (and poppy seed) use, tread lightly.

This is What Happens to Your Brain When You Nap

Napping ChartThe stigma against napping is finally starting to wane — and for good reason. Taking a timeout to sleep during the day does much more than just give us a quick energy boost. It also confers some serious cognitive and health advantages as well. Here’s what the latest science tells us.

Unlike 85% of all mammalian species, humans sleep just once a day. Scientists aren’t sure if we’re naturally monophasic (as opposed to polyphasic) or if it’s modern society that has made us so. Regardless, it’s clear that we’re not getting enough sleep. Nearly a third of us say we’re simply not getting enough of it.
Power naps can alleviate our so-called sleep deficits, but they can also boost our brains, including improvements to creative problem solving, verbal memory, perceptual learning, object learning, and statistical learning. They help us with math, logical reasoning, our reaction times, and symbol recognition. Naps improve our mood and feelings of sleepiness and fatigue. Not only that, napping is good for our heart, blood pressure, stress levels, and surprisingly, even weight management.

 You might be surprised to find out the benefits of napping and it doesn’t take much. Yes, you read that right. Isn’t that great news, that from this day forth you can justify your actions whenever you want to take a short nap? We always get told that we need to go on diet, or we’re told to exercise more, but it’s not often that someone tells you to take a nap more often. Well, I have a great idea: Once you’ve finished reading this article, go take a nice nap. Trust me, once you’ve read about some of the benefits of napping, you’ll never feel guilty about going for a nap ever again.



Take A Nap For The Sake Of Your Heart

In a study carried out in Greece, researchers found that adult males who took an afternoon nap at least three times per week were 37% less likely to die from a heart related disease compared to men who never take a short afternoon nap. Okay, so you may still have your doubts, but if these claims false, then why would NASA scientists be studying this as well?

In many countries, it is custom to have a nap (siesta) after lunch, and coincidentally, nearly all such countries have a very low rate of fatal heart attacks. On the other end of the scale we have countries such as the United Kingdom and the United States. In these countries, heart attacks are the leading cause of death, and as most of us know, neither of these two societies advocate afternoon naps. In fact, taking a short nap in the afternoon could end up costing you your job.

Okay, so we now know that napping is beneficial in terms of heart health, but what are the other benefits of napping? There are several, but since the title of this article suggests that I’m going to discuss six benefits, so that’s what I’m going to do. Right, we have five more to cover; here they are:

1. Improved cognitive performance

2. Increased alertness

3. Improved memory

4. Improved relaxation

5. Stress reduction


“Napping is particularly great for alertness, learning, memory, and performance — and we’ve known this now for several decades.

 A groundbreaking NASA study from 1995 (pdf) looked at the beneficial effects of napping on 747 pilots. Each participant was allowed to nap for 40 minutes during the day, sleeping on average for 25.8 minutes (which is just about right). Nappers “demonstrated vigilance performance improvements from 16% in median reaction time to 34% in lapses compared to the No-Rest Group.”

Think that grabbing a cup of coffee in the middle of the afternoon does just as well? Think again.

2008 study showed that naps are better than caffeine when it comes to improving verbal memory, motor skills, and perceptual learning. Afternoon naps improved free recall memory compared to the caffeine group after both 20 minutes and seven hour intervals, while resulting in improved learning on physical tasks than caffeine. It should be noted, however, that the researchers had their participants nap between 60 and 90 minutes. A cup of joe might be a tad more efficient. But as noted in the study, caffeine has been known to impair motor sequence learning and declarative verbal memory. (1)”

Does The Length Of A Nap Affect The Benefits?

Yes and no. Even a short 20 minute nap in the afternoon can provide all the benefits of napping which have already been mentioned. However, the length of your nap will determine what sort of benefits you’re likely to experience. According to the WebMD napping can be broken up into different categories:

20 Minute Nap – While a short 20 minute power nap does enhance memory, it has a more dramatic effect on mental alertness and motor learning skills.

20 To 30 Minute Nap – This length of nap will typically enhance creativity while at the same time also boosting memory.

30 To 60 Minute Nap – This type of nap has an incredibly beneficial impact one’s decision making skills. It also improves the part of your memory that’s responsible for memorizing things such as the alphabet; directions and etc.

60 To 90 Minute Nap – Taking this type of nap will ensure that you get REM (Rapid Eye Movement) sleep, and as such, this type of nap is the most beneficial of them all. Once you reach REM sleep, it’s almost as if the brain resets itself. One could say it’s like starting at the beginning again. Studies have shown that a 60 to 90 minute nap can have a dramatic effect on the brain in terms of problem solving. Here again, NASA has conducted their own studies, and they land up with the same result.

 When Napping Is Not A Good Idea

Napping is not a good idea for everyone. For example, when some people take a nap during the day, they then have difficulty falling asleep at night, and this in turn can eventually result in sleep deprivation. Other people feel great when they wake up in the morning after a long sleep, but if they take a short nap, they feel dazed and often have difficulty trying to concentrate. Lastly but not least, you might live in a culture where napping at work is frowned upon, in which case it could interfere with your career.

If you can nap during the day however, then I would certainly recommend that you do, but please don’t tell your boss it was me who told you about the fantastic benefits of napping.

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Healthy Holistic Living

Computers Might Never Be Able To Solve These Three Problems

In computer science, an undecidable problem is one that requires a yes or no answer, but is impossible for any known computer to reliably solve. Three of these problems are the halting problem, Kolmogorov complexity, and the Wang tile problem. The halting problem refers to whether a computer can determine if a program will ever finish running, whereas Kolmogorov complexity deals with compression, and the impossibility of perfectly compressing any given file. Wang tiles are square tiles with a color on each side. Infinitely placing them next to each other so that the colors of each side match the colors on the adjacent squares is called “tiling the plane,” and there is currently no computer that can predict whether a given set of Wang tiles will tile the plane. Dive deeper into these computer conundrums in the video below.

3 Problems Computers Will Never Solve

Computers can’t do everything. Here are three problems that they’ll never conquer.

  1. The halting problems states that no computer can always determine if a program will continue to run or eventually stop.00:32
  2. Thus far, no program can perfectly compress any given file due to Kolmogorov complexity.01:23
  3. There can be no method that can take any given set of Wang tiles and tell you whether or not it will tile the plane.02:05

The Philosophy Of Artificial Intelligence

Computers may not be able to solve some problems, but they are on the cusp of having lifelike AI. Explore the ethics of this new frontier.

Your Brain Is Your Most Powerful Sex Organ.

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When we think of sex organs, our minds veer toward the naughty parts between our legs. But our minds should be veering to, well, our minds. The real catalyst for sexual activity is the brain — specific parts of the brain — not genitalia. That’s why sexually driven language — dirty talk — is so arousing. When partners talk dirty to each other, they’re stroking the right organs.

wealth of scientific research establishes the brain’s primary role in sexual activity. Sex drive, for example, originates in the hypothalamus, which is responsible for testosterone production in the testes. The amygdala, on the other hand, is a center for fear in the brain. Both brain regions strongly effect how we respond to dirty talk and sexual stimulation in general.

Because men have larger hypothalami, they have more testosterone. This explains why the male sex drive often exceeds those of females, why men tend to initiate sexual contact, and why men are less cautious about who they take on as sexual partners. Partners who seek a submissive role, on the other hand, are led more by their amygdala, one of the brain’s fear centers.

Dirty talk achieves arousal because it’s fine-tuned to stimulate the right parts of the brain. It feeds our need for intimate conversation and lust for sexual activity. It provides a multi-layered sexual experience that extends further than just physical touch. Dirty talk works because it’s sex through suggestion, and to our brains, suggestion can be just as powerful as full-on execution.


7 Exercises That Burn More Calories Than Running

Want to switch it up? Give one of these activities a try.
Woman after workout smiling with towel

Running is a great form of exercise. It comes with benefits both mental and physical. I’m personally a huge fan. If you’re trying to burn lots of calories with your workouts, running is a pretty good option. But if you’re looking to maximize your calorie burn or switch up your high-intensity workouts, there are plenty of other options to consider.

Before we go any further, it’s important to note that there are so many great reasons to work outthat have nothing to do with burning calories or weight loss, and we’re not suggesting that your goal should be either of those things. If it is your goal, that’s totally fine, but it’s important not to overdo it or exercise compulsively. And if you’ve struggled with disordered eating or compulsive exercising, always speak with your doctor before starting any new fitness routine.

To compare activities based on calorie burn, you first have to understand MET, or metabolic equivalent.

Every type of physical activity has a MET, which is a measure of how much energy it takes to complete. The MET is based off how many milliliters of oxygen a person consumes per kilogram of body weight while doing any specific activity. One MET is roughly equal to the amount of energy it takes to sit still. You can find the MET of over 800 different activities in The Compendium of Physical Activities, a resource provided by The American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM).

“As the MET value of activity goes up, the ability to burn calories increases,” Pete McCall, an exercise physiologist with the American Council on Exercise, tells SELF. The more intense an exercise—that means everything from running to lifting weights to washing dishes—or the harder you push yourself, the more oxygen your body needs to complete it. Which means the MET goes up, and so does the calorie burn. (Exercising at a higher intensity also increases the amount of calories you’ll burn after you stop working out, thanks to the afterburn effect.)

A variety of factors, including a person’s weight and metabolism, determine how many calories a person burns at different intensities of exercise.

The specific number of calories you burn during a particular workout depends on a handful of different things. A person’s body weight, body fat percentage, age, physical fitness, genetics, and even the environmental conditions in which they’re working out, can impact how many calories they burn, according to ACSM.

It’s nearly impossible to know exactly how many calories a person will burn during a run or other activity. We all have different bodies and metabolisms, and chances are, those above factors don’t always stay constant.

What we can do, though, is calculate the approximate calorie burn of specific activities using METs.

The formula is this: MET x body weight (in kilograms) x time (in hours) = calorie burn. This can give you a good idea of which activities are generally more efficient than others at burning calories, even if the exact number will vary a little bit.

“To compare running to another activity, it would be necessary to define the speed [of the run] and body weight of the specific person,” McCall adds. The MET of running depends a lot on the speed—for example, running at a 10 minute/mile pace has a MET of 9.8, whereas running at a 6.5 minute/mile pace has a MET of 12.8.

With some help from McCall, we calculated the calories that a 150-pound person would typically expend running a 10-minute-per-mile pace: 666 calories per hour. Then, we compared this to a handful of other activities. (Note that you might not do these activities for a full hour, but we used one hour as a standard means of comparison.)

What you’ll find is that the big calorie burners on the list have a few things in common: They use a lot of muscles throughout the body, and they can be really challenging.

Here are some exercises you might want to add to your routine if you’re trying to burn more calories:

1. Indoor cycling: Approximately 952 calories per hour

McCall notes that intensity should be at 200 watts or greater. If the stationary bike doesn’t display watts: “This means when your indoor cycling instructor tells you to turn up the resistance, you do it!” he says.

2. Cross-country skiing: Approximately 850 calories per hour

This all depends on your experience as a skier. Slow, light effort won’t burn nearly as many calories as a brisk-speed, vigorous effort will. To really challenge yourself and burn up energy? Try uphill skiing.

3. Rowing: Approximately 816 calories per hour

Again, 200 watts is the benchmark here; McCall says it should be at a “vigorous effort.” Many rowing machines list watts on the display. Bonus: Rowing is an incredible back workout too.

4. Jumping rope: Approximately 802 calories per hour

This should be at a moderate pace—approximately 100 skips per minute—McCall says. Try this jump-rope interval workout to get started.

5. Kickboxing: Approximately 700 calories per hour

Other types of martial arts, like Muay Thai, fit into this category too. When it comes to regular boxing, the biggest calorie burn comes when you’re legit in the ring (a.k.a. fighting another person). But a lot of boxing classes also incorporate cardio exercises like mountain climbers and burpees, so your heart rate ends up increasing more than you’d expect. And, hey, you’ve gotta start somewhere before you can get into the ring, right?

6. Swimming: Approximately 680 calories per hour

Freestyle works, but you should aim for a vigorous 75 yards per minute pace, McCall says. This is a little aggressive for a casual swimmer. (Butterfly stroke is even more effective if you feel like getting fancy.)

7. Outdoor bicycling: Approximately 680 calories per hour

Biking at a fast, vigorous pace gets your heart rate soaring, whether you’re indoors or outdoors. Add in some mountainous terrain and hills and the calorie burn goes up even more.

The 15 most-wanted types of employees on LinkedIn

recruiter resume work office job

Are you looking to change jobs, or even industries?

Then it helps to know which positions recruiters are trying to fill.

LinkedIn collected data from a survey of 4,000 recruiters around the world to find out who, exactly, recruiters are looking for.

Below, find the top 15 types of roles recruiters are trying to fill, as well as the current number of job openings for each occupation, taken from the number of open listings on LinkedIn as of March 31, 2017.

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7 things you should never search for on your work computer

computer mistake

Save your weird internet search habits for your personal computer.


You don’t want to become an office cautionary tale – that person who got fired because they were busted Googling something inappropriate during an all-hands meeting.

When you’re on your work computer, your employers can track pretty much everything you do.

“Any personal data or behavior done on any work device can and is collected by your employer,” said management expert Andrew Wittman . “Be mindful of every search, click, and email sent, as well as any personal data or behavior, including searches, shopping, social media, emails, and websites visited.”

And deleting your history won’t save you, in most cases.

“Never assume that clearing the history log is enough to sweep away any evidence of where you’ve been spending your time on the internet,” said Michael Kerr, an international business speaker and author of ” The Humor Advantage .” “Most IT departments are still able to monitor computer use and a very aware of searches that might be deemed highly questionable.”

With that in mind, here are some searches you should definitely steer clear of on your job-related devices:

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Napping can Dramatically Increase Learning, Memory, Awareness, and More

In the world, certain towns and areas deliberately shut down completely so the people can take a proper nap and reboot. Well, America is not one of those areas and people are rarely used to napping.

 Naps are actually very beneficial for you, so if you do find the time to do it- go for it! Napping is considered a regular, normal and integral part of the circadian (sleep-wake cycle) rhythm.

The focus, concentration and energy levels are not the same throughout the day, regardless of your long night sleep. So if you want to recharge and get your energy back, a simple nap can do wonders for you.

Many companies, including Apple and Google are among those companies who allow their workers to take a nap before continuing their work. Medical studies are also pro-nap oriented and state they can strengthen the focus, productivity and performance in people.

One study, conducted by the University of Colorado Boulder found that children who skipped their napping time have bigger chances to suffer lack of joy and interest and experience health problems like anxiety, problem solving skills.

This is also true for adults. Some researchers with Berkeley discovered that adults who practice napping more often strengthen their memory function and learning skills. Napping affects the brain positively and allows it to reboot and refresh.

How long should a nap last?

As experts claim, a proper nap should last 10 to 20 minutes after which the brain will be regenerated and its function will be improved significantly. Naps are shorter and lighter than sleep itself so avoid expanding your nap to more than 20 minutes since you might feel blurry or groggy afterwards.

This is also true for a sleep that lasts an hour- the body starts to sink into serious sleep so if you break it you will feel more tired than before.


However, longest naps are around 90 minutes and are intended for individuals that cannot sleep well or enough through the night.

The sleeping process affects the body favorably and lets it improve its creativity and thinking capacity. So, nap as much as possible and stay on point at all times. Of course, be mindful not to disrupt you regular night sleep.


Researchers Have Found That Plants Know They Are Being Eaten

Vegetarians and vegans pay heed: New research shows plants know when they’re being eaten. And they don’t like it.

That plants possess an intelligenceis not new knowledge, but according to Modern Farmer, a new study from the University of Missouri shows plants can sense when they are being eaten and send out defense mechanisms to try to stop it from happening.

forage foraging evan struvinski angelica plant

The study was carried out on thale cress, or Arabidopsis as it’s known scientifically, which is closely related to broccoli, kale, mustard greens, and other siblings of the brassica family and is popular for science experiments. It is commonly used in experiments because it was the first plant to have its genome sequenced, and scientists are intimately familiar with how it works.

Going forward with the question of whether a plant knows it’s being eaten, the University of Missouri researchers first took a precise audio recording of the vibrations a caterpillar makes as it eats the thale cress leaves, with the working theory that plants could feel or hear the vibrations in some way.

The researchers controlled the experiment by coming up with other vibrations that simulated other natural vibrations like wind noise that the plant might encounter.

The results? According to Modern Farmer, the thale cress produces mustard oils that are mildly toxic when eaten and sends them throughout its leaves to try to keep the predators away. The research also revealed that when the plants felt or heard “munching vibrations” from the caterpillar, they sent out extra mustard oils. But the plants didn’t react when other vibrations were present.

“Previous research has investigated how plants respond to acoustic energy, including music,” said Heidi Appel, senior research scientist in the Division of Plant Sciences in the College of Agriculture, Food and Natural Resources and the Bond Life Sciences Center at MU.

“However, our work is the first example of how plants respond to an ecologically relevant vibration. We found that feeding vibrations signal changes in the plant cells’ metabolism, creating more defensive chemicals that can repel attacks from caterpillars.”

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