Everything you should know about happiness in one infographic


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We often talk about happiness, yet rarely take the time to define it. And that’s probably because it is incredibly difficult — each scientific discipline has its own take on it.

From a philosophical perspective the concept of happiness is often related to living a “good life”, flourishing, virtue, and excellence, rather than to experiencing an emotion. To psychologists happiness is an emotional and mental state of well-being related to experiencing positive emotions but also to a sense of meaning and satisfaction from life.

Economists are also interested in happiness and have developed numerous surveys, indices, and equations to let us know which nations and people are the happiest. Besides the subjectively reported levels of happiness (towards which they are understandably suspicious), economists believe that factors like individual income, social security, employment, relationships, children, freedom, and leisure, have a big impact on our happiness.

In 2012, the UN started publishing an annual World Happiness Report – a survey of the state of global happiness that ranks 155 countries on six key indicators: freedom, generosity, health, social support, income, and trustworthy governance. By these measures, Norway, Denmark, and Iceland took the top spots in 2017. The US came 14th. 

But our national level of happiness does not necessarily translate into a personal one. According to psychologists, circumstances are responsible for only about 10% of our personal levels of happiness. Studies have shown that regardless of what happens to people – winning the lottery or losing a limb – their happiness levels tend to return to what they were before the event in about two months. This phenomenon is called the hedonic treadmill or hedonic adaptation.

Researchers say that another 50% of our happiness is determined by our biology, and more specifically, genetically determined personality traits like “being sociable, active, stable, hardworking and conscientious.”  Twins who had similar scores in key traits — extroversion, calmness and conscientiousness, for example — had similar happiness scores, but these similarities disappeared once the traits were accounted for.

Not all is lost, however. 40% of your happiness is determined by your thoughts, actions, and behaviours. According to Buddha, this is enough to liberate you from suffering, if you channel this potential in the right thoughts, actions and behaviours. Science agrees — there is a lot you can do to influence your happiness levels. 

Happify, a company dedicated to helping people live happier lives, has created a wonderful infographic summarizing the most relevant research on happiness and what you can do to increase it. See it below.

happify happiness infographic

 

Neil deGrasse Tyson Seems Skeptical of Elon Musk’s Mars Plans


IN BRIEF

Famed astrophysicist Neil deGrasse Tyson candidly shared his thoughts on SpaceX during a recent Reddit AMA. While he seems wary of Elon Musk’s plans to send people to Mars, he spoke very positively about SpaceX’s demonstration of a reusable rocket.

Renowned astrophysicist Neil deGrasse Tyson is a little wary of Elon Musk’s ability to send humans to Mars, but he does like what he’s seeing from SpaceX overall.

Invaders From Earth!: How Elon Musk Plans to Conquer Mars

During a recent Reddit Ask Me Anything (AMA) session, Redditor patopc1999 asked, “Hi Neil! Just wanted to know your thoughts on SpaceX’s Falcon 9 relaunch and landing, and what do you think it means for the future of space travel?”

Tyson replied that “any demonstration of rocket reusability is a good thing,” and he even asserted that “reusability is arguably the most fundamental feature of affordable expensive things.”

The Redditor also wanted to know if Tyson would ever consider joining a future one-way trip to Mars, which prompted a less optimistic response: “I really like Earth. So any space trip I take, I’m double checking that there’s sufficient funds for me to return.” He candidly added, “Also, I’m not taking that trip until Elon Musk send[s] his mother and brings her back alive. Then I’m good for it.”

Elon Musk’s SpaceX recently made history by successfully launching and landing a used Falcon 9 rocket booster for the first time. The CEO has announced his intent to bring humans back to the Moon, as well, and SpaceX is looking to add hundreds of new employees to its ranks to help Musk make all these projects happen.

Given Musk’s track record for actually coming through on his plans, it could be simply a matter of time before Tyson boards a SpaceX rocket, with or without Musk’s mother riding one first.

source:futurism.com

Infographic: How Isro’s satellites kept an eye on cyclonic storm Vardah


Weather satellites that Isro sent onboard GSLVs help weathermen predict the intensity of a cyclone early and more accurately. This in turn has helped improve cyclone preparedness and save precious lives.

Top Toxins to Avoid Especially If Pregnant


When pregnant, you should take extra care with the foods you eat and the chemicals you use in and outside of your home. There are many sources of toxic exposure that may put you, and your unborn baby, in harm’s way. This Infographic will tell you about the top toxins that you should avoid specially during pregnancy.

toxins-to-avoid-if-pregnant

What Are the Best Yoga Poses for Breast Cancer Patients?


Breast cancer and its treatment may cause symptoms such as fatigue, nausea, decreased range of motion, and weakness. Exercise and other integrative therapies, including yoga, can ease these symptoms, help patients feel better during treatment, and can be scaled to fit each patient’s unique needs and abilities.

“Yoga has many physical and emotional benefits for all cancer patients,” says Ann Marie Turo, OTR/L, yoga instructor in Dana-Farber’s Leonard P. Zakim Center for Integrative Therapies, where she teaches chair yoga, Hatha yoga, Pilates, yogalates (yoga and Pilates fusion), and foot fitness classes. For breast cancer patients, who might experience lymphedema following surgery or radiation, Turo says yoga can help restore range of motion in the arms and improve strength and mobility. Yoga can also reduce stress and anxiety, which in turn can lower heart rate and blood pressure.

“Research has increasingly shown that breast cancer patients who practice yoga experience many benefits, including increased energy, diminished anxiety, and better overall quality of life,” says Jennifer Ligibel, MD, a breast oncologist in Dana-Farber’s Susan F. Smith Center for Women’s Cancers and director of the Zakim Center. “The mission of the Zakim Center is to provide patients access to integrative therapies with proven benefits, such as yoga, to help support healing during and after cancer treatment.

Specific benefits of regular yoga practice include increased body awareness; improved cardiovascular, respiratory, and bone health; better blood flow; and enhanced mood, sleep, and concentration, which are often compromised during treatment.

“Yoga is a feel good exercise,” adds Turo. “And it’s a tool you can use anywhere – in bed, sitting on a chair, or on a mat.”

Turo recommends easing into a yoga routine, and some of her favorite poses can be done in a chair or at a desk. View the infographic below for a step-by-step guide to stretches that will help increase range of motion and body awareness following breast cancer treatment.

 

Yoga for cancer patients infographic

13 Easy Yoga Poses To FLUSH Stress Hormones From Your Body


We’ve always known stress is incredibly unhealthy. It can make you sick, is harmful to your mental, emotional and physical well-being, and just makes daily life miserable. We want to be productive and happy, and de-stressing is a big part of that. Stress is also an enemy to weight loss.

The good news is you can battle stress and work toward weight loss simultaneously with restorative yoga.

Looking to eliminate the feeling of stress from your life?

Take a look through this infographic to learn step-by-step instructions on how to perform 13 stress relieving yoga poses as well as their health benefits.

 

12-yoga-stress-inline-01 (1)

From Darwin To Einstein: How Did Brilliant Minds Spend Their Everyday Lives?


From Marx To Einstein: How Did Brilliant Minds Spend Their Everyday Lives?

They are known for their work, but how was their personal life and their routine?

Mason Currey is a typical reporter. As most reporters – who don’t cover everyday news – do, Currey finds it difficult to get his articles ready in time. “On July of 2007, I was sitting alone during a Sunday afternoon trying to compose an article for the journal I was working for. However, instead of doing what I had to do to finish the article, I was reading New York Times, cleaning my desk without a reason and wasting my time in general. It was a usual, but sad situation. I’m the typical “morning person” who can focus early in the morning, but becomes almost useless after lunch. This particular afternoon I decided to feel better by searching information about work schedules of other authors. It was easy to find them and they were really fun. I thought that someone should write about these stories…”

That’s how Currey wrote the book “Daily Rituals” that hundreds of creatives practiced in order to carve out time, every day, to work their craft. Some kept to the same disciplined regimen for decades while others locked in patterns only while working on specific works.

There are enough data to visualize a portion of the hundreds of creative lifestyles. Click the poster to discover:

Gustave Flaubert, Ludwig Van Beethoven, W.A. Mozart, Thomas Mann, Sigmund Freud, Immanuel Kant, Maya Angelou, John Milton, Honore de Balzac, Victor Hugo, Charles Dickens, W.H. Auden, Charles Darwin, P.I. Tchaikovsky, Le Corbusier, Benjamin Franklin

Design Highlights
Representing each day as a continuous 24 hour cycle invokes the ever spinning wheel of time, and more simply the face of a clock with midnight placed in the “12 o’clock” position and noon at “6 o’clock.” Colors mark major categories of activity – work, sleep, exercise, etc.

From Marx To Einstein: How Did Brilliant Minds Spend Their Everyday Lives?
“Daily Rituals” include around 150 everyday stories. Let’s see 5 of the most brilliant minds ever lived and their everyday schedule.

Albert Einstein

From Marx To Einstein How Did Brilliant Minds Spend Their Everyday Lives - Albert Einstein
Einstein emigrated to the US in 1933, where he worked as a professor in Princeton until his retirement in 1945. His everyday life was simple. He took breakfast around 9:00 and 10:00 while reading morning newspapers. At 10:30 he went to his office in Princeton. He went there walking when the weather was good or he took the University bus. He returned home for lunch around 1:00. He took a nap and then had a cup of tea. He spent the rest of his afternoon at home, working and arranging his correspondence. His dinner was at 6:30.

Despite his simple way of living, Einstein was a prominent figure in Princeton, known not only for his scientific achievements, but also for his abstraction and his careless look (he had long hair to avoid visiting the barber and he didn’t wear socks because he found them useless).

While he was walking to his office, many people stopped him, because they wanted to meet the great scientist. As a fellow of his stated, Einstein posed with his fans and their families and chatted with them. Later he continued walking and murmured: “The old elephant did his job again”.

Alexander Graham Bell

From Marx To Einstein How Did Brilliant Minds Spend Their Everyday Lives - Alexander Graham Bell
When he was young, Bell used to work all the time. He only slept for 3 or 4 hours every night. However, after his marriage and his wife’s pregnancy, Bell was convinced to work less and relax more. His wife, Meibel, made him wake up for breakfast at 8:30 every morning and also made him relax after their dinner at 7:00.

When he got used to that, Bell understood that his new schedule was better for him and his family. However his passion for his job didn’t let him follow this schedule everyday. Everytime he had a new idea, he begged his wife to let him work and to release him from his family obligations.

In such cases, he could work for even twenty two hours in a row, sleepless. Meibel finally accepted his undistracted concentration on his work, but not without some disapproval of hers. According to her diary, Meibel was proud for her husband’s job, but she was jealous at the same time.

Ludwig van Beethoven

From Marx To Einstein How Did Brilliant Minds Spend Their Everyday Lives - Ludwig van Beethoven

From Marx To Einstein How Did Brilliant Minds Spend Their Everyday Lives - Ludwig van Beethoven
Beethoven got up really early to start working. His breakfast was a cup of coffee. He considered that each cup of coffee required sixty coffee beans. That’s why he often counted them one by one!

Then, he started working until 2:00 or 3:00. He took a break to walk in the countryside.

At nights, he usually went to the theatre or stayed at home to read. His dinner was simple, such as a soup. He enjoyed drinking wine with his dinner and after that he wanted to drink a glass of beer and smoke his pipe. He didn’t usually play the music at night – he went to sleep around 10:00.

Beethoven’s unusual bathing habits are worth noting here. According to his pupil and secretary Anton Schindler: “Washing and bathing were among the most pressing necessities of Beethoven’s life. In this respect he was indeed an Oriental: to his way of thinking Mohammed did not exaggerate a whit in the number of ablutions he prescribed. If he did not dress to go out during the morning working hours, he would stand in great de?shabille? at his washstand and pour large pitchers of water over his hands, bellowing up and down the scale or sometimes humming loudly to himself. Then he would stride around his room with rolling or staring eyes, jot something down, then resume his pouring of water and loud singing. These were moments of deep meditation, to which no one could have objected but for two unfortunate consequences. First of all, the servants would often burst out laughing. This made the master angry and he would sometimes assault them in language that made him cut an even more ridiculous figure. Or, secondly, he would come into conflict with the landlord, for all too often so much water was spilled that it went right through the floor. This was one of the main reasons for Beethoven’s unpopularity as a tenant. The floor of his living room would have had to be covered with asphalt to prevent all that water from seeping through. And the master was totally unaware of the excess of inspiration under his feet!”

Karl Marx

From Marx To Einstein How Did Brilliant Minds Spend Their Everyday Lives - Karl Marx
Marx arrived at London as a political refugee in 1849, thinking that he would only stay there for some months. However, he spent the rest of his life in this city.

According to Isaiah Berlin, Marx also had his daily habits, though not quite so well-balanced: “His mode of living consisted of daily visits to the British Museum reading-room, where he normally remained from nine in the morning until it closed at seven; this was followed by long hours of work at night, accompanied by ceaseless smoking, which from a luxury had become an indispensable anodyne; this affected his health permanently and he became liable to frequent attacks of a disease of the liver sometimes accompanied by boils and an inflammation of the eyes, which interfered with his work, exhausted and irritated him, and interrupted his never certain means of livelihood. “I am plagued like Job, though not so God-fearing,” he wrote in 1858.”

Arthur Miller

From Marx To Einstein How Did Brilliant Minds Spend Their Everyday Lives - Arthur Miller
“I wish I was normal in writing” Miller stated in an interview in 1999. “I wake up in the morning, go to my office and write. Then I rip what I wrote! That’s my routine in reality.

Check out these brilliant minds’ daily routines too:

From Marx To Einstein: How Did Brilliant Minds Spend Their Everyday Lives?

From Marx To Einstein: How Did Brilliant Minds Spend Their Everyday Lives?

From Marx To Einstein: How Did Brilliant Minds Spend Their Everyday Lives?

From Marx To Einstein: How Did Brilliant Minds Spend Their Everyday Lives?

From Marx To Einstein: How Did Brilliant Minds Spend Their Everyday Lives?

From Marx To Einstein: How Did Brilliant Minds Spend Their Everyday Lives?

From Marx To Einstein: How Did Brilliant Minds Spend Their Everyday Lives?

From Marx To Einstein: How Did Brilliant Minds Spend Their Everyday Lives?

From Marx To Einstein: How Did Brilliant Minds Spend Their Everyday Lives?

From Marx To Einstein: How Did Brilliant Minds Spend Their Everyday Lives?

From Marx To Einstein: How Did Brilliant Minds Spend Their Everyday Lives?

From Marx To Einstein: How Did Brilliant Minds Spend Their Everyday Lives?

From Marx To Einstein: How Did Brilliant Minds Spend Their Everyday Lives?

From Marx To Einstein: How Did Brilliant Minds Spend Their Everyday Lives?

From Marx To Einstein: How Did Brilliant Minds Spend Their Everyday Lives?
Perhaps most fascinating, is reflecting on how you spend your days compared to these creative masters. Do you have a routine that helps you be productive every day?

– See more at: http://www.thinkinghumanity.com/2015/05/from-darwin-to-einstein-how-did-brilliant-minds-spend-their-everyday-lives.html#sthash.A7quL2tQ.dpuf

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