A.I. will be ‘billions of times’ smarter than humans, man and machine need to merge


https://www.cnbc.com/2018/02/13/a-i-will-be-billions-of-times-smarter-than-humans-man-and-machine-need-to-merge.html?__source=facebook%7Ctech

Unique Mouse Platform for Therapeutic Monoclonal Antibody Discovery


https://scicasts.com/clientlab/trianni/13204-unique-mouse-platform-for-therapeutic-monoclonal-antibody-discovery/

Evolving Fungal Landscape In Asia


https://www.afwgonline.com/resources/articles/evolving-fungal-landscape-asia/?utm_source=fb&utm_medium=ad&utm_campaign=fungal_landscape_feb13

Why Bitcoin Is the Most Dangerous Global Scam in 20 Years.


https://www.inc.com/linkedin/vivek-wadhwa/why-bitcoin-largest-ponzi-scheme-human-history-vivek-wadhwa.html?cid=sf01001&sr_share=twitter

NCCN Revises Breast Cancer Risk Reduction Guideline.


https://www.journalofclinicalpathways.com/news/nccn-revises-breast-cancer-risk-reduction-guideline

How to Let Go of Fear and Return to Love


How to Let Go of Fear and Return to Love

When you let go of fear, you can’t help but return to love. But if you hold on to fear, love will be absent. You can’t have both. A lot of people are afraid of Love. They think Love can harm them. But Love can do not harm. Fear is the one who has the power to hurt us.

What is LOVE

Whenever I ask myself this question, the answer that comes to mind is always the same:

“Love is who we are, it’s what we are all made of.”

But what does this mean? 

It means that we are all made of love, made with love and made to love and whenever we are anything other than love we are not truly being ourselves. We move away from our true nature. And as a result, we start to build a false identity for ourselves, pretending to be something we are not and taking our sense of worth from outside of us and no longer from within ourselves.

That’s how the struggle begins. That’s how most of us start settling for way less than we are worth, constantly using the past as an excuse of why we can’t move forward in life, crafting sad, lonely, unhappy and mediocre lives. 

Why do you think there’s so much violence in the world, people who live in poverty, couples who stay in unhealthy and toxic relationships, men and women do work that has no value and no meaning for them? Why do you think so many people live in fear, expecting the worst to always happen, talking more about their pains and sorrows than they talk about their joys and blessings? Because we have moved away from who we truly are, we have moved away from LOVE. And when you move away from love, you start to feel scared, disconnected, lost and lonely and life becomes a struggle. 

“There are two basic motivating forces: fear and love. When we are afraid, we pull back from life. When we are in love, we open to all that life has to offer with passion, excitement, and acceptance. We need to learn to love ourselves first, in all our glory and our imperfections. If we cannot love ourselves, we cannot fully open to our ability to love others or our potential to create. Evolution and all hopes for a better world rest in the fearlessness and open-hearted vision of people who embrace life.” ~ John Lennon

You are made of love, made with love and made to love and whenever love is not present within your heart, you will feel disconnected from the world around you and you will feel as though something is missing from your life. And that something, that missing piece will be YOU – your awareness about who you truly are and what you are really capable of being, doing and having. The missing piece will be LOVE.

Let go of fear

“It is good to feel lost… because it proves you have a navigational sense of where “Home” is. You know that a place that feels like being found exists. And maybe your current location isn’t that place but, Hallelujah, that unsettled, uneasy feeling of lost-ness just brought you closer to it.” ~ Erika Harris 

No matter how long you have been wondering around, feeling lost, disoriented and confused, looking outside of you for all the things that you thought were missing from within you, if you want to get back to yourself if you want to return to LOVE, you can. For love always was and always will be, lovingly waiting for you.

Love never left you and will never do. 

“I know you’re tired but come, this is the way.” ~ Rumi

So how do you let go of fear and the past so that you can return to LOVE? How do you go from living in fear to living in LOVE; from feeling lost to being found; from feeling scared, drained, exhausted and unhappy to feeling happy alive, refreshed and rejuvenated?

You return to LOVE by first setting an intention to do so. By making a promise to yourself to spend the rest of your life fully loving, nurturing and honoring who you are. 

You return to LOVE by unlearning all that you have learned about yourself, about life and about LOVE and by living life from a place of infinite choices and possibilities – the present moment, no longer from a place of fear and limitations – the past.

You return to LOVE by forgiving everything and everyone, including yourself and by sending love to all those who might have hurt and harmed you at one point or another.

You return to LOVE by making peace with your darkness, your shadows, fears, and insecurities and by filling your heart with love, light, and trust. Trust in yourself, trust in love and trust in life itself.

You return to LOVE by accepting and embracing yourself just as you are right at this moment and by pouring unconditional love upon yourself, upon all that you do and all that you are.

You return to LOVE by realizing that in this moment you are ENOUGH.

You return to LOVE by taking the time to know yourself, to spoil yourself and to love yourself.

You return to LOVE, to yourself and your true nature by spending time outside in nature observing, admiring and contemplating at the beauty of life itself. 

You return to LOVE by nurturing kind and loving thoughts about yourself and about the world around you. And by constantly thinking, talking and acting upon that which you want to experience and attract in your life.

You return to LOVE by becoming aware that you are ONE with all that is, ONE with the people you love but also those you dislike; ONE with the riches that you want to have in your life but also with the poverty that is present in the world; ONE with those who are kind but also with those who are unkind; ONE with the trees, the plants, the stars, the Moon and ONE with life itself.

You return to LOVE by surrendering to what is. By trusting that maybe everything in life is happening exactly the way it should be happening. And that maybe we all have some very valuable lessons to learn from both the good and bad experiences and people that come our way.

You return to LOVE by expressing your love, gratitude, and appreciation for everything that comes your way, every thought, every person, every interaction and by seeking to use them all to become a better not bitter person.

You return to LOVE by understanding that you are LOVE and that there is nothing about you lacking, there never was nor will there ever be.

You return to LOVE by understanding that you don’t have to do more of anything and you don’t have to acquire more stuff, have more friends and make more money in order for you to feel whole, worthy and complete.

You return to LOVE not by getting more, having more and doing more but by being more – being happy, content, peaceful, graceful, grateful and so on. That’s how you return to LOVE. That’s how you return to your beautiful and loving Self. So:

“Stop acting so small. You are the universe in ecstatic motion.” ~ Rumi

love

Bed Bug Histamines: A New Indoor Allergen?


High heat didn’t reduce histamine levels in house dust

Bed bug-infested homes tend to be dusted with a layer of histamine particles, leading researchers to speculate that environmental histamine may be an indoor allergen with adverse health effects.

Inside infested homes, histamine levels averaged 54.6 μg/100 mg of sieved household dust versus less than 2.5 μg/100 mg in control homes in the same apartment building (and less than 0.3 μg/100 mg in an uninfested building more than 8 km away), according Zachary DeVries, PhD, of North Carolina State University in Raleigh, and colleagues.

“Notably, the histamine concentrations in dust collected in bed bug-infested homes were 50-times greater than in agricultural hay,” the authors wrote in PLOS One. “The high concentrations, persistence, and proximity to humans during sleep suggest that bed bug-produced histamine may represent an emergent contaminant and pose a serious health risk in the indoor environment.”

“Histamine is used in bronchial and dermal provocation, but it is rarely considered an environmental risk factor in allergic disease,” they noted.

The authors also reported that 3 months after bug elimination through heat treatment, histamine levels remained elevated in once-infested homes.

“Prolonged exposure of homes to temperatures of 50˚C [122˚F] did not reduce histamine levels in house dust. Therefore, a combination of deep cleaning and pest elimination will likely be needed, similar to the strategies used to reduce German cockroach allergens,” DeVries’ group suggested. “Unfortunately, there is no information on the health effects of chronic low-level exposure to histamine because prior to our study there was no compelling need for such an assessment.”

They collected dust after surveying residences in a nine-story apartment building with 140 apartments. This was a building that had been chronically infested for several years despite attempts at pest control.

DeVries’ group wound up with a sampling of Raleigh apartments that consisted of infested homes (n=14), uninfested homes within the same complex (n=10), and uninfested residences that had no evidence of bed bugs in at least 3 years and were located more than 8 km (about 5 miles) away (n=5).

“Low, but detectable, levels of histamine in some uninfested apartments within the same building suggest either that bed bugs had been present in these apartments at some prior time, or that some bed bugs were present but we failed to detect them,” the researchers stated.

“Importantly, the high concentrations of histamine we recovered were from sieved dust particles which readily become airborne and represent the major route of entry of allergens into the airway, as documented in studies correlating cockroach allergens in settled and airborne dust. The potential health risks associated with bed bug-produced histamine might rival those associated with other indoor pests, namely cockroaches and dust mites,” they noted. “Although unknown, we speculate that environmental histamine may have additive or synergistic interactions with other allergens.”

For The First Time, a Portable Atomic Clock Has Been Used to Measure Gravity


Atomic clocks are capable of the most precise physical measurements humanity can make, but because they’re so complex, they’ve been restricted to laboratory use – until now.

For the first time, scientists have developed a portable version, and used it to take measurements of gravity outside a laboratory setting.

The technology involved in atomic clocks is breathtaking. They keep track of the extremely regular oscillation of atoms trapped by lasers to keep the most accurate time possible, allowing it to be measured to the 18th decimal place.

The most accurate atomic clock ever built using strontium atoms contained in a lattice of lasers – what is known as an optical lattice atomic clock – won’t lose or gain a second for 15 billion years. That’s longer than the current age of the Universe.

The strontium atoms are cooled to a temperature just above that of absolute zero, trapped by the interference pattern of two laser beams. The laser excites the atom, which causes it to oscillate.

The new portable atomic clock, also a strontium optical lattice developed by researchers at the Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstal in Germany, is not quite as accurate as the 2015 record-breaker. It has an uncertainty of 7.4 × 10−17.

But it’s accurate enough to measure gravitational redshift, as the international team of researchers has just discovered.

We know that gravity affects matter. We know that it affects light. And, yes, it also has an effect on time – where gravity is stronger, time moves slower.

You wouldn’t be able to detect this with a regular timepiece on Earth, but atomic clocks are so precise that they can be used to measure this effect.

This field is called relativistic geodesy, because, surprise, it was predicted by Einstein’s theory of general relativity.

Gravitational redshift has also been measured by atomic clocks in a laboratory setting before. Measuring it with the portable atomic clock doesn’t tell us anything new about gravitational redshift – but it does tell us that the portable atomic clock is worth pursuing.

portable atomic clock in trailerThe atomic clock inside its trailer.

The team drove the clock in a temperature-stabilised and vibration-dampened trailer to the French Modane Underground Laboratory, and compared the measurements they took with measurements taken at the Istituto Nazionale di Ricerca Metrologica in Torino, 90 kilometres away and at a height difference of 1,000 metres (3,280 feet).

An optical fibre link and frequency combs allowed the two clocks to be connected and their readings compared accurately.

Meanwhile, measurements were also taken using a cryogenic caesium fountain clock and an ytterbium optical lattice clock. And the researchers then drove the portable clock to Torino to check it against measurements at that location.

The measurements were consistent, but the clock does still need a little bit of work, wrote Andrew Ludlow of the National Institute of Standards and Technology, who did not participate in the research.

“As would be expected for this type of pioneering effort, the measurement campaign was not perfect,” he wrote in a related editorial for Nature Physics.

“There were periods of time when the portable optical clock would not function, and the accuracy of the measurements were limited below the capability of optical clocks.

“And while the relativistic geodetic measurement agreed nicely with conventional geodetic measurements, its accuracy was two orders of magnitude below the conventional techniques.”

Nevertheless, the experiment did prove the principle, representing a significant milestone towards portable atomic clocks.

In the future, these could be used in much more flexible ways than the current laboratory-bound atomic clocks.

For instance, putting an optical lattice clock in space would open up new tests for general relativity, comparison with terrestrial atomic clocks, geophysics, space-based interferometry and, yes, more relativistic geodesy tests from low-Earth orbit altitudes.

It could also help monitor sea-level changes resulting from climate change, and help establish a unified world height reference system, the researchers noted.

“Optical clocks are deemed to be the next generation atomic clocks – operating not only in laboratories but also as mobile precision instruments,” said Christian Lisdat of the Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt.

“This cooperation proves again how disciplines such as physics or metrology, geodesy and climate impact research can mutually benefit each other.”

If We Receive a Message From Aliens, Should We Delete It Without Reading?


Roughly half a century ago, Cornell astronomer Frank Drake conducted Project Ozma, the first systematic SETI survey at the National Radio Astronomy Observatory in Green Bank, West Virginia.

Since that time, scientists have conducted multiple surveys in the hopes of find indications of “technosignatures” – i.e. evidence of technologically-advanced life (such as radio communications).

To put it plainly, if humanity were to receive a message from an extraterrestrial civilisation right now, it would be the single greatest event in the history of civilisation.

But according to a new study, such a message could also pose a serious risk to humanity. Drawing on multiple possibilities that have been explored in detail, they consider how humanity could shield itself from malicious spam and viruses.

The paper, titled “Interstellar communication. IX. Message decontamination is impossible“, recently appeared online.

The study was conducted by Michael Hippke, an independent scientist from the Sonneberg Observatory in Germany; and John G. Learned, a professor with the High Energy Physics Group at the University of Hawaii.

Together, they examine some of the foregone conclusions about SETI and what is more likely to be the case.

To be fair, the notion that an extraterrestrial civilisation could pose a threat to humanity is not just a well-worn science fiction trope. For decades, scientists have treated it as a distinct possibility and considered whether or not the risks outweigh the possible benefits.

As a result, some theorists have suggested that humans should not engage in SETI at all, or that we should take measures to hide our planet.

As Learned told Universe Today via email, there has never been a consensus among SETI researchers about whether or not ETI would be benevolent:

“There is no compelling reason at all to assume benevolence (for example that ETI are wise and kind due to their ancient civilisation’s experience).

I find much more compelling the analogy to what we know from our history… Is there any society anywhere which has had a good experience after meeting up with a technologically advanced invader? Of course it would go either way, but I think often of the movie Alien… a credible notion it seems to me.”

In addition, assuming that an alien message could pose a threat to humanity makes practical sense.

Given the sheer size of the Universe and the limitations imposed by special relativity (i.e. no known means of faster-than-light travel), it would always be cheaper and easier to send a malicious message to eradicate a civilisation compared to an invasion fleet.

As a result, Hippke and Learned advise that SETI signals be vetted and/or “decontaminated” beforehand.

In terms of how a SETI signal could constitute a threat, the researchers outline a number of possibilities.

Beyond the likelihood that a message could convey misinformation designed to cause a panic or self-destructive behaviour, there is also the possibility that it could contain viruses or other embedded technical issues (i.e. the format could cause our computers to crash).

They also note that, when it comes to SETI, a major complication arises from the fact that no message is likely to be received in only one place (thus making containment possible).

This is unlikely because of the “Declaration of Principles Concerning Activities Following the Detection of Extraterrestrial Intelligence“, which was adopted by the International Academy of Astronautics in 1989 (and revised in 2010).

Article 6 of this declaration states the following:

“The discovery should be confirmed and monitored and any data bearing on the evidence of extraterrestrial intelligence should be recorded and stored permanently to the greatest extent feasible and practicable, in a form that will make it available for further analysis and interpretation.

These recordings should be made available to the international institutions listed above and to members of the scientific community for further objective analysis and interpretation.”

As such, a message that is confirmed to have originated from an ETI would most likely be made available to the entire scientific community before it could be deemed to be threatening in nature.

Even if there was only one recipient, and they attempted to keep the message under strict lock and key, it’s a safe bet that other parties would find a way to access it before long.

The question naturally arises then, what can be done?

One possibility that Hippke and Learned suggest is to take a analog approach to interpreting these messages, which they illustrate using the 2017 SETI Decrypt Challenge as an example.

This challenge, which was issued by René Heller of the Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research, consisted of a sequence of about two million binary digits and related information being posted to social media.

In addition to being a fascinating exercise that gave the public a taste of what SETI research means, the challenge also sough to address some central questions when it came to communicating with an ETI.

Foremost among these was whether or not humanity would be able to understand a message from an alien civilisation, and how we might be able to make a message comprehensible (if we sent one first).

As they state:

“As an example, the message from the “SETI Decrypt Challenge” (Heller 2017) was a stream of 1,902,341 bits, which is the product of prime numbers. Like the Arecibo message (Staff At The National Astronomy Ionosphere Center 1975) and Evpatoria’s “Cosmic Calls” (Shuch 2011), the bits represent the X/Y black/white pixel map of an image.

When this is understood, further analysis could be done off-line by printing on paper. Any harm would then come from the meaning of the message, and not from embedded viruses or other technical issues.”

However, where messages are made up of complex codes or even a self-contained AI, the need for sophisticated computers may be unavoidable.

In this case, the authors explore another popular recommendation, which is the use of quarantined machines to conduct the analysis – i.e. a message prison.

Unfortunately, they also acknowledge that no prison would be 100 percent effective and containment could eventually fail.

“This scenario resembles the Oracle-AI, or AI box, of an isolated computer system where a possibly dangerous AI is ‘imprisoned’ with only minimalist communication channels,” they write.

“Current research indicates that even well-designed boxes are useless, and a sufficiently intelligent AI will be able to persuade or trick its human keepers into releasing it.”

In the end, it appears that the only real solution is to maintain a vigilant attitude and ensure that any messages we send are as benign as possible.

As Hippke summarised: “I think it’s overwhelmingly likely that a message will be positive, but you can not be sure. Would you take a 1 percent chance of death for a 99 percent chance of a cure for all diseases? One learning from our paper is how to design [our] own message, in case we decide to send any: Keep it simple, don’t send computer code.”

Basically, when it comes to the search for extraterrestrial intelligence, the rules of internet safety may apply. If we begin to receive messages, we shouldn’t trust those that come with big attachments and send any suspicious looking ones to our spam folder.

Oh, and if a sender is promising the cure for all known diseases, or claims to be the deposed monarch of Andromeda in need of some cash, we should just hit delete!

Scientists Are About to Explore a Hidden World Trapped Under Ice For 120,000 Years


An Antarctic ecosystem we know nothing about.

There’s an isolated, unknown realm that’s been cut off from light for so long there’s no telling what could survive in its freezing, dark waters – but it looks like we won’t have to wait too long to find out.

A team of scientists led by the British Antarctic Survey (BAS) is setting off this week to explore a mysterious marine ecosystem under the Antarctic ice shelf – freshly exposed to light and air for the first time in up to 120,000 years, after a massive iceberg the size of Delaware broke free last July.

That epic mass – called A-68, and estimated to weigh in the ballpark of 1 trillion tonnes – began plotting its exit strategy from Antarctica’s Larsen C ice shelf decades ago, when a small crack emerged back in the 1960s.

142 iceberg larsen a 68 hidden ecosystem 3

For long years, the rift progressed slowly, if at all, until rapid developments saw the crack picking up pace in 2016, and on into 2017.

By July it was all over. The massive iceberg finally calved free of its ice shelf moorings, drifting out into the Southern Ocean (and eventual melty nothingness).

As the ice block shifted, it revealed a vast watery expanse of over 5,800 square kilometres (2,239 square miles) that hadn’t seen daylight in almost forever, and now the rush is on to sail to those frigid waters to explore what life they might contain – before this rapid transformation in the Antarctic ecosystem irrevocably alters their previously undisturbed existence.

“We don’t know anything about it, it has been covered by an ice shelf that is several hundred metres thick,” BAS marine biologist Katrin Linse told The Independent.

“It’s important we get there quickly before the undersea environment changes as sunlight enters the water and new species begin to colonise.”

142 iceberg larsen a 68 hidden ecosystem 3Antarctic Brittle Star

Linse and fellow researchers will this week make their way to the Falkland Islands, from which scientists representing nine separate research institutions will embark later in the month on the BAS research ship RRS James Clark Ross, using satellite monitoring to help them steer through ice-infested waters to their remote destination.

“We need to be bold on this one,” says BAS science director David Vaughan.

“Larsen C is a long way south and there’s lots of sea ice in the area, but this is important science, so we will try our best to get the team where they need to be.”

142 iceberg larsen a 68 hidden ecosystem 3(NASA)

On the three-week voyage, researchers will collect seafloor animals, microbes, plankton, sediments, and water samples, in addition to documenting evidence of any new marine mammals or birds that may have migrated to the exposed waters.

That’s the plan, at least, but the team acknowledges they don’t really know what to expect when they get there.

“We’re going into an area where we don’t know what we’re going to find, and this is an exciting thing,” Linse told BBC News Radio.

“I expect to find animals similar to animals we find in the extreme deep sea, so animals that are not used to feeding on green food, because there was no phytoplankton in the water above… We don’t know until we’ve seen it.”

What is for certain though is that it’s vital researchers make the most of this unprecedented opportunity while it lasts – because observational windows like this sometimes take 100,000 years to open.

As marine ecologist Julian Gutt from the Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research in Germany – one of the participating institutions on this voyage – told Nature in October, “I cannot imagine a more dramatic shift in environmental conditions in any ecosystem on Earth”.