Dozens of wrestlers sue WWE over neurological injuries

WWE Chairman Vince McMahon

Entertainment Inc was sued on Monday by Jimmy “Superfly” Snuka and dozens of other retired male and female wrestlers seeking to hold it responsible for neurological injuries they claimed to suffer by participating in its bouts.

The complaint was filed on behalf of more than 50 plaintiffs who have performed with WWE orX predecessors since the 1970s, including Joseph “Road Warrior Animal” Laurinaitis and Paul “Mr. Wonderful.”

It accused Stamford, Connecticut-based WWE and Chairman Vince McMahon of intentionally classifying wrestlers as “independent contractors” rather than employees, as a means to avoid liability under federal and state worker protection laws.

“WWE placed corporate gain over its wrestlers’ health, safety, and financial security, choosing to leave the plaintiffs severely injured and with no recourse to treat their damaged minds and bodies,” the complaint said.

The lawsuit seeks compensatory and punitive damages, as well as improved medical monitoring.

A spokesman for WWE had no immediate comment, and said the company’s legal counsel would review the complaint.

WWE has won the dismissal of some claims in other lawsuits accusing it of hiding the risks of head trauma from wrestling.

The National Football League and National Hockey League have also been sued by retired players over head injuries.

Monday’s complaint was filed with the federal court in New Haven, Connecticut.

The plaintiffs accused WWE of concealing the risks of the degenerative brain disease chronic traumatic encephalopathy and other traumatic brain injuries, including through “scripted” wrestling moves it choreographed.

According to the complaint, Laurinaitis, 55; Snuka, 72; and Orndorff, 66, suffer from cognitive difficulties including headaches, dizziness and memory loss, while Snuka and Orndorff also experience confusion, depression and mood swings.

The plaintiffs also include former referees and identical twins Earl and Dave Hebner, 66, who according the complaint have experienced cognitive difficulties. Dave Hebner has also been diagnosed with Parkinson’s disease, the complaint said.

The case is Laurinaitis et al v. World Wrestling Entertainment Inc et al, U.S. District Court, District of Connecticut, No. 16-01209. (Reporting by Jonathan Stempel in New York; Editing by Alan Crosby, Bernard Orr)

Loners Are The Most Loyal And Intellectual People You Will Ever Meet. Here’s Why…

Scientist think they’ve figured out the last common ancestor of all living things.

Meet your great-great-great-great-great-great – well, let’s just say your very oldest ancestor.

Its name is Luca, short for ‘last universal common ancestor’, and it probably lived near a hydrothermal vent at the bottom of the ocean about 4 billion years ago.

For the first time, scientists have put together a picture of what it might have looked like genetically. But not everyone is convinced.

The portrait comes from new research published July 25, in which scientists sorted through 6 million genes to settle on 355 they think Luca may have carried. Genes change in a predictable way over time, which means that comparing the DNA sequences of living organisms lets scientists make hypotheses about organisms we have no other way of studying.

So the scientists, led by William Martin at Heinrich Heine University in Germany, looked at genes from bacteria and archaea: the two large umbrella groups of single-celled life. Genes that could be found in at least two groups of bacteria and two groups of archaea were considered likely to have belonged to Luca.

The 355 genes the researchers picked out suggest Luca survived without oxygen, pulling energy from carbon dioxide and hydrogen instead, that it could survive very high temperatures, and that it required the presence of metals.

Scientists have long wondered if life might have begun near hydrothermal vents – places where seawater is heated by hot magma, and unusual microscopic organisms thrive. The picture the new paper paints of Luca matches that lifestyle quite well.

But scientists disagree about where exactly these features would place Luca on the timeline of early organisms. Some of its tricks are quite difficult to accomplish, but it’s missing other characteristics considered critically important for life. It carries only a small number of tools to construct amino acids and nucleotides, for example, which are key building blocks for life as we know it.

Either way, scientists are gathering more clues about some of the earliest lifeforms. They may seem simple and almost alien, but these ancient ancestors eventually developed into humans – and everything else that lives on Earth.

Can Your Body’s Bacteria Cause Cancer?

Can Your Body’s Bacteria Cause Cancer?

Doctors who treat patients with certain types of head and neck cancer frequently say they can smell a distinct odor on their patients. Loved ones often say the same.

That’s an observation. But now, thanks to advances in genome sequencing, we might have an explanation backed by data. Could changes in the bacterial mix in these patients’ bodies cause the recognizable smell?

Welcome to the microbiome.

In microbiomics, we study the genome of the bacteria that lives on and in your body. We want to know how it interacts with your genes and affects the development of disease.

The gut bacteria H. pylori is the perfect example. In fact, when researchers discovered that H. pylori could lead not only to gastric ulcers, but also to gastric cancer, the field of microbiomics was born. Then it took technological advances such as genome sequencing and the ability to analyze “big data” for it to take off recently.

The bacteria-cancer connection

“In microbiomics, we study the genome of the bacteria that lives on and in your body. We want to know how it interacts with your genes and affects the development of disease.”

Charis Eng, MD, PhD

Founding Chairwoman of the Genomic Medicine Institute

With head and neck squamous cell cancers — which account for more than 500,000 new cases each year — tobacco and alcohol use raise your risk.

However, even with falling rates of smoking and drinking, the death rate for these cancers remains pretty consistent. So what else is going on? For an answer, we turn to the microbiome.

In a pilot study comparing 44 tumors to samples of normal tissue from the same patients, we found major differences in the microbiome. In the tumor samples, we saw increased methylation in four genes —MDR1, IL8, RARB, TGFBR2 — that are linked to these types of cancer.

Put more simply: Bacteria appear to interact with these genes. The bacteria seem to cause the genes to promote tumor growth rather than suppress it. On top of that, changes in the bacterial community in a tumor were associated with advanced cancers instead of early ones.

We are now working to validate these findings with more patients. We’ll also expand to other types of head and neck cancer where risk factors such as HPV and smoking are less of a factor.

Beyond the head and neck

Head and neck cancer is just a start. We also have begun projects to examine the microbiome in breast cancer, for example.

That work will begin by looking at the microbiome in people’s mouths. Why the mouth, when cancer takes place in the breast? Because we think the microbiome in the mouth can metabolize things even in the rest of the body — including those that affect the origins and spread of breast cancer.

In some ways, microbiome research in cancer is behind the field in other diseases. For example, doctors battling the difficult gut infection C. difficile now have the option of fecal transplant.

But even in its early stages, cancer microbiomics is exciting.

One day, could we test for cancer before the cancer has even started using new, noninvasive biomarkers instead of blood tests and biopsies? And since we’re talking about bacteria, is there a future role for antibiotics or probiotics in treating or preventing cancer? Time and research will tell.

Pioneering women who changed science forever

 Russia to Develop Teleportation Within the Next 20 Years

Vladimir Putin is once again in the spotlight after revealing his daring plan to successfully develop teleportation and other novel technologies by 2035.

With all this new technology at hand, Russia is following an ambitious plan that has captivated numerous prominent figures in the last century. We’re talking about the possibility to travel from point A to point B in a matter of seconds, or in one word – teleportation.

A new Kremlin project is looking at this initiative with keen eyes, as the technological means available at this time seem to make way for more breakthrough discoveries, not in the near future, but possibly as soon as 2035.

This futuristic approach has been put into work by Vladimir Putin who aims at invigorating Russia’s IT sector by spending a few trillions – $2.1 trillion more precisely – on technologies such as quantum computing, teleportation and neural computing, which creates a direct link between the human brain and computers.

It sounds fantastic today, but there have been successful experiments at Stanford at the molecular level. Much of the tech we have today was drawn from science fiction films 20 years ago,” Alexander Galitsky, a top investor in the country’s technology sector stated in an interview for Russia’s Kommersant Daily.


 This outlandish initiative is listed in the National Technological Initiative, a development plan sponsored by the Russian state. Besides the technologies highlighted above, their aim in the short run is to improve areas such as computer programming language and secure cybernetic communications.

Teleportation might sound a little bit out of reach, but this concept has been experimented back in 2014, when scientists at Delft University of Technology in the Netherlands successfully teleported bits of information encoded into sub-atomic particles between two points located three meters from one another. Their experiment innovated the field of teleportation and has made way for further tests with promising results.

 Although most scientists look at this idea of developing teleportation within the next few decades with skepticism, they believe that significant progress can be done in quantum computing and neural interfaces. After all, there was a rumor circulating on the internet about how two daring Americans were planning to plug into the ‘matrix’ using special brain implants. Furthermore, since this technology is fairly new and unstable it can pose a serious risk for your health, that’s why such interventions are illegal worldwide and doctors willing to perform them are really hard to find, if not impossible.

In an interview for the Mirror, Zoltan Istav, the global leader of the Transhumanist movement and US Presidential candidate, said he knows the pair of daredevils personally, and that he supports their initiative because humans should make use of this new technology to artificially boost their intelligence and physical capabilities.

I have friends who are buying tickets to Central America to perform this kind of surgery,” Istvan said. “I know two people who are doing this, but it’s secretive because even getting a doctor to do this in Central America is difficult.”

Besides these novel concepts, the Defense Advanced Research Project Agency (DARPA) is also following a similar goal by trying to boost the body and mind of soldiers through specially implanted chips. DARPA is an agency belonging to the US Department of Defense responsible for the development of sophisticated technologies for the military. Considering they already possess technology way ahead of our time, it’s easy to imagine how such remarkable and almost unbelievable appear on the official governmental list and receive massive funding.

We don’t know what to precisely expect from these world superpowers in the future, but it’s likely that projects seen only in sci-fi movies will come to life sooner rather than later. After all, the future is (almost) here.

4 Reasons Why Pregnant Lady/Women Need To Have Sex Almost Every Day.

If you ask any woman what is the biggest gift in the world, they would all reply that it is the motherhood. But even though most of the women see the bearing of a child as a blessing and enjoy the changes their bodies go through, some of them do not find it as quite an amazing experience. They sort of see it as a task they must fulfill.13820368_159256164496283_1627070833_nThis is why pregnancy is one of the most difficult things a woman can go through. Carrying a child for nine months can often be stressful. But that is why the men can help. There are plenty of things they can do in order to relieve their wives from all the stress of the pregnancy.

Most of the women choose to believe that having intercourse during the pregnancy would be uncomfortable or do some harm to the fetus. Make sure you remember that this is not true. Having sex during the pregnancy may be the best thing you could do to relax you and strengthen the muscles for the delivery. In addition we give you some of the perks of having sex during pregnancy:

  • Firstly, it will lower your blood pressure. The love hormone which is released during the sex, called oxytocin, is the one that helps you relieve from all the tension and stress. This way, the level of your blood pressure will always be within the normal boundaries. Sex during pregnancy will not only take care of that, it will also lower your risk of a heart attack.
  • It will keep you more comfortable during the night and will enable you to sleep better. Of course, every pregnant woman goes through this process – frequent urination, back pain and trouble finding the right sleeping position, so they get very little hours of sleep as the fetus grows inside. This is why having an orgasm will make you fast asleep and you will not have any troubles during the night.
  • As we previously mentioned, having sex during the pregnancy is somethig most of the women avoid. But in fact, indulging in a little romance making with your partner during your child bearing days will only increase the intimacy between you two. You can create an amazingly strong bond. The hormones which are released during the sex make the woman more trusting, supportive and sympathetic. You will be closer with your partner now more than you will ever be.
  • Finally, by having sex you can reduce your pain. Again, the hormones are involved here. Oestrogen, progesterone and prolactin enable the flow of blood to the vagina and the pelvic area, increasing the lubrication and sensitivity and decreasing the pain.

Astronomers may have spotted a direct collapse black hole.

Astronomers Aaron Smith and Volker Bromm of the University of Texas at Austin, working with Avi Loeb of the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, have discovered evidence for an unusual kind of black hole born extremely early in the universe. They showed that a recently discovered unusual source of intense radiation is likely powered by a “direct-collapse black hole,” a type of object predicted by theorists more than a decade ago.

primordial gas

“It’s a cosmic miracle,” Bromm said, referring to the precise set of conditions present half a billion years after the Big Bang that allowed these behemoths to emerge. “It’s the only time in the history of the universe when conditions are just right” for them to form, he said.

These direct-collapse black holes may be the solution to a long-standing puzzle in astronomy: How did supermassive black holes form in the early epochs of the universe? There is strong evidence for their existence, as they are needed to power the highly luminous quasars detected in the young universe. However, there are several problems that should prevent their formation, and the conventional growth process is much too slow.

Astronomers think they know how supermassive black holes weighing in at millions of Suns grow in the heart of most galaxies in our present epoch. They get started from a “seed” black hole, created when an extremely massive star collapses. This seed black hole has the mass of about 100 Suns. It pulls in gas from its surroundings, becoming much more massive, and eventually may merge with other seed black holes. This entire process is called accretion.

The accretion theory does not explain supermassive black holes in extremely distant — and therefore young — quasars. Visible to us despite its distance of billions of light-years, a quasar’s incredible brightness comes from matter spiraling into a supermassive black hole, heating to millions of degrees, creating jets that shine as beacons across the universe.

These early galaxies may have contained the first generation of stars created after the Big Bang. And although these stars can collapse to form black holes, they don’t work as early quasar seeds. There is no surrounding gas for the black hole to feed on. That gas has been blown away by winds from the hot, newly formed stars.

“Star formation is the enemy of forming massive black holes” in early galaxies, Bromm said. “Stars produce feedback that blows away the surrounding gas cloud.”

For decades, astronomers have called this conundrum “the quasar seed problem.”

In 2003, Bromm and Loeb came up with a theoretical idea to get an early galaxy to form a supermassive seed black hole, by suppressing the otherwise prohibitive energy input from star formation. Astronomers later dubbed this process “direct collapse.”

Begin with a “primordial cloud of hydrogen and helium, suffused in a sea of ultraviolet radiation,” Bromm said. “You crunch this cloud in the gravitational field of a dark-matter halo. Normally, the cloud would be able to cool and fragment to form stars. However, the ultraviolet photons keep the gas hot, thus suppressing any star formation. These are the desired, near-miraculous conditions — collapse without fragmentation! As the gas gets more and more compact, eventually you have the conditions for a massive black hole.”

This set of cosmic conditions is exquisitely sensitive to the time period in the universe’s history — this process does not happen in galaxies today.

According to Loeb, “The quasars observed in the early universe resemble giant babies in a delivery room full of normal infants. One is left wondering: What is special about the environment that nurtured these giant babies? Typically the cold gas reservoir in nearby galaxies like the Milky Way is consumed mostly by star formation.

“The theory we proposed when Bromm was my postdoc [at Harvard] suggested that the conditions in the first generation of galaxies were different,” he said. “Instead of making many normal stars, these galaxies formed a single supermassive star at their center that ended up collapsing to a seed black hole. Hence the gas in these environments was used to feed this seed black hole rather than make many normal stars.”

Bromm and Loeb published their theory in 2003. “But it was all theoretical back then,” Bromm said.

Fast-forward a dozen years, and Bromm is now a professor at the University of Texas at Austin. That’s where Aaron Smith comes in.

Smith, Bromm, and Loeb had become interested in a galaxy called CR7, identified from a Hubble Space Telescope survey called COSMOS. Hubble spied CR7 at 1 billion years after the Big Bang.

David Sobral of the University of Lisbon had made follow-up observations of CR7 with some of the world’s largest ground-based telescopes, including Keck and the VLT. These uncovered some extremely unusual features in the light signature coming from CR7. Specifically a certain hydrogen line in the spectrum, known as “Lyman-alpha,” was several times brighter than expected. Remarkably, the spectrum also showed an unusually bright helium line.

“Whatever is driving this source is very hot — hot enough to ionize helium,” Smith said.

Bromm agreed. “You need it to be 100,000 K — very hot, a very hard UV source” for that to happen, he said.

These and other unusual features in the spectrum, such as the absence of any detected lines from elements heavier than helium — in astronomical parlance, “metals,” — together with the source’s distance — and therefore its cosmic epoch — meant that it could either be a cluster of primordial stars or a supermassive black hole likely formed by direct collapse.

Smith ran simulations for both scenarios using the Stampede supercomputer at UT Austin’s Texas Advanced Computing Center.

“We developed a novel code,” Smith said, explaining that his code modeled the system differently than previous simulations.

“The old models were like a snapshot; this one is like a movie,” he explained.

The type of modeling Smith used is called “radiation hydrodynamics,” Bromm said. “It’s the most expensive approach in terms of computer processing power.”

The new code paid off, though. The star cluster scenario “spectacularly failed,” Smith said, while the direct collapse black hole model performed well.

Bromm said their work is about more than understanding the inner workings of one early galaxy.

“With CR7, we had one intriguing observation. We are trying to explain it and to predict what future observations will find. We are trying to provide a comprehensive theoretical framework.”

In addition to Smith, Bromm, and Loeb’s work, NASA recently announced the discovery of two additional direct-collapse black hole candidates based on observations with the Chandra X-ray Observatory.

It seems astronomers are “converging on this model” for solving the quasar seed problem, Smith said.

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