Anna Jarvis’s Fight Against The Holiday She ..

Ann Reeves Jarvis once closed her Sunday school lesson with a prayer that someone would one day found a memorial day to commemorate mothers for “the matchless service she renders to humanity.”

Her daughter Anna Jarvis, then 12 years old, remembered that prayer for the rest of her life. Two years after her mother’s death, Anna Jarvis began to lobby for a national holiday in her honor. She wrote thousands of letters to people of influence, including Teddy Roosevelt and Mark Twain, and her campaign finally succeeded when Mother’s Day was officially established in 1914. That is when things got complicated: the sense of ownership she felt over the holiday led her to fight tooth and nail against anyone who would corrupt her vision.

This included the floral and greeting-card industries (at one point she scrapped the white carnation as the holiday’s official emblem to “do away with profiteering tradesmen”), but also charities such as the Golden Rule Foundation, a fund for needy mothers and children that she accused of commercializing Mother’s Day to line its pockets. Jarvis even rallied against the US Postal Service when it issued a commemorative Mother’s Day stamp. She lived as a recluse for the last decade of her life, and was eventually committed to a sanitarium where she died alone and penniless.

Read the details. URLL

Doctors at Berlin hospital produce first-ever MRI scan of baby at moment of birth.

Doctors at a Berlin hospital have made a medical breakthrough after capturing live MRI images of the miracle of birth.

The pictures, taken after a 24-year-old mother agreed to give birth inside a magnetic-resonance imaging machine, could provide valuable new insights into the birthing process and save lives in the future.

Medical breakthrough: Doctors at a Berlin hospital captured live MRI images of a birth. The pictures could provide valuable new insights into the birthing process and allow future lives to be saved

Medical breakthrough: Doctors at a Berlin hospital captured live MRI images of a birth. The pictures could provide valuable new insights into the birthing process and allow future lives to be saved

Gynaecologist Ernst Beinder at Berlin’s Charité Hospital said the birth proceeded normally and the machine filmed all the movements and processes that went on inside the womb.They were even able to use the machine to monitor the baby’s heart beat.

‘We can now see all the details we previously could only study with probes,’ he said.

‘These images are fascinating and proved yet again that every birth is a small miracle,’ said Beinder.

The hospital said several expectant mothers had volunteered to participate in the experiment and five more births would be imaged with an MRI machine.

While most MRI machines are tube-shaped, the Charité team developed a special ‘open’ scanner which provided the necessary room for midwives and the German mother during the birth on 20th November.

MRI machine

The magnetic resonance imaging machine (left) filmed all the movements and processes that went on inside the womb

The creation of the live MRI images of a birth could prove vital in understanding complications during the birthing process and the need for around 15 per cent of women to have a Caesarian section due to the baby not moving sufficiently into the birth canal.

The research team at Charité Hospital planned the experiment for two years before this week’s successful culmination.

The team included Dr Christan Bamberg, radiologist Dr Ulf Teichgraber and project manager Felix Guettler.

Using powerful magnets, MRI creates a strong field to make some atoms in the body detectable to radio waves.

The data can be used to create a cross-section of the patient, which provides detailed depiction of soft tissue and bone structure.

MRI scans are considered safer than X-rays but are disliked by patients to the loud buzzing noise made by the scanner as it processes images.

To protect the participants during this week’s historic birth, the mother wore earmuffs to block out the noise and the machine was switched off when the amniotic sack surrounding the baby opened, to prevent the newborn’s hearing being affected.

Mr Guettler told Mail Online: ‘The mother was in the MR for 45 minutes for the second stage of labour. This is from the full dilatation of the cervix until the head of the baby comes out of the birth canal.

‘We plan to scan at least five mother  mothers this way to gain more insights into possible pregnancy complications.’Both mother and baby are said to be healthy and doing well.’


How easily can a parent psychologically damage their child.

Exploring how flippant comment affect otherwise good parenting

Bringing a person into the world, teaching them wrong from right, and equipping them with the skills to live a happy life make parenting an extremely challenging and daunting job.

It’s no wonder, then, that mothers and fathers can obsess over the minute details of their parenting skills, while simply trying to care for a child’s basic needs.

A thread on the question and answer website Quora laid bare the fear surrounding this issue, as one user asked: “What is the most psychologically damaging thing you can say to a child?”

Members of the website advised each what not to tell children: drawing from their own experiences and anecdotal evidence.

One woman wrote that her mother was sometimes “like a volcano” when she became angry, and that her verbal attacks started with the words: “Are you listening? Look at me!” She then berated her until she cried.

Another member suggested the opposite: that simply saying “nothing” – by barely communicating or interacting with your child – was what could really damage them.

But can an unkind comment said in a rage, a joke that your child misinterprets, or a formal silence unravel otherwise good parenting?

“It depends on what you mean by damage,” explains Dr Matt Woolgar of the Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neuroscience at King’s College London, who works with families for the South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust.

“You can certainly say things that hurt a child and contribute to their development of self-concept. But you’re not going to say one thing that is going to scar them neurobiologically”.

Instead, Dr Woolgar stresses, it is important for parents to understand that all children are individuals who cope differently with scenarios.

Giving the example of a three-child family, he says: “One or two siblings might be absolutely fine with the throwaway comments parents say, but one might find it quite damaging and it will get below their defences.”

The key task of parenting is understanding what your child is like


But such responses aren’t necessarily negative, and can enable a child to be more receptive to a parent’s positivity.

“The evidence is that being sensitive can mean a child is also quite responsive to positive things,” he says.

Dr Sam Wass, a developmental psychologist based at the University of East London and Cambridge University, details a similar phenomenon with children described as “dandelions” and “orchids”.

Citing a study by Dr Megan Gunnar, an expert in child development, he explains that dandelion children are neurobiologically less sensitive and will flourish in supportive or unsupportive households. On the contrary, orchid children thrive when they are in supportive environments, but suffer greatly in unsupportive homes.

But how can a parent tell whether their child is particularly sensitive?

“The key task of parenting is understanding what your child is like and be tuned in to them. You would hope people are sensitive enough to notice the impact they’re having on a child.”

And the affect of a parent’s behaviour may not be immediate, adds Dr Woolgar, recalling how his three-year-old son sometimes repeats comments he made a week earlier.

The added difficulty comes for the parents of children of differing ages, as a four-year-old will likely not grasp irony or sarcasm in the same way a 10-year-old can.

“It does make life difficult because you have to always be thinking about how each child will pick up on what you tell them,” says Dr Woolgar.

Carriers of Hemophilia: Carry the genes ,but not the stigma !

Shruti : Hey Riya,you have a secret admirer!! That Rahul, I have seen him look at you all the time with that silly “I am in love” smiling  face.

Riya : I don’t like all this nonsense Shruti,just shut up  and go

Shruti :Arrey,what happened? Chill!! I know you like him too.Don’t lie to me..

Riya : You know everything,why are you teasing me and messing with me??

Shruti : Because you are a dumbo. Riya, I talked to my cousin who is a doctor,she told me that you don’t have to worry at all.It is not as complicated as you think it is.You just overthink as always.
See, we are not even sure that you are a carrier, and even if you are, there are lots of options out there. There is solution for all your problems.
I know you are scared after hearing the bad experiences of a few.There are such jerks in this world,but majority are not like that.
Do not lock yourself in the tiny cage you have made for yourself.Just live the life !

A carrier is a person who carries the altered gene for Hemophilia,but does not have the condition.They can be Obligate carriers(who necessarily have the Hemophilia gene which they inherited from their father) or Possible carriers (who have the possibility of being a carrier ).

Obligate carriers include :

  • All daughters of a father with Hemophilia
  • Mothers of one son with Hemophilia and who have atleast one other family member with Hemophilia (brother, maternal grandfather, uncle,nephew or cousin)
  • Mothers of one son with Hemophilia and who have a family member who is a known carrier of the Hemophilia gene (mother,sister,maternal grandmother,aunt,niece or cousin)
  • Mothers of two or more sons with Hemophilia
Possible carriers include : 
  • All daughters of a carrier
  • Mothers of one son with Hemophiia who do not have  any other family members who have Hemophilia (or are carriers)
  • Sisters,mothers, maternal grandmother,aunts,nieces and female cousins of carriers
Should I test for carrier status ,and when ??
It is entirely the decision of you and your family to undergo the genetic testing and know if you are a carrier or not.
But,carriers may have a low level of factors and can be at risk of bleeding following trauma,tooth extraction,surgeries etc.Some have excess menstrual bleeding too.So,it is always better to have a Factor assay done in all possible carriers so that all the necessary precautions can be taken if the levels are found low.But remember,Factor levels do not confirm or negate your carrier status.
Also,there is no specific age to get the test done,many do it early so that the child gets enough time to get in terms with it gradually , and some wait until they are adults.However,it is always better to get the test done before a suspected carrier gets pregnant.
Tests for Identifying carriers 

  • Direct Mutation Testing 
           Many mutations cause Hemophilia.In this test ,we check for the specific mutation in your family.

For this test, the mutation of the male family member with Hemophilia have to be identified first using his blood sample. In about 98% cases, a mutation can be identified.Then, the  possible carrier female’s blood sample  is collected and her DNA checked for the specific mutation.
The results will be available only after  a few weeks.
Hence, the best idea would be to get the test done  well in advance ,before planning your pregnancy.

This is the most accurate test for identifying carriers.It is more expensive.

  • Linkage (Indirect) Testing
           In this method, the gene carrier status of the female is determined by tracking the gene in the family.Blood samples are collected from the possible carriers and from the male with Hemophilia and other family members.A comparison of the patterns of the linked DNA is made. The technicians check for the same pattern in DNA of the person with Hemophilia and in the DNA of family members.
This test is not as accurate as genetic testing.It does not provide information for all families.It can be done when a mutation cannot be identified.
  • Factor Assay
Carriers may have low levels of clotting factors.But,the levels do not confirm carrier status. The factor levels increase during pregnancy as a natural protective measure reaching the highest during the third trimester. Hence, checking your factor levels during pregnancy may not reveal the actual lower levels.
  • Pedigree or Family Tree
This is not a test to identify carriers.But,it is always advisable to draw a Family Tree or Pedigree.It generally includes three generations: Children,parents,aunts,uncles,cousins and grandparents.
It will help identify the possible carriers of Hemophilia
Why know your carrier status ?
It can provide valuable information to the women and their families regarding her Factor levels and also help manage her own health, help make wise reproductive decisions .It also helps to identify other possible carriers.
A symptomatic carrier should take precautions  while using over the counter drugs like Aspirin, and Non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs that may interfere with normal clotting of blood.Also, she should be cautious about participating in contact sports and should always carry an appropriate medical identification with her.
If you are concerned about transmitting the Hemophilia gene to the coming generations, Pre natal diagnosis can help you.
Pre-natal diagnosis is  identifying Hemophilia in the foetus.It can be done by :
  • Chorionic villous sampling (CVS)
         It is an invasive procedure done between 11 weeks and 14 weeks of pregnancy.In this,a sample of the chorionic villi  cells from the placenta is obtained by inserting a fine needle through the abdomen  or by inserting a thin catheter through the mother’s vagina under local anaesthesia and ultrasonic guidance. The cells are then tested to identify the Hemophilia gene.
  • Amniocentesis 

This is another invasive procedure  which can be done between 15 weeks and 20 weeks of pregnancy.A fine needle is inserted into the uterus through the abdomen under ultrasonic guidance and a small amount of amniotic  fluid is collected. Amniotic fluid contains foetal cells.These cells are tested to identify Hemophilia.

Also, there are some conception options to eliminate the risk of having an affected child
  • In vitro fertilization (IVF) with pre-implantation diagnosis(PGD)
       This is quite an expensive procedure and not available at all centers.As in every IVF,it has only a 30% success rate per cycle.In this, the woman’s eggs are retrieved and fertilized with the sperms of her partner in a laboratory.The embryos are tested for the Hemophilia gene at a very early stage and only those without the altered gene are implanted into the mother’s womb.
However, a chorionic villous sampling/amniocentesis may still be needed for confirmation.
  • IVF with egg donation
          In this,donor eggs from a fertile woman who is not a carrier is fertilized with the sperms of the partner.The embryos are then implanted into the  mother’s womb
  • Sperm sorting
        This is still just a research tool and not readily available.In this,only sperms carrying an X chromosome is used thus ensuring birth of a female child. This cannot prevent birth of carrier females.
These are a few methods to prevent birth of a child with Hemophilia .You need not panic even if you have one.With the advent of better clotting factor concentrates and other treatment facilities, and governmental policies beneficial to the hemophiliacs, management of Hemophilia is getting better day by day. These information are shared here to keep yourself healthy and help you lead a good,happy life .

13 public-speaking mistakes you never want to make

public speaking

Glossophobia – the fear of public speaking – is one of the most common phobias among Americans today.According to the National Institute of Mental Health, a whopping 74% of people suffer from speech anxiety.

And, as most people know, when we’re nervous or anxious, our minds and bodies tend to do weird things that we can’t always control.

However, if you make a conscious effort, you may be able to avoid some of the common mistakes public speakers make.

Here are some habits you’ll want to avoid, along with their potential consequences and suggested remedies:

Watch the slideshow. URL:

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This new image-editing app is so good, I’m ditching Photoshop

Less than shocking news: The photo above isn’t actually a museum-aged Kodacolor portrait of my grandfather. It’s a digital picture of my friend Sean, who dropped by my headshot studio and was nice enough to lend his picture to this article.

The film-like texture, dust, and scratch marks are courtesy of an Alien Skin filter. For years, this was Alien Skin’s entire business model for its Exposure series – filters and presets to add on to Adobe Photoshop Lightroom in order to emulate the look of film. Lightroom stood largely untouched for years as the best photo processing and editing tool for serious photographers, so it was entirely possible to build a business devoted to enhancing it.

But with Exposure X, released last December, Alien Skin is directly challenging the megalithic Creative Cloud that gave it life. CEO Finley Lee told Tech Insider he intends this software to be a cheaper, more intuitive, and organizationally superior alternative to the ubiquitous Lightroom (or the Bridge/regular Photoshop software combo many photographers use).

Here’s how it stacks up against the giant.

A fast, no-nonsense organizational system

The worst part of Adobe Creative Suite for photographers is how complicated organizing everything can be.

You essentially have two options.

The first: Use the file-management tool Adobe Bridge and Adobe Photoshop all the time, and save new copies of your files for every edit you make.

The second: Import every photo you take into an Adobe Photoshop Lightroom catalogue, which lets you make non-destructive edits. That is, edits that are stored in a sidecar file to the catalogue so as not to save over the original photos and be tweak-able at any time. But catalogs are somewhat difficult to organize and easy to error out if you ever touch the photos with an outside program. Large catalogs also tend to run a bit slowly on even medium-power computers.

Exposure X solves that problem.

You can drag and drop any folder into Exposure X without moving it around on your computer. Once there, you can scroll through, re-organize, and tag the images within the program. The system is reminiscent of Photo Mechanic, a powerful, expensive tool photojournalists and wedding photographers use to organize their massive batches of images. But it comes built-in to the program.

Once you’re ready to work on an image, it’s just a click away from a full suite of non-destructive editing tools. The small files that record your changes sit in a sub-folder within the folder where the image is found. (That also makes Exposure X straightforward to use across multiple computers – just keep the image files in a Google Drive folder and watch your changes instantly sync across PCs.)

Somewhat less powerful, but much easier to use

Exposure X offers a similar, though not identical, set of panels and sliders of editing images to Adobe Lightroom.

For example: The main image controls deal simply with “highlights,” “shadows,” “contrast,” and “exposure,” while Lightroom also offers “whites” and “blacks” sliders to make more exacting adjustments.

The most obvious difference though is Exposure X’s tendency to present users with simplified routes toward common tasks. One of the first options when you click the adjustment brush is a skin softening tool – something you have to buy from a third party or (more commonly) design for yourself in Lightroom. I found Exposure X’s brushes at least as effective as the ones I have saved to my Lightroom, though appreciated the ability to continue to alter them.

I found Exposure X’s brush to render more quickly and fluidly on a Surface Pro 4, both with the touchpad and the stylus. The changes appeared quickly enough on the image that I felt like I was painting them on.

Compare that to Lightroom, where the slower render leads me to temporarily use a bright color just so I can keep track of where my brush has been:

My experience was that Exposure X was much easier to use for my purposes. However, for a severely mis-lit image I’d still want to the precise power of Photoshop’s RAW editor.

Here’s how I processed my favorite RAW file after about 10 minutes in Exposure X:

And here’s the shot that took me closer to half an hour to import, select, and process from scratch in Lightroom a day later:

I actually like my Exposure X result more. Working at speed in Lightroom I made more errors, including generally over-lightening the shot, which flattens Sean’s look and erases some of the subtleties of my studio lights.

Exposure X is missing one important feature though

The most glaring omission from Exposure X is any sort of blemish removal tool.

In the screenshot above, you can see me using the Surface Pen to select the area around a stray hair for Lightroom to cover with transplanted pixels from another image. This is a simple feature, but very important for many photographers. As I move toward using this software more than Lightroom, I’ll probably keep opening final proofs in regular Photoshop to cut out stray hairs and razor burn.

A representative for Alien Skin tells me this feature will come in a future iteration of the product, though its absence could be prohibitive for some buyers.

Conclusion: A better (if a bit quirky) option for many photographers

The idea of building a full photo-processing suite out of an oddball filter pack is, on its face, a bit strange. But somehow it works.

Exposure X is best thought of as a Lightroom replacement that happens to offer you the chance to mimic the entire history of film on its left-hand panel. I had some fun playing with that, though in my opinion the virtue of crazy old-school films was that they changed the way you shot in fundamental, textural ways. The power to switch between them after the fact feels like cheating, though the results are impressively accurate looking. Steve McCurry may have shot the last roll of Kodachrome in 2010, but with Exposure you could probably fool most viewers into thinking it was you.

At $149, Exposure X really stands out for being a much better value than Lightroom. Adobe charges a $10/month for its software, which means Exposure X will be a better value for some users in the long term. However, don’t expect unlimited free updates of the kind Creative Cloud offers.

I’d recommend this software to anyone who likes to work fast and light, or who wants off Adobe’s endless subscription plan.

Just for fun, I’ve rounded up a few of the more and less subtle film effects below.