2016 Arctic sea ice wintertime extent hits another record low


2016 Arctic sea ice wintertime extent hits another record low
Arctic sea ice was at a record low wintertime maximum extent for the second straight year. At 5.607 million square miles, it is the lowest maximum extent in the satellite record, and 431,000 square miles below the 1981 to 2010 average maximum extent. Credit: NASA Goddard’s Scientific Visualization Studio/C. Starr

Arctic sea ice appears to have reached a record low wintertime maximum extent for the second year in a row, according to scientists at the NASA-supported National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC) and NASA.

Every year, the cap of frozen seawater floating on top of the Arctic Ocean and its neighboring seas melts during the spring and summer and grows back in the fall and winter months, reaching its maximum yearly extent between February and April. On March 24, Arctic sea ice extent peaked at 5.607 million square miles (14.52 million square kilometers), a new record low winter maximum extent in the satellite record that started in 1979. It is slightly smaller than the previous record low maximum extent of 5.612 million square miles (14.54 million square kilometers) that occurred last year. The 13 smallest maximum extents on the satellite record have happened in the last 13 years.

The new record low follows record high temperatures in December, January and February around the globe and in the Arctic. The atmospheric warmth probably contributed to this lowest maximum extent, with air temperatures up to 10 degrees Fahrenheit above average at the edges of the ice pack where sea ice is thin, said Walt Meier, a sea ice scientist at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland.

The wind patterns in the Arctic during January and February were also unfavorable to ice growth because they brought warm air from the south and prevented expansion of the ice cover. But ultimately, what will likely play a bigger role in the future trend of Arctic maximum extents is warming ocean waters, Meier said.

“It is likely that we’re going to keep seeing smaller wintertime maximums in the future because in addition to a warmer atmosphere, the ocean has also warmed up. That warmer ocean will not let the ice edge expand as far south as it used to,” Meier said. “Although the maximum reach of the sea ice can vary a lot each year depending on winter weather conditions, we’re seeing a significant downward trend, and that’s ultimately related to the warming atmosphere and oceans.” Since 1979, that trend has led to a loss of 620,000 square miles of winter sea ice cover, an area more than twice the size of Texas.

This year’s record low sea ice maximum extent will not necessarily result in a subsequent record low summertime minimum extent, Meier said. Summer weather conditions have a larger impact than the extent of the winter maximum in the outcome of each year’s melt season; warm temperatures and summer storms make the ice melt fast, while if a summer is cool, the melt slows down.

Arctic sea ice plays an important role in maintaining Earth’s temperature—its bright white surface reflects solar energy that the ocean would otherwise absorb. But this effect is more relevant in the summer, when the sun is high in the sky in the Arctic, than in the winter, when the sun doesn’t rise for months within the Arctic Circle. In the winter, the impact of missing sea ice is mostly felt in the atmosphere, said Jennifer Francis, a climate scientist at Rutgers University in New Brunswick, New Jersey.

“In places where sea ice has been lost, those areas of open water will put more heat into the atmosphere because the air is much colder than unfrozen sea water,” Francis said. “As winter sea ice disappears, areas of unusually warm air temperatures in the Arctic will expand. These are also areas of increased evaporation, and the resulting water vapor will contribute to increased cloudiness, which in winter, further warms the surface.”

Powerful combination that strengthens bones and prevents their ailments


Strong bones are our best friends, allowing us to stay mobile and active. But, like so many other health conditions, accurate information about what makes and keeps bones strong and healthy is hard to find.

When it comes to strong bones, what you drink matters. You may have heard, for example, that drinking soda is bad for your bones. That’s absolutely true! Soda contains phosphates, which leach calcium from bones.

Powerful combination that strengthens bones and prevents their ailments

For that reason we recommend this natural recipe that comes from Greece and has long been known as a remedy for strengthening the bones.

Ingredients:

  • 10 tablespoons of flax seed
  • 5 tablespoons of ground sesame seeds
  • pumpkin seeds a little
  • a little grain of wheat
  • a little sunflower seeds
  • 3 tablespoons of raisins
  • 1 kg clover honey

Preparation:

  1. In a large bowl mix all ingredients, using a wooden spoon.
  2. When you mix well, pour the whole mixture into a glass jar.

Take one tablespoon of this medicine before breakfast and one before lunch.

If you keep your smartphones in your trousers or bras, this is what can happen to you!


The cellphone addiction is very common in the present generation. The smartphones have not just replaced the ways in which people get entertained; they have also replaced many other routine habits of the common people. Today, a smartphone actually defines the lifestyle of a person. A person uses the phone to make calls, listen to music, do research and even to read. In short, it has become an indispensable part of the life of people today. That is the reason why many of us tend to keep the cellphone in our bras, shirt pockets or trousers while travelling or sleeping. The risks of this habit are not known to the common people and that is why they carelessly store the cellphone in such places. There are many risks in storing the cellphone in such places. Here we have listed out a few of the major risks that you need to take into account.

Cell phone radiations may cause depression!

A recent study has revealed that there is a direct connection between sleep disturbances, depression and the increased use of mobile phones. The study was conducted to find out the impact of mobile phones on young adults. Youngsters who fall in the age group of 20 to 24 years were considered for this study. Study was conducted based on many variables that included the frequency of use of mobile phones.A one year followup revealed that high use of mobile phones revealed sleep disturbances as well as signs of depression in men. In women, it just revealed early signs of depression.

Cell phone radiations may cause depression!

Why is Mobile Phone Radiation Linked with Depression?

A recent study conducted by the British Newspaper ‘The Independent’ on 35 Men and 35 Women has revealed that the use of mobile phone just before sleeping reduces the deep sleep stage and also causes confusion, insomnia and sleep related health problems. It is already known to us that sleep greatly defines the mental health of a person and many of the mental health problems are associated with improper sleeping habits. This new revelation shows that excessive use of mobile phone can greatly hamper the mental health of an individual.

Why is Mobile Phone Radiation Linked with Depression?

Cellphone in Trouser Pockets May hamper the reproductive health of Men!

Men need to be extremely careful because their cellphones or smartphones addiction may have serious implications on their health and personal life. There have been studies that reveal that the mobile phone radiation can have an adverse effect on the health of the reproductive organs even when you are not actually making a call. It is also revealed that carrying your smartphone in your trouser pocket may even result in a lowered sperm count.

Cellphone in Trouser Pockets May hamper the reproductive health of Men!

Greater Chances of Breast Cancer Among Women Who Keep Their Smartphones in Their Bras

In a recent study, a woman who had no other signs or chances of developing breast cancer had approached the doctor and found that she had breast cancer. The only possibility was surely the link of smartphone radiations and breast cancer. It is true that the radiations that come from mobile phones are used by doctors to carryout various complicated surgical procedures but that is because these radiations can breakthrough the protective covering of major organs like the brain. That itself is a warning sign that shows us that we should maintain a safe distance from these dangerous radiations.

Greater Chances of Breast Cancer Among Women Who Keep Their Smartphones in Their Bras

Effect of Cellphone Radiations On Unborn Foetus

There are many risks of mobile phone radiations and only few of these have been mentioned here. The worst of all is the fact that these radiations are even known to harm unborn foetuses. This means that if a mother excessively uses smartphone or mobile phone, the unborn child will also have to pay for it.

The countless negative effects of mobile phones and smartphones shows that we need to maintain a safe distance from these devices if we wish to stay healthy and happy. This could be a word of caution for the newer generation who are born with mobile phones in their hands.

Effect of Cellphone Radiations On Unborn Foetus

Hemophilia A Drug Launching With Needle-Free Transfer Device.


Kedrion Biopharma announced that the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved the packaging of Koate Double Viral Inactivation (DVI) Antihemophilic Factor VIII (human) with Mix2Vial, a needle-free transfer device. 

The new device provides enhanced safety and convenience to patients

Koate-DVI is a plasma-derived product indicated for use in the treatment of hemophilia A. The administration of Koate-DVI provides an increase in plasma levels of Factor VIII and can temporarily correct the coagulation defect in these patients.

The new approved packaging allows patients enhanced safety and convenience when reconstituting Koate-DVI, and the needle-free design reduces the risk of accidental needle sticks. The Mix2Vial device is made of plastic with a built-in filter that allows for faster and easier infusions. Moreover, the new device requires fewer steps for product preparation with a fast vial-to-vial transfer.

Prior to the Mix2Vial packaging, Koate-DVI reconstitution required the use of a double-ended transfer needle and three steps to prepare the product prior to administration.

The Mix2Vial vials will launch in the spring as a supplement to the Koate-DVI packaging. Koate-DVI is currently available as 250 IU, 500 IU, and 1000 IU strengths in single-use vials.

Important Safety Information

Koāte-DVI is indicated for the treatment of classical hemophilia (hemophilia A) in which there is a demonstrated deficiency of activity of the plasma-clotting factor, factor VIII.

Koāte-DVI is made from human plasma. Products made from human plasma may contain infectious agents, such as viruses, and, theoretically, the Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) agent that can cause disease. There is also the possibility that unknown infectious agents may be present in such products.

Hepatitis B vaccination is essential for patients with hemophilia A; vaccination is recommended at birth or at the time of diagnosis. Hepatitis A vaccination is also recommended for hemophilia patients who are hepatitis A seronegative.

When large or frequently repeated doses are required, patients of blood groups A, B, or AB should be monitored for signs of progressive anemia.

Allergic-type reactions may result from the administration of Antihemophilic Factor (Human) preparations. In clinical studies, adverse reactions included tingling in the arm, ear, and face, blurred vision, headache, nausea, stomach ache, and jittery feeling.

How to Stop Eating Sugar


Sugar detox

Here’s a shocker: the average person takes in 22 teaspoons of sugar daily—more than three times the amount suggested by the American Heart Association. And although it has never been considered a health food, new evidence shows sugar can do even more damage than previously thought, setting you up for obesity, diabetes, and heart disease. But weaning yourself off sugar can be daunting. It’s tough to dodge because it hides in so many foods, and it provides an almost addictive buzz, thanks to a surge of the neurotransmitter dopamine after it enters the body, says research neuroscientist Nicole Avena, PhD, author of Why Diets Fail (Because You’re Addicted to Sugar) ($19; amazon.com). Still, slashing sugar is one food trend worth trying. Find out all about sugar rehab, plus tactics to make your commitment stick.

sugar detox

http://www.health.com/health/m/gallery/0,,20923984,00.html?xid=socialflow_facebook_health

Japanese kills 333 whales for ‘research’


A fleet of Japanese ships returned from Antarctic waters on Thursday, March 24, after more than three months at sea.

The sailors’ bounty: hundreds of dead Minke whales, more than 200 of which were females pregnant with calves, according to Reuters.

japan whaling AP_070419016590Associated Press

The four vessels, subsidized in part by Japan’s government, are considered by many a violation of both a global ban on whale hunting and arecent ruling by an international court of law.

Japan claims these expeditions are scientific in nature. However, many researchers outside the nation strongly disagree.

Here’s why Japan keeps sponsoring whale hunts in spite of intense global outcry working against the practice.

Watch the slideshow. URL:http://www.techinsider.io/japanese-whaling-ship-hunts-hundreds-whales-2016-3?op=0#/#on-december-1-2015-a-whaling-fleet-subsidized-by-the-japanese-government-left-on-an-expedition-that-ended-115-days-later-on-march-24-2016-1

How to Regrow Hair Using Natural Ways?


Hair Fall

Hair fall is a natural process and almost everyone sheds hair on a daily basis. However, ‘hair loss’ happens when new hairs don’t replace the lost hairs or you begin shedding more hair than usual. Anyway, good news is, yes! You can regrow hair.

To regrow the lost hair, you should also need to know the cause of the excess hair fall or the reason why the new hair is not growing. Basically, how to cure hair loss depends on what is causing it. Treating the cause will cure your hair loss. There are many causes, from vitamin deficiencies to hormone changes, stress, and lack of sleep, smoking, thyroid problems, and menopause as well.

How to regrow hair naturally?

Without indulging you in intense details, here are some of the ways that might help in hair regrowth.

Head Massage

Head massage is one of the most important rituals for attaining healthy hair and scalp. It improves blood circulation and drains away toxins from the scalp. You can head massage without using any oil, but most preferred way of doing it is with oil. The best oils for hair are coconut, sesame, almond, olive and castor (diluted with another oil). For healthier and stronger, head massage at least once a week.

Fingernails Rubbing

Rubbing your fingernails briskly against each other, for about 10 minutes every day, stimulates hair growth and makes your hair healthy and strong. This is an ancient technique and works similar to reflexology – through energy channels. The positive results are supported by many anecdotal claims, and there are many proponents and followers of this ancient practice. Some have even claimed hair re-growth on bald areas.

HIV drug could stop skin cancer becoming drug-resistant


An HIV drug could stop one of the early changes in skin cancer cells that leads to them becoming resistant to treatment, according to a Cancer Research UK-funded study published in Cancer Cell*.

This exciting approach could stop skin cancer developing resistance at an earlier point.” –Professor Nic Jones

The researchers looked at melanoma skin cancers from 11 patients who had started standard treatment for the cancer**. They found that the cancer cells used a molecular switch to temporarily rewire themselves to become more able to withstand the drugs in the first two weeks of treatment, and then went on to develop permanent resistance through genetic changes.

The HIV drug, called nelfinavir, works by blocking the molecular switch which boosts cells’ ability to survive treatment. The research, carried out in mice, suggests that nelfinavir could be used in combination with standard skin cancer treatments to make them more potent and delay drug resistance, making available treatments effective for a longer period of time.

Professor Claudia Wellbrock, lead author from The University of Manchester, said: “In the first few weeks of standard treatment for skin cancer, the cancer cells become stronger and more robust against treatment.

“But if we can target skin cancer cells before they become fully resistant, we would have a much better chance of blocking their escape. And we think this research has brought us one step closer to making this a reality.”

Professor Nic Jones, Director of Cancer Research UK’s Manchester Cancer Research Centre, said: “Melanoma can be difficult to treat because the cancer becomes resistant to drugs quite quickly. But this exciting research means we might be able to fight back by blocking the first steps towards resistance, so that treatments are effective for longer.

“While drug resistance is a big challenge, we’re making great progress. Drug resistance in late stage skin cancer is still a big problem and something we need to tackle. We’ve seen big steps forward recently with the development of immunotherapies but this exciting approach could stop skin cancer developing resistance at an earlier point.”

Controlling Diabetes with a Skin Patch The difference between India and Pakistan cricket is the same as Sunny Leone and Qandeel Baloch!!


Attempting to free people with diabetes from frequent finger-pricks and drug injections, researchers have created an electronic skin patch that senses excess glucose in sweat and automatically administers drugs by heating up microneedles that penetrate the skin.

The prototype was developed by Dae-Hyeong Kim, assistant professor at Seoul National University and researchers at MC10, a flexible-electronics company in Lexington, Massachusetts. Two years ago the same group prototyped a patch aimed at Parkinson’s patients that diagnoses tremors and delivers drugs stored inside nanoparticles.
Other efforts to develop minimally invasive glucose monitoring have used ultrasound and optical measurements to detect glucose levels. And a variety of skin patches could deliver insulin or metformin, a popular drug used to treat type 2 diabetes. But the new prototype incorporates both detection and drug delivery in one device.
The patch, described in a paper in Nature Nanotechnology, is made of graphene studded with gold particles and contains sensors that detect humidity, glucose, pH, and temperature. The enzyme-based glucose sensor takes into account pH and temperature to improve the accuracy of the glucose measurements taken from sweat.

A flexible, noninvasive skin patch includes electrochemical sensors that detect glucose in sweat and a battery for heating microneedles that deliver a drug.
If the patch senses high glucose levels, heaters trigger microneedles to dissolve a coating and release the drug metformin just below the skin surface. “This is the first closed-loop epidermal system that has both monitoring and the noninvasive delivery of diabetes drugs directly to the subject,” says Roozbeh Ghaffari, cofounder of MC10.
The only minimally invasive technology for monitoring blood glucose ever approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration was a gadget called the GlucoWatch Biographer, which used an electrical current to extract fluids from beneath the skin. It was approved in 2001, but patients complained of discomfort and sores, and the device was pulled from the market in 2007.
Other researchers are using different approaches to help people with diabetes. A device recently prototyped at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, consists of a fingernail-size patch with more than 100 microneedles that contain tiny sacs full of insulin and an enzyme. Glucose in the blood permeates the sac. The enzyme converts the glucose into an acid that opens the sac to release insulin as the needles prick the skin.
That approach would deliver insulin when needed. But the MC10 device, as an electronic platform, could also store data on drug delivery activity and transmit it to a wearable device that could then wirelessly transmit it to a smartphone.