The New Mammography Guidelines: How to Make Sense of It All

Personalized medicine — that is, tailoring medical care for each person based on her or his values and needs, genetics and family history of disease — applies to screening as well as treatment. Every woman of any age should discuss with her ob-gyn or family doctor at what age and how frequently to have a mammogram.

  • On October 20th, 2015 the American Cancer Society (ACS) released new guidelines for mammography screening;
  • ACS recommends that women of average risk for breast cancer begin annual screening mammograms at age 45 but agrees that women may rationally choose to start at age 40;
  • However, many other expert organizations, including the American College of Radiology (ACR) (statement here) continue to recommend mammograms every year starting age 40.

It is entirely reasonable for women to continue to get a mammogram every year starting at age 40. BCRF encourages women to speak to their health care provider, have a discussion about breast cancer screening guidelines and make an informed decision on what age and how often to be screened.

Screening, by providing early detection, not only increases survival rates but it also minimizes the chances of needing a mastectomy or requiring chemotherapy. And, just as importantly, since annual mammograms have proved effective in finding tumors when they are small and at early stages, they can reduce the risk of the cancer metastasizing (spreading to another site). While every tumor biology is unique, in general, the smaller the tumor is when discovered, the more treatable it is, providing the best odds for a better outcome. In addition, early screening has been associated with the detection of lower risk, easier-to-treat cancers in many studies.

Much of the public discussion about the risks of mammographic screening do not emphasize the fact that the risks are subjective in that they are largely limited to the person having an additional mammographic view or a sonogram and rarely a biopsy that proves that the mammographic finding is not cancer. The benefits, however, are objective. Everyone who studies the subject agrees that deaths from breast cancer are reduced by a percentage of women screened in any age group.

While mammograms may not yet be perfect, screening continues to be important. Currently, grantees supported by BCRF are working diligently to develop even better (that is, more precise) imaging tools to improve upon mammography, while advancing the discovery of biomarkers and new technologies to distinguish between low risk and high risk breast lesions.

Today, mammography is a critical component of our available breast cancer control strategies. At the same time, BCRF — and the scientific community at large — clearly has more to do to improve the state-of-the-art in the future. To accomplish our goals we need an informed and educated public that engages with us in seeking advances for the future. Originally shared with Family Circle, here are a few tips:

Know where you stand. Starting in your 20s, talk to your ob-gyn or family physician about your breast health and family history starting so you can understand your individual risk factors for developing breast cancer and keep on top of the best screening recommendations for you.

Research sites. Find a high-quality mammography facility near you by checking the American College of Radiology’s list of Breast Imaging Centers of Excellence at

Get your results. Once you’ve had a mammogram, it’s mandatory that the facility notify you in writing of the outcome within 30 days. If you haven’t received word, don’t shrug it off. Follow up.

Keep your records. If you change doctors, request that all your mammograms be put on a CD-ROM or flash drive so you can take them to your new mammography facility.


Microorganisms in the sea organize their power supply via nanowire power cables

Nano power grids between bacteria
Archaea (red) yield eight electrons from the oxidation of a single methane molecule. The electrons travel via the nanowires to the sulphate reducing bacteria (green). The bacteria use those electrons to convert one molecule sulphate into hydrogen sulphide. 

Electrical energy from the socket – this convenient type of power supply is apparently used by some microorganisms. Cells can meet their energy needs in the form of electricity through nanowire connections. Researchers from the Max Planck Institute for Marine Microbiology in Bremen have discovered these possibly smallest power grids in the world when examining cell aggregates of methane degrading microorganisms. They consist of two completely different cell types, which can only jointly degrade methane. Scientists have discovered wire-like connections between the cells, which are relevant in energy exchanges.

It was a spectacular scientific finding when researchers discovered electrical wiring between microorganisms using iron as energy source in 2010. Immediately the question came up if electric power exchange is common in other microbially mediated reactions. One of the processes in question was the anaerobic oxidation of (AOM) that is responsible for the degradation of the greenhouse gas methane in the seafloor, and therefore has a great relevance for Earth climate. The microorganisms involved have been described for the first time in 2000 by researchers from Bremen and since then have been extensively studied.

The greenhouse gas methane in the seabed

In the ocean, methane is produced from the decay of dead biomass in subsurface sediments. The methane rises upwards to the seafloor, but before reaching the water column it is degraded by special consortia of archaea and bacteria. The archaea take up methane and oxidise it to carbonate. They pass on energy to their partner bacteria, so that the reaction can proceed. The bacteria respire sulphate instead of oxygen to gain energy (sulphate reducers). This may be an ancient metabolism, already relevant billions of years ago when the Earth’s atmosphere was oxygen-free. Yet today it remains unknown how the of methane works biochemically.

Nano power grids between bacteria
Electron micrograph of the nanowires shows connecting archaea and sulphate reducing bacteria. The wires stretch out for several micrometres, longer than a single cell. The white bar represents the length of one micrometre. The arrows indicate the nanowires (A=ANME-Archaeen, H=HotSeep-1 partner bacteria). Credit: MPI f. Biophysical Chemistry

Gunter Wegener, who authors the publication together with PhD student Viola Krukenberg, says: “We focused on thermophilic AOM consortia living at 60 degrees Celsius. For the first time we were able to isolate the partner bacteria to grow them alone. Then we systematically compared the physiology of the isolate with that of the AOM culture. We wanted to know which substances can serve as an energy carrier between the archaea and sulphate reducers.” Most compounds were ruled out quickly. At first, hydrogen was considered as energy source. However, the archaea did not produce sufficient hydrogen to explain the growth of sulphate reducers – hence the researchers had to change their strategy.

Direct power wires and electron transporters

One possible alternative was to look for direct connections channelling electrons between the cells. Using electron microscopy on the thermophilic AOM cultures this idea was confirmed. Dietmar Riedel, head of electron microscopy facilities at the Max Planck Institute in Goettingen says: “It was really challenging to visualize the cable-like structures. We embedded aggregates under high pressure using different embedding media. Ultrathin sections of these aggregates were then examined in near-native state using transmission .”

Viola Krukenberg adds: “We found all genes necessary for biosynthesis of the cellular connections called pili. Only when methane is added as energy source these genes are activated and pili are formed between bacteria and archaea.”

With length of several micrometres the wires can exceed the length of the cells by far, but their diameter is only a few nanometres. These wires provide the contact between the closely spaced cells and explain the spatial structure of the consortium, as was shown by a team of researchers led by Victoria Orphan from Caltech.

“Consortia of archaea and bacteria are abundant in nature. Our next step is to see whether other types also show such nanowire-like connections. It is important to understand how methane-degrading microbial consortia work, as they provide important functions in nature”, explains Antje Boetius, leader of the research group at the Institute in Bremen.

76-million-year-old extinct species of pig-snouted turtle unearthed in Utah

76-million-year-old extinct species of pig-snouted turtle unearthed in Utah
An artist’s depiction of the turtle Arvinachelys goldeni as it would have appeared in life 76 milion years ago in southern Utah.

In the 250-million-year evolutionary history of turtles, scientists have seen nothing like the pig nose of a new species of extinct turtle discovered in Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument by a team from the Natural History Museum of Utah.

“It’s one of the weirdest turtles that ever lived,” said Joshua Lively, who described the today in the Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. “It really helps add to the story emerging from dinosaur research carried out at the Natural History Museum of Utah.”

Lively studied the fossil as part of his master’s thesis at the University of Utah. He is now a doctoral student at the University of Texas at Austin.

The extinct turtle was about 2 feet long from head to tail. Its streamlined shell was adapted for living in a riverine environment. When it was alive, 76 million years ago during the Cretaceous Period, Southern Utah looked more like present-day Louisiana. The climate was wet and hot, and the landscape was dominated by rivers, bayous and lowland flood plains.

It lived alongside tyrannosaurs, armored ankylosaurs, giant duck-billed dinosaurs such as Gryposaurus and Parasaurolophus, and other dinosaurs that left abundant fossil remains in the Upper Cretaceous Kaiparowits Formation of Southern Utah. But those fossil beds also hold the remains of many crocodilians, turtles, lizards and amphibians that don’t look much different from their modern relatives.

Unlike any turtle ever found, the broad snout of the newly discovered species has two bony nasal openings. All other turtles have just one external nasal opening in their skulls; the division between their nostrils is only fleshy.

A CT scan of Arvinachelys goldeni‘s skull is shown. Most ancient turtle species’ fossil remains consist of nothing more than an isolated skull or shell. The new specimen includes both the skull and the shell, thereby filling an important gap in understanding the evolution of turtles. Credit: Joshua R. Lively

Golden’s bacon turtle

The pig-nosed turtle’s scientific name, Arvinachelys goldeni, derives from arvina, a Latin word for pig fat or bacon¬, and chelys, Latin for tortoise. And goldeni honors Jerry Golden, a volunteer fossil preparator at the Natural History Museum of Utah, who prepared the new holotype specimen—and many others in the museum’s collections.

“Volunteers are involved in every aspect of what we do, from field work and digging up specimens to preparing them,” said Randall Irmis, curator of paleontology at the museum and associate professor at the University of Utah. “In 2014, volunteers provided 14,500 hours of work. It’s a massive contribution. We couldn’t do what we do without them. We really consider them key team members.”

Most ancient turtle species are represented by fossil remains that often consist of nothing more than an isolated skull or shell. And finds that associate skulls with shells are rare. The new specimen includes not only the skull and the shell, but also a nearly complete forelimb, partial hindlimbs, and vertebrae from the neck and tail of Arvinachelys.

Scientifically important

It’s important because it fills a gap in understanding the evolution of turtles. “With only isolated skulls or shells, we are unable to fully understand how different species of fossil turtles are related, and what roles they played in their ecosystems,” Irmis said.

During the time of Arvinachelys, western North America was a large island continent named Laramidia. A sea stretching from the Arctic to the Gulf of Mexico separated Laramidia from eastern North America.

During the Late Cretaceous Period, dinosaurs of southern Laramidia (southern Utah, New Mexico and Texas) seem to have diversified in isolation from their relatives in the northern part of the continent (Montana and Alberta). The apparent confinement of Arvinachelys and other species of to southern Laramidia fits that same pattern.

It remains a mystery what kept northern and southern populations isolated from each other. The Earth’s climate was in a hothouse phase with high temperatures not varying as greatly from equator to the poles as they do today. “The assumption has always been that organisms would be able to range over broad areas,” Lively said.

A combination of rising sea levels and persistent changes in the climate might have created barriers to dispersal during the Cretaceous Period. Lively said that understanding how ancient animals coped with a changing climate will help scientists understand how modern animals and ecosystems are likely to respond to present day and future climate change.

New bionic contact lenses could make glasses obsolete.

This could be the end of glasses.

Your eyesight may be about to get a huge boost if a new bionic lens makes it to market. Invented by an optometrist in Canada, the Ocumetics Bionic Lens promises to enhance eyesight to a level that’s three times better than 20/20 – the universal standard for normal vision.

These aren’t lenses you pop in and out, though – the lens developed by Gareth Webb is inserted into the eye via a painless procedure that takes less than 10 minutes (Webb says the process is a lot like cataract surgery). The lenses don’t degrade over time so you’ll never have a problem with cataracts or failing vision no matter how long you live.

The Ocumetics Bionic Lens incorporates a patented miniature optics system that works like a tiny digital camera: powered by the body, it can shift focus from close range objects to objects any distance away faster than the human eye is able to.

Such technology isn’t invented in a day, of course – the lens has been eight years in the making and has cost US$3 million to develop so far. “This is vision enhancement that the world has never seen before,” Webb told CBC News. “If you can just barely see the clock at 10 feet, when you get the Bionic Lens you can see the clock at 30 feet (9 metres) away.”

Ocumetics Technology Corp, which owns the technology, says it’s safe and durable. The implanted lens feels natural and won’t cause headaches or any kind of eyestrain. Nevertheless, there’s a way to go before it hits the market: a launch has been tentatively set for 2017, after extensive clinical trials have been completed.

For Webb, it’s an innovation that’s close to his own heart: “At age 45 I had to struggle with reading glasses, which like most people, I found was a great insult,”he says. “To this day I curse my progressive glasses. I also wear contact lenses, which I also curse just about every day. My heroes were cowboys, and cowboys just did not wear glasses.”

If the Ocumetics Bionic Lens makes it to market then a whole host of eyesight problems could be overcome, not least having to wear glasses or contact lenses. Clinical trials are now set to begin on animals and blind human beings.

In addition to his main work on the bionic lenses, Webb has set up a charitable foundation called Celebration of Sight, dedicated to helping organisations that provide eye surgery in developing countries. Funds have also been earmarked for eye research institutes across the world.

Indian-origin researcher develops contact lenses that may make reading glasses defunct

An Indian-origin researcher in the UK is developing an adjustable artificial lens, made from the same material found in smartphone and TV screens, which could improve vision in older people with presbyopia and cataracts.

Indian-origin researcher develops contact lenses that may make reading glasses defunct

As people age, their lenses lose flexibility and elasticity. This leads to a condition known as presbyopia, common in people over 45 years old, and can require optical aids, such as reading glasses. Devesh Mistry, a postgraduate research student in the School of Physics and Astronomy, at the University of Leeds is working with liquid crystal to create a truly adjustable artificial lens.

“As we get older, the lens in our eye stiffens, when the muscles in the eye contract they can no longer shape the lens to bring close objects into focus,” he said. “Using liquid crystals, which we probably know better as the material used in the screens of TVs and smartphones, lenses would adjust and focus automatically, depending on the eye muscles’ movement,” he added.

Using these liquid crystal-based materials, Mistry’s research is developing synthetic replacements for the diseased lens in the eye – a new generation of lenses and intraocular lens implants to rejuvenate sight. Mistry is currently researching and developing the lens in the lab and aims to have a prototype ready by the end of his doctorate in 2018.

Within a decade, the research could see the new lens being implanted into eyes in a quick and straightforward surgical procedure under local anaesthetic. Eye surgeons would make an incision in the cornea and use ultrasound to break down the old lens. The liquid crystal lens would then be inserted, restoring clear vision.

The lens could also have application in tackling cataracts – the clouding of natural lenses – which affect many people in later life and which can seriously affect vision. A common treatment is to remove and replace the natural lens.

“Liquid crystals are a very under-rated phase of matter,” Mistry told The Times. “Everybody’s happy with solids, liquids and gases and the phases of matter, but liquid crystals lie between crystalline solids and liquids. They have an ordered structure like a crystal, but they can also flow like a liquid and respond to stimuli,” he said.

Mistry is working in collaboration with the Eurolens Research at the University of Manchester and with UltraVision CLPL, a specialist contact lenses manufacturer headed by two University of Leeds alumni. His research builds upon previous work by the same collaborators, who developed a prototype contact lens with an electrically-controllable focus using liquid crystals.

The first commercially-available liquid crystal lenses could be on sale between six and 10 years’ time.

These implantable LCD lenses could replace glasses and contacts forever

Instead of having spectacles perched awkwardly on your nose, or itchy contacts that you can’t stop losing, what if the same optical technology could be implanted inside the eyeball – a permanent set of contact lenses to correct your sight? That’s the aim of a new invention by UK student Devesh Mistry, which uses an auto-focusing liquid crystal material to correct defects in vision.

Mistry’s work is aimed at helping elderly people with failing eyesight, and in particular, those suffering from presbyopia: the condition is usually found in the over-45s and causes the natural lens inside a person’s eyeballs to become stiff and inflexible. That rigidity means that the eye muscles can’t work properly to bring long-range objects into focus.

Lenses made with liquid crystals – the same material found in modern-day television sets and computer monitors – can focus and adjust themselves automatically in response to prompts from the eye muscles, and that means a damaged eye could be effectively repaired. The implant operation would work along similar lines to the one already used to remove and replace cataracts, Mistry says.

“Liquid crystals are a very under-rated phase of matter,” he explained to The Times. “Everybody’s happy with solids, liquids and gases and the phases of matter, but liquid crystals lie between crystalline solids and liquids. They have an ordered structure like a crystal, but they can also flow like a liquid and respond to stimuli.”

And it’s those qualities that make the new research so promising, even if there’s some way to go yet before such an operation is going to be possible: Mistry is hoping to have a prototype lens ready by the time he completes his doctorate at the University of Leeds in 2018.

If that happens, the procedure to implant the lens could be ready to go by 2025: it would most likely be quick, simple, and carried out under local anaesthetic. The surgeon would need to make a small incision inside the cornea and then use ultrasound to break down the old lens. At that point, the synthetic replacement could be inserted and restore normal vision to the patient.

Presbyopia cured with help of a bionic eye lens: that’s the goal.

Mistry is working on the project in partnership a specialist contact lens manufacturer called UltraVision CLPL, which is run by two University of Leeds alumni whose research helped lay the foundations for the new LCD prototype. Mistry has also been awarded an Industrial Fellowship from the Royal Commission for the Exhibition of 1851 as he looks to perfect the technology and bring it to market.

Watch the video. URL:

Historic Delft Experiments tests Einstein’s ‘God does not play dice’ using quantum ‘dice’

Historic Delft Experiments tests Einstein's 'God does not play dice' using quantum 'dice' made in Barcelona
An artistic impression of the entanglement between electrons. 

Random number generators developed at ICFO – The Institute of Photonic Sciences, by the groups of ICREA Professors Morgan W. Mitchell and Valerio Pruneri, played a critical role in the historic experiment was published online today in Nature by the group of Ronald Hanson at TU Delft. The experiment gives the strongest refutation to date of Albert Einstein’s principle of “local realism,” which says that the universe obeys laws, not chance, and that there is no communication faster than light.

As described in Hanson’s group web the Delft experiment first “entangled” two electrons trapped inside two different diamond crystals, and then measured the electrons’ orientations. In quantum theory entanglement is powerful and mysterious: mathematically the two electrons are described by a single “wave-function” that only specifies whether they agree or disagree, not which direction either spin points. In a mathematical sense, they lose their identities. “Local realism” attempts to explain the same phenomena with less mystery, saying that the particles must be pointing somewhere, we just don’t know their directions until we measure them.

When measured, the Delft electrons did indeed appear individually random while agreeing very well. So well, in fact, that they cannot have had pre-existing orientations, as realism claims. This behaviour is only possible if the electrons communicate with each other, something that is very surprising for electrons trapped in different crystals. But here’s the amazing part: in the Delft experiment, the diamonds were in different buildings, 1.3 km away from each other. Moreover, the measurements were made so quickly that there wasn’t time for the electrons to communicate, not even with signals traveling at the speed of light. This puts “local realism” in a very tight spot: if the electron orientations are real, the electrons must have communicated. But if they communicated, they must have done so faster than the speed of light. There’s no way out, and is disproven. Either God does play “dice” with the universe, or electron spins can talk to each other faster than the speed of light.

This amazing experiment called for extremely fast, unpredictable decisions about how to measure the electron orientations. If the measurements had been predictable, the electrons could have agreed in advance which way to point, simulating communications where there wasn’t really any, a gap in the experimental proof known as a “loophole.” To close this loophole, the Delft team turned to ICFO, who hold the record for the fastest quantum random number generators. ICFO designed a pair of “quantum dice” for the experiment: a special version of their patented random number generation technology, including very fast “randomness extraction” electronics. This produced one extremely pure random bit for each measurement made in the Delft experiment. The bits were produced in about 100 ns, the time it takes light to travel just 30 meters, not nearly enough time for the to communicate. “Delft asked us to go beyond the state of the art in . Never before has an experiment required such good random numbers in such a short time.” Says Carlos Abellán, a PhD student at ICFO and a co-author of the Delft study.

For the ICFO team, the participation in the Delft experiment was more than a chance to contribute to fundamental physics. Prof. Morgan Mitchell comments: “Working on this experiment pushed us to develop technologies that we can now apply to improve communications security and high-performance computing, other areas that require high-speed and high-quality random numbers.”

With the help of ICFO’s quantum generators, the Delft experiment gives a nearly perfect disproof of Einstein’s world-view, in which “nothing travels faster than light” and “God does not play dice.” At least one of these statements must be wrong. The laws that govern the Universe may indeed be a throw of the dice.

This movie explains how the Bell test works with a couple in love in the fictitious Bell restaurant (animation). 
Historic Delft Experiments tests Einstein's 'God does not play dice' using quantum 'dice' made in Barcelona
The fastest quantum random number generator to date.
Historic Delft Experiments tests Einstein's 'God does not play dice' using quantum 'dice' made in Barcelona
The fastest quantum random number generator to date.

Astronomers catch a black hole shredding a star to pieces

Astronomers catch a black hole shredding a star to pieces
This illustration of a recently observed tidal disruption, named ASASSN-14li, shows a disk of stellar debris around the black hole at the upper left. A long tail of ejected stellar debris extends to the right, far from the black hole. The X-ray spectrum obtained with NASA’s Chandra X-ray Observatory (seen in the inset box) and ESA’s XMM-Newton satellite both show clear evidence for dips in X-ray intensity over a narrow range of wavelengths. These dips are shifted toward bluer wavelengths than expected, providing evidence for a wind blowing away from the black hole. 

When a star comes too close to a black hole, the intense gravity of the black hole results in tidal forces that can rip the star apart. In these events, called tidal disruptions, some of the stellar debris is flung outward at high speeds, while the rest falls toward the black hole. This causes a distinct X-ray flare that can last for years.

A team of astronomers, including several from the University of Maryland, has observed a tidal disruption event in a galaxy that lies about 290 million light years from Earth. The event is the closest tidal disruption discovered in about a decade, and is described in a paper published in the October 22, 2015 issue of the journal Nature.

“These results support some of our newest ideas for the structure and evolution of tidal disruption events,” said study co-author Coleman Miller, professor of astronomy at UMD and director of the Joint Space-Science Institute. “In the future, tidal disruptions can provide us with laboratories to study the effects of extreme gravity.”

The optical light All-Sky Automated Survey for Supernovae (ASAS-SN) originally discovered the tidal disruption, known as ASASSN-14li, in November 2014. The event occurred near a at the center of the galaxy PGC 043234. Further study using NASA’s Chandra X-ray Observatory, NASA’s Swift Gamma-ray Burst Explorer and the European Space Agency’s XMM-Newton satellite provided a clearer picture by analyzing the tidal disruption’s X-ray emissions.

“We have seen evidence for a handful of tidal disruptions over the years and have developed a lot of ideas of what goes on,” said lead author Jon Miller, a professor of astronomy at the University of Michigan. “This one is the best chance we have had so far to really understand what happens when a black hole shreds a star.”

After a star is destroyed by a tidal disruption, the black hole’s strong gravitational forces draw in most of the star’s remains. Friction heats this infalling debris, generating huge amounts of X-ray radiation. Following this surge of X-rays, the amount of light decreases as the stellar material falls beyond the black hole’s event horizon—the point beyond which no light or other information can escape.

Gas often falls toward a black hole by spiraling inward and forming a disk. But the process that creates these disk structures, known as accretion disks, has remained a mystery. By observing ASASSN-14li, the team of astronomers was able to witness the formation of an accretion disk as it happened, by looking at the X-ray light at different wavelengths and tracking how those emissions changed over time.

The researchers determined that most of the X-rays are produced by material that is extremely close to the black hole. In fact, the brightest material might actually occupy the smallest possible stable orbit. But astronomers are equally interested to learn what happens to the gas that doesn’t get drawn past the event horizon, but instead is ejected away from the black hole.

“The black hole tears the star apart and starts swallowing material really quickly, but that’s not the end of the story,” said study co-author Jelle Kaastra, an astronomer at the Institute for Space Research in the Netherlands. “The black hole can’t keep up that pace so it expels some of the material outwards.”

The X-ray data also suggest the presence of a wind moving away from the black hole, carrying stellar gas outward. However, this wind does not quite move fast enough to escape the black hole’s gravitational grasp. A possible explanation for the low speed of this wind is that gas from the disrupted star follows an elliptical orbit around the black hole, and travels slowest when it reaches the greatest distance from the black hole at the far ends of this elliptical orbit.

“This result highlights the importance of multi-wavelength observations,” explained study co-author Suvi Gezari, an assistant professor of astronomy at UMD. “Even though the event was discovered with an optical survey telescope, prompt X-ray observations were key in determining the characteristic temperature and radius of the emission and catching the signatures of an outflow.”

Astronomers are hoping to find and study more events like ASASSN-14li so they can continue to test theoretical models about how black holes affect their nearby environments, while learning more about what do to any stars or other bodies that wander too close.

This is Why You Have Bloated Stomach and How to Get Rid of Bloating and Lose Weight Overnight!

Imagine a scenario in which I let you know there was a bacterium out there that has tainted 2/3 of the populace. You would presumably let me know I am insane and laugh it off. Yet, actually there is an intestinal bacteria out there that has been creating a few issues for quite a long time.

This is Why You Have Bloated Stomach and How to Get Rid of Bloating and Lose Weight Overnight!

Have any of you known about H Pylori, or Helicobacter Pylori? If you have not heard of it that is not your fault. This bacterium is an asymptomatic intestinal bacteria that is difficult to identify without proper medicinal examination.

How can you tell?

It is additionally known for its embarrassing manifestations that include burping, bloating, heartburn, esophageal reflux, constipation, diarrhea, flatulence and upper and mid-stomach torment. For some, these side effects are difficult to identify with this bacterium. Numerous individuals simply think indications like these are typical bodily capacities.

H Pylori is the main source of gastritis, which is an inflammation of the stomach lining. This is in charge of 90% of every duodenal ulcer and about 80% of every single gastric ulcer. H Pylori can likewise bring about various non-digestive conditions including cardiovascular issue, headaches and Raynaud’s sickness, which is the impaired circulation in the hands and feet.

This bacterium could likewise bring about depression and nervousness. This is on the grounds that H Pylori can bring about a lack of serotonin in the brain. Now you understand why numerous individuals regularly feel uncomfortable in public places when this bacterium is floating around within them.

It can happen to you

It can be difficult to concentrate and deal with an issue like this, particularly when you have no idea what is going inside of you. The bacterium lives essentially in the stomach lining of people and creatures. This is frequently not connected with causing issues like anxiety and sadness. Be that as it may, the bacterium works in sneaky approaches to change the way you feel without you giving it much thought.

Numerous individuals contract H Pylori by ingesting tainted food or water. This happens by means of fecal matter. If individuals set up your food without washing their hands you could be at danger of contracting H Pylori. Try to check the conditions of any restaurant you enter, and in addition the cleanliness of your home.

What can you do about it?

More than 80% of cases have had H Pylori effectively irradiated. Anti-infection agents are likewise extremely valuable in cases like this. Counsel your specialist to get the correct medicine. In most cases antibiotics would not be required, but rather for the purpose of this issue it is best you look for medical attention.

Keeping up a decent eating routine is likewise imperative to keeping this bacterium far from your stomach. Ensuring you get a lot of vitamins A, C and E is a decent start, alongside zinc, all of which secure your stomach lining. You can likewise attempt probiotics like lactobacillus and bifidobacterium to protect you also.

The introductory wellspring of H Pylori is not completely known, but rather there are suggestions for avoiding this issue. Make sure you keep up great cleanliness like washing your hands frequently and in addition drinking water from a safe source.

If you feel you are at danger of contracting H Pylori contact your specialist and have an appropriate examination. You can never be excessively careful when it comes to problems like this, particularly in the event that it could bring about an issue for your social or work life.

How can you lose weight?

Make this drink and drink it if you want to feel lighter and more energetic in the same time.

Needed ingredients:

  • 1 lemon
  • 1 cucumber
  • 1 tablespoon of grated ginger
  • 1 tablespoon of aloe vera juice
  • A bunch of either cilantro or parsley
  • ½ glass of water

It is easy to make as it is easy to drink, just put all of the ingredients, blend it and drink it.
How it Works?
You feel reduce fat especially belly fat by drinking just one glass of this juice. This ingredients are put together to help your metabolism to burn fa while you are sleeping. The combination of the ingredients is proven to speed up the metabolism, so even when you are sleeping the metabolism is working on full speed.
Fat burning properties for each ingredient:

  • Cucumbers are very powerful for fighting fat. They are a key element in any weight loss program.
  • Parsley and cilantro are very low in calories and they are both loaded with antioxidants, as well as vitamins and minerals that are extremely powerful for easing water retention, thus, they help to deflate an inflated tummy.
  • Ginger steps up the metabolism and also prevents constipation. This ingredient will help to burn off that stubborn belly fat while you sleep.
  • Lemon juice is very effective for flushing out toxins that accumulate in the body.
  • Aloe Vera juice is exceptionally powerful for weight loss.

Stay Hydrated: Drink Lots of Water
The water is essential for efficient burning of calories. If you have lack of hydration, the metabolism will reduce its work and won’t be able to burn calories as is supposed to do.
Give your metabolism a little boost by drinking a lot of water.