PressTV-World’s first hologram rally held in Spain


 

A hologram-style protest was held outside the Spanish parliament in Madrid on April 10, 2015 to denounce new legislation imposing heavy fines on unauthorized demonstrators.

A hologram-style protest was held outside the Spanish parliament in Madrid on April 10, 2015 to denounce new legislation imposing heavy fines on unauthorized demonstrators.

A virtual protest has been staged outside the Spanish parliament to denounce new legislation imposing heavy fines on unauthorized demonstrations.

During Friday’s hologram-style protest, images and videos of people marching and chanting slogans were projected outside the parliament in the capital city Madrid.

According to the new legislation, people taking part in unauthorized demonstrations outside certain sites could face fines of up to 600,000 euros and jail time.

Activists behind the protest said they were responding to this “injustice” and they “saw the need to carry out a different kind of protest that would allow our demands to become unstoppable: the first hologram protest in history.”

A hologram-style protest was held outside the Spanish parliament in Madrid on April 10, 2015 to denounce new legislation imposing heavy fines on unauthorized demonstrators.

On the activists’ website, people were invited to take part by writing a text message, leaving a recorded voice message, or converting themselves into a hologram through a webcam video.

“If you are a person you cannot express yourself freely, you can only do that here if you become a hologram,” a woman in the video released by the group named “Hologramas para la Libertad” said.

Adolescent drinking affects adult behavior through genetic changes .


Binge-drinking during adolescence may perturb brain development at a critical time and leave lasting effects on genes and behavior that persist into adulthood. The findings, by researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago College of Medicine using an animal model, are reported online in the journal Neurobiology of Disease. “This may be the mechanism through which adolescent binge-drinking increases the risk for psychiatric disorders, including alcoholism, in adulthood,” says lead author Subhash Pandey, professor of psychiatry and director of neuroscience alcoholism research at UIC. Pandey and his colleagues used experimental rats to investigate the effects of intermittent alcohol exposure during the adolescent stage of development. On-and-off exposure to alcohol during adolescence altered the activity of genes needed for normal brain maturation, said Pandey, who is also a research career scientist at the Jesse Brown VA Medical Center. The gene alterations “increased anxiety-like behaviors and preference for alcohol in adulthood,” he said. The behavioral effects, he said, were due to “epigenetic” changes — “which previous research has shown can be influenced through environmental substances, including alcohol.” Epigenetic changes can be long-lasting or permanent in an individual. Previous studies have shown that some epigenetic changes can be heritable. Epigenetic changes are chemical modifications of the DNA or of the proteins around which DNA is wound, like thread on a spool. Modification of these proteins, called histones, can change how loosely or tightly the DNA is wound. Genes that lie within DNA that is tightly wrapped around the histones are less active than they are if the DNA is loosely wrapped. The looser the DNA is coiled, the more accessible are the genes to the cellular machinery that “expresses” them. Epigenetic changes regulate many processes, including brain development and maturation during adolescence. Changes to the histones expose the genes needed to form new synaptic connections, or to prune unneeded neurons. To model adolescent binge-drinking in humans, the researchers gave 28-day-old rats alcohol for two days in a row, followed by two days off, and repeated this pattern for 13 days. Some rats were followed into adulthood and observed for abnormal behaviors. They were offered both alcohol and water, and their alcohol-drinking behavior was monitored. Rats exposed to alcohol during adolescence exhibited changes in behavior that lasted into adulthood, long after exposure to alcohol ended. They showed increased anxiety-like behaviors and drank more alcohol in adulthood. When the researchers analyzed tissue from a part of the brain called the amygdala, they found in the exposed rats that the DNA and histones appeared to be tightly wrapped. They also found increased levels of a protein called HDAC2, which modifies histones in a way that causes DNA to be wound tighter around them. These epigenetic changes in turn were linked to lowered expression of a gene that nerve cells need in order to form new synaptic connections. Pandey believes the lowered activity of this gene may be due to the tighter winding of its DNA. The diminished expression of the gene persisted in adulthood, even if alcohol exposure was stopped weeks before. The researchers observed diminished nerve connectivity in the amygdalae of these affected adult rats. “Our study provides a mechanism for how binge-drinking during adolescence may lead to lasting [epigenetic] changes … that result in increased anxiety and alcoholism in adults,” Pandey said. Intermittent alcohol exposure “degrades the ability of the brain to form the connections it needs to during adolescence.” “The brain doesn’t develop as it should, and there are lasting behavioral changes associated with this.” But a pharmacological experiment hinted at the possibility of a treatment. When adult rats that had been exposed to alcohol during adolescence were given a cancer drug known to block the activity of HDAC2, the drug restored expression of the gene needed for synapse formation. The DNA was observed to be less tightly coiled, as expected. Most importantly, the rats exhibited less anxiety and reduced alcohol intake. “We aren’t sure if the drug needs to be given long term during adulthood in order to completely reverse the harmful effects of adolescent alcohol exposure,” Pandey said. Further experiments with this and other epigenetic drugs are planned.

8 Reasons Young Kids Shouldn’t Use Handheld Devices .


Originally seen on SimpleOrganicLife| Does your child often play with laptops, tablets or your smart phone? You might want to rethink that. Research is showing that exposing young children to these technologies actually harms them by keeping them from immersion into critical factors for development, behavior and learning. What else do we have to be concerned about?

1) Tablets impact brain growth

Between birth and the age, the brain triples in size and continues to rapidly develop until the age of 21 years. This requires a wide array of stimulation that doesn’t involve exposure to the technologies mentioned above. In some cases, these technologies cause cognitive delays, impaired learning and increased impulsivity.

2) Delayed social development

Toddlers who use things like iPads often have delayed social skills development like talking and lower academic achievement in school.

3) Obesity

This one should be a no-brainer. 1 in 4 Canadian children and 1 in 3 American children are overweight or obese. These devices often make our kids live more sedentary lives. That equals weight gain.

4) Sleep deprivation

Also not surprising. It’s not uncommon for kids to stay up too late playing computer games.  We are all guilty of staying up too late on our phones and devices.

5) “Digital Dementia” 

High speed media content contributes to attention deficits and decreased concentration. This is caused by “brain pruning” of neuronal tracks in the frontal cortex.

6) Increased addiction risk 

These technologies often detach parents from children. It’s been shown that when parental attachment is absent, the chances of addiction grows, particularly to the technology they’re addicted to.

7) Radiation exposure

The WHO classified cell phones as a possible carcinogen due to the radiation they emit. In 2013, Dr. Anthony Miller from the University of Toronto’s School of Public Health recommends that based on research, radio frequency exposure should be reclassified as a probable carcinogen.

8) Eye strain

Spending too much time in front of screens can be a strain on the eyes of anyone, but kids especially. Kids can develop computer vision syndrome, which is a type of eye strain. If your kids do use these technologies, restrict them to 30 minutes at a time.

Bayer deliberately infected asians and latinos with HIV


I actually thought this was pretty common knowledge, until I googled this headline trying to find mainstream discussion of it. Although it is covered well on Wikipedia, and there is a single article at the New York Times, very few news sources seem to be discussing the topic. Alas, there appears to be very little coverage of this well documented and ethically unacceptable decision by Bayer to sell HIV contaminated blood to countries in Asia and South America without informing them of the risk or taking any steps to prevent infection.

A recent study from 2014, better described a form of research audit, by Professor Leeman McHenry from California State University uncovered and further documented details of this shady business decision. The abstract paints a morbid picture: executives decided to ignore health risks in their antihemophilic blood products (AHF) when they were discovered to be contaminated by the HIV virus. Instead of doing the right thing and getting rid of or at least informing the buyers, Bayer executives in their Cutter Biomedical branch remained tight-lipped and sold the contaminated blood to uninformed buyers overseas.

bayeraids

The year this happened was 1985, and Bayer was completely aware that the products were contaminated, which is why they were sold in less developed markets, the NYT article describes this as “steering the riskier overseas.” When the FDA discovered this, according to the New York Times article, they decided NOT to inform the medical community or congress. Ironically, this type of behavior in the face of unethical behavior or even outright corruption is still commonplace in the FDA.

Why didn’t this make a bigger splash, why doesn’t this information come up on any of the first pages when you google Bayer and HIV together? The answer is simple: there is limited financial incentive for people to write about this, and much more financial incentive for Bayer to largely bury this story. In fact, burying a story may be accomplished by a company simplying paying for Google keywords related to the story, and pushing “sterilized” articles that don’t touch on the actual scandal or matter at hand. There was a law suit regarding the HIV contamination in 2003, but nothing ever came from it.

The only way we can circumvent these efforts to obscure the truth, to hide scandal, to hide corruption, is through direct communication. By talking to and informing others of what we find out, by supplying them with the sources to do their own confirmation, we not only inform them but set an example they are scientifically likely to follow.

Here is the exact timeline from the early 1980s, as listed in the NYT articles:

JULY 1982 — Centers for Disease Control reports three hemophiliacs ill with what later became known as AIDS and warns that the disease may be transmitted through blood products including concentrate.

JANUARY 1983 — A Cutter official warns in a letter that ”there is strong evidence to suggest that AIDS is passed on to other people through . . . plasma products.”

JUNE 1983 — Cutter complains to overseas distributors about ”unsubstantiated speculations” linking AIDS to concentrate.

FEBRUARY 1984 — Cutter gets license in the United States to sell new concentrate that has been heated to kill H.I.V.

OCTOBER 1984 — C.D.C. says a study with Cutter found that heat treatment kills the AIDS virus. Prototype H.I.V. test finds 74 percent of hemophiliacs who used unheated concentrate tested positive for H.I.V.

NOVEMBER 1984 — Cutter notes excess inventory of unheated product. ”Will review international markets” to see if more unheated product can be sold.

NOVEMBER 1984 — The company tells its Hong Kong distributor ”we must use up stocks” of unheated medicine before switching to ”safer, better” heat-treated product.

FEBRUARY 1985 — A Cutter task force asks in a memo, ”Can we in good faith continue to ship nonheat-treated coagulation products to Japan?”

APRIL 1985 — Cutter considers trying ”to influence a delay in introduction of heattreated product” in Japan. The company later says it did not act on that suggestion.

MAY 1985 — Cutter tells its Hong Kong distributor that the unheated medicine poses no ”severe hazard.”

MAY 1985 — Cutter says Hong Kong doctors question whether it is selling off ”excess stocks of old AIDS-tainted” medicine.

MAY 1985 — The Food and Drug Administration realizes that companies are still selling unheated concentrate overseas. F.D.A. official wants problem ”quietly solved without alerting the Congress, the medical community and the public,” according to Cutter documents.

 

NASA astronomer names asteroid after Malala Yousafzai


Asteroid named after Malala YousafzaiThe youngest Nobel Peace Prize winner and girls’ education campaigner Malala Yousafzai now has an asteroid named after her.

Amy Mainzer, astronomer at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in California, named Asteroid 316201 after Malala, Dawn online reported Friday.

Asteroid named after Malala YousafzaiAsteroid named after Malala YousafzaiShe said, “It is a great honour to be able to name an asteroid after Malala. My postdoctoral fellow Dr. Carrie Nugent brought to my attention the fact that although many asteroids have been named, very few have been named to honor the contributions of women (and particularly women of color).”

Mainzer discovered the asteroid in the Main Belt between Mars and Jupiter which gives her the right to name it. It orbits the Sun every 5.5 years.