What Sugar Does to Your Body

The instant something sweet touches your tongue, your taste buds direct-message your brain: deee-lish. Your noggin’s reward system ignites, unleashing dopamine. Meanwhile, the sugar you swallowed lands in your stomach, where it’s diluted by digestive juices and shuttled into your small intestine. Enzymes begin breaking down every bit of it into two types of molecules: glucose and fructose. Most added sugar comes from sugar cane or sugar beets and is equal parts glucose and fructose; lab-concocted high-fructose corn syrup, however, often has more processed fructose than glucose. Eaten repeatedly, these molecules can hit your body…hard.



  • It seeps through the walls of your small intestine, triggering your pancreas to secrete insulin, a hormone that grabs glucose from your blood and delivers it to your cells to be used as energy.
  • But many sweet treats are loaded with so much glucose that it floods your body, lending you a quick and dirty high. Your brain counters by shooting out serotonin, a sleep-regulating hormone. Cue: sugar crash.
  • Insulin also blocks production of leptin, the “hunger hormone” that tells your brain that you’re full. The higher your insulin levels, the hungrier you will feel (even if you’ve just eaten a lot). Now in a simulated starvation mode, your brain directs your body to start storing glucose as belly fat.
  • Busy-beaver insulin is also surging in your brain, a phenomenon that could eventually lead to Alzheimer’s disease. Out of whack, your brain produces less dopamine, opening the door for cravings and addiction-like neurochemistry.
  • Still munching? Your pancreas has pumped out so much insulin that your cells have become resistant to the stuff; all that glucose is left floating in your bloodstream, causing prediabetes or, eventually, full-force diabetes.


  • It, too, seeps through your small intestine into the bloodstream, which delivers fructose straight to your liver.
  • ​Your liver works to metabolize fructose—i.e., turn it into something your body can use. But the organ is easily overwhelmed, especially if you have a raging sweet tooth. Over time, excess fructose can prompt globules of fat to grow throughout the liver, a process called lipogenesis, the precursor to nonalcoholic fatty liver disease.
  • ​Too much fructose also lowers HDL, or “good” cholesterol, and spurs the production of triglycerides, a type of fat that can migrate from the liver to the arteries, raising your risk for heart attack or stroke.
  • ​Your liver sends an S.O.S. for extra insulin (yep, the multitasker also aids liver function). Overwhelmed, your pancreas is now in overdrive, which can result in total-body inflammation that, in turn, puts you at even higher risk for obesity and diabetes.

New version of common antibiotic could eliminate risk of hearing loss .

A commonly used antibiotic can be modified to eliminate the risk that it will cause hearing loss, a study in mice has demonstrated. The newly patented antibiotic, N1MS, cured urinary tract infection in mice just as well as sisomcicin, but did not cause deafness, study results show. The study presents a promising new approach to generating a new class of novel, nontoxic antibiotics, researchers say.

On Christmas Eve, 2002, Bryce Faber was diagnosed with a deadly cancer called neuroblastoma. The 2-year-old’s treatment, which, in addition to surgery, included massive amounts of radiation followed by even more massive amounts of antibiotics, no doubt saved his life. But those same mega-doses of antibiotics, while staving off infections in his immunosuppressed body, caused a permanent side effect: deafness.

“All I remember is coming out of treatment not being able to hear anything,” said Bryce, now a healthy 14-year-old living in Arizona. “I asked my mom, ‘Why have all the people stopped talking?'” He was 90 percent deaf.

“The loss has been devastating,” said his father, Bart Faber. “But not as devastating as losing him would have been.”

Treatment with aminoglycosides, the most commonly used class of antibiotics worldwide, is often a lifesaving necessity. But an estimated 20-60 percent of all patients who receive these antibiotics suffer partial or complete hearing loss.

Now, in a study that will be published online Jan. 2 in the Journal of Clinical Investigation, researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine report that they have developed a modified version of an aminoglycoside that works effectively in mice without the risk of causing deafness or kidney damage, another common side effect.

The researchers hope to test versions of the modified antibiotic in humans as soon as possible.

“If we can eventually prevent people from going deaf from taking these antibiotics, in my mind, we will have been successful,” said Anthony Ricci, PhD, professor of otolaryngology-head and neck surgery and co-senior author of the study. “Our goal is to replace the existing aminoglycosides with ones that aren’t toxic.”

Four years in the making

It took the scientists four years of research to produce 5 grams of the newly patented antibiotic, N1MS, which is derived from sisomicin, a type of aminoglycoside.

N1MS cured urinary tract infection in mice just as well as sisomcicin, but did not cause deafness, study results show. The study presents a promising new approach to generating a new class of novel, nontoxic antibiotics, Ricci said.

The two senior authors — Ricci and Alan Cheng, MD, associate professor of otolaryngology-head and neck surgery — joined forces in 2007 to explore the idea of creating new and improved versions of these antibiotics based on a simple yet groundbreaking idea born of Ricci’s basic science research into the biophysics of how hearing works within the inner ear.

“It’s a nice example of how basic science research is directly translatable into clinical applications,” said Ricci.

Ricci is an expert on the process by which sound waves open ion channels within the sensory hair cells of the inner ear, allowing their conversion to electrical signals that eventually reach the brain.

Because aminoglycosides cause deafness by killing these nonregenerating hair cells, Ricci postulated, why not simply make the drug molecules unable to enter the cells’ channels?

The idea made sense to Cheng.

“As a clinician-scientist, I treat kids with hearing loss,” Cheng said. “When a drug causes hearing loss it is devastating, and it’s especially disturbing when this happens to a young child as they rely on hearing to acquire speech.

“When I came to Stanford seven years ago from the University of Washington, I was exploring the angle that maybe we could add drugs to protect the ear from toxicity. Tony brought up this new idea: Why don’t we just not let the drug get in? Great idea, I thought. When do we start to work?”

A potent antibiotic

For 20 years, and despite newer, alternative antibiotics, aminoglycosides have remained the mainstay treatment worldwide for many bacterial diseases, including pneumonia, peritonitis and sepsis. They also are often used when other antibiotics have failed to treat infections of unknown origins.

Their popularity is due, in part, to their low cost, lack of need for refrigeration and effectiveness at treating bacterial infections at a time when the declining potency of antibiotics is a major public health concern. They are frequently used in neonatal intensive care units to battle infections, or even the threat of infections, which pose a life-threatening risk for babies. Exactly how many premature babies suffer hearing loss as a side effect of treatment with the drug is unknown, Ricci said.

“The toxicity of these drugs is something we accept as a necessary evil,” said Daria Mochly-Rosen, PhD, director of SPARK, a program at Stanford that assists scientists in moving their discoveries from bench to bedside.

SPARK worked closely with Ricci and Cheng, providing both the funding and the expertise necessary as they entered the new landscape of drug development. “Being an expert on the inner ear put Dr. Ricci in a unique position to help design a better drug — one that would be a huge advantage, especially for premature babies,” Mochly-Rosen said. “This is a project that could make a huge difference in human health.”

For decades, researchers have looked for ways of preventing aminoglycosides from killing off the hearing cells of the inner ear, Ricci said.

“So many approaches have failed,” Ricci said. “The main problem has been that if you succeeded in stopping the drug from killing hair cells, then you also stopped its antimicrobial effect. The drug just doesn’t work anymore.”

The goal, Ricci said, was to keep the antibacterial properties of the drug intact while preventing it from entering the inner-ear cell’s ion channels. He and his fellow researchers used data from structural biologists at Stanford who better understood how the antibiotics fought off infection.

“We figured, well, let’s not mess with that part of the drug,” Ricci said. “We targeted sites on the drug molecule that were not involved in the antimicrobial activity that kills off infection. This allowed us to reduce toxicity to the ear while retaining antimicrobial action.”

The researchers made nine different compounds derived from sisomicin. All nine were significantly less toxic than sisomicin to hair cells when tested in the laboratory. Three of the nine were comparable to sisomicin in inhibiting the growth of and killing E. coli bacteria. Of the three derivatives, however, N1MS was the most effective against the bacteria, and the researchers used it to successfully treat E. coli-caused bladder infection in a mouse model while leaving hearing intact. They also found that, unlike the parent compound, N1MS was nontoxic to the kidneys.

“We postulate that entry into kidney cells is also through a channel, and so entry is reduced here as well,” Ricci said. “It is speculation at this point because unlike with the hair cell, we have not measured drug entry into the kidney cells, but it seems reasonable.”

Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Stanford University Medical Center. The original article was written by Tracie White. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.

Journal Reference:

  1. Markus E. Huth, Kyu-Hee Han, Kayvon Sotoudeh, Yi-Ju Hsieh, Thomas Effertz, Andrew A. Vu, Sarah Verhoeven, Michael H. Hsieh, Robert Greenhouse, Alan G. Cheng, Anthony J. Ricci. Designer aminoglycosides prevent cochlear hair cell loss and hearing loss. Journal of Clinical Investigation, 2015; DOI:10.1172/JCI77424

Not all obese people develop metabolic problems linked to excess weight .

Obesity does not always go hand in hand with metabolic changes in the body that can lead to diabetes, heart disease and stroke, according to new research. In addition, obese people who didn’t have these metabolic problems when the study began did not develop them even after they gained more weight.

Samuel Klein, MD, and colleagues at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis found that a subset of obese people are protected from developing unhealthy metabolic profiles linked to diabetes and heart disease even when they gain additional weight.

New research demonstrates that obesity does not always go hand in hand with metabolic changes in the body that can lead to diabetes, heart disease and stroke.

In a study at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, researchers found that a subset of obese people do not have common metabolic abnormalities associated with obesity, such as insulin resistance, abnormal blood lipids (high triglycerides and low HDL cholesterol), high blood pressure and excess liver fat.

In addition, obese people who didn’t have these metabolic problems when the study began did not develop them even after they gained more weight.

The findings are published Jan. 2 in The Journal of Clinical Investigation.

The study involved 20 obese participants who were asked to gain about 15 pounds over several months to determine how the extra pounds affected their metabolic functions.

“Our goal was to have research participants consume 1,000 extra calories every day until each gained 6 percent of his or her body weight,” said first author Elisa Fabbrini, MD, PhD, assistant professor of medicine. “This was not easy to do. It is just as difficult to get people to gain weight as it is to get them to lose weight.”

All of the subjects gained weight by eating at fast-food restaurants, under the supervision of a dietitian. The researchers chose fast-food chain restaurants that provide rigorously regulated portion sizes and nutritional information.

Before and after weight gain, the researchers carefully evaluated each study subject’s body composition, insulin sensitivity and ability to regulate blood sugar, liver fat and other measures of metabolic health.

After gaining weight, the metabolic profiles of obese subjects remained normal if they were in the normal range when the study began. But the metabolic profiles significantly worsened after weight gain in obese subjects whose metabolic profiles already were abnormal when the study got underway.

“This research demonstrates that some obese people are protected from the adverse metabolic effects of moderate weight gain, whereas others are predisposed to develop these problems,” said senior investigator Samuel Klein, MD, the Danforth Professor of Medicine and Nutritional Science and director of Washington University’s Center for Human Nutrition.

“This observation is important clinically because about 25 percent of obese people do not have metabolic complications,” he added. “Our data shows that these people remain metabolically normal even after they gain additional weight.”

As part of the study, the researchers then helped the subjects lose the weight they had gained.

“It’s important to point out that once the study was completed, we enrolled all subjects in our weight-loss program to make sure they lost all of the weight they had gained, or more,” said Klein, who also directs the Division of Geriatrics and Nutritional Science and the Atkins Center of Excellence in Obesity Medicine.

The researchers identified some key measurements that distinguished metabolically normal obese subjects from those with problems. One was the presence of fat inside the liver. Those with abnormal metabolism accumulated fat there.

Another difference involved gene function in fat tissue. People with normal metabolism in spite of their obesity expressed more genes that regulate fat production and accumulation. And the activity of those genes increased even more when the metabolically normal people gained weight. That wasn’t true for people with abnormal metabolism.

“These results suggest that the ability of body fat to expand and increase in a healthy way may protect some people from the metabolic problems associated with obesity and weight gain,” said Klein.

He noted that obesity contributes to more than 60 different unhealthy conditions.

“We need more studies to try to understand why obesity causes specific diseases in some people but not in others,” Klein said. “Could it be genetics, specific dietary intake, physical lifestyle, emotional health or even the microbes that live in the gut?”

As they look for answers, Klein and his colleagues plan to more closely analyze fat, muscle and liver tissue and to include lean people in future studies so that the researchers can learn more about how and why some individuals are protected from metabolic problems while others are vulnerable.

While the study was underway, it was featured in the HBO documentary “Weight of the Nation.” A 10-minute segment of the program that focuses on the study begins at 42:10 in the HBO video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-pEkCbqN4uo

Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Washington University School of Medicine. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.

Journal Reference:

  1. Elisa Fabbrini, Jun Yoshino, Mihoko Yoshino, Faidon Magkos, Courtney Tiemann Luecking, Dmitri Samovski, Gemma Fraterrigo, Adewole L. Okunade, Bruce W. Patterson, Samuel Klein. Metabolically normal obese people are protected from adverse effects following weight gain. Journal of Clinical Investigation, 2015; DOI: 10.1172/JCI78425

Superfoods That Make Your Skin Look Younger!!


Superfoods That Will Make You Look Younger !!


When talking about preventing the signs of aging, superfoods come on top of the list. Thousands of research studies proved that superfoods have the highest concentration of nutrients, antioxidants, and other compounds to protect and repair damage to the skin cells.

It is vital to maintain wise food choices to achieve a younger, healthier body, and vitality boost. Here are some of the healthiest choices of foods that you should add to your diet.

Top 10 Superfoods to Keep You Young


Tomatoes are one of the superfood that deserves a place in your meal plan. In case you don’t know, tomatoes is a helpful food to maintain a healthy skin, prevent age-related diseases, and even prevent the risk of certain types of cancer.

Tomatoes contain high levels of lycopene, a compound that is considered the most potent antioxidant of the carotenoids. In many studies, lycopene have shown to strengthen skin by inhibiting the activity of collagenases. Collagenases are a category of enzymes that involved in the breakdown of collagen in the skin, which aids in making your skin firmer and prevents wrinkling.



Flaxseed oil is obtained from processing the seeds of a flax plant. It is high in omega-3 fatty acids, especially alpha linoleic acid (ALA). A regular consumption of food that is rich in omega-3 fatty acids help your skin protect itself by increasing the natural oils in your skin’s surface. These fats and oils are important for keeping your skin soft, protecting it from irritants and preventing it from drying out.


Cherry Juice

Cherries are naturally high in antioxidants that works wonders for the skin. Red cherries contains 17 different antioxidants which fights the damaging free radicals that are responsible for premature aging thus slowing down the aging process optimally.



Many people are not aware that onions are actually good for the skin. In fact, it is packed with Vitamins A, C, and E, which helps fight against the damage caused by the harmful UV rays. In addition, onions have antiseptic properties that can shield your skin from acne-causing bacteria and other skin inflammations.



Guava is loaded with antioxidants that come from nature. It has a high content of Vitamins A, C, and potassium, which are known for its antioxidant functions. Guava is very effective in combating acne and dark spots through its antiseptic properties. This works by killing the bacteria that causes acne. The various antioxidants in guava also play a role in combating the free radical, which is the main cause of wrinkles.


Citrus Fruits

Many studies have shown that the essence of citrus fruits has a calming effect on the skin. The wide range of phytonutrients is known to contribute to healthy and vibrant skin. Most of the citrus fruits contain flavanones, anthocyanins, polyphenols, and vitamin C.


Red Bell Pepper

Aside from giving delicious flavor and attractiveness to bland dishes, bell peppers especially the red ones are chocked full of nutrients such as vitamins A, C, and K, carotenoids, and dietary fiber which are all essential for a healthy skin. Also, it is high in vitamin C, which is a potent antioxidant that helps protect the skin from the damaging free radicals.



Blueberries are known to have the highest level of antioxidants that is good for your skin. In addition, it is rich in vitamins A and C, fiber, and other nutrients that help people who suffer from acne, broken capillaries or splotchy skin. The nutrients in blueberries may neutralize or normalize oil levels in your skin, which are less likely to accumulate sebum.


Brussels Sprouts

Brussels sprouts are members of the cruciferous vegetables. This group of vegetables offers a unique composition of antioxidants and nutrients that promotes good health. A healthy body promotes an even better looking skin.



Basil may not be popular in the superfood category but it is a fact that is offers amazing health and skincare benefits. Many skin care supplements that claims to improve the tone of your skin contains basil due to its antioxidants and anti-inflammatory properties. Basil is commonly used to treat the symptoms of acne and other skin infections.



Having a younger looking skin does not always come in a jar or in a drugstore. The secrets for a healthy looking skin are often found in the garden, in your kitchen, in the market or grocery stores.

13 ways to improve your studying process

13 ways to improve your studying process

Are you having a hard time trying to concentrate on your lessons? Or do you simply need new ideas on how to enhance your studying routine? Well, we have prepared a special list of 13 ways to give your learning process a serious boost. 1. If you are the type of person who gets distracted easily, listening to music while studying would not be a good idea. But this applies only for music with lyrics. Listening to different kinds of melodies can actually help you concentrate on your tasks. Researches have proven that classical music can enhance the studying process and help you memorize information or solve problems easier. 2. Writing down the main points of the lessons when in class can significantly help you with your exam preparation. It can also help you remember the most important ideas of each lesson especially if you take notes on paper. 3. Sitting in a comfortable position and on the proper chair is really important for your studying. Having a bad posture can lower your energy as you don’t breathe properly, and therefore this can directly affect the quality of your studying. 4. Repetition is the mother of learning. When trying to memorize something, why not try to rewrite it several times and see if that works for you? Copying the notes you did in class is a good way to start because they usually are the most important concepts you need to concentrate on. 5. Another good idea would be to set a proper atmosphere for concentration. Logging off the social networks and setting your phone on silent mode is a great way to start. 6. Try to really understand the concepts of the lessons. You may have to reread the texts over and over again in order to truly comprehend the ideas in them. Also, reading slowly will improve your memorization process rather than reading fast or just going over the texts. 7. When learning new stuff, what can really help you memorize them is to understand which of the facts are the most important. Concentrate on learning them first and then go into more details. This will help keeping your focus on the main ideas and can make studying for a test easier. 8. Planning your time can really improve not only your studying process, but your daily routine, too. Setting a fixed time only for studying will make it a habit and therefore, it will be easier to start once you get used to it. 9. Take a few deep breaths. This can lower the pressure especially if you are preparing for an important exam. Deep breathing gives your body and mind the opportunity to relax and you will feel a better flow of energy. 10. You probably won’t like that idea but starting with the hardest subjects first is a good way to improve your preparation. This is because you will need better concentration and more energy in order to understand the toughest lessons for you. Leaving the hard work for later can play a bad joke on you because your will power to start studying will be lower than in the beginning of the studying process. 11. Skipping the homework is not a good idea if you really want to learn something. Make it a habit to always write your homework because it is a way to test your knowledge and see if there are some things you have missed out and need to work more on. 12. Exercise is beneficial not only for the body but for the mind as well. It helps you strengthen your will power and improves your concentration and creativity. 13. Rereading your notes weekly or monthly can definitely help you with the exam preparation. If you want good grades, studying during the semester is the way to go, not only for the exams. – See more at: http://www.thinkinghumanity.com/2014/12/13-ways-to-improve-your-studying-process.html?m=1#sthash.Cuoae5hP.dpuf

Amazing 96 Year Old Yogini Attains World Record .

watch the video. URL: https://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=u76yQEdflVM

From the desk of Zedie.

Krokodil, The Flesh-Eating Street Drug That Rots Skin From Inside-Out, Expands To Illinois – theusefulinfo

It’s called “the most horrible drug in the world” — and it’s come to Illinois.

Dr.Abhin Singala, a specialist at Presence St. Joseph Medical Center in the Chicago suburb of Joliet, said he’s treating three people who took “krokodil,” a cheap heroin knockoff from Russia known to cause such extreme gangrene and abscesses that a user’s muscles, tendons and bones can become exposed.
“If you want to kill yourself, this is the way to do it,” Singla said according to the Sun-Times.


According to Joliet Patch, Singla is treating what appear to be the first cases of krokodil reported in the Chicago metro area.


“As of late as last week, the first cases – a few people in Utah and Arizona – were reported to have been using the heroin-like drug, which rots the skin from the inside out,” Singala said in a Tuesday pressrelease. “It is a horrific way to get sick. The smell of rotten flesh permeates the room. Intensive treatment and skin grafts are required, but they often are not enough to save limbs or lives.”
While the drug has been in Russia for at least a decade, krokodil is only now making its way to the states. The first reported instances of the intravaneous drug cropped up in Arizona roughly two weeks ago.
Krokodil, named for the scaly green appearance of skin once gangrene sets in, rose to popularity in Russia due to a heroin shortage. Also known as desomorphine, the budget drug (roughly one-tenth the cost of heroin) is made from codeine tablets combined with substances like gasoline, paint thinner or lighter fluid.
As Forbes notes, however, desomorphine itself isn’t responsible for the “rotting from the inside-out” effect of krokodil; the drug was in fact patented in the ’30s and marketed in Switzerland under the brand name Permonid.
The deadly effects from illicit version of the painkiller, however, stem from the substances Forbes says “amateur chemists” don’t properly remove.
Still, those facts are of little comfort to Illinois health officials. The collar counties outside Chicago have seen an alarming spike in heroin deaths in the past few years.
The average life expectancy for a krokodil addict, Singala said, is less than two years.
In Will County where Singala is treating the krokodil cases, he warns “Will County’s already burgeoning heroin epidemic may have created a tolerance level to the point where users are now looking for cheaper and better highs.”

The most effective weapon in the war on drugs is education.

Cancer Doctor Comes Clean About Chemo Scam

In a crowded courtroom in downtown Detroit, the onetime prominent cancer doctor stood before the judge.With his hands cuffed and his head lowered, the man in the bright red jail suit made a surprise move.Dr. Farid Fata, who was charged with intentionally misdiagnosing healthy people with cancer and pumping dying patients with chemo to make money, pleaded guilty.

Cancer doctor admits scam

“It is my choice,” Fata said on Tuesday of his surprise guilty plea, which included rattling off the names of numerous drugs he prescribed for his patients over the years. In each admission, he uttered these words:

“I knew that it was medically unnecessary.”

Fata, 49, a married father of three, pleaded guilty to 13 counts of health care fraud, two counts of money laundering and one count of conspiracy to pay and receive kickbacks. He faces sentencing in February before U.S. District Judge Paul Borman.

U.S. Attorney Barbara McQuade said she plans to seek life in prison for Fata, calling his case is “the most egregious” health care fraud case her office has seen. She said Fata not only bilked the government — which is typical in such cases — but he also harmed patients.
In a surprise move, cancer doctor Farid Fata pleaded guilty today to his role in a health care scam. U.S. Attorney Barbara McQuade talks about the case. Tresa Baldas

“In this case, we had Dr. Fata administering chemotherapy to people who didn’t need it, essentially putting poison into their bodies and telling them that they had cancer when they didn’t have cancer,” McQuade told the Free Press. “The idea that a doctor would lie to a patient just to make money is shocking … Dr. Fata was unique in that he saw patients not as people to heal, but as commodities to exploit.”

McQuade said her office wasn’t completely surprised by the sudden guilty plea, which came during what was supposed to be a hearing on evidence that would be presented at trial.

Fata’s lawyers, Mark Kriger and Christopher Andreoff, declined comment.

 Fata of Oakland Township was charged with running a $35-million Medicare fraud scheme that involved billing the government for medically unnecessary oncology and hematology treatments. The government says Fata ran the scheme from 2009 to the present, through his medical businesses, including Michigan Hematology Oncology Centers, with offices in Clarkston, Bloomfield Hills, Lapeer, Sterling Heights, Troy and Oak Park.

According to the government, Fata had a patient load of 1,200 people and received $62 million from Medicare; he billed for more than $150 million.

Fata, a native of Lebanon, has lived in Michigan for a decade and became a naturalized citizen in 2009. He is being held on $9 million bond.

Angela Swantek, a chemotherapy nurse who blew the whistle on Fata to state authorities in 2010, was in the courtroom during Fata’s guilty plea. She said she was relieved to hear him admit to things she witnessed years ago in his office. “I’m numb,” she said in a court hallway. “I’m not surprised though; I wondered how his team was going to defend him. The charts don’t lie.”

Swantek, 45, of Royal Oak, said she went to Fata’s office for a job interview in 2010 when she saw patients getting chemotherapy in a manner that wasn’t correct. “I left after an hour and half. I thought this is insane,” she said.

That same day, Swantek went home and wrote a letter to the state and suggested they investigate him.

According to Swantek, the state did nothing and notified her in 2011 that they had found no wrongdoing.

“I handed them Dr. Fata on a platter in 2010 and they did absolutely nothing,” said Swantek, noting she was elated when she learned the federal government charged Fata in 2013.

“I started crying,” she said. “I thought about all of the patients he took care of and harmed.”

Cynthia Burt, whose sister was a patient of Fata’s, also was in the courtroom. She believes Fata pleaded guilty because he “knew the evidence was bad against him.”

” I feel sorry that we’re not going to hear the entire story,” Burt said. “But I’m glad that he’s convicted.”

As for his punishment, Burt said: “I want him to get life.”


Monsanto Pesticides To Blame For Birth Defects In Argentina .

Argentina has become one of the worlds largest soybean producers, with the majority of its crops being majorly composed of genetically modified organisms (GMOs). Agrochemical spraying in the country has mushroomed over the last several years, in 1990 roughly 9 million gallons of argochemical spraying was needed, compared to today’s requirement of roughly 84 million gallons. Included in that was the use of over 200 million liters of herbicides containing poisons such as glyphosate, the main ingredient in Roundup. The country’s entire soybean crop, along with nearly all of its cotton and corn crops, have become genetically modified over the last decade. Along with the increase in GMO crops and pesticide use, the country has seen a disturbing and alarming growth in the prevalence of birth defects, cancer rates, and other negative health ailments. This has lead many of its citizens, including medical professionals, to assert the notion that pesticides, GMOs, and biotech giants are the ones to blame.

Two year old Camila Veron [pictured above], was born with multiple organ problems and severely disabled, the doctors had told her family that the agrochemicals might have been to blame. And dozens of other similar cases have been witnessed in the area. It is firmly believed that the herbicide used on the genetically modified crops, may over an extended period of time after consumption, cause brain, intestinal, and heart defects in fetuses. In Ituzaingo, a district comprised of roughly 5,000 people [and surrounded by many soy fields] has seen over the past eight years, more than 300 documented cases of cancer associated with fumigations and pesticides have been experienced, they have reported cancer rates that are 41 times the national average.

Sergio H. Lence, "The Agricultural Sector in Argentina: Major Trends and Recent Developmebts," 2010Monsanto has [unsurprisingly] denied the claims that their GMOs have contributed in any way to the increased occurrence of experienced birth defects in the nation. Even though dozens of cases have been exposed which illustrate the misuse and illegality of pesticide application, pesticides are showing up in alarming rates in the soil and drinking water. Disturbingly, 80% of children surveyed in one area were found to have pesticides in their blood. Studies have demonstrated that low concentrations of pesticides [such as glyphosate] is understood to harm human cells and cause cancer.

Unfortunately for the Monsanto public relations department, the Associated Press has documented numerous cases within the country where poisons are being, and have been, applied in ways which are prohibited by existing law, or unanticipated by regulatory science. Medical professionals in the area have also been advising their clients that pesticide application within the country may be to blame. Not only is the rise of Roundup-saturated crops a potential health risk to residents of the area, but it’s a danger to the environment, and other animals that will eat these crops. In the ongoing battle against genetically modified foods and biotech [government-protected] corporate giants like Monsanto, it is crucial to remember that genetically engineered foods have never been proven safe for consumption over an extended period of time. One only hopes that corporations such as Monsanto, who destroy lives and communities, be held responsible for their carelessly negligible actions.


E-Readers Foil Good Night’s Sleep

Light-emitting electronic devices keep readers awake longer than old-fashioned print.

Use of a light-emitting electronic book (LE-eBook) in the hours before bedtime can adversely impact overall health, alertness and the circadian clock, which synchronizes the daily rhythm of sleep to external environmental time cues, according to Harvard Medical School researchers at Brigham and Women’s Hospital. These findings of the study that compared the biological effects of reading an LE-eBook to a printed book are published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences on December 22, 2014.


“We found the body’s natural circadian rhythms were interrupted by the short-wavelength enriched light, otherwise known as blue light, from these electronic devices,” said Anne-Marie Chang, corresponding author and associate neuroscientist at Brigham and Women’s Division of Sleep and Circadian Disorders. “Participants reading an LE-eBook took longer to fall asleep and had reduced evening sleepiness, reduced melatonin secretion, later timing of their circadian clock and reduced next-morning alertness than when reading a printed book.”

Previous research has shown that blue light suppresses melatonin, impacts the circadian clock and increases alertness, but little was known about the effects of this popular technology on sleep. The use of light-emitting devices immediately before bedtime is a concern because of the extremely powerful effect that light has on the body’s natural sleep/wake pattern and how that may play a role in perpetuating sleep deficiency.

During the two-week inpatient study, twelve participants read digital books on an iPad for four hours before bedtime each night for five consecutive nights. This was repeated with printed books. The order was randomized with some reading on the iPad first and others reading the printed book first. Participants reading on the iPad took longer to fall asleep, were less sleepy in the evening and spent less time in REM sleep. They had reduced secretion of melatonin, a hormone that normally rises in the evening and plays a role in inducing sleepiness. Additionally, iPad readers had a delayed circadian rhythm, indicated by melatonin levels, of more than an hour. Participants who read on the iPad were less sleepy before bedtime but were sleepier and less alert the following morning after eight hours of sleep. Although iPads were used in this study, researchers also measured other devices that emit blue light, including eReaders, laptops, cell phones and LED monitors.

“In the past 50 years, there has been a decline in average sleep duration and quality,” said Charles Czeisler, the HMS Frank Baldino, Jr., Ph.D. Professor of Sleep Medicine and chief of the Brigham and Women’s Division of Sleep and Circadian Disorders. “Since more people are choosing electronic devices for reading, communication and entertainment, particularly children and adolescents who already experience significant sleep loss, epidemiological research evaluating the long-term consequences of these devices on health and safety is urgently needed.”

Researchers emphasize the importance of these findings, given recent evidence linking chronic suppression of melatonin secretion by nocturnal light exposure with the increased risk of breast cancer, colorectal cancer and prostate cancer.