You’re probably familiar with clove, an aromatic spice that is commonly used in Indian and Chinese culture as seasoning and for medicinal purposes. Cloves, also known as clove buds, gained popularity all over the world, especially in the western hemisphere, during the 7th century because of their health benefits.
Like other spices, cloves can also be used to make an essential oil. While it is not as popular as other plant oils, there are numerous reasons why you should consider having clove bud oil at home.
What Is Clove Bud Oil?
Clove bud oil is derived from the clove tree, a member of the Myrtaceae family. This tree is native to Southeast Asian countries like Indonesia. From the evergreen, you can derive three types of clove essential oils: clove bud oil, clove leaf oil, and clove stem oil.
Out of the three, clove bud essential oil – also known as Eugenia carophyllata – is the most popular in aromatherapy. Oil produced from the leaves and stems have stronger chemical compositions and can easily cause skin irritations, which makes them unfit for aromatherapy.1
During the time of ancient Greeks and Romans, this plant oil was used to relieve toothaches and to combat bad breath.2 Its presence was also found in Chinese and Ayurvedic medicine with the same purpose.
Today, clove bud oil is known for its benefits to oral health.3 This essential oil has been approved as a dental anesthetic and, as mouthwash and gargle, can help relieve toothaches, as well as fight mouth and throat infections. It is also added to pharmaceutical and dental products.
Uses of Clove Bud Oil
The oil of clove buds is known for its antimicrobial, antifungal, antiseptic, antiviral, aphrodisiac, and stimulant properties. Apart from its positive effects in the field of dental care, it can also be used as a treatment for minor health concerns. Below are some of the most common uses of this plant oil:4, 5, 6
- Digestive aid – Cloves possess beneficial properties that help relax the smooth muscle lining in your gastrointestinal tract. When used as an oil, it can aid in halting digestive problems, like nausea and vomiting.
- Skin care product – When applied topically, clove buds can help address skin problems like warts, acne, sagging skin, and wrinkles.
- Insect repellent – When used together with citrus essential oils, this plant oil can help ward insects away.
- Expectorant – Clove bud oil is also used to help ease respiratory problems, such as cough, colds, sinusitis, asthma, and tuberculosis. In fact, chewing on a clove bud is said to help sore throats.
- Antiseptic – It is applied topically to address fungal infections, wounds, and cuts. It is also a common treatment for athlete’s foot.
- Perfume ingredient – Bud oil, with its strong and unique scent, is used in carnation, rose, and honeysuckle perfumes. It has a strong and unique scent.
- Flavoring agent – This is because of the oil’s unique flavor and aroma.
- Soap ingredient – Clove bud oil is used in soaps not just for its fragrance, but also because of its relaxing and antiseptic qualities.
- Massage oil – It can be used to relieve pain and stress.
Composition of Clove Bud Oil
The predominant chemical constituents found in all three types of clove oils are eugenol, eugenyl acetate, and caryophyllene. However, these three types all vary in their eugenol content. For instance, clove leaf oil contains very low levels of eugenol, compared to clove bud oil. Oil derived from the clove stem contains the highest amount of the compound, which makes it unsuitable for external applications.
Benefits of Clove Bud Oil
Clove oil owes much of its health benefits to eugenol,7 which make up to 90 percent of the oil. This compound provides potent antiseptic and anti-inflammatory benefits, and is also responsible for preventing cloves from spoiling.
Thanks to this chemical compound, this plant oil is very effective against dental pain, sore gums, mouth ulcers, cavities, and bad breath. It is because of the compound that clove oil, as well as other spice oils that contain eugenol (like cinnamon, basil, and nutmeg oils), are added to dental products, insect repellents, perfumes, foods, and even pharmaceutical products.
Eugenol also causes clove oil to have stimulating and warming properties, which make it a popular choice among aromatherapy practitioners. Part of its list of benefits is its ability to stimulate your metabolism by helping improve your blood circulation and lowering your body temperature. It can also contribute to your digestive health and address problems like hiccups, indigestion, motion sickness, and excess gas.
Apart from helping support your metabolism, clove bud oil can also help relieve stress and help lessen mental exhaustion. Some use it to tackle neural health problems, such as depression and anxiety. The oil can also work as an aphrodisiac and treatment for insomnia.Make Clove Bud Oil
Clove bud essential oil, including the other two forms of clove oil, is produced by steam distillation. However, you can also extract oil from clove buds at home. Here’s an easy-to-follow guide from eHow.com:8
What You’ll Need
- 4 fresh clove buds, crushed
- 600 ML airtight bottleneck jar
- Carrier oil, like olive oil