Is Sleep Apnea a Risk Factor for Chronic Kidney Disease?


The prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is increasing, which presents challenges for both patients and health-care budgets. Although this phenomenon has been attributed to the growth in diabetes, hypertension, and obesity, sleep apnea and nocturnal hypoxemia may also contribute to the pathogenesis of CKD and its progression to kidney failure. Two pathophysiologic mechanisms responsible for CKD are glomerular hyperfiltration and chronic intrarenal hypoxia, resulting in tubulointerstitial injury, the final common pathway to end-stage kidney disease (ESKD). Multiple descriptive studies have demonstrated an association between CKD and sleep apnea. Although sleep apnea is common in patients with CKD and associated with significant nocturnal hypoxemia, it is often relatively free of sleep-related symptoms, making it difficult to detect without objective nocturnal monitoring. Nevertheless, sleep apnea and nocturnal hypoxemia have been associated with loss of kidney function and kidney injury, suggesting that they contribute to the pathogenesis of continued deterioration in kidney function. There are several pathways through which sleep apnea may achieve this, including a direct effect of intrarenal hypoxia and activation of the systemic and renal renin-angiotensin system. Further research is required to better understand these relationships and determine whether specific interventions in patients with sleep apnea have an impact on clinical outcomes, such as reducing the prevalence of CKD and delaying its progression to ESKD.

 

Does Milk Actually Build Strong Bones? Sugar Content May Lead To Greater Fracture Risks.


milk
Researchers find link between high milk consumption and increased mortality risk. 

Mankind’s relationship with milk post-infancy is still relatively new. In fact, two-thirds of the human population still lack the enzyme needed to break down the lactose in milk and will most surely end up with the monster of all stomach aches if they drink too much. Still, for those of us who are able to drink milk without too much of a discomfort, we’ve drank with the idea that we were somewhat improving our bone health.

However, many scholars have noticed that when it comes to osteoporosis and milk consumption, the numbers just don’t add up. The countries with the highest rates of osteoporosis, such as the United States and countries in the European Union, are some of the biggest global milk consumers, Slate reported. Could it be that milk actually doesn’t do all that much for bone health after all?

In order to answer this question, which could potentially lead to a revision of medical books throughout the world, a team of Swedish researchers followed 61,433 women and 45,339 men for between 11 and 20 years, tracking their diet and bone health. Results showed that for women, higher milk consumption was not associated with a reduction in fracture risk. On top of this, women who drank more than three glasses of milk a day were found to have a higher risk of death than women who drank less than one glass. The men showed similar results with an even more pronounced association between high milk consumption and higher risk of death.

“Our results may question the validity of recommendations to consume high amounts of milk to prevent fragility fractures,” wrote the study’s authors in a press release. “The results should, however, be interpreted cautiously given the observational design of our study. The findings merit independent replication before they can be used for dietary recommendations.”

There is a bit of hope for dairy lovers, though. Although higher consumption of milk was found to be associated with negative health consequences, a high intake of fermented milk products with low lactose content, such as cheese and yogurt, was found to lower the risk of bone fracture and death. This observation was especially prominent for women.

The study was only able to point out a pattern between milk consumption and increased health consequences but emphasizes that more research is needed.

“As milk consumption may rise globally with economic development and increasing consumption of animal source foods, the role of milk and mortality needs to be established definitively now,” said lead researcher Karl Michaëlsson.

Source: Michaëlsson K, Wolk Alicja, Langenskiöld S, et al. Milk intake and risk of mortality and fractures in women and men: cohort studies. BMJ. 2014.

The new science of sleep and dreaming .


A woman takes a nap in front of a window

For centuries our dreams have intrigued us, and now new research suggests that they might have a practical function in our conscious lives. Lynne Malcolm examines new thinking around dreaming, and how we might manipulate our dreams to improve the quality of our sleep and our waking hours.
Our understanding of dreams is currently undergoing a dramatic shift.

We found that individuals who have a creative interest, whether that creative interest is gardening, music, even listening to music, if they have an interest, they actually use their dreams.

DR JAMES PAGEL, UNIVERSITY OF COLORADO

According Dr James Pagel of the University of Colorado, who has studied sleep and dreams for over 40 years, the advent of electronic imaging is fundamentally changing our understanding of sleep.

Dr Pagel says that while this might frightening for those who are tied to a set belief system, it’s very exciting for those in the field.

It’s long been known that the stages of sleep are defined by different levels of electrical activity in your brain. After moving through quiet wakefulness to stages one and two, you reach deep, slow wave sleep.

Then, the final REM sleep has some unusual characteristics. Although you are still deeply asleep, your eyes move rapidly beneath their lids, all your body muscles are paralysed and you have no temperature regulation. The whole sleep cycle takes about 90 minutes and it repeats throughout the night.

The fact that the type of dream you have varies according to the stage of sleep you are in is a more recent discovery.

The dreams you have when you’re falling asleep are called hypnagogic dreams. They are very visual and intense, almost like hallucinations, but lack a narrative.

The dreams of REM sleep tend to be long, story-like narratives that often closely resemble the waking state, while light sleep dreams are often rambling, unfocused regurgitations of the day’s waking activities.

In contrast, the dreams of deep sleep are often bizarre, strange events coming from deep in the mind and are sometimes are more akin to sleepwalking. They can include night terrors, extreme body sensations and intense but undeveloped thought processes.

Related: The lucid dreamers

It’s been a widely held view that dreams only occur during the REM phase, but Dr Pagel says there was never been any proof of this, and that REM sleep can occur without dreaming, and dreaming can occur without REM sleep.

Seeing REM sleep as separate to dreaming has philosophical implications, Dr Pagel points out, because it suggests the biological brain and the mind are not the same thing. He describes dreams as ‘tunnelling between the body and the mind’.

‘The interesting thing about dreams is that they have a component which is apparently not biologic,’ he says. ‘There are characteristic components of each dream. There are the visual components, the images we see. There are the memories, all of which somehow are in our system that we’ve incorporated into our dream stories. And then there are emotions.’

‘Those three components of the dream clearly have biologic structures and markers, neuroanatomy, electrophysiology, neurochemistry, things we very well understand.’

‘But there are components of dream which are mind-based. In other words, we use our dreams in creative process, we use our dreams in art, we use our dreams in understanding in ways that we don’t attain with conscious thought.’

‘These appear to be mind-based correlates that we can see within a dream. Now, most dreams may not show those. Most dreams are reflections of our waking life. But some dreams can be very special.’

Dreaming and creativity are often linked, and to investigate this, Dr Pagel conducted a survey of artists, directors, screenwriters and actors working at Sundance Film Labs in the United States.

‘It was kind of amazing how much they used dreams in their work. It was also amazing that there was a difference based on individuals’ creative interest. In other words, directors used their dreams in responding to change in stress, screenwriters used their dreams in decision-making, and actors just used their dreams across the board. No one uses their dreams like an actor.’

Identifying the source of stem cells


When most animals begin life, cells immediately begin accepting assignments to become a head, tail or a vital organ. However, mammals, including humans, are special. The cells of mammalian embryos get to make a different first choice – to become the protective placenta or to commit to forming the baby.

It’s during this critical first step that research from Michigan State University has revealed key discoveries. The results, published in the current issue of PLOS Genetics, provide insights into where stem cells come from, and could advance research in regenerative medicine. And since these events occur during the first four or five days of human pregnancy, the stage in which the highest percentage of pregnancies are lost, the study also has significant implications for fertility research.

Pluripotent stem cells can become any cell in the body and can be created in two ways. First, they can be produced when scientists reprogram mature adult cells. Second, they are created by embryos during this crucial four-day window of a mammalian pregnancy. In fact, this window is uniquely mammalian, said Amy Ralston, MSU assistant professor of biochemistry and molecular biology, and lead author on the study.

“Embryos make with 100 percent efficiency,” she said. “The process of reprogramming cells, manipulating our own cells to become stem cells, is merely 1 percent efficient. Embryos have it figured out, and we need to learn how they’re doing it.”

The researchers’ first discovery is that in , the gene, Sox2, appears to be acting ahead of other genes traditionally identified as playing crucial roles in stem cell formation. Simply put, this gene could determine the source of stem cells in mammals. Now researchers are trying to decipher why Sox2 is taking the lead role.

Amy Ralston has identified a possible source of stem cells, which can advance regenerative and fertility research. Credit: Courtesy of MSU

“Now we know Sox2 is the first indicator that a cell is pluripotent,” Ralston said. “In fact, Sox2 may be the pre-pluripotent gene. We show that Sox2 is detectable in just one or two cells of the embryo earlier than previously thought, and earlier than other known stem cell genes.”

The second discovery is that Sox2 has broader influence than initially thought. The gene appears to help coordinate the cells that make the fetus and the other cells that establish the pregnancy and nurture the fetus.

Future research will focus on studying exactly why Sox2 is playing this role. The team has strong insights, but they want to go deeper, Ralston said.

“Reprogramming is amazing, but it’s inefficient,” she said. “What we’ve learned from the embryo is how to improve efficiency, a process that could someday lead to generating for clinical purposes with a much higher success rate.”

Avoid Male Infertility: 5 Ways To Boost The Health Of Your Sperm


Here are five ways to boost and maintain healthy sperm. 

Men dealing with male infertility often wonder what preventive steps they could have taken to keep their sperm healthy.

In certain cases, there was really nothing the man could have done differently. Male infertility can be the result of medical conditions, infection, or a family history. For other men, there were certain lifestyle choices they could’ve made and environmental risks they could’ve avoided to keep their sperm healthy. First of all, healthy sperm does not only mean the number of sperm a man produces. Healthy sperm is determined by quantity, quality, and movement. To make sure men are putting their best foot forward when it comes to producing healthy sperm, let’s take a look at five ways to avoid male infertility.

1. Sleep More

Sleep is recommended as a preventive measure to help avoid everything, from obesity to depression, so why not infertility? A recent study conducted at the University of Southern Denmark assessed the sleep schedule, sleep interruptions, and sleep habits of 953 Danish men in their late teens to early 20s. Researchers also measured the size of each participant’s testicles and gathered sperm sample to analyze sperm count and motility — ability to move actively and spontaneously. Men who reported a lack of sleep or sleep disturbances, on average, suffered from low sperm count, low testosterone levels, and smaller testicular size compared to men who got more shut-eye. Plan your bedtimes a little earlier, fellas.

2. Keep Your Laptop Off Of Your Lap

In today’s world, staying connected and up-to-date on current affairs is all too important. This means never having our laptops or smartphones more than an arm’s length away. For men, this also means the constant threat of infertility. A study published in the journal Fertility and Sterility set out to determine what effect Wi-Fi connection had on male infertility once and for all. Researchers from Argentina gathered 29 sperm samples from healthy men who sat with their Wi-Fi connected laptops on their laps for four hours. After ruling out temperature as the cause for sperm damage by way of an air-conditioning system, the research team found that radiation given off by the laptop’s Wi-Fi connection resulted in DNA damage and less sperm motility.

3. Wear These Boxers

If men are going to ignore warnings on laptop and smartphone use too close to their junk, then they should buy a pair of RadiaShield Men’s Boxer Briefs. These nifty little undergarments for men will only cost you $49 and promise to protect the front and back of male reproductive organs from radiation exposure. In fact, testing carried out by an FCC-certified independent laboratory confirmed that RadiaShield boxer briefs can protect sperm quality, quantity, and movement with 99.9 percent Shielding Effectiveness.

4. Eat Carrots And Walnuts

It seems that a man’s diet can play a significant role in maintaining sperm health. A pair of recent studies claim that eating walnuts and carrots can help boost sperm quality and performance. The first study, conducted at the University of California, Los Angeles, found that men who added 75 grams of whole-shelled walnuts to their daily diet were able to boost the overall quality of their sperm. Researchers attributed this finding to a-linolenic acid, a natural plant source of omega-3. The second study, published in Fertility and Sterility, gives men another reason to eat their veggies. Around 200 healthy men were able to boost sperm quantity and quality up to eight percent just by adding yellow- and orange-colored fruits and vegetables — most notably carrots — to their diet.

5. Don’t Eat Bacon

While eating more carrots and walnuts can boost sperm health, the same cannot be said about bacon. Actually the opposite is true. A study presented at the American Society for Reproductive Medicine’s 2013 Annual Meeting in Boston revealed that various types of red meat — especially bacon — reduce male sperm count. Harvard University researchers surveyed 156 men with infertility concerns regarding their consumption of processed meat, red meat, white meat, poultry, and fish. Men who ate a half portion or more of processed meat a day had 5.5 percent “normal” sperm compared to 7.2 percent in men who ate less than half a portion each day.

The Michael J. Fox Foundation for Parkinson’s Research


 


The Accordian Pill™ consists of levodopa/carbidopa in layers of thin film, folded into a capsule. Image via Intec Pharma

A study testing a new formulation of levodopa/carbidopa recently cleared another hurdle to regulatory approval.

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved Israeli company Intec Pharma Ltd. to carry out a Phase III trial of the Accordion Pill for the treatment of Parkinson’s disease. The trial is expected to begin in the second half of 2015.

“The clinical effect obtained to date, together with the high safety profile demonstrated in all the trials, indicate the potential of Accordion Pill Levodopa to become a leading treatment for Parkinson’s,” Intec chairman Zvi Joseph told Israeli publication Globes.

Improved Levodopa Delivery Would Ease Symptoms
The gold standard treatment for Parkinson’s motor symptoms, levodopa offers some patients short windows of efficacy. Prescribing more medication is not always the answer because overuse is associated with troubling side effects such as dyskinesia.

Levodopa is a dopamine replacement therapy; the brain converts this compound into dopamine, replacing what is lost as dopamine neurons degenerate with Parkinson’s disease. One of the challenges of levodopa therapy is that the drug is absorbed into the blood stream (where it travels to the brain) only through a small portion of the gastrointestinal tract.

Between swallowing the currently available pill and its absorption in the intestine, there are many chances for the compound to break down, leaving little left for the brain. Carbidopa works to protect against this erosion, but is not entirely successful.

Accordion Formulation Shows Improved Therapeutic Effect
The Accordion Pill is a unique approach to maintaining levodopa levels and offering a steady stream to the brain. The drug is formulated into a multi-layer structure folded to resemble, well, an accordion, and placed in a capsule. The capsule dissolves in the stomach and the layers of levodopa release the drug over time, straight to the area where the drug is absorbed.

A phase II study compared the Accordion Pill Levodopa to the standard available treatment of levodopa/carbidopa. Intec Pharma found that those who took the Accordion Pill experienced an increase of more than two hours of therapeutic benefit.

Before allowing the trial to progress to Phase III, the FDA required another toxicity study in pre-clinical models. The Michael J. Fox Foundation funded that work, and the company reported positive results in June 2014.

With FDA approval to proceed, Intec is now planning the last step before applying for regulatory approval. The clinical sites for this trial have not yet been announced, but they will be listed on Fox Trial Finder when the study begins recruiting.

CDC admits it has been lying all along about Ebola transmission; “indirect” spread now acknowledged.


Defying its own quack advice that the agency has been propagandizing for months, the CDC has now released a document on Ebola that admits the virus can spread through aerosolized droplets. The document, quietly released on the CDC website, also admits Ebola can contaminate surfaces such as doorknobs, causing infections to be spread through indirect means. [1]

Here’s a backup source of the PDF just in case the CDC scrubs it:
www.naturalnews.com/files/infections-spread-…

In other words, the CDC is now admitting it lied all along and that Natural News was correct from day one when we warned you about indirect transmission routes of the Ebola virus. (The CDC has always insisted it could only spread via “direct contact.”)

“Ebola is spread through droplets,” the CDC document now reads. Mirroring exactly what I’ve been telling millions of people in my free audio course at www.BioDefense.com the CDC now says “A person might also get infected by touching a surface or object that has germs on it and then touching their mouth or nose.”

Yeah, we know. In fact, everybody in the independent media has known this for months, while all those who watch mainstream media sources are just now realizing this because they’ve been repeatedly lied to by CDC and NIH spokespeople.

The CDC has offered no apology whatsoever for intentionally misleading the public up to this point. Apparently, lying to the public is such a common activity at the highest levels of the CDC that they don’t think there’s anything wrong with it.

CDC also admits Ebola can contaminate surfaces and spread through indirect contact

“Droplets can contaminate objects like doorknobs,” the CDC document goes on to admit. This also means that Ebola can contaminate all sorts of surfaces, including ATM keypads, subway car hand rails, airplane tray tables, taxicab door handles and much more.

This also means the CDC’s previous assertion that Ebola could only spread through “direct contact” is utterly false. It’s just one more reason to never trust anything the CDC tells you. (The CDC has already lost tremendous credibility in all this, and it’s going to lose even more before this is finished…)

Just this week, a stunning new scientific study found that Ebola can survive on contaminated surfaces for up to 50 days. This means an infected Ebola carrier like Dr. Spencer could have sneezed on a doorknob or other surface, causing viable Ebola droplets to be deposited there. Another person could have come along and touched the same doorknob, then infected themselves with Ebola by touching their own eyes, nose or mouth.

Dr. Spencer, we have now learned, lied to police and claimed he was “self quarantined” when in fact he was riding the subway and visiting restaurants and bowling alleys. As the NY Post reports: [3]

The city’s first Ebola patient initially lied to authorities about his travels around the city following his return from treating disease victims in Africa, law-enforcement sources said. Dr. Craig Spencer at first told officials that he isolated himself in his Harlem apartment — and didn’t admit he rode the subways, dined out and went bowling until cops looked at his MetroCard the sources said.

CDC still lying about how far a sneeze spreads

The art of lying is so instilled in the culture of the CDC that even when it reveals one stunning truth, it feels compelled to spread another lie at the same time.

In this document that admits Ebola can be spread via aerosolized droplets, the CDC falsely insists those droplets can only travel a maximum distance of 3 feet:

But a recent MIT study published in the Journal of Fluid Mechanics found that coughs could propel droplets up to 20 feet. [4]

“When you cough or sneeze, you see the droplets, or feel them if someone sneezes on you,” said John Bush, a professor of applied mathematics at MIT and co-author of the study. “But you don’t see the cloud, the invisible gas phase. The influence of this gas cloud is to extend the range of the individual droplets, particularly the small ones.”

So now, even though the CDC has finally admitted Ebola can spread through the air, it is falsely claiming the maximum distance it can spread is only 3 feet.

By the way, the alternative media — sources like www.TruthStreamMedia.com and www.TheCommonSenseShow.com — have been reporting the truth about the aerosolized spread of Ebola for months.

In fact, Infowars.com originally got this completely wrong, reporting in August that “aerosol transmission is not possible” but then finally coming around once I corrected them about viral transmission via aerosolized particles in this article.

The mainstream media, as always, has dutifully repeated the lies of the CDC all along, parroting whatever medical quackery and anti-science nonsense Thomas Frieden and Anthony Fauci are pushing at the moment. What’s especially hilarious in all this is how Frieden and Fauci, who are positioned by the lamestream media as the most authoritative and credible representatives of modern epidemiological science, have been caught lying over and over again about Ebola’s transmission vectors. The loss of credibility the CDC has already experienced over Ebola is just staggering. Nobody believes anything the CDC says anymore, and rightly so.

If you want to learn the truth about Ebola, pandemic preparedness and medical isolation protocols, you have to get that information from independent sources such as www.BioDefense.com

The following infographic I created here at Natural News reveals just some of the quackery and fuzzy math pushed by the CDC over the last few months:

Sources for this article include:
[1] http://www.cdc.gov/vhf/ebola/pdf/infections-…

[2] http://www.naturalnews.com/047442_Ebola_aero…

[3] http://nypost.com/2014/10/29/ebola-doctor-li…

[4] http://www.naturalnews.com/047438_ebola_tran.

Learn more: http://www.naturalnews.com/047457_ebola_transmission_cdc_quackery_aerosolized_particles.html#ixzz3HjeIqMcK

Drinking milk ‘may not protect bones’


File picture of milk being poured

Milk is rich in calcium, a key component of bones

Drinking lots of milk may not lower the risk of fracturing bones, a study in the British Medical Journal suggests.

The research, conducted in Sweden, showed women who drank more than three glasses a day were actually more likely to break bones than those who had less.

The researchers cautioned that their work only suggested a trend and should not be interpreted as proof that high milk consumption caused fractures.

Factors such as alcohol and weight were likely to play a role, they said.

Twice the chance

Milk has been recommended as a good source of calcium for many years but studies considering whether it leads to stronger bones and fewer fractures have had conflicting results.

“Start Quote

Those who had a high milk intake also had a 50% higher risk of hip fracture”

Prof Karl MichaelssonUppsala University

A team of scientists in Sweden examined the dietary habits of 61,400 women in 1987-1990 and 45,300 men in 1997 and then monitored their health for years afterwards.

Participants were asked to complete questionnaires on how frequently they consumed common foods such as milk, yoghurt and cheese over a one-year period.

Researchers then tracked how many developed fractures and how many participants died in the years afterwards.

In the 20-year follow-up period in which the women were monitored, those who drank more than three glasses, or 680ml, of milk a day were more likely to develop fractures than those who had consumed less.

The high-intake group had a higher risk of death too.

Prof Karl Michaelsson, lead researcher at Uppsala University, said: “Women who drank three or more glasses a day had twice the chance of dying at the end of the study than those who drank less than one glass a day.

“And those who had a high milk intake also had a 50% higher risk of hip fracture.”

Men were monitored for an average of 11 years after the initial survey and the results showed a similar but less pronounced trend.

Opposite pattern

When fermented milk products such as yoghurt were considered, the opposite pattern was observed – people who consumed more had a lower risk of fractures.

Prof Michaelsson says the findings could be due to sugars in milk, which have been shown to accelerate ageing in some early animal studies.

“Start Quote

Individuals should still be encouraged to consume a balanced diet”

Prof Sue Lanham-NewUniversity of Surrey

“Our results may question the validity of recommendations to consume high amounts of milk to prevent fragility fractures.

“The results should, however, be interpreted cautiously given the observational design of our study.”

Dietary advice should not be changed until more research had been conducted, he said.

Prof Sue Lanham-New, from the University of Surrey, said the study was of limited use. “We do not have a feel for the influence of physical activity or other lifestyle habits important to bone or overall mortality.

“And the effect of increasing body mass index has not been fully investigated in this study.

“Milk and dairy products in the UK provide 50-60% of the calcium in our diet.

“We know that low calcium intake (less than 400mg a day) is a risk factor for osteoporosis.

“Individuals should still be encouraged to consume a balanced diet from the five key food groups of which milk and dairy are key.”

Unexpected ways to wake up your brain


Woman smelling pot of herbs

Tea or coffee is often the favoured brew for those who are tired and in need of a caffeine boost. But is this really the best way to make ourselves more alert? Michael Mosley tested caffeine against some unlikely alternatives – sage, fudge, chewing gum and electric shocks.

How effective is caffeine for improving alertness? I drink lots of tea and coffee, so I assumed the answer is “very”. But it is always worthwhile having your assumptions challenged.

So the Trust Me team asked Professor Peter Rogers of Bristol University to put caffeine to the test. He recruited a group of 20 people, 10 of whom never normally touch caffeine. The other 10, regular caffeine imbibers, were asked to turn up for testing having abstained for at least 12 hours.

Both groups were measured for mental agility, concentration and dexterity. Then they got a drink with a good jolt of caffeine in it. I found the results surprising, not to mention disappointing.

“Overall, regular caffeine consumers who’d been without caffeine overnight, were slower on the reaction time task, were sleepier and were less mentally alert than non-users,” Professor Rogers said.

They did improve after they got a caffeine drink, but only up to the level the non-users had achieved without caffeine.

Find out more

Michael Mosley

You can watch Trust Me, I’m a Doctor, with Michael Mosley and others, on iPlayer

When the non-users were given caffeine to drink their reaction times increased but they also became more jittery and anxious.

Professor Rogers says that, contrary to what most people believe, drinking lots of coffee on a regular basis won’t enhance your mental performance. Part of the problem with caffeine is we quickly develop dependency.

So if you want to give your brain a boost, what else is out there?

Next we asked Dr Andy Johnson, of Bournemouth University, to test the impact on afternoon drowsiness of eating sugar, sage (the herb) and chewing gum.

He lined up 24 volunteers and in the morning did some tests to measure alertness. Then, in the afternoon, our volunteers were randomly allocated to either chew gum, eat fudge, swallow a pill containing sage or a placebo.

One hour later they did some really boring tests. They repeated this process three more times over the course of the week, each time trying something different.

As expected, swallowing a placebo pill made little difference. The volunteers still felt drowsier in the afternoon. Eating fudge, if anything, made them feel slightly worse.

CDC Admits 98 Million Americans Received Polio Vaccine Contaminated With Cancer Virus | World Truth.TV


Vaccine

The CDC has quickly removed a page from their website, which is now cached, ( but now has been removed) admitting that more than 98 million Americans received one or more doses of polio vaccine within an 8-year span when a proportion of the vaccine was contaminated with a cancer causing polyomavirus called SV40. It has been estimated that 10-30 million Americans could have received an SV40 contaminated dose of the vaccine.

V40 is an abbreviation for Simian vacuolating virus 40 or Simian virus 40, a polyomavirus that is found in both monkeys and humans. Like other polyomaviruses, SV40 is a DNA virus that has been found to cause tumors and cancer.

SV40 is believed to suppress the transcriptional properties of the tumor-suppressing genes in humans through the SV40 Large T-antigen and SV40 Small T-antigenMutated genes may contribute to uncontrolled cellular proliferation, leading to cancer.

Michele Carbone, Assistant Professor of Pathology at Loyola University in Chicago, has recently isolated fragments of the SV-40 virus in human bone cancers and in a lethal form of lung cancer called mesothelioma. He found SV-40 in 33% of the osteosarcoma bone cancers studied, in 40% of other bone cancers, and in 60% of the mesotheliomas lung cancers, writes Geraldo Fuentes.

Dr. Michele Carbone openly acknowledged HIV/AIDS was spread by the hepatitis B vaccine produced by Merck & Co. during the early 1970s. It was the first time since the initial transmissions took place in 1972-74, that a leading expert in the field of vaccine manufacturing and testing has openly admitted the Merck & Co. liability for AIDS

The matter-of-fact disclosure came during discussions of polio vaccines contaminated with SV40 virus which caused cancer in nearly every species infected by injection. Many authorities now admit much, possibly most, of the world’s cancers came from the Salk and Sabin polio vaccines, and hepatitis B vaccines, produced in monkeys and chimps.

It is said mesothelioma is a result of asbestos exposure, but research reveals that 50% of the current mesotheliomas being treated no longer occurs due to asbestos but rather the SV-40 virus contained in the polio vaccination. In addition, according to researchers from the Institute of Histology and General Embryology of the University of Ferrara, SV-40 has turned up in a variety other tumors. By the end of 1996, dozens of scientists reported finding SV40 in a variety of bone cancers and a wide range of brain cancers, which had risen 30 percent over the previous 20 years.

The SV-40 virus is now being detected in tumors removed from people never inoculated with the contaminated vaccine, leading some to conclude that those infected by the vaccine might be spreading SV40.

Soon after its discovery, SV40 was identified in the oral form of the polio vaccine produced between 1955 and 1961 produced by American Home Products (dba Lederle).

Both the oral, live virus and injectable inactive virus were affected. It was found later that the technique used to inactivate the polio virus in the injectable vaccine, by means of formaldehyde, did not reliably kill SV40.

Just two years ago, the U.S. government finally added formaldehyde to a list of known carcinogens and and admitted that the chemical styrene might cause cancer. Yet, the substance is still found in almost every vaccine.

According to the Australian National Research Council, fewer than 20% but perhaps more than 10% of the general population may be susceptible to formaldehyde and may react acutely at any exposure level. More hazardous than most chemicals in 5 out of 12 ranking systems, on at least 8 federal regulatory lists, it is ranked as one of the most hazardous compounds (worst 10%) to ecosystems and human health (Environmental Defense Fund).

In the body, formaldehyde can cause proteins to irreversibly bind to DNA. Laboratory animals exposed to doses of inhaled formaldehyde over their lifetimes have developed more cancers of the nose and throat than are usual.

Facts Listed on The CDC Website about SV40

-SV40 is a virus found in some species of monkey.

-SV40 was discovered in 1960. Soon afterward, the virus was found in polio vaccine.

-SV40 virus has been found in certain types of cancer in humans.


Additional Facts

-In the 1950s, rhesus monkey kidney cells, which contain SV40 if the animal is infected, were used in preparing polio vaccines.

-Not all doses of IPV were contaminated. It has been estimated that 10-30 million people actually received a vaccinethat contained SV40.

-Some evidence suggests that receipt of SV40-contaminated polio vaccine may increase risk of cancer.


A Greater Perspective on Aerial Spraying and SV40

The Defense Sciences Office of the Pathogen Countermeasures Program, in September 23, 1998 funded the University of Michigan’s principal investigator, Dr. James Baker, Jr. Dr. Baker, Director of Michigan Nanotechnology Institute for Medicine and Biological Sciences under several DARPA grants. Dr. Baker developed and focused on preventing pathogens from entering the human body, which is a major goal in the development of counter measures to Biological Warfare. This research project sought to develop a composite material that will serve as a pathogen avoidance barrier and post-exposure therapeutic agent to be applied in a topical manner to the skin and mucous membranes. The composite is modeled after the immune system in that it involves redundant, non-specific and specific forms of pathogen defense and inactivation. This composite material is now utilized in many nasal vaccines and vector control through the use of hydro-gel, nanosilicon gels and actuator materials in vaccines.

Through Dr. Baker’s research at the University of Michigan; he developed dendritic polymers and their application to medical and biological science. He co-developed a new vector system for gene transfer using synthetic polymers. These studies have produced striking results and have the potential to change the basis of gene transfer therapy. Dendrimers are nanometer-sized water soluble polymers that can conjugate to peptides or arbohydrates to act as decoy molecules to inhibit the binding of toxins and viruses to cells. They can act also as complex and stabilize genetic material for prolonged periods of time, as in a “time released or delayed gene transfer”. Through Dr. Baker’s ground breaking research many pharmaceutical and biological pesticide manufacturers can use these principles in DNA vaccines specific applications that incorporate the Simian Monkey Virus SV40.

WEST NILE VIRUS SPRAYING

In 2006 Michael Greenwood wrote an article for the Yale School of Public Health entitled, “Aerial Spraying Effectively Reduces Incidence of West Nile Virus (WNV) in Humans.” The article stated that the incidence of human West Nile virus cases can be significantly reduced through large scale aerial spraying that targets adult mosquitoes, according to research by the Yale School of Public Health and the California Department of Public Health.

Under the mandate for aerial spraying for specific vectors that pose a threat to human health, aerial vaccines known as DNA Vaccine Enhancements and Recombinant Vaccine against WNV may be tested or used to “protect” the people from vector infection exposures. DNA vaccine enhancements specifically use Epstein-Barr viral capside’s with multi human complement class II activators to neutralize antibodies. The recombinant vaccines against WNV use Rabbit Beta-globulin or the poly (A) signal of the SV40 virus. In early studies of DNA vaccines it was found that the negative result studies would go into the category of future developmental research projects in gene therapy. During the studies of poly (A) signaling of the SV40 for WNV vaccines, it was observed that WNV will lie dormant in individuals who were exposed to chicken pox, thus upon exposure to WNV aerial vaccines the potential for the release of chicken pox virus would cause a greater risk to having adult onset Shingles.

CALIFORNIA AERIAL SPRAYING for WNV and SV40

In February 2009 to present date, aerial spraying for the WNV occurred in major cities within the State of California. During spraying of Anaheim, CA a Caucasian female (age 50) was exposed to heavy spraying, while doing her daily exercise of walking several miles. Heavy helicopter activity occurred for several days in this area. After spraying, she experienced light headedness, nausea, muscle aches and increased low back pain. She was evaluated for toxicological mechanisms that were associated with pesticide exposure due to aerial spraying utilizing advanced biological monitoring testing. The test results which included protein band testing utilizing Protein Coupled Response (PCR) methods were positive for KD-45. KD-45 is the protein band for SV-40 Simian Green Monkey virus. Additional tests were performed for Epstein-Barr virus capside and Cytomeglia virus which are used in bio-engineering for gene delivery systems through viral protein envelope and adenoviral protein envelope technology. The individual was positive for both; indicating a highly probable exposure to a DNA vaccination delivery system through nasal inhalation.

The question of the century is how many other viruses and toxins are within current day vaccines that we’ll only find out about in a few decades?

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