5-Year-Old Girl Detected With ‘ROHHAD’ Syndrome, Rare Breathing Disorder

In a first such reported case in the country, a five-year-old girl in Mumbai has been found to be suffering from a rare breathing disorder – ‘ROHHAD’ syndrome – for which there is no “perfect treatment” at present.

The girl breathes normally when awake, but either completely stops breathing or breathes irregularly while asleep, a doctor treating her told PTI.

“The girl was first admitted to our hospital three years back for a spine tumour called ganglioneuroblastoma. We had treated her then and discharged her,” said Dr Mukesh Sanklecha, paediatrician at Bombay Hospital, where she is currently undergoing treatment.

“Her parents readmitted her in May 2013 when she started getting increasingly drowsy. We had to keep her in the ICU once again to make sure she has no breathing problem. She was given a discharge in October. She had even suffered two cardiac arrests while she was in the ICU,” he said.

The child was again admitted to the hospital in December 2013 and was put on ventilator.

“When she got admitted for the third time, we did a complete diagnosis of her illness and realised that she was suffering from ROHHAD (Rapid-onset Obesity with Hypothalamic Dysfunction, Hypoventilation and Autonomic Dysregulation) syndrome,” he said.

“A person’s breathing is controlled by the hypothalamus (a portion of the brain). In her case, when she is awake she breathes normally and either stops breathing, or does not breathe properly when she is sleeping as a result of which the oxygen level in her body drops dangerously and carbon dioxide level increases and she goes into coma,” he said.

The girl was shifted to the pediatric ward in June this year, where she is still undergoing treatment.

“Since the girl faces no problem while she is awake, we only have to take care of her while she is sleeping…So when she goes off to sleep, we attach a nasal Bi Pap (positive airway pressure) machine which ensures that she continues to breathe when she is asleep,” Dr Sanklecha said.

Since there are only about 100 cases of ROHHAD syndrome reported worldwide and this is the first such case in India, the treatment being offered to patients is only “experimental,” he said.

“There is no perfect treatment of this disease till now. After we discharge her in the next few weeks, we will keep a tab on her case and hope that in future, a permanent cure develops for patients suffering from this syndrome.

“Till then, she will have to sleep with a Bi Pap machine inserted in her nose,” he said, adding that since March this year all her medical expenses are being borne by the Bombay hospital,” the doctor said.

Magnesium and your health

Magnesium is present in all cells of the body and is involved in over 300 enzymatic processes, including energy production. Magnesium is essential for maintaining normal bone density, normal cardiac rhythmicity, normal pulmonary function, and normal blood glucose regulation. Magnesium is one of the most common world-wide deficiencies and it plays a role in most of the common health struggles people face every day.

Most doctors are not trained to detect magnesium deficiencies. Magnesium deficiency is often misdiagnosed because it does not show up in blood tests as only 1% of the body’s magnesium is stored in the blood (1).

Dr. Norman Shealy’s, M.D., Ph.D. is an American neurosurgeon and a pioneer in pain medicine says, “Every known illness is associated with a magnesium deficiency,” and that, “magnesium is the most critical mineral required for electrical stability of every cell in the body. A magnesium deficiency may be responsible for more diseases than any other nutrient. (2)”

Magnesium deficiency rates:

Research has shown that 68% of individuals in the US do not consume the daily recommended amount of dietary magnesium and 19% do not even consume half of the RDA levels which are 310-420mg daily (3). Most researchers believe this RDA level is far too low and if it was raised to where it should be we would see that roughly 80% of Americans are consuming insufficient quantities (4).

Magnesium is a basic element of life much like water and air. We need a lot of magnesium, roughly 1000 mgs/day for a healthy active individual to keep up with the demands of the body. Magnesium is to the body like oil is to a car’s engine and if we are deficient problems will arise.

Calcium: magnesium ratios:

Our current diet is rich in calcium but insufficient in magnesium. Our ancient ancestors had a a diet that was close to 1:1 whereas our present-day diets are more like 5:1 and up to 15:1. Having roughly ten times more calcium than magnesium is a serious problem (5).

This elevated calcium to magnesium ratio is a major player in conditions such as mitral valve prolapse, migraines, attention deficit disorder, autism, fibromyalgia, anxiety, asthma and allergies. Wherever there is elevated calcium and insufficient magnesium inside of cells the effects are muscle contractions, spasms, twitches and even convulsions (6).

Magnesium and detoxification:

Without sufficient magnesium the body struggles to make and utilize protein and enzymes. It is also unable to properly methylate and detoxify and/or process and utilize anti-oxidants like vitamin C and E.

Magnesium is extremely critical for proper detoxification processes. As our world has gotten increasingly more toxic, our need for magnesium has increased. Meanwhile, the nutrition of our modern food has increasingly been diminished. This is due to overcropping, poor composting and pesticides/herbicide chemical residue which reduces nutritional quality of the soil and produce.

Major symptoms associated with magnesium deficiencies:

Research has shown links between magnesium deficiency and the following health conditions (7)

  • Mitral valve prolapse
  • Cardiac arrythmias
  • Migraines
  • ADHD
  • Autism
  • Anxiety
  • Asthma
  • Allergies
  • Chronic Pain
  • Fibromyalgia
  • Chronic Fatigue
  • Muscle Spasms
  • Insomnia
  • Twitching & tremors
  • Swelling/edema
  • Weak pulse
  • Brain fog/confusion
  • Osteoporosis


Best food sources of magnesium:

The densest sources of bioavailable magnesium are in the following foods

  1. Raw, grass-fed dairy products
  2. Pumpkin seeds
  3. Raw green veggies
  4. Raw cacao
  5. Pink salt and unrefined sea salts
  6. Wild-caught fish
  7. Sea vegetable – kelp/nori/dulse
  8. Sprouted nuts/seeds
  9. Avocados
  10. Sprouted legumes

Sources for this article include:
1) http://www.afibbers.org

2) http://www.greenmedinfo.com

3) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov

4) http://ods.od.nih.gov

5) http://drsircus.com

6) http://drcarolyndean.com

7) http://umm.edu

Do You Have a Zinc Deficiency?

Zinc is among the most essential minerals that our body needs, and as always, nature has provided all the zinc we need. However sadly, due to modern day pollution, processing of foods, and genetically modified (GM) crops, many people are now zinc deficient. In fact, some estimations report nearly half of the world’s population is zinc deficient – including the United States.

One excellent source of zinc is from animal meat, but animal feed also comes from the same zinc-depleted soil as our food – resulting in animals that are also zinc deficient. This is not exclusive to conventional raised animals, but also affects organically raised animals due to the same reasons already mentioned: environmental pollutants (such as pesticides), nutritionally depleted soil, and GM crops. Even organic farms cannot escape the pollution and chemicals from other farms due to wind and water run-off from excess rain. (Unless of course we find a way to control the wind and rain, which, no doubt scientists are already trying to do! Chemtrails?) And to compound the problem, we are a society who enjoys large quantities of artificial and fast processed foods and will, sadly, agree to take a prescription drug (or two) rather than change our diet to one that is more nutritious.

Why is Zinc Important for Health?

Zinc is a trace mineral, that is essential for proper immune function (illness and wound healing), repairing DNA damage and DNA synthesis, protective against cancer, protein synthesis, controlling blood sugar, and necessary for maintaining a normal sense of smell and taste.

It is also important to have healthy zinc levels in the body, because zinc is a natural protector against lead, cadmium, and mercury toxicity – heavy metals that carry their own negative impacts on health. If zinc levels in the body are low, then any of these (or all) toxic heavy metals are more readily absorbed by the body.

There are many health conditions related to Zinc Deficiency such as:

  • Psoriasis
  • Dry Skin
  • Type of Anemia
  • Pre-eclampsia
  • Post-natal depression
  • Pre-menstrual syndrome
  • Stress
  • Chronic Illness
  • White spots on fingernails
  • Delay in wound healing
  • Gastrointestinal disorders
  • Macular degeneration
  • Heart Disease
  • Prostate Enlargement

Even people who eat plenty of whole, organic foods, exercise, and are well-rested can have a decrease in their zinc levels, particularly under certain situations such as:

  • Depression due to tragic circumstances
  • Prolonged emotional stress
  • Extremely athletic
  • Excessive alcohol

Although it has been demonstrated that many of our food sources (both from plants and animals) are zinc deficient, there are certain foods that do carry higher percentages of zinc. They are:

  • Lamb*
  • Grass-fed Beef*
  • Veal Liver*
  • Turkey
  • Oysters*
  • Scallops
  • Crab*
  • Shrimp
  • Sesame Seeds*
  • Pumpkin Seeds*
  • Watermelon Seeds*
  • Dark Chocolate*
  • Peanuts*

(The highest amounts of zinc are found in those marked *)

Though there is an issue with the seafood listed, due to mercury toxicity and radiation concerns, please eat them with caution. All the other foods listed, should be, of course, organic and GMO Free.

So, how do you know if you really are zinc deficient? And if a deficiency is present, then what can you do about it?

Take the Zinc Tally Test

There is an easy test you can do at home to see if you are zinc deficient or not – the Zinc Tally Test.

Zinc is found abundantly in the human body, down to the cellular level. Because of this, it is often difficult to determine  accurate zinc levels via a lab test. Luckily, there is an extremely simple way to know where your zinc level currently is. In fact, zinc is unique, because there is a test you can do from your home to determine if a zinc deficiency is present.

This is also a fairly inexpensive tool because the Zinc Tally lasts for quite a long time, so it gives you plenty of opportunities to retest your zinc levels during extra zinc supplementation.

How Does The Zinc Tally Test Work?

Gustin is the major zinc protein of the human parotid saliva. In other words, gustin is important for our sense of taste.

Because gustin contains zinc, the concentration of gustin changes in proportion to the concentration of zinc that is present in your body. When zinc levels are low, gustin will also be “low”. Because of this relationship the Zinc Tally Test works.

For the test to work most effectively, it is best not to eat or drink for at least 1 hour prior taking it. This makes it a great test to do first thing in the morning.

Take 1 tablespoon of the tally, and swish it around in your mouth…but don’t swallow yet. What you are looking for is, the “type of flavor” you experience while the tally is in your mouth.

  • No flavor (water-like) = typical zinc deficiency
  • No flavor to start with, but a “mineral” type flavor starts to appear = zinc deficiency
  • Strong flavor, but not enough to make you want to spit it out = minimal zinc deficiency
  • Extremely unpleasant flavor that you taste immediately = zinc status is good, no zinc deficiency

In most cases, if you are going to taste some sort of “flavor”, it will happen within 5 – 10 seconds. So, any taste that develops after 10 – 15 seconds would be considered a deficiency.

Because the tally is simply zinc sulfate in a base of distilled water, it is safe to swallow after the test, or you can simply spit it out.

What if a Zinc Deficiency is Present?

In the case of a deficiency, zinc supplementation is required. I personally believe that zinc orotate is better absorbed and safer than other forms of zinc, although aspartate is also an excellent carrier of the mineral.

Depending on which category you fall into regarding the Zinc Tally Test, your dosage of zinc may vary. For example, in the case of a mild zinc deficiency, a typical dose of 50 mg to 100 mg is sufficient. After 2 – 3 weeks, re-test with the tally. The more severe the zinc deficiency, the longer it may take to start “tasting” the tally. In some cases, it may take months of zinc supplementation in order for you to begin tasting the tally. If only a minimal zinc deficiency is present, a lower dosage of zinc would be best.

Once you are in the ‘no zinc deficiency’ category, it is important to understand that zinc deficiency has become the standard rule, and not the exception in our society. So, if you decide to cease zinc supplementation, it would be a good idea to repeat the Zinc Tally Test in a few months to ensure your zinc levels have not fallen. Doses of 50 mg to 100 mg may be maintained safely indefinitely.

It is important to know that Zinc and copper are a symbiotic duo, and must be in balance in a 10 to 1 mg ratio respectively. Commonly, many multi-mineral supplements do not have the proper ratio and can actually cause an imbalance. To solve this problem. simply take a trace minerals mixture that you can put into a glass of water.

You can find the Metagenics Zinc Tally Test online by entering “Zinc Tally Test” in Google.


Article Sources:

Which causes cancer more quickly: cigarettes, diet soda or GMOs?

Some people believe that regularly smoking the 7,000 chemicals in commercial cigarettes is the quickest way to get cancer in the world. Other folks believe that artificial sweeteners, because they taste so sweet, trick the body into ingesting them and are the “Trojan horses” of the food industry, causing breast cancer and prostate cancer faster than any other food, drink or consumable chemical-laced product on the market. But then again, there’s GMOs. Genetically modified organisms contain pesticides that can kill nearly any living thing that consumes them, including insects, rats and, yes, humans. Pesticide is the umbrella name for herbicides, insecticides, fungicides, algaecides and even fertilizers meant to kill “pests” — hence the name.


There is really NO MEASUREMENT right now for how many GMOs are in foods, drinks and even cigarettes. Scientists who modify organism through gene insertion are apt to promote the corresponding pesticides, no matter whether humans are dying from them or not. Cigarettes, diet soda and GMOs — are you guilty of “consuming” all three daily? Then your clock is ticking!

Most foods labeled “diet,” “light” or “zero” are toxic to humans. They are carcinogenic and cause free radicals to warp your good cells, strangulating mitochondria and multiplying uncontrollably. Eventually, cancerous cells find damaged tissue or an organ to suffocate. This is when most doctors and oncologists in America first “discover” cancer, after it is fully manifested, and for many, it’s too late. More than 50 percent of people who get cancer die from it, and one-third of all Americans get cancer at some point in life. Who gets it first and who gets it the worst — the diet soda drinkers, the pesticide-laden GMO food eaters or the smokers?

Smoking commercial cigarettes – a “compound” problem!

The “Tobacco Master Settlement Agreement” or “MSA” was entered in November of 1998 between the four largest US tobacco companies, which include Philip Morris Inc., Brown & Williamson, R.J. Reynolds and Lorillard. Tobacco-related healthcare costs (detriment) were settled (covered), and Big Tobacco agreed to “curtail” marketing practices (were told not to market to kids so much). Plus, they were adding ammonia to the manufacturing process and got busted red-handed by a whistleblower in court. This is how “crack” nicotine was discovered by the general public, via a settlement made for marketing restrictions. So what’s really in a commercial cigarette? Can you mix ammonia, bleach and pesticide? Doesn’t that create a form of mustard gas? How can this be a legal form of “recreation”?

Hazards of consuming toxic “diet” sweeteners – aspartame, sucralose and sorbitol

We are decades into diet soda frenzy and addiction, and nothing has changed! At least one of the evil “fake sugars” can be found in every popular diet soda across the nation — they’re the Trojan horses of the cancerous conventional food and beverage industry. The sweet tastes fools your body into ingesting it, trying to use it, and THAT is how your cells mutate and cancer begins to “take root.” Do you have IBS, general anxiety, muscle pain for “no reason,” arthritis “flare ups,” ringing in the ears, daily fatigue or, even worse, fibromyalgia? Cut out all artificial sweeteners for ONE WEEK and see how you feel. Guess what caused most of the “Gulf War Syndrome” — artificial sweeteners.

Did you know that aspartame alone accounts for 75 percent of all complaints to the FDA about side effects from food toxins? Also watch out for acesulfame potassium (more FDA-approved “cancer” sweetener) found in many protein shake mixes and sugar-free gums. It’s just a cousin of the evil aspartame!

Cancer’s HOV lane: eating GMO!

Shocking new research reveals that a GM corn approved in Europe for use in food and (animal) feed, and Roundup (weed killer) used with it, can cause increased tumors, premature death and organ damage at levels previously claimed by EU regulatory authorities to be perfectly safe. This information was not made public. Want to get in the high occupancy lane for cancer and drive really fast? It’s dangerous. Don’t mess with your health. Don’t flirt with disaster.

Conclusion: Don’t eat cancer. Don’t drink it and don’t smoke it! The carcinogens can only win the battle if you feed them their necessary fuel — more carcinogens. Try to NEVER drink soda or diet soda or eat GMOs. If you smoke, you can quit starting today using the natural method called 14AndOut, recommended by Health Ranger Mike Adams. Here’s a sneak peek at the trailer for the 60-minute course: Programs.NaturalNews.com.

Sources for this article include:









Learn more: http://www.naturalnews.com/046808_cancer_cigarettes_gmos.html?utm_content=buffer8019a&utm_medium=social&utm_source=facebook.com&utm_campaign=buffer#ixzz3DIoPBaJR

FDA ignored expert objections and its own advisory panel and approved deadly new painkiller

Over the objections of its own advisory panel, the FDA has approved another killer drug which hit pharmacy shelves in March – a powerful new painkiller named Zohydro which is 10 times stronger than Vicodin. In approving the drug, the FDA ignored an overwhelming 11 to 2 vote against approval by the advisory panel and dire warnings and objections from state attorneys general and a coalition of health care, consumer and addiction treatment groups.

Zohydro set to become the king of the opiods

Zohydro is a super concentrated time-release opioid. Despite being packaged in time-released form, experts warn that the potential for abuse is huge, since the drug can easily be crushed and then either snorted or dissolved and injected.

The new drug belongs to a family of medicines known as opioids because they mimic the active ingredient found in the opium poppy plant. Others opioids include morphine, oxycodone, codeine and methadone.

The FDA approved Zohydro in October, making it the first single-ingredient hydrocodone drug ever cleared for U.S. patients. The pill uses an extended release formulation that is reportedly five to 10 times more potent than currently available hydrocodone combination pills, such as Vicodin. The approval surprised many doctors, coming after the FDA advisory panel previously voted overwhelmingly against the drug, citing its potential for abuse.

The FDA and San Diego-based Zogenix, who makes Zohydro, justified the drug by maintaining that it is needed to help patients who are unable to find enough relief from current medications. However, doctors and other experts have warned that the risks do not outweigh the benefits, noting that the new drug is so strong that only two capsules could be fatal for an adult and a single capsule could kill a child.

Objections to approval of Zohydro

Attorneys general from 28 states plus the territory of Guam have written the FDA objecting to the new drug and a coalition of more than 40 health care, consumer and addiction treatment groups sent a letter to the FDA warning that the release of the drug will result in dire consequences.

“In the midst of a severe drug epidemic fueled by over-prescribing of opioids, the very last thing the country needs is a new, dangerous, high-dose opioid,” the coalition wrote in a letter to FDA Commissioner Dr. Margaret Hamburg. “Too many people have already become addicted to similar opioid medications, and too many lives have been lost.”

One addiction expert who signed the letter was even more explicit in his warning.

“It’s a whopping dose of hydrocodone packed in an easy-to-crush capsule,” said Dr. Andrew Kolodny, president of the advocacy group Physicians for Responsible Opioid Prescribing. “It will kill people as soon as it’s released.”

The use and deadly abuse of opioids in the U.S.

Hydrocodone is the most prescribed medicine in the country, with more than 131 million prescriptions having been written in 2011. Hydrocodone is also consistently ranked among the most-abused medicines in the U.S., according to the Drug Enforcement Administration. Data from the International Narcotics Control Board found Americans consume more than 99 percent of the world’s supply of hydrocodone supply. The U.S. also consumes 84 percent of the world stock of oxycodone.

According to data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), drug overdose was responsible for 38,329 deaths in the US in 2010, having increased 11 successive years. In 2010 and for the third year in a row, the number of US citizens whose deaths were drug related exceeded the number of auto fatalities (32,885). Opioid overdoses have claimed 125,000 US lives in the last decade.

Sources for this article include:




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What a New Double Mastectomy Study Means for Patients.

If you are diagnosed with breast cancer, your treatment plan starts with open, honest conversations with your physicians and surgeons.

For one thing, you’ll want to discuss surgical options. Are you a candidate for breast-conserving surgery in combination with radiation?  Or should you consider mastectomy, with or without breast reconstruction?

Numerous studies have shown both of these approaches are effective in treating breast cancer. With effective options available, you need to weigh their advantages and disadvantages — both physical and psychological.

In addition, studies have shown that a small but growing number of breast cancer patients are choosing to have a bilateral (double) mastectomy, a “prophylactic” or preventive surgery that removes the non-diseased breast as well as the diseased breast.

Most recently, a new retrospective study — which looks at past outcomes over an extended time period — confirms what surgeons have been telling their patients for years: A prophylactic double mastectomy won’t improve your long-term survival compared with breast-conserving surgery.

“The take-home message for most women is this: Removing a normal, healthy breast does not improve your long-term survival.”

Stephen Grobmyer, MD

Director of Breast Services

What the study says

The study included data on 189,734 women with early-stage breast cancer over the course of 13 years. Researchers compared their survival rate at the 10-year mark.

According to the results, women who had a lumpectomy had a survival rate of 83.2 percent. Those who had both breasts removed through a double mastectomy had a survival rate of 81.2 percent. In addition, those who had a single mastectomy — removing the diseased breast only — had a survival rate of 79.9 percent.

If you’re a patient, don’t let these small differences frighten you. It’s valuable to note that the numbers actually are similar. And because this is a retrospective study — not a carefully controlled clinical trial — it’s important not to make too much of the differences in numbers. The researchers couldn’t control all of the factors that might have affected the numbers, from patient compliance to their access to high-quality care. Numerous other clinical studies have demonstrated that patients having lumpectomy and radiation versus mastectomy have equivalent survival.

The take-home message for most women is this: Removing a normal, healthy breast does not improve your long-term survival compared with other options. This data matches the advice many surgeons have been giving patients for a long time.

Why do some women consider prophylactic mastectomy?

Many people see results such as these and ask, “Why is double mastectomy an option at all?”

The answer is that medicine is not one-size-fits-all, and long-term survival rate is not the only factor in a woman’s treatment decision.

Take genetic mutations, for example. For women with BRCA1, BRCA2, PTEN and other genetic mutations, the lifetime risk of developing breast cancer is so high that a preventive double mastectomy is worth discussing. Keep in mind those cases — such as the high-profile example of Angelina Jolie — are not necessarily the same as the ones covered in this new research. They’re less common, but when they occur, the risk for developing a cancer in the other breast is higher.

Even in patients without genetic mutations, women may have other reasons for choosing a double mastectomy. One example is a desire for symmetry following reconstruction. Others may choose a double mastectomy because of anxiety over lifelong monitoring for cancer, including the fear of multiple biopsies based on their prior experiences. Others have a long history of difficult-to-interpret breast imaging exams and repeated call-backs for imaging.

In other words, for some women, the decision may be about quality of life, not just survival rate. It’s our job in those cases to educate patients about the long-term implications of any option. A prophylactic mastectomy is a permanent alteration of your body, so it’s not a decision anyone takes lightly.

For most women in the United States with early-stage breast cancer, breast conservation is still the treatment of choice, and this new research highlights why. But because so many factors go into a woman’s treatment choice, we’ll continue to have those open, honest discussions — including the strengths and drawbacks of all available options.

Botox ‘stunts emotional growth’

Picture of an injection given to the forehead
Botox is the most well-known version of this drug and is made using a toxic protein

Giving young people Botox treatment may restrict their emotional growth, experts warn.

Writing in the Journal of Aesthetic Nursing, clinicians say there is a growing trend for under-25s to seek the wrinkle-smoothing injections.

But the research suggests “frozen faces” could stop young people from learning how to express emotions fully.

A leading body of UK plastic surgeons says injecting teenagers for cosmetic reasons is “morally wrong”.

Botox and other versions of the toxin work by temporarily paralysing muscles in the upper face to reduce wrinkling when people frown.

Mimicking to learn

Nurse practitioner Helen Collier, who carried out the research, says reality TV shows and celebrity culture are driving young people to idealise the “inexpressive frozen face.”

But she points to a well-known psychological theory, the facial feedback hypothesis, that suggests adolescents learn how best to relate to people by mimicking their facial expressions.

She says: “As a human being our ability to demonstrate a wide range of emotions is very dependent on facial expressions.

“Emotions such as empathy and sympathy help us to survive and grow into confident and communicative adults.”

But she warns that a “growing generation of blank-faced” young people could be harming their ability to correctly convey their feelings.

“If you wipe those expressions out, this might stunt their emotional and social development,” she says.

The research calls for practitioners to use assessment tools to decide whether there are clear clinical reasons for Botox treatment.

Several assessment scales exist that take into account how thick the skin is, how sun-damaged it appears, and the depth of any wrinkles, but experts warn that some Botox clinics are putting financial gain first.

Natural emotions

Ms Collier calls on therapists to spend time helping young people boost their confidence rather than reaching for injections.

She adds: “Though most of the effects of the toxin are temporary, research suggests the muscles don’t fully recover from injections.

“We really need to understand the consequences of starting treatments too soon.”

Dr Michael Lewis, a researcher in psychology at Cardiff University, says: “The expressions we make on our face affect the emotions we feel.

“We smile because we are happy, but smiling also makes us happy.

“Treatment with drugs like Botox prevents the patient from being able to make a particular expression and can therefore have an effect on our learning to feel emotions naturally.”

Rajiv Grover, president of the British Association of Aesthetic Plastic Surgeons, says: “Injecting teenagers with Botox for cosmetic purposes is morally wrong and something that no ethical practitioner would do.

“This can only exacerbate body image issues at a vulnerable time.”

Ms Collier’s research will be presented at the Clinical Cosmetic and Reconstructive Expo in October.

Brain ‘still active during sleep’

Brain ‘can classify words during sleep’

EEG tests showed the brain continued to be active during sleep

The brain is still active while we are asleep, say scientists, who found people were able to classify words during their slumber.

Researchers from Cambridge and Paris introduced participants to a word test while awake and found they continued to respond correctly while asleep.

The sleeping brain can perform complex tasks, particularly if the task is automated, the study says.

Further research will now focus on how to take advantage of our sleeping time.

Writing in the journal Current Biology, the research team set out to study the brain’s behaviour while awake and during sleep.

“Start Quote

This explains some everyday life experiences such as our sensitivity to our name in our sleep, or to the specific sound of our alarm clock”

Sid KouiderEcole Normale Superieure, Paris

Using an electroencephalogram (EEG), they recorded the brain activity of participants while they were asked to classify spoken words as either animals or objects by pressing a button.

Unconscious behaviour

Participants were asked to press a button in their right hand for animals and in their left hand for objects.

This allowed researchers to track the responses and map each word category to a specific movement in the brain.

Then participants were asked to lie down in a darkened room with their eyes closed and continue the word classification task as they drifted off to sleep.

Once asleep, a new list of words was tested on participants to ensure that the brain had to work out the meaning of the words before classifying them using the buttons.

Their brain activity showed they continued to respond accurately, the researchers said, although it happened more slowly.

At the time, the participants were completely motionless and unaware.

Snooze button

Sid Kouider, from the Ecole Normale Superieure in Paris, said: “We show that the sleeping brain can be far more ‘active’ in sleep than one would think.

“This explains some everyday life experiences such as our sensitivity to our name in our sleep, or to the specific sound of our alarm clock, compared to equally loud but less relevant sounds.”

He added that it was possible for people to perform calculations on simple equations while falling asleep and then continue to identify those calculations as right or wrong during a snooze.

Any task that could become automated could be maintained during sleep, he said. But tasks that cannot be automated would stop as sleep took over.

Their research could lead to further studies on the processing capacity of our sleeping brains, the study said.

“Research focusing on how to take advantage of our sleeping time must consider what is the associated cost, if any, and whether it is worth it,” Mr Kouider said.

Progress for giant laser instrument


The first generation of Ligo failed to find evidence of gravitational waves

The Advanced Ligo instrument, a laser “ruler” built to measure the traces of gravitational waves, is progressing at amazing speed, scientists say.

The first generation of Ligo, which ran between 2001 and 2010, saw nothing.

Over the last four years scientists have designed a more sensitive detector that achieved “full lock” in June this year, earlier than planned.

Researchers reported that the new one is already 30% more precise and will start scanning the sky in summer 2015.

Ligo (Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory) operates in two sites in the US, one in Livingston, Louisiana, and another one in Hanford, Washington.

Space ripples

“In June we reached this state that we call ‘locking’, where the entire system is switched on and behaves for a short time, 10 minutes or so, as predicted it should do in science mode,” said Prof Andreas Freise from the School of Physics and Astronomy of the University of Birmingham during the British Science Festival.

Gravitational waves are ripples in the fabric of space and time that propagate across the Universe like sound waves do after an earthquake.

But in this case, the sources of the “tremors” are very energetic events such as supernovas (the explosion of a dying star), fast spinning neutron stars (very dense and compact stars), or the collision of black holes and neutron stars orbiting close to each other.

With Ligo’s current precision, the interferometer should be able to detect gravitational waves coming from neutron star and black hole binary systems 27 megaparsecs (about 88 million light-years) away from us.

Researchers are still working on the intricate optical system and detectors within Advanced Ligo to gradually increase the precision.

“The target is to reach [a distance of] 200 megaparsecs… which is a factor of 10 better than the old detector,” explained Prof Freise.

Collision of two neutron stars
Gravitational waves are thought to emerge from energetic events such as the collision of two neutron stars

Augmenting the distance by a factor of 10 means that Ligo will scan a volume of space 1,000 times larger than before.

“Advanced Ligo will be sensitive to a factor of 1,000 in the volume that we were observing with initial Ligo, and that is the sphere of volume where we expect to see a few gravitational waves,” added Prof Alberto Vecchio also from the School of Physics and Astronomy of the University of Birmingham.

Ligo observatories operate by beaming a high power laser into a splitter that divides the beam into two parts. Each part is then directed towards two 4km tunnels perpendicular to each other.

A mirror at the end of the tunnels reflects the rays back into a detector where they are recombined.

Since both tunnels are equally long, when the two halves meet in the detector the signal shows no pattern. But this is not the case if a gravitational wave were passing through the Earth.

“When [the gravitational waves] reach Earth they distort space and time. In particular, they will change the separation of the mirrors,” explained Prof Vecchio.

“Over 4km, a decent gravitational wave that we can detect creates a change of less than a thousandth of the size of the nucleus of an atom.”

This minuscule variation in the space between the mirrors will produce a distinct pattern from which the properties of the gravitational waves can be inferred.

Profound observation

The team at the University of Birmingham has been involved in Ligo since 2000, leading the development of technology and hardware, and the tools for the analysis of the scientific data.

The main improvements in Advanced Ligo included an upgraded suspension system of the mirrors to make them as stable as possible, a more powerful laser, and a change in the optical elements to accommodate the laser’s extra power.

Although the former Ligo instruments did not detect any signature in its 10 years of observation, researchers think that with the upgrade, Advanced Ligo will be able to detect at least one gravitational wave in its lifetime.

Prof Vecchio said that the most pessimistic prediction is that “Ligo will deliver one detection over five years”.

“Reasonable predictions tell you many events per year and there are optimistic ones that tell you a hundred or a thousand. We just don’t know.”

Ligo will complement rather than compete with the results of the Bicep2and Planck experiments, as it is tuned to look at much shorter wavelengths.

The implications of detecting gravity waves are profound from a scientific point of view.

Prof Freise said: “There are two aspects. One is testing the theory of gravity, but I think the more interesting for me is for astronomy.

“We are tapping into the unknown here, so we will get a new signal that may tell a lot of people in astronomy that they were wrong. And that’s what I am after.”

Gates Foundation now funding Ebola vaccine development that might be forced upon us all.

As the Ebola virus continues to spread in West Africa, health institutes, activist groups, medical volunteers and philanthropists are doing what they can to “help” not only contain the deadly disease but to stamp it out as well.

One of those philanthropy groups is the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, which has stepped up to donate $50 million in emergency funds to the effort, the most the organization has ever made in response to a health emergency. It follows a report from researchers at Oxford University that the virus could eventually be spread by wildlife to 22 African countries.

However, there’s one problem with the effort — the Gates Foundation is funding research into a new Ebola vaccine that everyone would be forced to take.

Fear appears to be driving the push for a cure, however. As reported by Bloomberg Businessweek:

While the Ebola virus produces frightening symptoms and headlines, the death toll from the current epidemic is now hovering at around 2,300, according to the World Health Organization. What makes Ebola so frightening is the fact that there are no easy fixes: no vaccine, no cure, and no easy way to contain it–the disease might also be transmitted by bats and chimpanzees.

Gates Foundation a major player in global health care

Indeed, the mysterious nature and rapid spread of Ebola, associated with a painful and — more often than not — fatal outcome, has rattled health experts and professionals alike from all over the world. Experts from a number of global and national health organizations like the WHO and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, as well as Doctors Without Borders, a health activist group that provides free medical care to economically deprived regions of the world, are all sounding alarm bells. They want a massive global response to the outbreak, but that has yet to happen.

The Gates Foundation has been a major player in world health. Bill and Melinda Gates have long sought cures for malaria, for example, and through their foundation, they have developed healthcare-sector relationships and access that even officials with the United Nations can only dream about. So the influence to push whatever “cure” the foundation helps develop is there.

Meanwhile, the U.S. effort to help combat the spread of the disease — totaling $100 million thus far — is continuing. On Sept. 11, U.S. Ambassador to Sierra Leone Kathleen FitzGibbon handed the keys to five ambulances donated by the U.S. government to the Sierra Leone government. It can often take up to 24 hours for medical personnel to retrieve the bodies of Ebola victims, due to the country’s collapsing medical system; the longer bodies are left in the open, the more likely the disease is to spread.

As further reported by The Associated Press:

Sierra Leone, Liberia and Guinea — the three countries hit hardest by the outbreak — are also in need of more protective gear for health care workers and more treatment beds for Ebola victims. The World Health Organization says about 1,000 more beds in isolation centers are needed.

The jury is still out on an experimental treatment

And the government of Senegal has announced that the country’s lone Ebola patient is recovering and will survive, but government officials said he is still suffering psychologically, having lost several family members to the disease.

As for Ebola treatments, the CDC says on its website that the experimental drug ZMapp has been developed but has not yet been tested on humans. But as Natural News has reported, the drug actually has been tested — on a sickened Liberian doctor — but it failed:

According to Lewis Brown, Liberia’s Information Minister, Dr. Abraham Borbor seemed to be improving after being given ZMapp but suddenly “took a turn for the worse,” calling into question the effectiveness of the experimental drug.

However, also as we reported, there are instances where the experimental drug might have worked. Two American healthcare workers got better after receiving ZMapp. Still, their recoveries may not have been tied to the drug; both patients received high-dose, intravenous nutrition and carefully monitored fluid-replacement therapy. You can read about that here: NaturalNews.com.

Learn more about natural defenses against viral outbreaks at BioDefense.com.






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