Guinea ‘Ebola deaths pass 100’


The number of people believed to have been killed by the Ebola virus in Guinea has passed 100, the UN World Health Organization says.

It was “one of the most challenging Ebola outbreaks we have ever dealt with” and could take another four months to contain, the WHO said.

Staff of the "Doctors without Borders" ("Medecins Sans Frontieres") medical aid organisation carry the body of a person killed by viral haemorrhagic fever, at a centre for victims of the Ebola virus in Guekedou, on 1 April 2014

The virus had now killed 101 people in Guinea and 10 in Liberia, it said.

Ebola is spread by close contact and kills between 25% and 90% of its victims.

Many West African states have porous borders, and people travel frequently between countries.

‘High alert’

Southern Guinea is at the epicentre of the outbreak, with the first case reported last month.

The geographical spread of the outbreak is continuing to make it particularly challenging to contain – past outbreaks have involved much smaller areas.

“We fully expect to be engaged in this outbreak for the next two to three to four months before we are comfortable that we are through it,” Keija Fukuda, WHO’s assistant director-general, said at a news briefing in Geneva, Reuters news agency reports.

The WHO said 157 suspected cases had been recorded in Guinea, including 20 in the capital, Conakry.

Map of West Africa

Sixty-seven of the cases have been confirmed as Ebola, it added.

In neighbouring Liberia, 21 cases had been reported, with five confirmed as Ebola, WHO said.

Mali had reported nine suspected cases, but medical tests done so far showed that two of them did not have Ebola, it said.

Last week, Mali said it was on high alert because of fears of an outbreak of Ebola and it would tighten border controls.

Saudi Arabia has suspended visas for Muslim pilgrims from Guinea and Liberia, in a sign of the growing unease about the outbreak.

This is the first known outbreak in Guinea – most recent cases have been thousands of miles away in the Democratic Republic of Congo and Uganda.

There is no known cure or vaccine for Ebola.

The tropical virus leads to haemorrhagic fever, causing muscle pain, weakness, vomiting, diarrhoea and, in severe cases, organ failure and unstoppable bleeding.

Can Doctors Speak Their Minds Without Getting Into Trouble?


http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/822583?nlid=53643_465

From the desk of Zedie.

Junk food can be as addictive as heroin


It should be no surprise that people have so much trouble staying on diets, or that obesity in the Western world continues soaring beyond all prior records.

New research into the neurological effects of junk food consumption is increasingly confirming that eating sugary, high-fat foods produces exactly the same effects as taking street drugs like heroin, with predictably similar results.

food

Animal studies have confirmed that eating junk food causes the release of pleasure chemicals in the brain, and that regular consumption actually causes these pleasure centers to become desensitized. This drives people to eat greater and greater quantities of junk food to get the same rush, in an identical procedure to that characteristic of substance abuse.

Researchers have even observed junk-food-addicted animals starving themselves for weeks rather than eating healthy food.

The findings suggest that people shifting away from unhealthy diets should approach the effort as one of breaking addiction, not just a matter of willpower. Taking the addictive power of junk food seriously might, in the long run, make it easier to cook the habit.

Sources:

http://www.naturalnews.com

http://science.naturalnews.com

Learn more: http://www.naturalnews.com/044630_junk_food_addiction_heroin.html#ixzz2yaJFfPcr

Zinc deficiency mistakes you might not realize you’re making.


While severe deficiency in zinc isn’t very common, particularly in developed nations, many people in the United States actually have marginal deficiencies, especially elderly persons. And there is a number of reasons and causes behind why deficiency in this essential mineral could be quite prevalent now.

One big reason for zinc deficiency is that food consumed today has less zinc than in years past — soil demineralization due to modern farming methods and food processing are two culprits for today’s reduced dietary zinc intake.

As zinc is water-soluble, canning foods or cooking them in water can cause the removal of zinc.

Other food-related issues are high calcium:zinc and iron:zinc ratios in the diet, as excess calcium and iron can affect the absorption of zinc.

Dietary habits and lifestyle choices which can also contribute to zinc deficiency include:

• consumption of fiber or phytates (compounds found in grains and legumes), as they bind to zinc and reduce the amount of the mineral which is absorbed by the body

• drinking of hard water

• strict vegetarianism, as such a diet would usually contain high amounts of fiber, phytates and oxalates, which affect zinc absorption; generally speaking, zinc in animal-based foods, which is bound with proteins, is more bio-available to the body than the zinc found in plant-based foods

• high copper intake, as it lowers zinc levels in the body; copper can be found in supplements, birth control pills and water which runs through copper pipes

• alcohol consumption — alcohol flushes zinc out from the liver

• heavy perspiration, for example through regular sports, as zinc is lost in sweat

• stress, which raises the body’s zinc usage

Other situations which could result in zinc depletion or an increased need in zinc include dialysis, diuretic therapy, hospitalization and surgery.

Specific groups of people need more zinc

Broadly speaking, elderly persons, pregnant and lactating women, children undergoing growth spurts (e.g., infancy and puberty) and women using oral contraceptives have higher zinc requirements.

Indeed, it has been found that infants, adolescents, women and the elderly are more likely to suffer from zinc deficiency, due to their intakes not matching their increased needs.

Health conditions linked to zinc deficiency

Further, there are numerous health conditions which are implicated in zinc deficiency, contributing either to lowered zinc absorption by the body or elevated zinc needs. Some of these ailments include:

• blood loss (chronic)
• burns, injuries and wounds
• celiac disease
• chronic diseases such as cancer
• diabetes
• diarrhea
• infections or inflammation, whether acute or chronic
• inflammatory bowel disease
• intestinal resection
• kidney disease
• liver cirrhosis
• liver disease
• malabsorption arising from pancreatic insufficiency or post-gastrointestinal surgery
• parasites
• psoriasis
• short bowel syndrome

Learn about what foods you can eat to obtain more zinc in your diet here.

zinc

Sources for this article include:

Balch, Phyllis A., CNC. Prescription for Nutritional Healing: A Practical A-to-Z Reference to Drug-Free Remedies Using Vitamins, Minerals, Herbs & Food Supplements. 5th ed. New York, NY: Avery, 2010. Print.

Haas, Elson M., MD, and Levin, Buck, PhD, RD. Staying Healthy With Nutrition: The Complete Guide to Diet and Nutritional Medicine. New York, NY: Celestial Arts, 2006. Print.

Murray, Michael T., ND. Encyclopedia of Nutritional Supplements: The Essential Guide for Improving Your Health Naturally. New York, NY: Three Rivers Press, 1996. Print.

Living organ regenerated for first time: Thymus rebuilt in mice .


Team of scientists at the University of Edinburgh has succeeded in regenerating a living organ for the first time.

The team rebuilt the thymus — an organ in the body located next to the heart that produces important immune cells.

Immune repair

The advance could pave the way for new therapies for people with damaged immune systems and genetic conditions that affect thymus development.

The team reactivated a natural mechanism that shuts down with age to rejuvenate the thymus in very old mice. After treatment, the regenerated organ had a similar structure to that found in a young mouse.

Function restored

The function of the thymus was also restored and the mice began making more white blood cells called T cells, which are important for fighting off infection. However, it is not yet clear whether the immune system of the mice was improved.

The study was led by researchers from the Medical Research Council Centre for Regenerative Medicine at the University of Edinburgh.

The researchers targeted a protein produced by cells of the thymus — called FOXN1 — which helps to control how important genes are switched on. By increasing levels of FOXN1, the team instructed stem cell-like cells to rebuild the organ.

“Our results suggest that targeting the same pathway in humans may improve thymus function and therefore boost immunity in elderly patients, or those with a suppressed immune system. However, before we test this in humans we need to carry out more work to make sure the process can be tightly controlled,” said Clare Blackburn, Professor of Tissue Stem Cell Biology, MRC Centre for Regenerative Medicine.

Treatment hope

The thymus deteriorates with age, which is why older people are often more susceptible to infections such as flu.

The discovery could also offer hope to patients with DiGeorge syndrome, a genetic condition that causes the thymus to not develop properly.

“One of the key goals in regenerative medicine is harnessing the body’s own repair mechanisms and manipulating these in a controlled way to treat disease. This interesting study suggests that organ regeneration in a mammal can be directed by manipulation of a single protein, which is likely to have broad implications for other areas of regenerative biology,” said Dr Rob Buckle, Head of Regenerative Medicine, Medical Research Council.

The study is published today in the journal Development.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by University of EdinburghNote: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. N. Bredenkamp, C. S. Nowell, C. C. Blackburn. Regeneration of the aged thymus by a single transcription factorDevelopment, 2014; 141 (8): 1627 DOI:10.1242/dev.103614

Jury orders pharma companies to pay $9 bln in diabetes drug case.


Takeda Pharmaceutical Co. and Eli Lilly & Co. have been ordered to pay $9 billion total in punitive damages after a US jury found the two companies did not adequately inform people of the cancer risks connected to their Actos diabetes drug.

Actos antidiabetic drugs.(AFP Photo / Philippe Huguen)

The verdict calls for Japan-based Takeda to shoulder the brunt of the damages and pay $6 billion, while Eli Lilly, Takeda’s co-defendant and US distributor, was ordered to pay $3 billion.

According to Reuters, plaintiffs’ lawyer Mark Lanier said the verdict was delivered to “stunned silence” in the courtroom, as it topped even the $5 billion in damages levied against Exxon Mobile for the 1989 Exxon Valdez oil spill in Alaska.

Lanier represented a former Actos user named Terrence Allen, who had sued Takeda alleging that its drug caused his bladder cancer. He was also awarded approximately $1.5 million in compensatory damages.

“I hope Takeda executives in Japan heard what this jury had to say loudly and clearly,” Lanier told Bloomberg News after the verdict was announced.

Both Takeda and Eli Lilly disagreed with the verdict and said they plan to contest the imposed fines.

“We intend to vigorously challenge this outcome through all available legal means, including possible post-trial motions and an appeal,” Takeda general counsel Kenneth Greisman said to Reuters in a statement.

“While we have empathy for the plaintiff, we believe the evidence did not support claims that Actos caused his bladder cancer,” Eli Lilly spokeswoman Candace Johnson added to Bloomberg.

The case revolved primarily around allegations that Takeda executives knew about the possible cancer risks associated with its drug, not only declining to properly inform regulators of the dangers but also misleading them in order to preserve sales. At peak sales levels in 2011, Actos accounted for more than a quarter of the company’s revenue.

According to Bloomberg, Lanier argued in court that Takeda officials purposely destroyed important documents from 46 employees – including high-level executives – related to the development and marketing of Actos.

Since these documents were either destroyed or lost, US District Judge Rebecca Doherty told jurors they could reason that such news helped bolster the allegation that the company hid the repercussions of its drug. Takeda did not put a warning label describing Actos’ cancer risk until 2011, seven years after the connection to bladder cancer was shown to be strong.

“The breadth of Takeda leadership whose files have been lost, deleted or destroyed is, in and of itself, disturbing,” she wrote in January.

Whether or not the verdict of $9 billion in damages survives, however, is another question. Previously, the Supreme Court ruled that the punitive damages – meant to prevent companies from behaving similarly in other cases – should be at least somewhat in line with compensatory damages. In 2008, it ruled the Exxon Mobile verdict to be “excessive,” lowering the fine to $500 million.

Speaking with Reuters, Lanier acknowledged the same could happen with Takeda.

“Nobody has gone out and bought a new home,” he said. “This is a conservative judge and a conservative court and she’s very ‘balls and strikes’. We’re not under any grand illusion.”

Last year, another verdict against Takeda – this time to the tune of $6.5 million – was tossed out by a judge on the grounds that it was not adequately proven that Actos caused cancer. Germany and France have banned the drug, but other countries have kept it on the market, saying the benefits could outweigh the risks for some patients.

Still, Florida lawyer Neil Overholtz told Bloomberg he believes the jury’s announcement is a positive step forward in the current landscape.

“This verdict sends a message that you must put the health and safety of Americans ahead of profits,” he said, “or American juries will have the courage and resolve to hold global corporations accountable.”

Scientists Link Selfies To Narcissism, Addiction & Mental Illness.


‘Selfie Addiction’ Is No Laughing Matter, Psychiatrists Say

You’ve seen it thousands of times on Facebook and other social media outlets, there is even a song on the radio about it! Selfies have become a huge trend in social media and psychiatrists and mental health workers are linking them to mental health conditions related to narcissism and a person’s obsession with their looks.

Scroll down for video

selfies-is-linked-to-mental-health-

According to psychiatrist Dr David Veal:

“Two out of three of all the patients who come to see me with Body Dysmorphic Disorder since the rise of camera phones have a compulsion to repeatedly take and post selfies on social media sites.”

“Cognitive behavioural therapy is used to help a patient to recognize the reasons for his or her compulsive behaviour and then to learn how to moderate it,” he told the Sunday Mirror.

I’ve personally seen this with some of my own friends. They might take several selfies over and over again until they find the right one. Picking out details about their eyebrows, skin, noses, smiles, teeth, hair and so forth, all in an attempt to find the perfect angle to make the perfect picture. Even looking at how most of us choose our profile pictures on Facebook and other social media sites is a huge process. Believe it or not, as harmless as these acts all seem, they build up over time to create and create great forms of self consciousness and false sense of confidence. Instead of being okay with who we are no matter what, we strive to find the right picture with all the perfect details. The more likes we get on social media sites the happier we feel. Is this sustainable? Basing our happiness on our profile picture or selfie picture performance?

How far can the selfie obsession go? A British male teenager went to the extent of  trying to commit suicide after he was unable to take what he felt was the perfect selfie. Danny Bowman became so obsessed with capturing the perfect shot that he would spend roughly 10 hours per day taking up to 200 selfies trying to get the perfect shot. As things got more and more intense for Danny, he lost nearly 30 pounds, dropped out of school and did not leave the house for six months as he kept trying for the perfect picture. During his suicide attempt, Bowman was saved by his mother.

 

“I was constantly in search of taking the perfect selfie and when I realized I couldn’t, I wanted to die. I lost my friends, my education, my health and almost my life,” he told The Mirror.

While this is an extreme case, it isn’t too far off from what goes through many of the minds of young, and even older, people as they take pictures of themselves for social media. Seeing other peoples pictures, seeing the attention they may or may not get, we end up comparing ourselves and the fine details of our looks. Overtime, an obsession builds and our looks become increasingly more important to us. Something I feel we should be focusing less and less on versus more and more.

“Selfies frequently trigger perceptions of self-indulgence or attention-seeking social dependence that raises the damned-if-you-do and damned-if-you-don’t spectre of either narcissism or very low self-esteem,” said Pamela Rutledge in Psychology Today.

Narcissism, being obsessed with receiving recognition and gratification from ones looks, vanity and in an egotistical manner, is becoming a big problem in our digital age. I personally feel a big part of this stems from judgement of self, judgement of others and pop culture. There is a huge lack of addressing these personal issues within the education system or other programs youth and other young people have access to. We focus so much on educating a person to become a trained member of society, but we do nothing for their own personal development as a person. This is a very important aspect of personal development that I feel should be at the forefront of our education system.

The addiction to selfies has also alarmed health professionals in Thailand.

“To pay close attention to published photos, controlling who sees or who likes or comments them, hoping to reach the greatest number of likes is a symptom that ‘selfies’ are causing problems,” said Panpimol Wipulakorn, of the Thai Mental Health Department.

The doctor believed that behaviours could generate more mental issues in the future, especially those related to lack of confidence.

The next time you go to post an image of yourself online, or even when you go out for the day,observe yourself and find out how much of your thoughts are based on how you look, what you think others will think of you and how you might be using your looks to try and make you feel good for a short period of time. From there you can work on accepting every aspect of who you are as being perfect and as it needs to be without needing to look outside yourself for self-love. You are much more than your looks.

Surprising truth about obsessive-compulsive thinking .


People who check whether their hands are clean or imagine their house might be on fire are not alone. New research from Concordia University and 15 other universities worldwide shows that 94 per cent of people experience unwanted, intrusive thoughts, images and/or impulses.

The international study, which was co-authored by Concordia psychology professor Adam Radomsky and published in the Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders, examined people on six continents.

Radomsky and his colleagues found that the thoughts, images and impulses symptomatic of obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) are widespread.

“This study shows that it’s not the unwanted, intrusive thoughts that are the problem — it’s what you make of those thoughts,” Radomsky says. “And that’s at the heart of our cognitive and behavioral interventions for helping people overcome OCD.”

This means therapists can focus on applying effective treatments that will work cross-culturally.

As Radomsky points out, “Confirming that these thoughts are extremely common helps us reassure patients who may think that they are very different from everybody else.”

“For instance, most people who have an intrusive thought about jumping off a balcony or a metro platform would tell themselves that it’s a strange or silly thing to think, whereas a person with OCD may worry that the thought means they’re suicidal. OCD patients experience these thoughts more often and are more upset by them, but the thoughts themselves seem to be indistinguishable from those occurring in the general population.”

For researchers developing effective evidence-based mental health treatments, recognizing how widespread these intrusive thoughts are can also offer encouragement to use cognitive and behavioral therapies cross-culturally.

“We’re more similar than we are different,” says Radomsky. “People with OCD and related problems are very much like everyone else.”

About the study

The researchers assessed 777 university students in 13 countries across six continents, including in Canada, Argentina, Australia, France, Greece, Hong Kong, Iran, Israel, Italy, Sierra Leone, Spain, Turkey and the United States.

Participants were questioned about whether they had experienced at least one unwanted, intrusive thought in the three months prior. To ensure participants reported intrusions, researchers worked with them to distinguish between lingering worries, ruminations about previous events and unwanted intrusions. These can be a phrase (“Did I lock the front door?”), an image (a mental picture of the subject’s house on fire) or an urge (for instance, a desire to hurt someone). Contamination, aggression and doubt were among the many types of intrusive thoughts reported by participants.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Concordia UniversityNote: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Richard Moulding, Meredith E. Coles, Jonathan S. Abramowitz, Gillian M. Alcolado, Pino Alonso, Amparo Belloch, Martine Bouvard, David A. Clark, Guy Doron, Héctor Fernández-Álvarez, Gemma García-Soriano, Marta Ghisi, Beatriz Gómez, Mujgan Inozu, Adam S. Radomsky, Giti Shams, Claudio Sica, Gregoris Simos, Wing Wong. Part 2. They scare because we care: The relationship between obsessive intrusive thoughts and appraisals and control strategies across 15 citiesJournal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders, 2014; DOI:10.1016/j.jocrd.2014.02.006

10 Scientific Studies Proving GMOs Can Be Harmful To Human Health


Over the past few years, a number of countries have completely banned GMOs and the pesticides that go along with them, and they are doing so for a reason. The latest country to consider a complete ban is Russia after top government scientists recommended at least a 10-year ban.

The truth is, we don’t know enough about GMOs to deem them safe for human consumption. Believe it or not the very first commercial sale of them was only twenty years ago. There is no possible way that our health authorities can test all possible combinations on a large enough population, over a long enough period of time to be able to say with absolute certainty that they are harmless.

There are a multitude of credible scientific studies that clearly demonstrate why GMOs should not be consumed, and more are emerging every year. There are also a number of scientists all around the world who oppose them.

By slipping it into our food without our knowledge, without any indication that there are genetically modified organisms in our food, we are now unwittingly part of a massive experiment.The FDA has said that genetically modified organisms are not much different from regular food, so they’ll be treated in the same way. The problem is this, geneticists follow the inheritance of genes, what biotechnology allows us to do is to take this organism, and move it horizontally into a totally unrelated species. Now David Suzuki doesn’t normally mate with a carrot and exchange genes, what biotechnology allows us to do is to switch genes from one to the other without regard to the biological constraints. It’s very very bad science, we assume that the principals governing the inheritance of genes vertically, applies when you move genes laterally or horizontally. There’s absolutely no reason to make that conclusion – Geneticist David Suzuki


If anybody ever tells you that we know with one hundred percent certainty that GMOs are totally safe to eat, they haven’t done their research. There is no reason GM foods should be approved safe for consumption, we just don’t know enough about them. We could easily feed the planet through organic, GMO-free methods, so there is absolutely no reason we need GM foods around.

Below I’ve presented just a bit of information to get you started on your research.

1. Multiple Toxins From GMOs Detected In Maternal and Fetal Blood

Research from Canada (the first of its kind) has successfully identified the presence of pesticides -associated with genetically modified foods in maternal, fetal and non-pregnant women’s blood. They also found the presence of Monsanto’s Bt toxin. The study was published in the journal Reproductive Toxicology in 2011.(1) You can read the FULL study here.

Given the potential toxicity of these environmental pollutants and the fragility of the fetus, more studies are needed, particularly those using the placental transfer approach. Thus, our present results will provide baseline data for future studies exploring a new area of research relating to nutrition, toxicology and reproduction in women. Today, obstetric-gynecological disorders that are associated with environmental chemicals are not known. Thus, knowing the actual concentration of genetically modified foods in humans constitutes a cornerstone in the advancement of research in this area.” (1)

The study used blood samples from thirty pregnant women and thirty non-pregnant women. The study also pointed out that the fetus is considered to be highly susceptible to the adverse affects of xenobiotics (foreign chemical substance found within an organism that is not naturally produced.) This is why the study emphasizes that knowing more about GMOs is crucial, because environmental agents could disrupt the biological events that are required to ensure normal growth and development.

2. DNA From Genetically Modified Crops Can Be Transferred Into Humans Who Eat Them

In a new study published in the peer reviewed Public Library of Science (PLOS), researchers emphasize that there is sufficient evidence that meal-derived DNA fragments carry complete genes that can enter into the human circulation system through an unknown mechanism.(2)

In one of the blood samples the relative concentration of plant DNA is higher than the human DNA. The study was based on the analysis of over 1000 human samples from four independent studies. PLOS is an open access, well respected peer-reviewed scientific journal that covers primary research from disciplines within science and medicine. It’s great to see this study published in it, confirming what many have been suspected for years.

Our bloodstream is considered to be an environment well separated from the outside world and the digestive tract. According to the standard paradigm large macromolecules consumed with food cannot pass directly to the circulatory system. During digestion proteins and DNA are thought to be degraded into small constituents, amino acids and nucleic acids, respectively, and then absorbed by a complex active process and distributed to various parts of the body through the circulation system. Here, based on the analysis of over 1000 human samples from four independent studies, we report evidence that meal-derived DNA fragments which are large enough to carry complete genes can avoid degradation and through an unknown mechanism enter the human circulation system. In one of the blood samples the relative concentration of plant DNA is higher than the human DNA. The plant DNA concentration shows a surprisingly precise log-normal distribution in the plasma samples while non-plasma (cord blood) control sample was found to be free of plant DNA. (2)

This still doesn’t mean that GMOs can enter into our cells, but given the fact GMOs have been linked to cancer (later in this article) it is safe to assume it is indeed a possibility. The bottom line is that we don’t know, and this study demonstrates another cause for concern.

3. New Study Links GMOs To Gluten Disorders That Affect 18 Million Americans

This study was recently released by the Institute for Responsible Technology (IRT), and uses data from the US department of Agriculture, US Environmental Protection Agency, medical journal reviews as well as other independent research. (3)(4) The authors relate GM foods to five conditions that may either trigger or exacerbate gluten-related disorders, including the autoimmune disorder, Celiac Disease:

  • Intestinal permeability
  • Imbalanced gut bacteria
  • Immune activation and allergic response
  • Impaired digestion
  • Damage to the intestinal wall

The Institute for Responsible technology is a world leader in educating policy makers and the public about GMO foods and crops. The institute reports and investigates on the impact GM foods can have on health, environment, agriculture and more.

4. Study Links Genetically Modified Corn to Rat Tumors

In November 2012, The Journal of Food and Chemical Toxicology published a paper titled ‘Long term toxicity of a Roundup herbicide and a Roundup-tolerant genetically modified maize’ by Gilles-Eric Seralini and his team of researchers at France’s Caen University. (5)

It was a very significant study, which obviously looks bad for the big biotech companies like Monsanto, being the first and only long-term study under controlled conditions examining the possible effects of a diet of GMO maize treated with Monsanto roundup herbicide.

This study has since been retracted, which is odd, because the journal it was published in is a very well known, reputable peer reviewed scientific journal. In order for a study to be published here it has to go through a rigorous review process.

It’s also important to note that hundreds of scientists from around the world have condemned the retraction of the study. This study was done by experts, and a correlation between GMOs and these tumors can’t be denied, something happened.

The multiple criticisms of the study have also been answered by the team of researchers that conducted the study. You can read them and find out more about the study here.

GM Crop Production is Lowering US Yields and Increasing Pesticide Use

5. Glyphosate Induces Human Breast Cancer Cells Growth via Estrogen Receptors

A study is published in the US National Library of Medicine (4) and will soon be published in the journal Food and Chemical Toxicology. Several recent studies showed glyphosate’s potential to be an endocrine disruptor. Endocrine disruptors are chemicals that can interfere with the hormone system in mammals. These disruptors can cause developmental disorders, birth defects and cancer tumors. (6)

Glyphosate exerted proliferative effects only in human hormone-dependent breast cancer. We found that glyphosate exhibited a weaker estrogenic activity than estradiol.

Furthermore, this study demonstrated the additive estrogenic effects of glyphosate and genisein which implied that the use of contaminated soybean products as dietary supplements may pose a risk of breast cancer because of their potential additive estrogenicity. (6)

Researchers also determined that Monsanto’s roundup is considered an “xenoestrogen,” which is a foreign estrogen that mimics real estrogen in our bodies. This can cause a number of problems that include an increased risk of various cancers, early onset of puberty, thyroid issues, infertility and more.

6. Glyphosate Linked To Birth Defects

A group of scientists put together a comprehensive review of existing data that shows how European regulators have known that Monsanto’s glyphosate causes a number of birth malformations since at least 2002. Regulators misled the public about glyphosate’s safety, and in Germany the Federal Office for Consumer Protection and Food Safety told the European Commission that there was no evidence to suggest that glyphosate causes birth defects. (7)

Our examination of the evidence leads us to the conclusion that the current approval of glyphosate and Roundup is deeply flawed and unreliable. In this report, we examine the industry studies and regulatory documents that led to the approval of glyphosate. We show that industry and regulators knew as long ago as the 1980s and 1990s that glyphosate causes malformation – but that this information was not made public. We demonstrate how EU regulators reasoned their way from clear evidence of glyphosate’s teratogenicity in industry’s own studies to a conclusion that minimized these findings in the EU Commission’s final review report. (7)

Here is a summary of the report:

  • Multiple peer-reviewed scientific literature documenting serious health hazards posed by glyphosate
  • Industry (including Monsanto) has known since the 1980s that glyphosate causes malformations in experimental animals at high doses
  • Industry has known since 1993 that these effects could also occur at lower and mid doses
  • The German government has known since at least 1998 that glyphosate causes malformations
  • The EU Commission’s expert scientific review panel knew in 1999 that glyphosate causes malformations
  • The EU Commission has known since 2002 that glyphosate causes malformations. This was the year DG SANCO division published its final review report, laying out the basis for the current approval of glyphosate

Another study published by the American Chemical Society, from the university of Buenos Aires, Argentina also showed that Glyphosate can cause abnormalities.(8)

The direct effect of glyphosate on early mechanisms of morphogenesis in vertebrate embryos opens concerns about the clinical findings from human offspring in populations exposed to glyphosate in agricultural fields (8)

7. Study Links Glyphosate To Autism, Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s

When you ingest Glyphosate, you are in essence altering the chemistry of your body. It’s completely unnatural and the body doesn’t resonate with it. P450 (CYP) is the gene pathway disrupted when the body takes in Glyphosate. P450 creates enzymes that assist with the formation of molecules in cells, as well as breaking them down. CYP enzymes are abundant and have many important functions. They are responsible for detoxifying xenobiotics from the body, things like the various chemicals found in pesticides, drugs and carcinogens. Glyphosate inhibits the CYP enzymes. The CYP pathway is critical for normal, natural functioning of multiple biological systems within our bodies. Because humans that’ve been exposed to glyphosate have a drop in amino acid tryptophan levels, they do not have the necessary active signalling of the neurotransmitter serotonin, which is associated with weight gain, depression and Alzheimer’s disease. (9)

8. Chronically Ill Humans Have Higher Glyphosate Levels Than Healthy Humans

A new study out of Germany concludes that Glyphosate residue could reach humans and animals through feed and can be excreted in urine. It outlines how presence of glyphosate in urine and its accumulation in animal tissues is alarming even at low concentrations. (10)

To this day, Monsanto continues to advertise its Roundup products as environmentally friendly and claims that neither animals nor humans are affected by this toxin.

Environmentalists, veterinarians, medical doctors and scientists however, have raised increasing alarms about the danger of glyphosate in the animal and human food chain as well as the environment. The fact that glyphosate has been found in animals and humans is of great concern. In search for the causes of serious diseases amongst entire herds of animals in northern Germany, especially cattle, glyphosate has repeatedly been detected in the urine, feces, milk and feed of the animals. Even more alarming, glyphosate was detected in the urine of the farmers. (10)

9. Studies Link GMO Animal Feed to Severe Stomach Inflammation and Enlarged Uteri in Pigs

A study by scientist Judy Carman, PhD that was recently published in the peer-reviewed journal Organic Systems outlines the effects of a diet mixed with GMO feed for pigs, and how it is a cause for concern when it comes to health. (11) Scientists randomized and fed isowean pigs either a mixed GM soy and GM corn (maize) diet for approximately 23 weeks (nothing out of the ordinary for most pigs in the United States), which is unfortunately the normal lifespan of a commercial pig from weaning to slaughter. Equal numbers of male and female pigs were present in each group. The GM diet was associated with gastric and uterine differences in pigs. GM pigs had uteri that were 25% heavier than non-GM fed pigs. GM-fed pigs had a higher rate of severe stomach inflammation with a rate of 32% compared to 125 of non-GM fed pigs.

The study concluded that pigs fed a GMO diet exhibited a heavier uteri and a higher rate of severe stomach inflammation than pigs who weren’t fed a GMO diet. Because the use of GMO feed for livestock and humans is so widespread, this is definitely another cause for concern when it comes to GMO consumption. Humans have a similar gastrointestinal tract to pigs, and these GM crops are consumed widely by people, especially in the United States.

10. GMO risk assessment is based on very little scientific evidence in the sense that the testing methods recommended are not adequate to ensure safety. (12)(13)(14)

Deficiencies have been revealed numerous times with regards to testing GM foods.

The first guidelines were originally designed to regulate the introduction of GM microbes and plants into the environment with no attention being paid to food safety concerns. However, they have been widely cited as adding authoritative scientific support to food safety assessment. Additionally, the Statement of Policy released by the Food and Drug Administration of the United States, presumptively recognizing the GM foods as GRAS (generally recognized as safe), was prepared while there were critical guidelines prepared by the International Life Sciences Institute Europe and FAO/WHO recommend that safety evaluation should be based on the concept of substantial equivalence, considering parameters such as molecular characterization, phenotypic characteristics, key nutrients, toxicants and allergens. Since 2003, official standards for food safety assessment have been published by the Codex Alimentarius Commission of FAO/WHO. Published reviews with around 25 peer-reviewed studies have found that despite the guidelines, the risk assessment of GM foods has not followed a defined prototype.(12) (15)

The risk assessment of genetically modified (GM) crops for human nutrition and health has not been systematic. Evaluations for each GM crop or trait have been conducted using different feeding periods, animal models and parameters. The most common results is that GM and conventional sources include similar nutritional performance and growth in animals. However, adverse microscopic and molecular effects of some GM foods in different organs or tissues have been reported. While there are currently no standardized methods to evaluate the safety of GM foods, attempts towards harmonization are on the way. More scientific effort is necessary in order to build confidence in the evaluation and acceptance of GM foods. (12) (15)

So, if anybody ever tells you that GMOs are completely safe for consumption, it’s not true. We just don’t know enough about them to make such a definitive statement. A lot of evidence actually points to the contrary.

Sources:

(1) https://www.uclm.es/Actividades/repositorio/pdf/doc_3721_4666.pdf
(2) http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0069805
(3) http://rt.com/usa/gmo-gluten-sensitivity-trigger-343/
(4) http://responsibletechnology.org/media/images/content/Press_Release_Gluten_11_25.pdf
(5) http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0278691512005637
(6) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23756170
(7) http://earthopensource.org/files/pdfs/Roundup-and-birth-defects/RoundupandBirthDefectsv5.pdf
(8) http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/tx1001749
(9) http://www.mdpi.com/1099-4300/15/4/1416
(10) http://omicsonline.org/open-access/detection-of-glyphosate-residues-in-animals-and-humans-2161-0525.1000210.pdf
(11) http://www.organic-systems.org/journal/81/8106.pdf
(12)http://static.aboca.com/www.aboca.com/files/attach/news/risk_assessment_of_genetically_modified_crops_for_nutrition.pdf
(13) Reese W, Schubert D. Safety testing and regulation of genetically engineered foods. Biotechnol Genet Eng Rev. 2004;21:299–324
(14) Schubert D. A different perspective on GM food. Nat Biotechnol. 2002;20:969–969.
(15) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19146501

Surprising foods that promote kidney damage


The kidneys are vital organs that many people do not think much about, nor are they very knowledgeable about them. Many people know the general area where the kidneys are located in the body and that their function has something to do with urine, but that is about it. It is important to know about the kidneys, though, because they play a vital role in the proper functioning of the body.

The kidneys are a set of two fist-sized organs, with one located on either side of the backbone, under the ribs. They are responsible for providing a filter for about 200 quarts of blood each day. The amount of waste from this is about two quarts, which, along with water, is then filtered to the bladder before it is released from the body as urine.

Keeping the kidneys healthy is vital. The following foods are known to be harmful, and amounts eaten should be kept to a minimum.
kidney

Meat

A diet that includes a great deal of animal protein puts a strain on the kidneys. The metabolism of protein puts a heavy strain on the kidneys, making the elimination of its toxins difficult. That is not the only problem with eating a diet high in animal protein, though.

According to a European Journal of Nutrition study completed in 2003, participants who consumed a diet high in animal protein were more likely to develop kidney stones due to an accumulation of uric acid when compared to those people who ate a vegetarian diet. Uric acid is a byproduct of eating meat and is also a common reason for the formation of kidney stones.

Meat might also trigger the formation of the other common type of kidney stones. These calcium oxalate stones are caused by increased amounts of calcium excreted into the body due to the acidic residue formed from the digestion of meat. Instead, add more fresh fruits and vegetables to the diet.

Carbonated beverages

Sodas, as well as energy drinks that are carbonated, have been shown to increase the incidence of kidney stone formation, according to a study released in 2007. That study showed that drinking two or more drinks of that nature increased the risk of chronic kidney disease. Water is a better choice, as it helps flush the body of its toxins.

Genetically modified foods

With their heavy reliance on processed foods, people eat a great deal of genetically processed foods. Some of the more common ingredients that are found in processed foods that are genetically modified include sugar cane, corn, rice, soy and canola. A study completed in 2009 on laboratory rats showed the effects of corn from Monsanto, one of the largest producers of genetically modified seeds in the world. Three of the varieties tested increased the levels of kidney and liver toxicity. It is best to avoid genetically modified foods and eat organic as often as possible.

Sources:

http://kimberlysnyder.net

http://www.huffingtonpost.com

http://kidneytrust.org

http://science.naturalnews.com