Positive results from an NIH-supported analysis indicate an investigational recombinant analogue of human leptin has potential as a therapy for pediatric lipodystrophy, according to data presented at the 2013 Pediatric Academic Societies Annual Meeting.
The literature has established that lipodystrophy is known to cause metabolic abnormalities (ie, hypertriglyceridemia, insulin resistance, diabetes andsteatohepatitis), which tend to become severe through childhood and adolescence, and may be resistant to current treatment options.
Rebecca Brown, MD, assistant clinical investigator of the diabetes, endocrinology and obesity branch at the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, and colleagues included pediatric patients in an ongoing, open-label study at the NIH (2000 to present).
According to abstract data, patients included in the study (n=39; nine male and 30 female; mean age, 11.9 years) had four subtypes of the disease: congenital generalized lipodystrophy (n=26, 67%), acquired generalized lipodystrophy (n=9, 23%), familial partial lipodystrophy (n=2, 5%), and acquired partial lipodystrophy (n=2, 5%).
Data indicate that baseline HbA1c (9.8%) decreased significantly to 7.7% after 12 months (–2.3; 95% CI, –3.2 to –1.4) in adolescent patients aged 12 to 18 years.
Triglycerides were notably high in the same group at baseline (1,378 mg/dL), but improved significantly to 385 mg/dL after 12 months (–44; 95% CI, –73 to –15), according to data.
Both age groups displayed significantly elevated mean alanine aminotransferase (ALT; ≤12 years: 193 U/L; adolescents: 105 U/L) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST; ≤12 years: 119 U/L; adolescents: 87 U/L) at baseline. However, ALT (≤12 years: 155 U/L; adolescents: 59 U/L) and AST (≤12 years: 90 U/L; adolescents: 57 U/L) decreased after metreleptin therapy, according to data.
“Metabolic disorders resulting from lipodystrophy can develop in childhood and adolescence and are exacerbated over time,” Brown said in a press release. “This new analysis supports the continued study of investigational metreleptin as a potential treatment option for pediatric patients with lipodystrophy.”
Overall, metreleptin was well tolerated, and the most common adverse events reported were decreased weight (n=3, 7.7%) and hypoglycemia (n=3, 7.7%), followed by fatigue (n=2, 5.1%) and nausea (n=2, 5.1%), the researchers wrote.
For more information:
Brown R. #3490.3. Presented at: Pediatric Academic Societies Annual Meeting; May 4-7, 2013; Washington.
Source: Endocrine today