Iceland’s largest volcano Katla set to erupt after biggest tremors in 40 years


Two quakes larger than four in magnitude have rocked the crater of Katla, the country’s Met Office says.

Iceland raised the alarm after its largest volcano was hit by the biggest tremors since 1977.

Two quakes larger than four in magnitude early Monday rocked the crater of Katla, the country’s Met Office said in a statement.

That was followed by at least 10 more tremors at the volcano, which rises 1,450 metres (4,757 feet) into the air on the North Atlantic island’s southern coast. There were no immediate reports of casualties or damages to property.

Katla last erupted in 1955 and 1999. Neither of those were large enough to break the ice covering its ten kilometre-wide (six mile) caldera.

Its last major eruption was back in 1918, when it spewed ash for more than five weeks.

An eruption of the Eyjafjallajokull volcano in 2010 caused the cancellation of more than 100,000 flights across Europe on concern that glass-like particles formed from lava might melt in aircraft engines and clog turbines.

Historically, Eyjafjallajokull has been known to erupt one to two years prior to Katla.

A magnitude 6.2 quake killed at least 250 people in central Italy last week.

How we must adjust our lifestyles to nature: Welcome to the ‘Anthropocene’, the human epoch


Scientists have declared a new era on Earth – the Anthropocene – so called because Man has become the biggest influence on the biosphere. We must rise to the challenge, says expert Christian Schwagerl, and redefine Nature itself.

web-alaska-glacier-corbis.jpg

web-alaska-glacier-corbis.jpgThe receding Malaspina Glacier in Alaska. Humans have already altered two-thirds of the planet’s ice-free land to suit their own purposes NASA

We walked past a small shrine. Gnarled oaks formed something like an entrance gate. Behind, there was a green space, a mix of woodland, rice paddies and open meadows.Kaki fruits, guavas and quinces hung from trees. A silver dragon plant peeked out from underneath a bamboo. The scenery felt enchanted. In this small patch of land called the “Hirabari grove”, local people grew food, many species of birds swirled around, and old trees made visitors forget the surrounding city of Nagoya with its 2.3 million people. I had travelled to this industrial city in Japan to participate in an important moment in global nature conservation.

At the United Nations Conference on Biological Diversity, representatives from almost all governments worldwide held tough negotiations on how much of the Earth’s nature should be protected in reserves. By the end, conservationists were hailing an ambitious agreement by ministers to protect 17 per cent of the Earth’s landmass and 10 per cent of its coastal and ocean regions by 2020.

But during the conference, activists had persuaded me to come and see a hotspot of conservation not in the league of rainforests, coral reefs and other large, pristine wilderness areas: a small green space, very close to the conference centre, that was about to vanish.

Standing in the Hirabari grove, I wondered: was this other type of nature – urban, man-made and the total opposite of “pristine” and “untouched” – also “real” nature and worth protecting? I didn’t have much time to ponder this question. Construction workers arrived. The sound of chainsaws filled the air. The real-estate developers had won.

Protecting so-called “untouched nature” that is still not greatly damaged by human actions is of utmost importance. But the hour or so I spent in the Hirabari grove made me wonder what will happen even if the ambitious targets of the UN conference are reached by 2020. What will be the fate of 83 per cent of the land and 90 per cent of the oceans that are outside protected areas? Will there be “nature” there, too?

These are key questions for the nearly eight billion humans and the trillions of other living creatures with whom we share this planet. Could we survive in a world where “nature” is restricted to a small part of the globe, while the rest is subject to a business-as-usual transformation into land that only serves the needs of our industrial and capitalistic way of life?

Increasingly we are turning to a scientific word for the fast, deep and long-lasting effects humans have on the planet: the “Anthropocene”, the human epoch.

When, exactly, the Anthropocene era began is a matter of debate. Some would say 10,000 years ago, with the invention of agriculture. Others cite the Industrial Revolution. Last month, as The Independent  reported, a study from a working party instituted by the International Commission on Stratigraphy (which rules on periods of geological time) chose the explosion of the first atomic bomb, which was a global rather than local event.

Whichever we choose, one fact is inescapable: we humans have turned so much planetary terrain into cities, fields, mines and industrial areas, we’ve pumped so much carbon dioxide into the atmosphere and so much nitrogen into the water, we have created so many synthetic chemicals and bred so many life forms according to our needs that we have become the dominant force of change on Earth. Two thirds of the planet’s ice-free land has already been altered by humans. Large swathes of the ocean floors have been ploughed over by “bottom trawling”. Humans and their domesticated animals represent 97 per cent of the biomass of all larger animals combined, while wild animals are at a mere three per cent.

These changes are so fundamental that we are about to open a new chapter in Earth’s geological and biological history. Even if we collectively vanished from the planet tomorrow, our traces – from radioactive nuclear fallout to new kinds of rocks made out of decomposing plastic – would last for tens of thousands, if not millions, of years.

So what is “nature” in the Anthropocene era? First published in 2000, the term has already been misinterpreted, often as our right to rule the natural world for narrow human interests. Seen from this angle, the concept is the ultimate expression of our Western economic system, resting on the assumption that nature is something to exploit, whether as a material resource or as a backdrop for the tourism industry. Mainstream economic theory assumes nature to be an “externality” without intrinsic value, to offer boundless and inexhaustible resources and a useful sump in which to dilute our waste.

What if, however, we ascribe to the Anthropocene the opposite meaning? Paul Crutzen, the Nobel laureate in chemistry who coined the phrase, together with colleagues Will Steffen and John McNeill, posited that in this new geological era “humans are not an outside force perturbing an otherwise natural system but rather an integral and interacting part of the Earth system itself”. By rooting humans within Earth history, the Anthropocene idea expresses the task that our civilisation needs to function as an integral part of the biosphere. It’s about humility towards all life, not hubris.

In the Anthropocene, there is no longer an “inside” and an “outside”, no alien, antagonistic nature with which humans are faced. The environment becomes the “invironment”, something with which humans are existentially interwoven. This is why it is far from sufficient to create “nature reserves” on a small percentage of the Earth’s land surface. Instead, we have to consider whether civilisation itself can act and perform within nature, with technologies that don’t act as parasites and destroy, but enrich the living world.

In such a world we can no longer speak of “nature” and “culture” as two separate spheres. Rainforests will no longer exist just because they have always existed, but because people want them to exist.

Coral reefs will only survive if humans decide to stop emitting so much corrosive carbon dioxide that makes the oceans more acidic. But we are still far from a civilisation that creates a rich “new nature”. We live off a heritage like the Hirabari grove but rarely produce new ecological capital of this sort.

Rather, we create strange amalgams of nature with culture such as the shiny rock Erle Ellis that a geographer from the University of Maryland  found on a beach while hiking on an island off Maine. He thought it was washed up from deep in the sea, a gem from the distant past. Instead, as he found out a bit further down the beach, it was a piece of molten garbage rounded by the waves. Another strange example is the Australian Lyre bird. Since sharing its habitat with humans it has added the sounds of cell phones, camera shutters and chainsaws to its courtship repertoire. Or take rare orchids in the most remote rainforests which already partly consist of carbon atoms that have made their trip through an exhaust pipe or chimney.

In the Anthropocene world, protecting areas that hitherto have often been stewarded by indigenous peoples is critical – these reserves will be our ecological central banks of the future. The importance of whatever is left of the savannahs, coral reefs, rainforests, deep-sea zones, mangroves, high plateaus and sea grass landscapes will increase in their economic, ecological and spiritual value in proportion to their scarceness. When climate change really hits, our very survival might depend on the robustness of these ecosystems.

But equally important as preserving what’s left is the task to develop and shape new types of “touched” rather than “untouched nature”. Like it or not, the dominant feature of an Earth inhabited by up to 11 billion humans by the end of this century will be a massive increase in cities, farms, production areas and other man-made landscapes. So far, few of these landscapes work in a symbiotic relationship with nature. In many cases, they are monocultures, devoid of diversity, often at the brink of ecological collapse; “sacrifice zones” of modern capitalism. The task for the 21st century and beyond is to reclaim, regenerate and transform these landscapes.

To adapt our economy to the Anthropocene, the very definition of nature needs to change. We need to recognise what nature does for us, that it is not an “externality”, as old-school economists call it, but the very basis of life, the prime economy of the planet, with a second, human-made economy attached to it. The financial centres of the City of London and Wall Street and the “fossil-industrial” complex linked with it are mere derivatives of the planet’s ecological economy, a kind of mighty parasite that is endangering its host. Even in a utilitarian logic, we need to start thinking about polar regions as our global air conditioners, glaciers as freshwater tanks, mangroves and coral reefs as infrastructure, biodiversity as the most fundamental “shareholder value” for those sharing the planet.

But human-centred utilitarian thinking won’t take us far in the Anthropocene. Nor will it help to adjust nature to us and to engineer our way out of the problems. We need to start adjusting our lifestyles to nature – and then turn our human systems into nature. This means that, for example, cities will have to function biologically, similar to rainforests or bogs. Our machines need to become part of the natural metabolism, which means fully recyclable. Economic success should be measured not only by increases in wealth, but by the growth of animal and plant populations. The scrolling text on TV news should show us not only share prices, but data about the size of forests and bogs, about air quality, energy use and bird populations.

Cities, where most of humanity will live in coming decades, will have to “think like planets”, says Marina Alberti, Professor of Urban Design and Planning at the University of Washington. Such Anthropocene cities will draw energy and materials from local and renewable sources. Fossil-fuel driven cars are replaced by public transport, bicycle highways and rental systems for electric cars. Architects design high-rise buildings where facades, balconies and roofs double up as farms, air conditioners and habitats. Green bridges can link city quarters, helping to create a living roof-landscape. Biological life-support systems such as bogs, mangroves and riparian forests become integral to cities in order to hold back floods, absorb carbon dioxide and store water. Cities that adopt these kinds of strategies will experience positive social changes. The more organically they function, the sooner problems caused by financial inequality, nature deficit disorder and depression will disappear.

I already observe the first signs of this ecological potential in my hometown of Berlin. It is common here to see swifts swoop through the streets – the high buildings are like the cliffs and crags where they bred and hatched their eggs before the arrival of humans. The rare eagle owl has found a habitat in a shopping district; the once endangered peregrine falcon hatches its eggs in the tower of the city hall, using the light beam from the television tower to hunt prey at night.

For many of these bird species, the city offers a better biotope than the intensively farmed arable and industrial land in the surrounding countryside. In Berlin, there are nature reserves on former railway grounds, urban fallow land containing rare plant species and man-made hills composed of war rubble rich in species. These vital areas are popular with Berlin’s residents. They offer spaces for recreation to social and ethnic groups, cool the city in the summer and provide wonderful adventure playgrounds for children.

These neo-natural spaces still only hint at the true potential of more advanced urban ecosystems. What one can see today is not a result of design but rather of neglect and abandonment. Even the military can create new types of nature, as can be witnessed in former military training areas near Berlin.

Over the past two centuries, Jüterborg-West and Döberitzer Heide have been used in turn by the Prussian army, the Kaiser’s empire, the Nazi regime and Soviet troops. It seems bizarre, but the full force unleashed by tanks, troops and gunfire achieved an astonishing biological feat, for beneath the modern-day Brandenburg landscape, an older landscape has been revealed, an open sandy vista more typical of the last Ice Age. In these areas, soldiers, bombs and tanks have unearthed a landscape that is both primeval and futuristic, a mixture of desert, heath, grassland and wooded areas.

This habitat attracts many animal and plant species that have become rare in other areas, from the dune-jumping spider to nightjars. Animal species that have become rare in farmed landscapes take advantage of man-made structures: the hoopoe bird, with its distinctive orange, white and black head, has been provided with artificial pipes as breeding grounds. Conservationists have adjusted many of the old bunkers to accommodate bats. Scattered metal plates provide hot, sunny spots for smooth snakes, which are otherwise rare in Germany. It feels rather strange that conservationists try to continue what the tanks and bombs have done here. To prevent the open areas from becoming overgrown, the Sielmann foundation has introduced Mongolian Przewalski horses and European bison to graze the area.

In the Anthropocene, we can’t rely on this sort of touched nature arising from mere neglect or even military activity. The task is to adapt our economic rules and our day-to-day lives in such a way that they result in richer, not poorer landscapes. Agricultural practices are needed that enrich the soil and work with, not against the diversity of life. Technology must become fully recyclable. Our economy has to incorporate (instead of monetise) the intrinsic values of nature. And our cities need millions of new Hirabari groves, between, on top of and inside our postmodern caves.

Why do Rastafarians use marijuana in their religion?


Image: Why do Rastafarians use marijuana in their religion?

Rastafarians are associated with reggae music, dreadlocks, Bob Marley and of course marijuana. Rastas often refer to weed as “The Holy Herb” and consider it to be sacred. Do Rastas smoke marijuana just to get high, or does it have some other meaning in their culture and religion?

The Rastafari religion is stereotyped as having members who are constantly stoned and that the whole movement is, in fact, just an excuse to smoke a lot of pot. In fact, it is seen by many as a cover for nothing more than a bunch of drug users and drug smugglers.

Rastafarians – what their religion teaches them about marijuana

Marijuana’s use as part of religious ceremonies is not new. The practice goes back for thousands of years in a variety of cultures. For example, in India and Nepal, traveling monks have used marijuana for centuries, and other religious groups have also used marijuana or viewed the substance as sacred, including the ancient Chinese, ancient Germanic pagans and Hindus. Many Rastafarians believe that cannabis originated in Africa and that it is part of their African culture that they are reclaiming.

Rastafarians feel that marijuana is important for their understanding of self, the universe and God. The use of cannabis is part of what the Rastafari refer to as “reasoning sessions” where members join up and are encouraged to interact and discuss life according to the Rasta perspective. Rastafarians reject materialism, oppression and sensual pleasures, called “Babylon.” In fact, they see the marijuana plant as the “Tree of Life” mentioned in the Bible and often quote scriptures that support their beliefs. For example, at Revelation 22:2, the phrase “the leaves of the tree [of life] were for the healing of the nations” refers to the marijuana plant, according to them. While marijuana use forms part of their beliefs, it is not compulsory for a Rastafarian to smoke it.

Rastas fight for the right to use marijuana as part of their religion

In South Africa, Rastafarian lawyer Gareth Prince has been challenging legislation that outlaws dagga (South African word for “marijuana”), notes LegalBrief.co.za, citing a report in The Mercury. Prince has that requested certain sections of the Drugs and Drugs Trafficking Act and the Criminal Procedure Act be declared invalid, among other things.

Prince himself faces criminal charges in the Khayelitsha Regional Court for dagga possession, dealing and cultivation. He questioned to what extent the government could dictate what people ate, drank and smoked. The case has been postponed.

In the US, government and corporate propaganda has caused marijuana to be seen as a dangerous drug that should be illegal, although many states have now legalized the plant for medicinal use and some states for recreational use. A massive number of people in the US have been sentenced to prison for possession ofhealth-promoting marijuana, even in cases where they have claimed that they use the substance for religious or spiritual reasons.

Mechanism identified through which lead may harm neural cells, children’s neurodevelopment.


Researchers have identified a potential molecular mechanism through which lead, a pervasive environmental toxin, may harm neural stem cells and neurodevelopment in children. The study, from Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, suggests that lead exposure can lead to oxidative stress—a process that can change cell behavior and has been linked with health problems—among certain proteins within neural stem cells.

The study—one of the first to integrate genetic analysis in the lab with genomic data from participants in an epidemiological study—will be published online August 26, 2016 inEnvironmental Health Perspectives.

child drinking water

“It is known that lead particularly affects the early stages of neurodevelopment, but the underlying molecular mechanisms remain poorly understood. Our study identified one such key mechanism and has potential implications for therapeutics to treat the neurotoxicity associated with lead exposure,” said Quan Lu, associate professor of environmental genetics and pathophysiology and senior author of the study.

Numerous studies have suggested that lead exposure can be particularly dangerous for children, with the potential to harm their cognitive, language, and psychomotor development and to increase antisocial and delinquent behavior. Although limits on the use of the lead have helped reduce blood lead levels in U.S. children, there are still half a million children aged 1-5 with blood lead levels twice as high as those deemed safe by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control. Recent incidences of lead contamination in drinking water in Flint, MI, and several U.S. cities highlight the continued threat. And, outside the U.S., lead levels in the environment remain high in many countries where lead has not, or has only recently, been phased out from gasoline, paint, and other materials.

In the new study, researchers explored molecular mechanisms through which exposure to lead may impact neural stem cells, which are cells that can differentiate to form other kinds of cells in the central nervous system and play a key role in shaping the developing brain.

They found that lead exposure induced an oxidative stress response in the cells, and they identified two proteins involved in the process: SPP1, or osteopontin, and NRF2.

Researchers also conducted genetic analyses on blood samples from a group of infants who were part of the Early Life Exposures in Mexico and NeuroToxicology (ELEMENT) prospective birth cohort—a study aimed at assessing the roles of environmental and social factors in birth outcomes and in infant and child development. They found that genetic variants in SPP1 in some samples were linked with cognition development in the children, whose neurodevelopmental progress was followed through age 2.

Other Harvard Chan School researchers involved in the study included Peter Wagner, PhD ’16, who led the study while a doctoral student at the School; Hae-Ryung Park; Zhaoxi Wang; Rory Kirchner; Yongyue Wei; Li Su; and David Christiani.

Funding for the study came from the Harvard Superfund Research Program

(P42ES16454), NIEHS R01 grants (ES015533, ES022230, and ES006189), and the Harvard NIEHS Center grant (P30ES000002). Wagner was supported by the Joseph D. Brain and Jere Meade Fellowships as well as the NIH Training grant on Interdisciplinary Pulmonary Sciences (5T32HL007118).

“In Vitro Effects of Lead on Gene Expression in Neural Stem Cells and Associations between Upregulated Genes and Cognitive Scores in Children,” Peter J. Wagner, Hae-Ryung Park, Zhaoxi Wang, Rory Kirchner, Yongyue Wei, Li Su, Kirstie Stanfield, Tomas R. Guilarte, Robert O. Wright, David C. Christiani, and Quan Lu, Environmental Health Perspectives, online August 26, 2016, doi: 10.1289/EHP265.

 

NASA Confesses to Dosing Americans with Air-borne Lithium & Other Chemicals


NASA Chemtrials

There’s the official explanation for why NASA is spraying lithium, a pharmaceutical drug most often used to treat people with manic depression or bi-polar disorder, into our ionosphere, and then there is the probable reason(s). It would be easier to accept NASA’s official explanation if they were not so secretive about everything they study and do in space – but one thing is for certain – NASA’s own personnel have admitted that lithium, along with other chemicals, are intentionally being placed into our environment regularly. It is possible that many of NASA’s own employees aren’t even aware of the true motivations for carrying out such a project, ironically displaying the very behaviors that these chemicals/pharmaceuticals are meant to instill.

In the first bomb-shell video a NASA employee (Douglas.e.rowland@nasa.gov) admits that lithium is being sprayed in the atmosphere, and says that it is “harmless to the environment.”

Before I give you NASA’s official explanation of why thy are spraying psych-meds over hundreds of thousands of Americans, I’d like to point you to some references so that you can do your own research, and discover that this is no conspiracy theory. It is very real, and there is ample scientific documentation to corroborate what I put forth here:

A Pub Med abstract titled, Feasibility of Aerosol Vaccinations in Humans discusses how an increase in antigen volumes can be beneficial in aerosol delivery of vaccines, and could be used in “developing countries and disaster areas.” The abstract also admits that several thousand human subjects have already been aerosol vaccinated with live attenuated measles and influenza A vaccines. The executive summary further states that aerosol vaccinations are ideal for “large populations.” This has apparently been happening since as early as 2003.

Another discussion of aerosolized vaccinations can be found in The New England Journal of Medicine. A Randomized, Controlled Trial of Aerosolized Vaccines Against Measles states that these vaccines were tested on children in India that were as young 9 months old.

The World Health Organization has been researching aerosol vaccines for years now, as have “philanthropic” agencies which have clear aims to sterilize the population. It is also worth noting that the pharmaceutical industry has been absolved from any legal responsibility for medicating the masses since they were awarded  legal protection from all lawsuits by Congress in 1986. This law was challenged, but upheld by the U.S. Supreme Court in 2011. Many powerful agencies are making sure that we “take our medicine.”

In fact, many nations are participating in our unwitting, forced vaccination, and the dumping of any number of attenuated viruses, chemical concoctions and other ‘chemtrails’ on our heads with dogged frequency.

The Office of the Gene Technology Regulator (OGTR) considered giving a license application to PaxVax Australia (PaxVax) for the intentional release of a GMO vaccine consisting of live bacteria into the environment in Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia and Victoria. They planned to release cholera on their people.

According to the regulator, this GMO vaccine qualified as a limited and controlled release under section 50A of the Gene Technology Act 2000.

Of course, we can’t ignore the USA. Michael Greenwood wrote an article stating that:

“The incidence of human West Nile virus cases can be significantly reduced through large–scale aerial spraying that targets adult mosquitoes, according to research by the Yale School of Public Health and the California Department of Public Health.”

So, hopefully we’ve established that this IS happening. But why?

As more nations refuse genetically modified food, and refuse to drink fluoridated water, which has beennamed as a neurotoxin by one of the world’s premiere medical journals, the power structure that desires a complicit population has to figure out a way to alter our neurochemistry.

READ: NASA Takes Chemtrail Spraying Program to Outer Space

Lithium alters how we think by changing the levels of serotonin and norepinephrine secreted by our endocrine system. Lithium strongly alters the brain system, yet the NASA employee in the above video states that “it is not dangerous” and doesn’t harm the population. Even doctors who normally prescribe this medication for the mentally ill have said that it is dangerous because it is hard to figure out proper dosing. Surely, spraying copious amounts of lithium indiscriminately into the air via aerosols should be questioned – but here’s NASA’s official stance on this practice:

“The project is studying neutral and charged particles in the ionosphere and how each affects the way the other moves resulting in currents in the region. The variations matter because all of our communications and GPS satellites send signals through the ionosphere. A disturbed ionosphere translates to disturbed signals, so scientists want to know just what causes the ionosphere to behave in specific ways.” (NASA) 

Meanwhile, should the over-medicated start to actually figure out what is being done to them, thegovernment has imposed gag orders on the National Weather Service (NWS) and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) who might easily refute the ridiculous claims of NASA.

The US Navy admits to conducting electromagnetic warfare drills over the Olympic Peninsula. Reader submitted photo.

The US Navy admits to conducting electromagnetic warfare drills over the Olympic Peninsula. Reader submitted photo.

Notably, every single person who works for NASA, the NWS or NOAA are paid with tax payer dollars.This means that we are paying to be medicated and poisoned.

Here, to corroborate information being given by the NASA employee in the video, is the Code 8440 RMMO which states the exact purpose of using Wallops Flight Facility to launch a rocket containing lithium thermite:

Purpose: The primary purpose of this mission was to test the loading methods for lithium canisters to be flown on the upcoming Kudeki (Kwajalein, April 2013) and Pfaff (Wallops, June 2013) missions, and verify their functionality under sounding rocket launch and space flight conditions.

Rocket Type: Two-stage Terrier MK70 Improved-Orion

Location: Wallops Range

Launcher: MRL

Date of Launch: January 29, 2013

Time: 17:50 EST

Experiment results: Thermistor data looked nominal. Good report from airborne optical platform of recorded video and lithium clouds also visible by ground observation.’

We also learn from this specific call that lithium has been dumped in our skies since 1970. If you wanted to medicate the masses to create mindless, slave-like prisoners who didn’t even know they were imprisoned, this is surely a good way to do it. Spraying lithium into our skies, along with countless other bacteria, viruses, prions, parasites, fungi, carcinogens, toxins, hormone-altering drugs, anti-flora and anti-fauna, as well as gene-altering micro-dust is nothing more than bio-warfare against the world’s citizenry. You can call them chemtrails or something else, the effect is the same.

“The conscious and intelligent manipulation of the organized habits and opinions of the masses is an important element in democratic society. Those who manipulate this unseen mechanism of society constitute an invisible government which is the true ruling power of our country. …We are governed, our minds are molded, our tastes formed, our ideas suggested, largely by men we have never heard of. This is a logical result of the way in which our democratic society is organized. Vast numbers of human beings must cooperate in this manner if they are to live together as a smoothly functioning society. …In almost every act of our daily lives, whether in the sphere of politics or business, in our social conduct or our ethical thinking, we are dominated by the relatively small number of personswho understand the mental processes and social patterns of the masses. It is they who pull the wires which control the public mind.” ~ Edward L. Bernays, Master Propagandist

Anthropocene: What is the next epoch and has Planet Earth entered ?


Nuclear bombs, plastic pollution, smoke from fossil fuels, extinction of species, rising seas, rising temperatures – the list of changes caused by humans is long.

planet-earth.jpg

What is the Anthropocene?

It is a period of geological time that some scientists believe should be formally declared because of the extraordinary impact of humans on the Earth.

Why do they think that?

In the last century, humans have caused changes to the entire planet on a par with other natural ones that left a discernible mark in the stratification of rocks and which geologists used to demarcate the transition from one time to another.

What kind of changes?

Global warming by an average of one degree Celsius since about 1880, rising sea levels, the spread of species around the world, smoke from fossil fuel burning, plastic waste, radioactive particles from nuclear bomb explosions, and changes to the Earth’s chemistry, among others.

When did the Anthropocene start?

This is still being debated but experts believe sometime in the mid-20th century, partly because this is when a layer of radioactive particles from nuclear bombs was spread all over the world.

Where does the name come from?

Anthropocene combines the Greek word for human, anthropo-, with “cene”, from the ancient Greek kainos, meaning new. All of the epochs within Earth’s current era, the Cenozoic, which began 65 million years ago, have been given -cene endings.

Why are we talking about this?

Scientists in the Anthropocene Working Group have just recommended the adoption of the Anthropocene as a new epoch – replacing the 11,500-year-old Holocene – after voting by 34 to zero that it is real.

What happens now?

The researchers are expected to look for a symbolic “line in the rock” – or sediment, coral reef or tree rings – that marks the dividing line. The International Union of Geological Sciences will have to agree before the Anthropocene could be formally declared.

Is this a good thing?

On the one hand, geologists formally recognising humanity’s extraordinary impact on the Earth because they can see it will be written in the future rocks of the planet might help persuade remaining doubters of the need to do something about climate change, pollution and other human-caused problems.

On the other, ethicist Professor Clive Hamilton has pointed out this is a concept that “should frighten us”

Alien life, or noise? Russian telescope detects ‘strong signal’ from sun-like star.


Signal detected a year ago from HD164595, only 95 light years away and with at least one planet, but Seti scientists are scanning the area and have yet to find it

radio telescope
Seti scientists have been scanning the coordinates since Sunday night but have yet to find the signal. 

As David Bowie might have sung: is there life on HD164595b?

A Russian radio telescope scanning the skies has observed “a strong signal” from a nearby star, HD164595, in the constellation Hercules. The star is a scant 95 light years away and 99% of the size of Earth’s own sun. It has at least one planet,HD164595b, which is about the size of Neptune and has a 40-day year.

Seth Shostak of the Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence Institute (Seti) in Mountain View, California, told the Guardian he was shocked to have learned of the discovery only now – the readings from Russian radio telescope Ratan-600, Shostak said, were taken a year ago.

Seti, a private organization, searches the skies for alien life and has been underwritten by US government divisions as diverse as Nasa and the Department of Energy. Operated by the Russian Academy of Sciences, Ratan-600’s primary area of focus is monitoring the sun, though it has contributed to Seti’s work.

The news came to international attention on Saturday through Claudio Maccone of the University of Turin in Italy, who attended a talk by the scientists who recorded the signal on 15 May 2015. Maccone passed data from the presentation to the science and science-fiction writer Paul Gilster, who maintains a blog about interstellar exploration called Centauri Dreams.

Maccone sent the Guardian his proposed presentation for the International Academy of Astronautics 2016 meeting on the subject of the search for alien life, set for 27 September. He will call for the permanent monitoring of HD164595. “The power of the signal received is not unrealistic for type I civilizations,” he wrote.

The phrase “type I civilization” is a designation on the Kardashev scale, named for Russian astrophysicist Nikolai Kardashev developed in the 1960s and described in English in his 1985 paper On the Inevitability and the Possible Structures of Supercivilizations. A type I civilization would be similar to the current development of technology on earth.

“Could it be an ET?” asked Shostak rhetorically. “Of course, but [Ratan-600] didn’t have a receiver that has any spectral resolution.” The receiver on the Russian radio telescope is very wide, which aids it in its primary mission of monitoring solar activity but also means that, like a terrestrial radio receiving a news station, rock’n’roll station and country station at the same time, it is difficult to discern which band is broadcasting at which frequency. “They have a receiver that would swallow a big chunk of the radio dial at once,” Shostak said.

 Because the receiver covers such a big sweep of the radio dial, it is hard to tell if the signal comes from intelligent life.

If it is being broadcast across a large chunk of the radio spectrum, the noise is probably coming from a quasar or another source of stellar “noise”; if it is over a narrower band but very strong, it is likelier to be the product of intelligence.

Gilster said he was curious about the possibility that the signal could be caused by “microlensing” – a quirk of gravity that occurs when massive objects like stars or quasars are aligned behind another heavenly body.

“My own thought is that this is very possibly a one-time signal, much like the famous WOW! signal some years back,” Gilster said. On 15 August 1977, astronomer Jerry Ehman received a powerful radio signal from a group of stars called Chi Sagittarii; he circled the surprising spot on the readout and wrote “WOW!” The signal never returned.

“If it too doesn’t repeat,” said Gilster, “then we won’t know what it was, including the possibility of some kind of local signal whose source just hasn’t been figured out.”

Shostak said he wished he had been made aware of the signal earlier. “Why is it that we’re hearing about this now because one of the guys gave a talk in Moscow a year ago?” he asked. “Maccone’s explanation is that the Russians are ‘shy’. [But] it’s generally accepted procedure in the Seti community if you find a signal that you think is interesting, you call up people in another observatory and say: ‘Hey, here’s the position in the sky,’ and you see what happens.”

Gilster said his understanding was that the Russian team had spent the past year analyzing and confirming its data.

Shostak told the Guardian that Seti’s own radio telescope was scanning the coordinates in question in search of the promising signal as of Sunday night. That evening, though, everything was quiet.

The Russian radio telescope team and Maccone have been contacted for comment.

Is Earth being contacted by ALIENS? Mystery radio signals coming from a sun-like star baffle scientists.


 

  • The signals seem to be coming from a sun-like star known as HD 164595
  • The star is 95 light years away and may have undiscovered planets in orbit
  • Scientists say signals may simply be the result of a natural phenomenon
  • One possibility is ‘microlensing’ in which the star’s gravity focuses signals coming from farther away

A spike in radio signals coming from the direction of a sun-like star has excited astronomers.

The signals seem to be originating from a sun-like star known as HD 164595 in the constellation Hercules, around 95 light years away.

Scientists suggest they are likely to be the result of a natural phenomenon, such as ‘microlensing’, in which the star’s gravity strengthens and focus signals from elsewhere.

But astronomers have also asked Seti (Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence) to take a closer look at whether they could be a message from ET.

 Two SETI research groups will track HD 164595 tonight using the Allen Telescope Array (pictured) in northern California and the Boquete Optical SETI Observatory in Panama

 Two SETI research groups will track HD 164595 tonight using the Allen Telescope Array (pictured) in northern California and the Boquete Optical SETI Observatory in Panama

WHAT ELSE COULD IT BE?

A star or planet can act as a cosmic lens to magnify and brighten a more distant star or signal lined up behind it.

That’s because the gravitational field of the foreground star bends and focuses light, like a glass lens bending and focusing starlight in a telescope.

Albert Einstein predicted this effect in his theory of general relativity and confirmed it with our sun.

Scientists believe the latest signals could be the result of this microlensing effect in which the star’s gravity strengthens and focus signals from farther away.

SETI will track HD 164595 tonight using the Allen Telescope Array in northern California and the Boquete Optical SETI Observatory in Panama.

According to a report by Paul Gilster at Centauri Dreams, the signal was first detected on May 15 last year by the RATAN-600 radio telescope in Zelenchukskaya.

HD 164595 is interesting to scientists because it’s a sun-like star with at least one ‘warm Neptune’ planet in orbit.

Its average temperature  is 12 Kelvin hotter than the sun and is around 100 million years younger than our star.

Scientists say there may still be other planets undetected around HD 164595.

‘No one is claiming that this is the work of an extraterrestrial civilisation, but it is certainly worth further study,’ writes Gilster.

 

 

A spike in radio signals coming from the direction of a sun-like star has excited astronomers. Scientists suggest they are likely to be the result of a natural phenomenon, such as ‘microlensing’, in which the star’s gravity strengthens and focus signals from farther away

A spike in radio signals coming from the direction of a sun-like star has excited astronomers. Scientists suggest they are likely to be the result of a natural phenomenon, such as ‘microlensing’, in which the star’s gravity strengthens and focus signals from farther away

The signals seem to be coming from a sun-like star known as HD 164595 in the constellation Hercules, around 95 light years away. Pictured is an artist's impression of an alien star system

The signals seem to be coming from a sun-like star known as HD 164595 in the constellation Hercules, around 95 light years away. Pictured is an artist’s impression of an alien star system

‘Working out the strength of the signal, the researchers say that if it came from an isotropic beacon, it would be of a power possible only for a Kardashev Type II civilisation.’

IS IT A GOOD IDEA TO GET IN CONTACT WITH ALIENS?

If there are any intelligent alien life forms out there, Stephen Hawking thinks we’re playing a dangerous game by trying to contact them.

The physicist believes if aliens discovered Earth, they are likely to want to conquer and colonise our planet.

‘If aliens visit us, the outcome could be much like when Columbus landed in America, which didn’t turn out well for the Native Americans,’ he said in an interview.

But co-founder and former director of the Seti Institute, Jill Tarter, doesn’t think this will be the case.

She argues any aliens who have managed to travel across the universe will be sophisticated enough to be friendly and peaceful.

‘The idea of a civilisation which has managed to survive far longer than we have…and the fact that that technology remains an aggressive one, to me, doesn’t make sense,’ she said.

‘If it were a narrow beam signal focused on our solar system, it would be of a power available to a Kardashev Type I civilisation.’

The Kardashev scale is a way of measuring an alien society’s technological advancement based upon how much energy it has at its disposal.

A Type I civilisation is given to species who have been able to harness all the energy that is available from a nearby star, gathering and storing it to meet its population’s demands.

A Type II civilisation is much more advanced and can harness the power of their entire star.

Type III is a species that has been able to master everything having to do with energy. Earth doesn’t feature on the scale.

‘This is a bit of a puzzling story, as the Russians found this signal a year ago or so, but just didn’t let others know,’ Seth Shostak, senior astronomer at the SETI Institute told GeekWire.

‘That’s not good policy, as what you really want is confirmation at another telescope, but… Is it real?

‘The signal may be real, but I suspect it’s not ET. There are other possibilities for a wide-band signal such as this, and they’re caused by natural sources (or even terrestrial interference).’

The researchers who discovered the signals at the Russian Academy of Sciences’ Special Astrophysical Observatory say ‘permanent monitoring’ of HD 164595 is needed.

The signal will be discussed at next month’s International Astronautical Congress being held in Mexico.

Watch the video. URL:http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-3763416/Is-Earth-contacted-ALIENS-Mystery-radio-signals-coming-sun-like-star-baffle-scientists.html#v-5459878847025792224

Mass Chemical Spraying Before All Dolphins Games To Officially Begin


 

zikamiami

It’s official. The Miami Dolphins NFL football team has announced that this fall before every home game massive chemical pesticide spraying will be conducted to supposedly combat Zika virus, the totally benign virus which just recently (last year in 2015) was recreated by the mainstream media and turned into a scary killer virus which supposedly causes microcephaly in newborns.

This is mass genocide any way that you look at it as there is no such thing as a “safe” pesticide. Even worse than that is the precedent that someone at a very high level made this decision without approval from we the people:

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The Miami Dolphins aren’t messing around when it comes to the Zika virus and the health of their employees and fans.

As a means to combat the virus, the organization has been aggressively using EPA-approved chemicals in and around the newly dubbed Hard Rock Stadium, where the Dolphins play their home games.

“All month, the Dolphins have been treating the 265 acres of property around the stadium, including parking lots, as a precaution, and in the interest of fan safety. The Dolphins are contracted with a pest control company that has followed CDC (Center for Disease Control) recommendations in its multi-step approach and are using products deemed safe for people, pets and aquatic life,” writes Joe Schad of the Palm Beach Post.

The team is targeting areas where water drains, areas of standing water and basically anywhere else mosquitoes could potentially be found.

Backpack foggers are going to be used every two weeks. Additional treatments will happen two days before every Dolphins game, as well as any Miami Hurricanes games, that occur at Hard Rock Stadium this year, per the report.

So based on the power of the ministry of truth mainstream media Zika virus unproven claims the mass depopulation agenda is a full go in Miami and will be forced on innocent sports fans and anyone traveling or living near Hard Rock stadium in Miami.

I’ve been predicting a huge Zika virus psyop scare for this fall but I didn’t see this quick reaction coming at this level. Now hundreds of thousands of fans will be exposed to chemical pesticides they are told is deemed “safe” by the CDC. Mixed in these massive crowds will be pregnant women and unborn babies sucking up pesticides into their innocent and undeveloped nervous systems. This is undoubtedly intended to create what could be an epidemic of birth defects in Florida which will be blamed on, you guessed it, Zika virus. This is one of the most evil agendas imposed on innocent Americans and the whole process of jumping to conclusions about Zika virus was one of the most unscientific, knee-jerk, quick reactions to a non-problem I’ve ever seen. Frankly I believe this marks a dark and frightening moments in American history and for medical freedom and human dignity.

The tyrants are now imposing their genocide on all of humanity and these mass decisions are now based on whatever “stories” they want to conjure up. Science and reason no longer matters.

As I’ve written about for almost a year, Zika virus is a benign virus which is unrelated to microcephaly and birth defects as a whole. The cases of microcephaly seen in Brazil in 2015 (which is when this psyop began) was confirmed by doctors in Brazil to be associated with the northern region of Brazil heavily sprayed with pesticide.

All the research reports and literature clearly suggests that chemical pesticides = birth defects, sickness and health disorders. This relationship is undeniable. One investigative report in Brazil published by Reuters says the following regarding the results of chemical pesticide use in Brazil:

Since 2007, when Brazil’s health ministry began keeping current records, the number of reported cases of human intoxication by pesticides has more than doubled, from 2,178 that year to 4,537 in 2013. The annual number of deaths linked to pesticide poisoning climbed from 132 to 206. Public health specialists say the actual figures are higher because tracking is incomplete.

So how ironic is it that the fake “solution” for the Zika virus lie is more pesticide. Again, this is mass genocide and everyone should treat this as such.

Help spread the word to all Dolphins fans and all NFL fans and let them know it’s time to boycott these big sporting events. Don’t give these professional sports team owners if they are going to ignore science reason and more importantly medical freedom.

I repeat, the only way to fight back here is with education and by chosen where to spend your money.

Please help spread the word.

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How to Liberate Yourself from Repressed Anger


How to Liberate Yourself from Repressed AngerReminiscing back to your childhood days, you might recall throwing a fit at the candy aisle when your mother refused to get you that bag of skittles. Back then you felt free toexpress your negative emotions. You couldn’t even have fathomed to keep them underlid in a box, that box would have exploded for sure. Then over the years, we learned that expressing out loud our feelings more often than not didn’t get us anywhere.

Long gone are the days when we were understood and forgiven for having crossed the bounds of proper behavior. You are now a grown-up, it’s time to start acting like it. Some might even suggest that you should suppress your anger altogether. But our feelings are still as potent as when we were kids. We’ve just learned to ignore them or bottle them up.

While suppressing your anger is probably wise to do in public or at your work place (you don’t want to lose your job or be labeled as a psycho,) your frustrations stacked up on one another will slowly eat away at you. Studies have shown the link between cancer and suppressed anger: “Cancer is caused by the suppression of toxic emotions; primarily anger, hate, resentment and grief. Suppression of these toxic negative emotions increases stress hormone cortisol levels, which directly suppress immune system function. When the immune system is not functioning properly, normal cells mutate into cancer cells as revealed in the 6 phases of cancer.” (alternative-cancer-care.com)

You might be thinking that this rage you feel will always be a part of you, no matter how long you meditate or try to control it- it’s still there underneath – like a dormant volcano. But you can learn to manage it and express it in healthy ways by putting into practice some useful and practical tips, so that it doesn’t end up ruining your life.

So what are some ways we can express that oppressing anger in a healthy manner?

1. Liberate Yourself from Repressed Anger through Inner Reflection

Trough quiet reflection, identify the main events in your life that prompted anger to take residence inside your heart. Mistakes, personal failures, regrets, and poor choices may have amplified the guilt and anger. Write them down so as to capture the feelings, purging those experiences on paper, letting them free.

2. Let go through forgiveness

True forgiveness cannot be achieved without understanding and compassion. Let your inner voice reveal to you the deeper causes behind hurtful acts or words. As Simone Weil observes, “a hurtful act is the transference to others of the degradation which we bear in ourselves.” Remember it never was about you. It becomes easier to forgive when you recognize the humanness in the other.

Similarly, forgive yourself for past mistakes. Dwelling on what ifs and should haves will continue to trap you in a vicious circle of negative thinking. There is an African proverb that says: “when there is no enemy within, the enemies outside cannot hurt you.” When you have accepted yourself with all of your hang ups, getting past your regrets, your flaws and imperfections, you will be able to let go of self loathing and anger. As a result, people or circumstances will make you less angry. So if people push your buttons, there won’t be an immediate knee jerk reaction. It all starts with you.

Instead use the hard earned lessons as a building platform for a new beginning.

Everyone deserves happiness and a fresh new start. If you continue to let guilt hold you back, you will never be able to experience life, the present moment to the fullest. Let it go. You’ve suffered long enough.

3. Keep it real

You have the ability to control your anger, it doesn’t have to control you. Only you are responsible for your life and how you choose to react to any given situation.

Whenever you disagree with someone, and you start to feel the first bouts of anger coming on, hold your tongue and take conscious deep breaths instead. Leave the room. Let your heart rate return to normal until your mind is focused again.

When the time is right, express your frustration by talking about it in a calm manner. For instance you could say “I feel hurt when we are in a disagreement because I truly care what you think” or “why do you feel this way?” “how can we resolve this?” This way the conversation doesn’t revolve around who’s right or wrong. You let the other person know that you are willing to listen with a caring ear, making space for an honest and calm conversation to happen.

In this way you will save yourself the painful realization aftermath that the whole thing was over dramatized. A misunderstanding that could have been cleared out in the early stages had you just put your pride to the side for a moment.

If you don’t have the possibility to talk it over, go for a run, listen to some music that speaks to you, play a video game, write in your journal your thoughts and feelings, or find an outlet to transfer that powerful emotion outward (without having to punch anyone.)

4. Liberate Yourself from Repressed Anger with Visualization

Visualize the person you love the most in your life for a few moments. Fill your heart with those positive feelings.

Now picture the person(s) who have hurt you in the past. Say “I forgive you.” “I am releasing you.” Try to feel the release of the negative energy in your body, heart, and mind. This doesn’t mean that you are dismissing your justified feelings of anger. According to St. Augustine, “forgiveness is simply the act of surrendering our desire for revenge; that is, our desire to hurt someone for having hurt us.” Forgiveness will unload a huge burden off your heart. Do it for yourself.

Recall the good moments you lived with the person(s) you have in mind; what they said or did that you appreciated. It will become easier to finally forgive and let go. Do it for yourself.

5. Accept that the past cannot be undone

Focus on improving your present life instead, which will determine your future. Holding on to resentful thoughts will only drag you backwards, also preventing you from cultivating meaningful interpersonal relationships. Your cynical mood will affect the way you see and interpret the world around you. As a result, you miss out on life and other beautiful moments. The past doesn’t have to define you. But you can redefine your future self. Drop that bag of bricks you’ve been carrying around by starting a new chapter in your life. You have a another chance for happiness.

6. Accept the fact that a lot of things will always be beyond your control

Sometimes things don’t go your way no matter how much control you think you have. Similarly, you cannot change people, all you can do is accept them as they are or walk away.

7. Choose to be more open instead of being angry and closed off

Personally, I find that the most effective way to let go of my anger is to ignore the voice that tells me to keep myself guarded (unless my gut is telling me so.) I tell myself instead that everyone is unique and different. People will respond to me based on how I respond to them in the first place.

Being honest and open creates a bonding experience. There is no room for anger when you lay it all out. By clearing up any misconception that may arise you can move forward instead of clinging to negative thoughts and assumptions. You reclaim your power by being authentic with yourself and others.

I choose to make conscious efforts to build genuine human connections, to see from other peoples’ point of view before jumping to hasty conclusions.

Empathy and understanding of others defuse my angry feelings.

Cultivating better relationships, choosing forgiveness over bitterness, not letting the past affect my present life, and expressing my feelings in healthier ways, has led me to let go of past grudges and live life more in peace.

Anger is a normal human reaction. You just learned to rely on it too much for protection, but many times it is unnecessary and uncalled for. It damages your relationships and if it isn’t properly managed, will damage your health as well.

This life is meant to be enjoyed. But an angry heart will kill joy every time. Rage is the most devastating and lethal human emotion. By effectively managing your anger instead of suppressing it or flying off the handle, you will gain more self confidence and self respect. You will reclaim your energy and peace of mind.

If your anger comes back like a sudden violent storm, don’t deny it. Allow the emotion to pass and the raging water to return to calm. Let your pain get expressed, your side of the story get heard by talking about it in a normal tone instead of yelling. Then gently let the negative emotions go by deeply accepting yourself just as you are.

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